Irish Army Cavalry Corps
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=an Cor Marcra
caption=Collar badge of the Cavalry Corps
Republic of Ireland
garrison=1st Armoured Cavalry Squadron - Curragh Camp
1st Cavalry Squadron - Cork
2nd Cavalry Squadron -
4th Cavalry Squadron -
LongfordThe Cavalry Corps "(Irish an Cor Marcra)" is the armoured formation of the Irish Army. In peacetime the Cavalry carries out various duties in aid to the Civil Power, such as:
* Border operations supporting Gardaí.
* Escort duties - cash, explosives, prisoner.
* Patrolling Government installations.
For this, the corps is equipped with various light armoured vehicles including the
Mowag Piranhaand Panhard AML, which are utilised as part of the light cavalry mission, in support of the infantry. In addition, a number of FV101 Scorpionlight tanks are also used in the armoured reconnaissance role.
The Cavalry Corps traces its history to the formation of the Armoured Car Corps on
14 September 1922. Mechanised from the start, the corps utilised armoured vehicles that the British Armyleft following the War of Independence. Following a debate on the use of the term "cavalry", and whether the word was meant to encompass horse, wheeled or tracked, the corps was renamed as the Cavalry Corps in 1934.
After The Emergency, the corps established a
main battle tankcadre equipped with the Churchill, which formed the basis of the 1st Tank Squadron in 1959. This was equipped with the Comet until its disbandment in 1973.
The Cavalry Corps has served in many locations on UN
peacekeepingmissions, including the Congo, Cyprusand Lebanon, either as Cavalry groups on their own, or attached as part of a battalion group.
Cavalry Corps Today
The Cavalry Corps today is approximately equivalent in size to two typical cavalry regiments; however the Irish Army has never utilised the regimental structure (although there was an attempt during 1942 to organise units into a cavalry regiment). Instead, cavalry operates as independent squadrons. Today, the army has a total of four regular cavalry squadrons:
*1st Cavalry Squadron
*2nd Cavalry Squadron
*4th Cavalry Squadron
*1st Armoured Cavalry Squadron
The 1st, 2nd and 4th Squadrons are standard
light cavalryunits equipped with the Mowag PiranhaAFV and Panhard AMLarmoured car. One squadron is attached to each of the army's three infantry brigades to act as light armoured support. In addition to their regular duties, 2nd Cavalry Squadron also operates as the Presidential Motorcycle Escort, a task inherited from the Blue Hussarsin 1948. The 1st Armoured Cavalry Squadron was formed in 1998 by the amalgamation of the 1st Armoured Car Squadron and the reformed 1st Tank Squadron. This operates the FV101 Scorpionin the armoured reconnaissance role; 1st Armoured Cavalry Squadron is an independent unit that is stationed at The Curragh.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Irish Army — ) is the main branch of the Irish Defence Forces [The Irish Defence Forces are made up of the Permanent Defence Forces (PDF or P.D.F) the standing branches and the Reserve Defence Forces (RDF or R.D.F.). The Army is part of the PDF.] ( Óglaigh na … Wikipedia
Modern Irish Army uniform — Irish Army Components … Wikipedia
Modern vehicles of the Irish Army — Irish Army … Wikipedia
Modern weapons of the Irish Army — Irish Army … Wikipedia
Armoured fighting vehicles of the Irish Army — Throughout its history, the Irish Army has used a number of armoured fighting vehicles. Irish Rolls Royce Armoured Car Co. Cork 1941 Contents 1 … Wikipedia
Army of the Gulf — Active Country United States of America Branch United States Army Engagements American Civil War The Army of the Gulf … Wikipedia
Corps of Army Music — British Army Arms and Services Combat Arms Royal Armoured Corps Infantry Guards Division Scottish Division … Wikipedia
Cavalry — Cavalrymen redirects here. For the 1955 French film, see Les Hussards. French 4th Hussar at the battle of Friedland, 1807 … Wikipedia
Cavalry regiments of the British Army — There are currently nine regular cavalry regiments of the British Army, with four serving as armoured regiments, and five as formation reconnaissance regiments. All nine regiments and the two Royal Tank Regiment s are part of the Royal Armoured… … Wikipedia
Army of the Potomac — Infobox Military Unit unit name=Army of the Potomac caption=Commanders of the Army of the Potomac at Culpeper, Virginia, 1863. From the left: Gouverneur K. Warren, William H. French, George G. Meade, Henry J. Hunt, Andrew A. Humphreys, George… … Wikipedia