Business acquisition is the process of acquiring a
companyto build on strengths or weaknesses of the acquiring company. A mergeris similar to an acquisition but refers more strictly to combining all of the interests of both companies in to a stronger single company. The end result is to grow the business in a quicker and more profitable manner than normal organic growth would allow.
The process begins with defining the type of
businessthat would make a good acquisition. Generally businesses within the same segment or a highly complementary market segment are targeted. Once defined the target business is approached and if interest is shown due diligenceis performed to ascertain the financial condition of the business.
When the financial terms are agreed upon, and the contract is signed the merger portion of the acquisition begins. Overlapping processes, personnel and products are evaluated and the better performing pieces are retained, while the less desirable are cut. Difficulty often arises when management teams are combined and responsibilities distributed between the acquiring business and the acquired.
ingle business acquisitions and split and sell
A single acquisition refers to one company buying the assets and operations of another company and absorbing what is needed while simply discarding duplicated or unnecessary pieces of the acquired business. "Split and sell" acquisitions involve buying an entire business in order to gain one or two pieces of the business. The acquiring business may wish to retain the customer list and a product line, while moving manufacturing and other production related duties to an existing line. In this case the excess is often sold off to recapture some of the acquisition cost.
Businesses that use affiliates to sell and market their products may find themselves in the position of losing control of the marketing portion. This presents a danger as the entire
business cycleis dependent on the sales cycle, which is now external to the business. In this scenario the acquiring business may be forced into paying a premium to the affiliate, to regain control of the process without upsetting current customers and cash flow. In rare instances the affiliatewill gain so much influence that it can purchase the parent company.
* [http://www.magtin.com/Pre-Acquisition%20Plan.pdf Pre Acquisition Planning]
* [http://www.smbresource.com/business-acquisition.html Business acquisition challenges]
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