Yrtakina (Greek "Υρτακίνα") was an ancient city in south-west
Crete. The city was located between the existing villages Temeniaand Papadiana, on Kastri hill, where the ruins of the city are situated.
Tthethox believes that Yrtakos was the capital city of the ancient Achaians, and was destroyed by the Dorians. The area of the city was in Vlithia Valley towards the sea. There were two cyclopic walls, parts of which can be seen today. They were integral to a city-castle, where watch and defense soldiers lived with their families.
The city was autonomous; it issued its own coins, one displaying the images of a Cretan wild goat and a bee named Tarra. Another coin depicted a dolphin and an eight-ray star.
Elyros, Lissos, Tarra, and Yrtakina had an established monetary union when they joined the Republic of the Cretans in the 3rd century BC. Yrtakina was one of the Cretan cities that allied with Eumenes B’.
At the Acropolis there was found a headless marble statue of Pan; it has legs and feet of a goat, and wears mantle. The statue belongs to the roman period.
In 1939, Theophanidis excavated the Temple of Pan.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lissos — and Syia was the harbours of the city of Elyros, the most important ancient city of the area, located near the village Rodovani. It was established in the Classical period and flourished until the Late Antiquity. Its name was made certain by… … Wikipedia
List of archaeological sites sorted by country — This is a list of notable archaeological sites sorted by country. For one sorted by continent and time period, see the list of archaeological sites sorted by continent and age.Afghanistan*Buddhas of Bamyan *Haji Piyada mosque in… … Wikipedia
Anatoliko Selino — Infobox Greek Dimos name = Anatoliko Selino name local = Ανατολικό Σέλινο periph = Crete prefec = Chania population = 1468 population as of = 2001 area = elevation = lat deg = 35 lat min = 16 lon deg = 23 lon min = 51 postal code = 730 09 area… … Wikipedia
Syia — ( Συία in Greek) is an ancient city in south west Crete. It is located in Sougia village, 70 km south of Chania.Like Lissos, Syia was a capacious and safe harbour of Elyros. Strabo calls the town Syba. The name derives probably from the word… … Wikipedia
Temenia — (Greek: Τεμένια) is a small village in Chania Prefecture on the island of Crete, Greece. It has 77 residents (2001 census [http://www.statistics.gr/gr tables/S1101 SAP 1 TB DC 01 03 Y.pdf source] ) and it s within the municipality of East Selino… … Wikipedia
Tarra, Crete — Tarra is an ancient city of western Crete, near Samaria Gorge, at Agia Roumeli village. It is near the sea, on the hill, on the left bank of the stream bank. It was probably established in the Classical period and was very important religious… … Wikipedia
Prodromi — Infobox Greek Dimos name = Prodromi name local = Προδρόμι Σελήνου Χανίων periph = Crete prefec = Chania population = population as of = area = elevation min = 536 elevation max = 538 lat deg = 35 lat min = 15 lon deg = 23 lon min = 45 postal code … Wikipedia