Maharana Udai Singh

Maharana Udai Singh (August 4, 1522– February 28, 1572) was a king of Mewar and the founder of the city of Udaipur in the present day Rajasthan state of India. He was the 53rd ruler of the Mewar dynasty. He was the fourth and posthumous son of Maharana Sangram SinghTod, James (1829, reprint 2002). "Annals & Antiquities of Rajas'than", Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.240-52] and Rani Karmavati, a princess of Bundi.

Early life

Udai Singh was born in Chittor. In January, 1528 after the death of his father, Maharana Sangram Singh [Mahajan V.D. (1991, reprint 2007) "History of Medieval India", Part II, S. Chand, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, p.11] , he was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Maharana Ratan Singh. Ratan Singh was assassinated in 1531. He was succeeded by his brother Maharana Vikramaditya Singh. During his reign, when the Sultan of Gujarat Bahadur Shah sacked Chittor in 1534, Udai Singh was sent to Bundi for safetyTod, James (1829, reprint 2002). "Annals & Antiquities of Rajas'than", Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.240-52] . In 1537, Banbir killed Vikramaditya and usurped the throne. He tried to kill Udai Singh also, but Udai's nurse Panna Dhai sacrificed her own son to save him from his uncle Banbir and took him to Kumbhalgarh. He lived in secret in Kumbhalgarh for two years, disguised as a nephew of the governor Asha Shah. In 1540, he was crowned in Kumbhalgarh by the nobles of Mewar. His eldest son Maharana Pratap was born in the same yearTod, James (1829, reprint 2002). "Annals & Antiquities of Rajas'than", Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.252-64] . he had twenty-five sons. Amongst his other sons, Sakta (Shakti), Jagmal and Viramdeo are well known.

The reign

After defeating Banbir at Mavli, Udai Singh returned to Chittor. In 1559, his grandson Maharana Amar Singh was born. In the same year, he founded Udaipur. In 1562, he gave refuse to Baz Bahadur of Malwa. Using this as a pretext, Akbar attacked Mewar in October,1567. Udai Singh retired to Gogunda (which later became his temporary capital) leaving Chittor in the hands of his loyal chieftains. Akbar captured Chittor after a long siege in February, 1568 [Mahajan V.D. (1991, reprint 2007) "History of Medieval India", Part II, S. Chand, New Delhi, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, pp.74-6] . He later shifted his capital to Udaipur. He died in 1572 in Gogunda. Before his death, he nominated his favourite son Jagmal as his successor. But after his death, the nobles of Mewar prevented Jagmal from succeeding and placed Maharana Pratap Singh on the throneTod, James (1829, reprint 2002). "Annals & Antiquities of Rajas'than", Vol.I, Rupa, New Delhi, ISBN 81-7167-366-X, p.252-64] .

Notes

External links

* [http://www.mewarindia.com/ency/u.html Mewar Encyclopedia-U]
* [http://www.rajasthanholiday.com/india/udaipur/history-of-udaipur.html History of Udaipur]
* [http://www.uq.net.au/%7Ezzhsoszy/ips/u/udaipur_r.html Udaipur genealogy]


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