Parnassius glacialis

Taxobox
name = Glacial Apollo



image_caption = Paratype of "Parnassius glacialis shikokuensis" from Isizuchi, Shikoku
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Lepidoptera
familia = Papilionidae
genus = "Parnassius"
species = " P. glacialis "
binomial = "Parnassius glacialis"
binomial_authority = Butler, 1866

Glacial Apollo or Japanese Clouded Apollo "Parnassius glacialis", is a high altitude butterfly found in Japan, E. China and Korea. It is a member of the Snow Apollo genus "Parnassius" of the Swallowtail (Papilionidae) family.

Classification

There are fifteen subspecies. "P. glacialis" has been treated as a subspecies of "Parnassius stubbendorfi" but this is disproved by Takashi "et al." 2001 who show that the subspecies of "glacialis" from Korea and Japan may be one species while those from mainland China another.

Range

E. China, Korea, Japan.

tatus

Quite common but threatened by urbanisation in some areas.

Cited references

* Takashi Yagi, Toru Katoh, Anton Chichvarkhin, Tsutomu Shinkawa and Keiichi Omoto,2001 “Molecular phylogeny of butterflies "Parnassius glacialis" and "P. stubbendorfii" at various localities in East Asia” "Genes Genet. Syst." Vol. 76 229-234

Other references

* Nemoto T & Inomata T, 1994 Geographical and individual variations of the genus "Parnassius" Latreille, 1804: "Parnassius stubbendorfii" Ménétriès, 1848 8 pp 117-132; col pl 56-63; fig 43-46; stapled series eds: Ohya A & Inomata T;in: "Illustrations of selected insects in the world" [A, Lepidoptera] .

ee also

*Papilionidae

External links

*commonscat-inline|Parnassius glacialis
* [http://www.pteron-world.com/topics/classfication/papilionidae/parnassiini2.html#parnassius Images]
*Takashi Yagi1, Toru Katoh, Anton Chichvarkhin,Tsutomu Shinkawa and Keiichi Omoto Molecular phylogeny of butterflies "Parnassius glacialis" and "P. stubbendorfii" at various localities in East Asia [http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/ggs/76/4/229/_pdf]


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