United States Fish and Wildlife Service


United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Fish and Wildlife Service
US-FishAndWildlifeService-Logo.svg
Official logo
Agency overview
Formed June 30, 1940 (1940-06-30)
Preceding agencies Bureau of Biological Survey
Bureau of Fisheries
Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters Arlington County, Virginia
Employees 7,960 (2006)
Annual budget $2.32 billion (FY08)
Agency executive Rowan Gould (acting), Deputy Director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Parent agency U.S. Department of the Interior
Website
www.fws.gov
Footnotes
[1][2][3]

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is a federal government agency within the United States Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. The mission of the agency reads as "working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people."

The leader of FWS is the director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. On Monday, December 6, 2010, President Barack Obama nominated Daniel M. Ashe, of Maryland, to the U.S. Senate to be the new Director, succeeding Samuel D. Hamilton.[citation needed]

Units within the FWS include:

Contents

History

The Fish and Wildlife Service originated in 1871 as the United States Commission on Fish and Fisheries, created by Congress with the purpose of studying and recommending solutions to a noted decline in the stocks of food fish. Spencer Fullerton Baird was appointed its first commissioner.

In 1885, the Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy was established in the United States Department of Agriculture, which in 1896 became the Division of Biological Survey. Its early work focused on the effect of birds in controlling agricultural pests and mapping the geographical distribution of plants and animals in the United States. Jay Norwood Darling was appointed Chief of the new Bureau of Biological Survey in 1934; the same year Congress passed the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (FWCA), one of the oldest federal environmental review statutes.[1] Under Darling's guidance, the Bureau began an ongoing legacy of protecting vital natural habitat throughout the country. The Fish and Wildlife Service was finally created in 1940, when the Bureaus of Fisheries and Biological Survey were combined after being moved to the Department of the Interior.

Today, the Service consists of a central administrative office with eight regional offices and nearly 700 field offices distributed throughout the United States.

Pursuant to the eagle feather law, Title 50, Part 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 22), and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service administers the National Eagle Repository and the permit system for Native American religious use of eagle feathers.[2][3][4]

The Service governs two National Monuments, Hanford Reach National Monument in Washington state and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, a huge maritime area northwest of Hawaii (jointly with NOAA).

See also

Portal icon United States portal
Portal icon Law enforcement/Law enforcement topics portal

Related governmental agencies

Regulatory matters

Wildlife management

Other related topics

References

  1. ^ Rosenberg, Ronald H. and Olson, Allen H., Federal Environmental Review Requirements Other than NEPA: The Emerging Challenge (1978). CLEVELAND STATE LAW REVIEW [Vol. 27: 195. 1978] FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW. In Faculty Publications. Paper 672. College of William and Mary Law School
  2. ^ "National Eagle Repository". fws.gov. http://www.fws.gov/mountain-prairie/law/eagle. 
  3. ^ "Eagle Parts for Native American Religious Purposes". fws.org. http://www.fws.gov/permits/forms/eaglereligious.pdf. 
  4. ^ "Title 50 Part 22 Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 22)"]. ecfr.gpoaccess.gov. http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr&sid=0d3c438b52acf3ba6b4f4e03689aacdb&rgn=div5&view=text&node=50:6.0.1.1.5&idno=50. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service — USFWS FWS Staatliche Ebene Bund Stellung der Behörde …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United states fish and wildlife service — Logo officiel L United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) est un organisme fédéral des États unis d Amérique dépendant du Département de l Intérieur des États Unis qui s occupe de la gestion et la préservation de la faune. La FWS regroupe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service — Logo officiel L United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS ou USFWS) est un organisme fédéral des États Unis dépendant du Département de l Intérieur des États Unis qui s occupe de la gestion et la préservation de la faune. La FWS regroupe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service — noun an agency in the Department of the Interior that conserves and protects fish and wildlife and their habitats; assesses the environmental impact of pesticides and nuclear power site and hydroelectric dams and thermal pollution • Syn: ↑US Fish …   Useful english dictionary

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service list of endangered species — This list contains only the bird and mammal species described as endangered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. It contains species not only in the U.S. and its territories, but also species only found abroad. It does not contain fish …   Wikipedia

  • Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service — The following is a list of directors of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service: Date Director Notes 1940–1946 Ira Noel Gabrielson First director April 1, 1946–1953 Albert Merrill Day [1] 1953–1957 John L. Farley 1957–1964 Daniel H …   Wikipedia

  • Fish and Wildlife Service — Emblem des Fish and Wildlife Service Der United States Fish and Wildlife Service (abgekürzt USFWS oder einfach FWS) ist eine dem US Innenministerium unterstellte Behörde, deren Aufgabe die Erhaltung der Natur und ihrer Artenvielfalt in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service — United States Fish and Wildlife Service Logo officiel L United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) est un organisme fédéral des États unis d Amérique dépendant du Département de l Intérieur des États Unis qui s occupe de la gestion et la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • US Fish and Wildlife Service — noun an agency in the Department of the Interior that conserves and protects fish and wildlife and their habitats; assesses the environmental impact of pesticides and nuclear power site and hydroelectric dams and thermal pollution • Syn: ↑United… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fish and Wildlife Act — of 1956 of the United States of America establishes a comprehensive national fish, shellfish, and wildlife resources policy with emphasis on the commercial fishing industry but also with a direction to administer the Act with regard to the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.