Haliacmon


Haliacmon

The Haliacmon (Attic: Polytonic|Ἁλιάκμων, "Haliákmōn"; Ionic: "Aliákmōn"; Modern Greek: Αλιάκμονας, "Aliákmonas"; South Slavic: Бистрица, "Bistritsa" or "Bistrica"; Turkish: "İnce Karasu") is the longest river in Greece, with a total length of 322 km (200 miles). "Haliacmon" is the traditional English name for the river, but many sources cite the formerly official katharevousa version of the name, "Aliákmon". Today, the only official variant is the demotic "Aliákmonas".

It rises in the northern Pindus mountains in northern Greece on the border with Albania, before flowing southeast then northeast through the Greek peripheries of West and Central Macedonia and then into Lake Kastoria, and into the dam and into the Thermaic Gulf. It waters an extensive area, making it of great importance to agriculture in the region. The river forms the western portion of the delta of the Axiós (aka Vardar). The river runs in the prefectures of Kastoria, Grevena, Kozani, Imathia, and Pieria.

The Haliacmon flows through Kastoria, Neapoli, west of Siatista and into the Grevena prefecture and east of Grevena, and to the south of Kozani and into the Polyfytos dam which is 20 km long and about 4 to 5 km wide, and southeast of Aiane, and into the gorges and southeast of Veria and north of Aiginio and northeast of Methone.

In antiquity, Claudius Ptolemy called the chain of mountains in which the river rises (northern Pindus) the "Canalovii". According to Julius Caesar, the Haliacmon formed the line of demarcation between Macedon and Thessaly. In the upper part of its course it took a southeast direction through Elimiotis, which it watered; and then, continuing to the northeast, formed the boundary between Pieria, Eordaea, and Imathia. In the time of Herodotus the Haliacmon was apparently joined by the Loudias [http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hh/hh7120.htm 7, 127] , the discharge of the lake of Pella; but a change has taken place in the course of the Loudias, which no longer joins the Haliacmon, but flows directly into the Aegean Sea. The image below shows a wind gap between the Haliacmon and Loudias watersheds that is the probable ancient course of the Haliacmon.

It was the domain of the eponymous river god Haliacmon.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Haliacmón — Mapa con la localización del río Haliacmón. País que atraviesa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Haliacmon — HALIACMON, ŏnis, Gr. Ἁλιάκμων, ονος, (⇒ Tab. III.) des Oceans und der Tethys Sohn, einer von den Flüssen. Hesiod. Theog. v. 341 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • HALIACMON — fluv. Macedoniae. Plin. l. 4. c. 10. Herod. l. 7. c. 127. Pecora candida reddens. Vide Aliacmon …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Haliacmon — Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/DGWK fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/QUELLHÖHE fehltKoordinaten fehlen! Hilf mit.Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/HÖHENUNTERSCHIED fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/FLUSSSYSTEM fehltVorlage:Infobox Fluss/EINZUGSGEBIET fehltVorlage:Infobox… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haliacmon (mythology) — Haliacmon (or Aliacmon, Ancient Greek: polytonic|Ἁλιάκμων) was in Greek mythology a son of Oceanus and Thetys.cite encyclopedia | last = Schmitz | first = Leonhard | authorlink = | title = Haliacmon | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia =… …   Wikipedia

  • ALIACMON et HALIACMON — ALIACMON, et HALIACMON Plin. l. 4. c. 10. Pelecas, Sophiano; Platamona Moletio, fluv. Macedoniae, illam a Thessalia separans, ac in Aegeum mare, inter Pydnam et Dium influens. Amnis rapidissimus et praeceps. Aliagmon. Claudian …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Галиакмон — (Haliacmon) см. Вистрица …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • ГАЛИАКМОН —    • Haliacmon,          Άλιάκμων, н. Вистрица, по турецки Ендже Карусу, река в Македонии, берет начало в Тимфейском хребте, на границе Эпира и Иллирии, течет сперва на юго восток, затем на северо запад и впадает в Фермейский залив. Hdt. 7, 127.… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Battle of Greece — Part of the Balkans Campaign during World War II …   Wikipedia

  • Reino de Macedonia — Para otros usos de este término, véase Macedonia. Reino de Macedonia …   Wikipedia Español


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