filename=WWII submarine dive klaxon.ogg
description=A sample of a
submarinedive Klaxon used by United States Navysubmarines during World War II
Klaxon is a trademark for an electromechanical horn or alerting device. Mainly used on
automobiles, trains and ships, they alert listeners of the vehicle's arrival and possible danger.
The Klaxon's characteristic sound is produced by a spring-steel diaphragm with a rivet in the center that is repeatedly struck by the teeth of a rotating cog wheel. The diaphragm is attached to a horn that acts as an
acoustic transformeras well as controlling the direction of the sound.
In the first klaxons, the wheel was driven either by hand or by an electric motor. The electric version has been credited to inventor
Miller Reese Hutchison, an associate of Thomas Edison.
The Lovell-McConnell Manufacturing Co. of
Newark, New Jerseybought the rights to the device in 1908. F. W. Lovell, the founder, coined the name "klaxon" from the Ancient Greek verb "klazō", "to shriek".
Klaxons were first fitted to automobiles and
bicycles in 1908. Electric klaxons were the first electrical devices to be fitted to private automobiles. They were originally powered by 6-volt dry cells, and from 1911 by rechargeable batteries. Later hand-powered versions were used as military evacuation alarms and factory sirens. The klaxon is also famous for its use as a submarinedive alarm. Oliver Lucasof Birmingham, England developed a standard electric car horn in 1910.The English company Klaxon Signals Ltd. has been based in Oldham, Greater Manchester, Englandfor the last 80 years, with premises also in Birmingham. The French Klaxon company was acquired by the Italian Fiamm Group in the 1990s.
In 2005 Klaxon sold the rights for the hooter or klaxon range to Moflash Signalling Ltd., based in the original Klaxon Factory in Birmingham England. The Famous Klaxet ES and A1 hooters returned home to Birmingham after 10 years.
Generalization of the Word in Foreign Languages
Several foreign languages use a form of the word as the general term for a car's horn, regardless of whether it is still the same mechanism (very rarely so) or not. In French, the spelling remains the same, as "klaxon", but in Romanian, it's altered to "claxon", which is also the popular word for it in Dutch (mostly used in Belgium). In Peru, the formal name for the horns of an automobile is naturalized as "clácson".
The same applies to some languages that do not use the Latin alphabet. In Japanese, the term for a car's horn is written as nihongo|"kurakushon"|クラクション. And Arabic uses the word transliterated as "klax" to refer to a car's horn (كلاكس in Arabic script).
*"The Klaxon: March of the Automobiles" was composed by
Henry Fillmorein 1929 for the Cincinnati Automobile Show, and was originally performed on twelve automobile horns.
Harry Potterseries of books, the alarm that sounds when a boy tries to ascend the stairs to the girls' dormitory is described as 'klaxonlike.'
Grant Morrison's comic book series " Doom Patrol" there are numerous references to a device called, 'The Action-Klaxon'.
Ninja Warrioron G4 uses a klaxon to alert the players that 10 seconds remain on the clock.
*On , the klaxon is used as the starting judge instead of an announcer.
New Raveband " Klaxons" takes its name from the word "klaxon."
*In numerous Star Trek episodes and series, the closed captioning describes the ship alarm as a klaxon.
* [http://www.policeinterceptor.com/navysounds.htm Authentic Navy Alarm Sounds]
* [http://www.rustychevy.com/klaxon_horn_adj.htm Pages from a klaxon horn adjustment manual] with diagrams
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klaxon — [ klaksɔn ] n. m. • 1911; n. déposé , d une firme amér.; du gr. klaxein « retentir » ♦ Avertisseur sonore à commande mécanique ou électrique. Donner un coup de klaxon. Des klaxons. Recomm. offic. avertisseur. ● Klaxon nom masculin (nom déposé)… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Klaxon™ — [ˈklæksn] [ˈklæksn] noun (BrE) a horn, originally on a vehicle, that makes a loud sound as a warning Word Origin: [Klaxon] … Useful english dictionary
klaxon — n. a kind of loud horn formerly used on motor vehicles. Syn: claxon. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
klaxon — (n.) loud warning horn, 1908, originally on automobiles, said to have been named for the company that sold them (The Klaxon Company; distributor for Lovell McConnell Mfg. Co., Newark, N.J.), but probably the company was named for the horn, which… … Etymology dictionary
klaxon — ☆ klaxon [klaks′ən ] n. [< Klaxon, former trademark, arbitrary coinage based on Gr klaxein, to shout, scream < IE base * kel > CLAMOR] [also K ] a kind of electric horn with a loud, shrill sound … English World dictionary
klaxon — ► NOUN trademark ▪ a vehicle horn or warning hooter. ORIGIN the name of the manufacturers … English terms dictionary
Klaxon — Avertisseur sonore « Klaxon » redirige ici. Pour la marque originale, voir Klaxon (marque). Un avertisseur sonore est un appareil émettant un son principalement destiné à donner un signal ou à prévenir d’un danger. Les avertisseurs… … Wikipédia en Français
klaxon — UK [ˈklæksən] / US noun [countable] Word forms klaxon : singular klaxon plural klaxons a very loud electric horn or siren … English dictionary
Klaxon — Klax|on [ˈklæksən] n trademark [Date: 1900 2000; Origin: Klaxon, a trademark] a loud horn that was fixed onto police cars and other official vehicles in the past … Dictionary of contemporary English
Klaxon — trademark used for an electrically operated horn or warning signal … New Collegiate Dictionary