Judah ben Bathyra

Judah ben Bathyra or simply Judah Bathyra (also Beseira, Hebrew: יהודה בן בתירא) was an eminent tanna. He must have lived before the destruction of the Temple, since he prevented a pagan in Jerusalem from partaking of the Paschal offering. Thereupon he received the message: "Hail to thee, Rabbi Judah ben Bathyra! Thou livest in Nisibis, but thy net is spread in Jerusalem" (Pes. 3b). Since R. Judah was not present himself at the Passover in Jerusalem, it may be concluded that he was far advanced in years, although as a citizen of a foreign land he was not bound by the law which demanded the celebration of the Passover at Jerusalem (Tosefot to Pes. l.c.). At Nisibis in Mesopotamia he had a famous college, which is expressly recommended together with other famous schools (Sanh. 32b).

Personal interactions

* R. Eleazer ben Shammua and R. Johanan the sandal-maker started on a journey to Nisibis in order to study under Judah ben Bathyra, but turned back when they reflected that they were giving preference to an alien country over Israel (Sifre, Deut. 80).
* R. Judah b. Bathyra himself undertook a journey to Rome with some colleagues. No sooner had they landed at Puteoli than they returned home weeping (ib.).
* R. Judah once arrived at Nisibis just before the beginning of the fast of the Ninth of Ab, and although he had already eaten, he was obliged to partake of a sumptuous banquet at the house of the chief of the synagogue (Lam. R. iii. 17, ed. S. Buber; "Exilarchs" in other editions is incorrect).

Ambiguity of identity

The Mishnah quotes 17, the Baraita about 40, Halakot by R. Judah, and he was also a prolific haggadist. Since controversies between him and R. Akiba are frequently mentioned, these being chronologically impossible, the existence of a second R. Judah b. Bathyra must be assumed (Tosefot to Men. 65b; "Seder ha-Dorot," ed. Warsaw, ii. 110), who was probably a grandson of the former, and therefore Akiba's contemporary; it is possible that there existed even a third R. Judah b. Bathyra, who was a contemporary of R. Josiah (Sifre, Num. 123) or of R. Judah I (Ḥul. 54a; Shab.) 130a; see also Midr. Sam. x.); he also seems to have lived at Nisibis (Sanh. 96a; but the version "R. Judah ben Bathyra" is doubtful; see Rabbinowicz, "Diḳduḳe Soferim," ad loc., note 10).

It is evident from the cases quoted in Tosef., Yeb. xii. 11 (compare Yeb. 102a), and Tosef., Ket. v. 1 (Yer. Ket. v. 29d; Bab. Ket. 58a; compare Weiss l.c., 158, and Ḳid. 10b), that R. Judah b. Bathyra (probably the earliest one by that name) did not quite keep pace with the Halakah as it was formulated in Israel, and represented rather the earlier standpoint. This R. Judah is probably also the one who now and again is mentioned simply as "Ben Bathyra"; compare Tosef., Pes. iii. (iv.) 8, where R. Judah and R. Joshua dispute with Ben Bathyra. Here again the first and last names, "R. Judah" and "Ben Bathyra," probably belong together, making one name, so that R. Joshua was the only other person concerned (compare Zeb. 12a). In Mishnah, Pes. iii. 3, the editions have "R. Judah ben Bathyra," while the Yerushalmi has only "ben Bathyra." There is one passage, however, where R. Judah b. Bathyra and b. Bathyra are reported as entertaining different opinions (Ta'anit 3a); hence Maimonides takes "ben Bathyra" to be identical with "R. Joshua ben Bathyra."

References

*

External links

* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=429&letter=B&search=Judah%20ben%20Bathyra#1325 Jewish Encyclopedia article for Judah ben Bathyra] , by Marcus Jastrow and Samuel Krauss.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • JUDAH BEN BATHYRA — JUDAH BEN BATHYRA, tanna of the second century C.E. He was apparently a student of Eliezer b. Hyrcanus and joshua b. hananiah (Pes. 3:3; Eduy. 8:3; Neg. 9:3, 11:7), and an associate of Akiva (Kelim 2:7) and Tarfon (Peah 3:6). His name is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Judah ben Bathyra II — (fl. 2nd cent)    Babylonian tanna, possibly the grandson of Judah ben Bathyra I. He was born in Rome and studied in Palestine. Subsequently he went to Babylon and settled in Nisibis. At the time of the Hadrianic persecutions, he was regarded as… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Judah ben Bathyra I — (fl. 1st cent)    Babylonian tanna. He lived in Jerusalem in his youth, but left Palestine before the destruction of the Temple and settled in Nisibis in Babylon …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Judah the Prince — Traditional burial place of Judah the Price at Beit She arim National Park, Israel. Rebbi redirects here. For the title, see Honorifics in Judaism. For other people named Judah, see Judah (disambiguation). Judah the Prince, (Hebrew: יהודה הנשיא‎ …   Wikipedia

  • BEN BAG BAG — BEN BAG BAG, tanna, apparently of the first century C.E. His most famous dictum: Turn it and turn it (the Torah), for everything is in it, and contemplate it, and grow grey and old over it, and stir not from it, for you can have no better rule… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Akabia ben Mahalalel — Akavia redirects here. For the Israeli writer and translator, see Miriam Akavia. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Akabia ben Mahalalel (Hebrew: עקביא בן מהללאל‎), was a Jewish religious teacher,… …   Wikipedia

  • Haninah ben Teradion — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Rabbi Haninah ben Teradion or Hananiah ben Teradion (Hebrew: חנניה בן תרדיון) was a teacher in the third Tannaitic generation (2nd century). He was a contemporary of… …   Wikipedia

  • Matteya ben Heresh — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Matteya ben Heresh or Mattithiah (Hebrew: מתיא בן חרש) was a Roman tanna of the 2nd century. He was born in Judea, probably a pupil of R. Ishmael, and certainly a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hanina ben Hakinai — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Hanina ben Hakinai or Hanania ben Hakinai (Hebrew: חנינא בן חכינאי) was a Tanna of the 2nd century; contemporary of Ben Azzai and Simon the Temanite (Tosef., Ber. iv …   Wikipedia

  • Nehunya ben ha-Kanah — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Nehunya ben ha Kanah (Hebrew: נחוניה בן הקנה) was a Tanna of the 1st and 2nd centuries. It appears from B. B. 10b that Neḥunya was a contemporary, but not a pupil, of …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.