World revolution

World revolution

:"This is about the concept of world revolution in Marxist theory. For other uses of the term, see world revolution (disambiguation)."World revolution is a Marxist concept of the overthrow of capitalism that would take place in all countries, although not necessarily simultaneously.

Arguably, the international situation in the years immediately following World War I was the closest the world ever came to such a revolution. The October Revolution of 1917 in Russia sparked a revolutionary wave of socialist and communist uprisings across Europe, most notably the German Revolution, the Hungarian Revolution and the revolutionary war in Finland with the short lived Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic, which made large gains and met with considerable success in the early stages; see also Revolutions of 1917-23. Particularly in the years 1918-1919, it seemed plausible that capitalism would soon be swept from the European continent forever. Given the fact that European powers controlled the majority of Earth's land surface at the time, such an event could have meant the end of capitalism not just in Europe, but everywhere. Additionally, the Comintern, founded in March 1919, began as an independent international organization of communists from various countries around the world that evolved after the Russian Civil War into an essentially Soviet-sponsored agency responsible for coordinating the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism worldwide.

With the prospect of world revolution so close at hand, Marxists were dominated by a feeling of overwhelming optimism, which in the end proved to be quite premature. The European revolutions were crushed one by one, until eventually the Russian revolutionaries found themselves to be the only survivors. Since they had been relying on the idea that an underdeveloped and agrarian country like Russia would be able to build socialism with help from successful revolutionary governments in the more industrialized parts of Europe, they found themselves in a crisis once it became clear that no such help would arrive; see "Socialism in one country".

After those events and up until the present day, the international situation never came quite so close to a world revolution again.As fascism grew in Europe in the 1930s, instead of immediate revolution, the Comintern opted for a Popular Front against fascism; then, at the height of World War II in 1943 , the Comintern was disbanded on the request of the Soviet Union's Western allies.

A new upsurge of revolutionary feeling swept across Europe in the aftermath of World War II, though it was not as strong as the one that followed World War I and it did not lead to any violent revolutions. Communist parties in countries such as France and Italy had acquired significant prestige and public support due to their activity as leaders of anti-fascist resistance movements during the war; as such, they also enjoyed considerable success at the polls and regularly finished second in elections in the late 1940s. However, none managed to finish in first and form a government. Communist parties in Eastern Europe, meanwhile, though they did win elections at around the same time, did so under circumstances regarded by some as mere show elections.

Revolts across the world in the 1960s and 1970s, coupled with the Chinese Cultural Revolution, the establishment of the New Left together with the Civil Rights Movement, the militancy of the Black Panther Party and similar armed/insurrectionary "Liberation Front" groups around the globe, and even a bit of a resurgence in the labor movement for a time once again made it seem as though world revolution was not only possible, but actually imminent; thus, there was a common expression, "The East is Red, and the West is Ready". However, this radical spirit soon ebbed in the 1980s and 1990s by a conservative backlash and free-market reforms in China.

Within Marxist theory, Lenin's concept of the labor aristocracy and his description of imperialism, andndash separately, but not necessarily unrelatedlyndash Trotsky's theories regarding the deformed workers' state, offer several explanations as to why the world revolution has not occurred to the present day.

External links

* [ World Revolution] section in Britain of the International Communist Current

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • World Revolution (UK) — World Revolution is a left communist organisation in Britain. It is a section of the International Communist Current (ICC).The group was founded in the mid 1970s by former supporters of Solidarity. In 1975, they merged with the ICC, adopting the… …   Wikipedia

  • World revolution (disambiguation) — World Revolution may refer to one of the following.*World revolution, a Marxist concept of a violent overthrow of capitalism that would take place in all countries, *World Revolution, a song in the SNES game, Chrono Trigger *World Revolution… …   Wikipedia

  • The Central Council of Dada for the World Revolution — was the name of the political party set up by Berlin branch of the Dadaist movement following the end of World War I.The Berlin Dada s supported the Spartacist revolutions of 1918 1919, led by communists Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. When… …   Wikipedia

  • World communism — has a meaning close in meaning to ‘international communism’, which has usually been equated to the Comintern (Communist International). This is the meaning that typically and historically has been meant by opponents of communism. It has also a… …   Wikipedia

  • Revolution (political group) — Revolution, a revolutionary socialist youth organization, was founded in the UK by Workers Power, part of the League for the Fifth International. According to its statutes and manifesto it is organizationally independent from Workers Power,… …   Wikipedia

  • World peace — is an ideal of freedom, peace, and happiness among and within all nations. It is the professed ambition of many past and present world leaders.DefinitionWorld peace is the utopian ideal of planetary non violence by which nations willingly… …   Wikipedia

  • RÉVOLUTION FRANÇAISE — Profondément ancrée dans le passé de la France, la Révolution en a accéléré l’évolution, sans en dévier le sens: elle marque, dans l’histoire de notre pays et d’une partie de l’Europe, l’avènement de la société bourgeoise et de l’économie… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Revolution Internationale — Révolution internationale Révolution internationale est le journal mensuel du Courant communiste international en France. Les positions de base du CCI figurent sur la dernière page de tous les numéros de Révolution Internationale, ainsi que de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Révolution internationale — est le journal mensuel du Courant communiste international en France. Les positions de base du CCI figurent sur la dernière page de tous les numéros de Révolution Internationale, ainsi que de toutes les autres publications du CCI. Ces… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • revolution — noun 1 changing the political system ADJECTIVE ▪ successful ▪ bloody, violent ▪ Thousands of people were killed in the bloody revolution that toppled the government. ▪ bloodless, peaceful …   Collocations dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.