Earl of Lennox

Earldom of Lennox

Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Blason Maison de Lennox.svg
The Arms of the Realm and Ancient Local Principalities of Scotland [1]

The Mormaer of Lennox or Earl of Lennox was the ruler of the long-lasting provincial Mormaerdom/Earldom of Lennox in the Medieval Kingdom of the Scots. The first Mormaer is usually regarded as Ailin I (also Alpin, Alun or Alwin), but the genealogy of the Mormaers gives earlier names. The last Mormaer of the native line was Isabella, who married Muireadhach Stewart, the Duke of Albany, and died in 1458.

The recent work of Cynthia Neville and Michael Brown has made Lennox perhaps the best understood native scottish Mormaerdom.

After the extinction of the Lennox line, the Scottish Peerage title of Earl of Lennox was granted to John Stewart, Lord Darnley. It has been "created" six times, becoming extinct every time. The Earl of Lennox (see Lennox) was elevated to Duke of Lennox in 1581.

Contents

Mormaers of Lennox/Gaelic Earls of Lennox

Earls of Lennox, Second Creation (1488)

Map of Scotland showing the district of Lennox, note this map is based on later sources, and therefore does not show the greatest extent of the Mormaerdom

Earls of Lennox, Third Creation (c. 1571)

Earls of Lennox, Fourth Creation (1578)

  • Robert Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox, "exchanged" for Earldom of March 1580, second son of the 3rd Earl of the second creation

Earls of Lennox, Fifth Creation (1580)

with subsidiary Lord Darnley, Aubigny and Dalkeith (1580)

Dukes of Lennox, First Creation (1581)

Loch Lomond, the heart of the Lennox Mormaerdom

See also

References

  1. ^ Bartholemew 1983. ISBN 0702817090
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Brown, Michael, "Earldom and Kindred: The Lennox and Its Earls, 1200–1458" in Steve Boardman and Alasdair Ross (eds.) The Exercise of Power in Medieval Scotland, c.1200–1500, (Dublin/Portland, 2003), pp. 201–224
  • Neville, Cynthia J., Native Lordship in Medieval Scotland: The Earldoms of Strathearn and Lennox, c. 1140–1365, (Portland & Dublin, 2005)

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  • Earl of Lennox — Der Mormaer of Lennox oder Earl of Lennox war der Regent des lange Zeit bestehenden Mormaer oder Earldom von Lennox im Königreich Schottland. Als erster Mormaer wird üblicher weise Ailín I. (auch Alpin, Alun oder Alwin) betrachtet, auch wenn die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox — Matthew Stewart, Margaret Douglas, their son Charles Stewart, and grandson James VI of Scotland mourn Henry Stewart Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox (21 September 1516 – 4 September 1571) was the 4th Earl of Lennox, and leader of the Catholic… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox — (Bef. 5 May 1488 9 September 1513, Flodden) was a prominent Scottish nobleman. Stewart was the son of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox, and Margaret Montgomerie, daughter of Alexander, Master of Montgomerie. He married firstly, on 13 June 1490,… …   Wikipedia

  • John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox — Wappen des John Stewart of Darnley, 1. Earl of Lennox John Stewart, (* ca. 1430; † 1495), war ein schottischer Adliger aus der Familie Stewart und 1. Earl of Lennox. John war ein Sohn des Sir Alan Stewart of Darnley und dessen Gemahlin Catherine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Stewart, 3. Earl of Lennox — John Stewart, (* ca. 1490; † 4. September 1526 in Linlithgow) war ein schottischer Adliger aus der Familie Stewart und 3. Earl of Lennox. John war ein Sohn des Matthew Stewart, 2. Earl of Lennox und dessen Gemahlin Elizabeth Hamilton. Er folgte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox — (c. 1490 4 Sep 1526, Linlithgow, West Lothian) was a prominent Scottish magnate. Stewart was the son of Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox, and Elizabeth Hamilton, daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton.On 19 January 1511 he married Anne… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Stewart, 4. Earl of Lennox — Matthew Stewart, auch Stuart, 4. Earl of Lennox (* 21. September 1516 auf Dumbarton Castle; † 4. September 1571 auf Stirling Castle), war ein schottischer Adliger aus der Familie Stewart und 4. Earl of Lennox. Matthew war ein Sohn des John… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Donnchadh, Earl of Lennox — Donnchadh of Lennox was the Mormaer of Lennox, 1385 1425. He was a son of Baltar mac Amlaimh and Margaret, daughter of Domhnall, Earl of Lennox. When Domhnall of Lennox died in 1365, Donnchadh s mother Margaret became ruler of Lennox. It had been …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Stuart, 1st Earl of Lennox — Charles Stuart with his elder ill fated brother Henry, Lord Darnley. Charles Stuart, 5th Earl of Lennox (1555–1576) was the second son of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox and of Margaret Douglas, daughter of Margaret Tudor. At the time of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Stewart, 5. Earl of Lennox — Charles Stuart als Kind mit seinem älteren Bruder Henry Stuart Charles Stewart (* 1555 in Rufford, Nottinghamshire; † 1576 in London), war ein schottischer Adliger aus der Familie Stewart, 5. Earl of Lennox und Lord Darnley …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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