Shoulder surgery

As the shoulder is the most complex and unstable joint in the body, it can get injured easily. Many surgeries have been developed to repair the muscles, connective tissue or damaged joints that can arise from traumatic or overuse injuries to the shoulder.

List of Shoulder Surgeries (by attempted repair)

Dislocated Shoulder

See [http://www.orthop.washington.edu/uw/arthroscopic/tabID__3367/ItemID__162/PageID__3/Articles/Default.aspx]

* Arthroscopic Repairs
** repair of the Glenoid Labrum (anterior or posterior)
** repair of the capsular ligaments (Bankart repair)
** repair of the biceps long head anchor or SLAP lesion
** tightening of the shoulder capsule (capsulorrhaphy or capsular shift)
* Open Repairs (for dislocations with fractures, etc.)

Separated shoulder

* Weaver-Dunn procedure
* Weaver-Dunn with various additional fixations (sutures, suture anchors, tendon autograft) to replace the coracoclavicular ligaments. Note: various methods have been utilized to anchor the clavicle in place while the surgery heals. This includes
** Dacron graft/loop
** Bosworth screw
** Kirschner wires
** Hook plate [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11822073&dopt=Abstract]
* Anatomic Repair, or any repair using tendon allograft without sacrificing the coracoacromial ligament.
* Arthroscopic Weaver-Dunn
* Transfer of conjoined tendon and distal end of coracoid process to the clavicle

ternoclavicular Separation

Surgeries exist but the procedures may not be popular enough to be given any nameIt appears treatment of this condition may be highly controversial.

Tendinitis, bursitis, and impingement syndrome

*Tendon Repair
*Mumford Procedure/Acromioplasty

Rotator cuff tear

* Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair

Fracture

*Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF)

Arthritis of the shoulder (glenohumeral joint)

Shoulder replacement
*Total Shoulder Replacement
*Hemiarthroplasty (half a replacement)
*Reverse Shoulder Implant (for arthritis with large rotator cuff tear)

Arthritis or Osteolysis of the AC (acromioclavicular) joint

* Mumford Procedure (Open or Arthroscopic)

ee also

*Shoulder Problems
*Separated shoulder
*Clavicle fracture
*Arthroscopy
*Arthritis


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