Dutch general election, 1998

Dutch general election, 1998
Netherlands
1994 ←
May 6, 1998
→ 2002

All 150 seats to the House of Representatives
76 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Wim Kok Frits Bolkestein Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Leader Wim Kok Frits Bolkestein Jaap de Hoop Scheffer
Party PvdA VVD CDA
Leader since 1986 1990 1997
Last election 37 seats, 23,9% 31 seats, 19,9% 34 seats, 22,2%
Seats won 45 38 29
Seat change +8 +7 -5
Popular vote 2.494.555 2.124.971 1.581.053
Percentage 29,0% 24,7% 18,3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Els Borst Paul Rosenmöller Jan Marijnissen
Leader Els Borst Paul Rosenmöller Jan Marijnissen
Party D66 GL SP
Leader since 1998 1994 1988
Last election 24 seats, 15,4% 5 seats, 3,4% 2 seats, 1,3%
Seats won 14 11 5
Seat change -10 +6 +3
Popular vote 773.497 625.968 303.703
Percentage 9,0% 7,3% 3,5%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Leen van Dijke Bas van der Vlies Gert Schutte
Leader Leen van Dijke Bas van der Vlies Gert Schutte
Party RPF SGP GPV
Leader since 1994 1986 1981
Last election 3 seats, 1,7% 2 seats, 1,7% 2 seats, 1,3%
Seats won 3 3 2
Seat change 0 +1 0
Popular vote 174,593 153,583 108,724
Percentage 2,0% 1,7% 1,2%

Tk 1998.png

Seats

Prime Minister before election

Wim Kok
PvdA

Prime Minister

Wim Kok
PvdA

The General Election to the House of Representatives of the States-General of the Netherlands was held in the Netherlands on 6 May 1998.

Contents

Result

During the 1998 election the purple coalition, with social-democrats, democrats and liberals fortified its majority. Both the social-democratic PvdA and the conservative liberal VVD won considerably, much at the cost of their junior partner in cabinet, the progressive liberal D66.

Political observers attributed the win to the economic performance of the coalition, including reduction of unemployment and the budget deficit, steady growth and job creation combined with wage freezes and trimming of the welfare state, together with a policy of fiscal restraint.[1]

The two small left opposition parties, the green GroenLinks, and the socialist SP, were rewarded for their 'quality opposition'. The major opposition party, CDA, uncomfortable in its opposition role, also lost seats. The two parties for the elderly AOV and Unie 55+ and the rightwing populist CD did not return to parliament.

The formation resulted in the continuation of the Kok cabinet, with the second Kok cabinet.

National summary

Party Lijsttrekker Votes  % Seats +/-
Labour Party Wim Kok 2,494,555 28.9 45 + 8
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Frits Bolkestein 2,124,971 24.6 38 + 7
Christian Democratic Appeal Jaap de Hoop Scheffer 1,581,053 18.3 29 - 5
Democrats 66 Els Borst 773,497 8.9 14 - 10
GreenLeft Paul Rosenmöller 625,968 7.2 11 + 6
Socialist Party Jan Marijnissen 303,703 3.5 5 + 3
Reformatory Political Federation Leen van Dijke 174,593 2.0 3 0
Reformed Political Party Bas van der Vlies 153,583 1.7 3 + 1
Reformed Political League Gert Schutte 108,724 1.2 2 0
Centre Democrats (Netherlands) Hans Janmaat 52,226 0.5 - -3
General Elderly Alliance/Union 55+ 45,994 0.5 - -7
Others 169,920 2.0 - 0
Total 8.607.787 100.0 150 0

References

  1. ^ IPU Parline - Netherlands, election held in 1998: http://www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/arc/2231_98.htm.

External Resources

Netherlands

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Netherlands



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