Bjelovar


Bjelovar

Infobox City |official_name = Bjelovar

image_shield =Bjelovar_(grb).gif
shield_size =150px
mapsize =
map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = County
subdivision_name = HRV
subdivision_name1 = Bjelovar-Bilogora county
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Antun Korušec (CSLP)
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
population_as_of = 2001
population_note =
population_total = 41,869
population_metro =
population_density_km2 =
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=45 |latm=54 |latNS=N
longd=16 |longm=50 |longEW=E
elevation_m = 90
elevation_ft =
website = [http://www.bjelovar.hr bjelovar.hr]
footnotes =
Bjelovar ( _hu. Belovár) is a city in central Croatia. It is the administrative centre of Bjelovar-Bilogora county. During the 2001 census, there were 41,869 inhabitants, 90.51% which are Croats.Bjelovar is one of the younger towns of Central Croatia, as it was first mentioned in 1413 and only gained importance when a new fort was built there in 1756. It was built on demand by empress Maria Theresa of Habsburgs. The initial role of the city was to defend central Croatia against the Ottoman invasions.

The town had to wait until the end of the wars to be pronounced a free royal town by ban Ivan Mažuranić in 1874.

After Croatian independence from Yugoslavia, the bodies of 293 Ustasa soldiers and few civilians killed by the Yugoslav Partisans during World War II were discovered near the city in the Lug forest. They were reburied in 2006. [ [http://www.fokus-tjednik.hr/vijest_arhiva.asp?vijest=770&izdanje=44 Fokus ] ]

Geography

The city of Bjelovar is situated on a plateau in the south part of Bilogora (north-west Croatia) at an altitude of 135 metres above sea level. Bjelovar is the capital of the Bjelovar-Bilogora county, but also the natural, cultural and political centre of this area.

Bjelovar is home to an intersection of roads in this area; road D28 intersects with D43, and it lies on the road between Zagreb and west Slavonia, Podravina and Osijek. Also, Bjelovar is currently being connected by dual carriageway with Zagreb. That road is under construction.

The city of Bjelovar has an area of 191,9 km², and administratively it includes 31 other colonies.

North-east from Bjelovar there is a long and low elevation called Bilogora with an average height of 150-200 m (highest point is Rajčevica, 309 m).

The geology of the area consists of pliocene sandy marl and sandstones with possible less layers of lignite. Older rocks nowhere appear on surface in this area. In deep boreholes are discovered crystaline rocks.

Bjelovar has a temperate continental climate. Winters are moderatly cold, summers are warm. Precipitation about 900 mm per year is usual.

The characteristic wind during winter is northern, with eastern becoming stronger in spring and it may be quite cold. Usually it blows for a few days one after other. In summer the southern wind appears, it is warm and it heightens air humidity.

The mean yearly temperature in Bjelovar is about 12°C.

Sister cities

* - Imotski, Croatia
* - Novalja, Croatia
* - Pakrac, Croatia
* - Rubiera, Italy
* - Visoko, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Culture

Bjelovar is home to three memorial areas to soldiers. Memorial Area Barutana is dedicated to those who died defending the city on September 29, 1991 during the Croatian War of Independence, Memorial Area Lug is dedicated to Ustasa soldiers and few civilians killed by Partisans in 1945 and Memorial Area Borik is dedicated to Partisans killed during the Second World War.

Bjelovar hosts the yearly theatre festival „BOK“ (Bjelovarski odjeci kazališta or Bjelovar Echoes of Theatre). The festival was founded and run by Bjelovar actor Goran Navojec and it gathers the selection of best plays performed in Croatia during previous year.

Sports

In the 1970s, Bjelovar was known as the team handball capital of Europe, when its local squad RK Bjelovar (under the name Partizan) ruled Croatian, Yugoslav and European handball, with its team coming solely from Bjelovar and neighbourhood.

References

External links

* [http://www.bjelovar.hr/ Bjelovar official site] hr icon
* [http://www.virtualnibjelovar.com/ Virtual tour around Bjelovar] hr icon


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bjelovar — Bjelovar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bjelovar — un parc de Bjelovar …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bjelovar — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sede del Ayuntamiento de Bjelovar. Bjelovar es una ciudad de Croacia. Es el centro administrativo del Condado de Bjelovar Bilogora. Tiene una población de 41.869 (2001). Enlaces externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bjelovar — Bjȅlovār m DEFINICIJA grad na J podnožju Bilogore, 26.926 stan. ONOMASTIKA pr. (etnici): Belovárac (Bjelovar, Banovina), Bȅlovāri (120, Međimurje, Z Slavonija), Bèlovarić (Sisak) ETIMOLOGIJA v. Bela + v. varoš …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Bjelovar — Original name in latin Bjelovar Name in other language Belavar, Bellovar, Belovar, Belovr, Belowar, Bjelovar, Blavr, Беловар State code HR Continent/City Europe/Zagreb longitude 45.89861 latitude 16.84889 altitude 128 Population 28275 Date 2012… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bjelovar — Sp Bjèlovaras Ap Bjelovar L Kroatija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Bjelovar — Bjelọvar,   Stadt im Norden von Kroatien, am Südwestfuß des nur 288 m hohen Bilogebirges, 26 900 Einwohner; Metallverarbeitung, Bauindustrie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bjelovar-Bilogora County — Croatian County name =Bjelovarsko Bilogorska Županija image coat of arms = image coat of arms size =100px Coat of arms image flag size =200px Flag capital =Bjelovar area =2.652 km² population =133.084 date population =2001 density =50.1/km² latd …   Wikipedia

  • Bjelovar-Križevci — Infobox Former Subdivision native name = Bjelovar Križevci conventional long name = Belovár Körös County common name = Belovár Körös subdivision = County nation = Croatia Slavonia p1 = s1 = year start = 12th century event end = Treaty of Trianon… …   Wikipedia

  • Bjelovar Opcina — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Bjelovar Općina Country and Admin Code HR.01.3203981 HR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II


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