Axé music is a popular
music genreoriginated in Salvador, Bahia, Brazilapproximately in 1986, fusing different Afro-Brazilian genres, such as Caribe's Marcha, Frevo, Forróand Reggae, with its fusian genre that is known as Calypso. The most important creator of this music style was Alfredo Moura, conducting musicians like Carlinhos Brown, Luiz Caldas, Sarajane and others. The word "axé" comes from a greeting ritual used in the Candombléand Umbandareligions that means "good vibration".
Origin of the term "Axé"
The term "axé" began as an insult, intended to point out the perceived pretentiousness of the genre. It was applied vaguely, however, and anything recorded in Salvador was soon nicknamed "axé".
Daniela Mercuryreleased " O Canto da Cidade" in 1992, axé entered the mainstream pop music scene and became one of the most popular genres in Brazil. Two years before, the American and European release of Margareth Menezes' "Elegibô" took the style to international audiences.
Roots of "Axé"
The root of axé is in "guitarra baiana", a 1950s guitar style that used
electric guitars to play the frevofrom Pernambuco. This genre was purely instrumental, and remained so until the 1970s, when Moraes Moreira(of the band Novos Baianos) went solo.
Carnival bands like
Filhos de Gandhi, Olodumand Muzenzathen fused the electric frevo with maracatuand Olodumrhythms, African ijexáand Caribbean merengue. Olodum's afro-musicfusion was a Bahian success in the 1980s and was followed by deboche("debauchery"), an electric frevo/ijexá fusion.
"Axé" in the 1990's
The release of "O Canto da Cidade" set the stage for artist and bands like
Ivete Sangalo, Banda Cheiro de Amor, Banda Eva, Bandamel, Asa de Águiaand Chiclete com Banana.
Though axé was very popular through the 1990s, it had famous detractors like
Dorival Caymmi. On the other hand, Caetano Velososupported it.
The year of 1995 saw one of the biggest commercial successes to come out of Salvador, Gera Samba (renamed
É o Tchan), who pioneered a sexy image and crossover appeal, and was very criticized because of this.
Currently, the biggest axé music star is
Ivete Sangalo. Axé Bahiais a six-member eurodance/axé music group from Brazil, who achieved fame in South America with their single "Beijo na Boca", particularly the Spanish-language version, "Beso en la Boca".
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Axé Bahia — is a six member Eurodance/axé music group from Brazil, who achieved fame in South America with their single Beijo na Boca , particularly the Spanish language version, Beso en la Boca . [http://ec1.images amazon.com/images/P/B00008WT5Z.01. AA240… … Wikipedia
Axe (disambiguation) — An axe (or ax) is a tool with a metal blade, commonly used to split wood, also historically used as a weapon.Axe may also refer to: * Axe (Lynx), a brand of men s body spray which acts as both cologne and deodorant. * Axe!, a 1977 American horror … Wikipedia
Music of Brazil — Roberto Carlos is the singer with the top selling albums in Brazil. The music of Brazil encompasses various regional music styles influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms. After 500 years of history, Brazilian music developed some… … Wikipedia
Axe (band) — Axe is a hard rock band from Florida, formed in 1979. BiographyPreviously known as Babyface with a line up of vocalist Edgar Riley, guitarist Bobby Barth, bassist Mike Turpin and drummer Teddy Mueller, the group adopted the new title of Axe in… … Wikipedia
Music of Namibia — Music of Southern Africa Botswana Comoros … Wikipedia
Music in psychological operations — Music has been used in psychological operations. The term music torture is sometimes used by critics of the practice of playing loud music incessantly to prisoners or people besieged. The United Nations and the European Court of Human Rights have … Wikipedia
Music Today — is a online magazine which was first launched in 1999 and had very minor success and the company behind the magazine decided to pull the magazine. Little has been heard from the magazine since their last issue (December 1999) but the magazine is… … Wikipedia
Axe Bass — The axe bass is a bass guitar which is visually designed in similarity to that of an axe. This design is (though rare) highly prized among bass players usually in hard rock and heavy metal music. Some electric guitars have also sported the axe… … Wikipedia
Music of the Mana series — The Mana series, known in Japan as Seiken Densetsu (聖剣伝説?, lit. Holy Sword Legend ), is a console role playing game series from Square Enix, created by Koichi Ishii. The series began as a handheld side story to Square s flagship franchise Final… … Wikipedia
Music of New Orleans — A New Orleans brass band parade The music of New Orleans assumes various styles of music which have often borrowed from earlier traditions. New Orleans, Louisiana is especially known for its strong association with jazz music, universally… … Wikipedia