Urban horticulture

__NOTOC__Urban and peri-urban horticulture (UPH) includes all horticultural crops grown for human consumption and ornamental use within and in the immediate surroundings of cities. Although crops have always been grown inside the city, the practice is expanding and gaining more attention. The products of UPH include a large variety of vegetables, cereals, flowers, ornamental trees, aromatic vegetables and mushrooms.

Generally, the types of crops cultivated vary according to the area, influenced by culture and tradition. In cities, short-cycle crops are preferred, while in the surroundings of the city crops with longer cycles are cultivated, for example in orchards.

In summary urban horticulture is defined as the production, functional use and impact of horticultural crops under urban conditions.

Production practices

Crops are grown in small gardens or larger fields, using traditional or high-tech and innovative practices. Some new techniques that have been adapted to the urban situation and tackle the main city restrictions are also documented. These include horticultural production on built-up land using various types of substrates (eg. roof top, organic production and hydroponic production), water saving in highly populated areas, the production of pesticide-free vegetables year-round with a low content of heavy metals and human pathogens, and control of wastes and leaching (fertilisers, pesticides, organic matter, water) in the urban environment. Urban and periurban cultivation systems differ from rural systems by their proximity to cities and by the constraints of space, which often lead to greater intensification of production.

ee also

* Allotment gardens
* Folkewall
* Intercultural Garden
* Organic gardening
* Organic horticulture
* Urban agriculture
* Urban gardening
* Victory garden


Further reading

* Philippe Tixier and Hubert de Bon. 2006. [http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-103878-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html Ch. 11. Urban Horticulture] in "Cities Farming for the Future - Urban Agriculture for Green and Productive Cities" by René van Veenhuizen (Ed.), International Development Research Centre (Canada)

External links

* [http://www.fao.org/AG/Agp/agpc/doc/hort/hcprog2.htm FAO Urban and Periurban Horticulture (UPH) Programme Area]
* [http://www.puvep.com Periurban Vegetable Project, Philippines]
* [http://www.agrar.hu-berlin.de/struktur/institute/gbw/struktur/ubg Urban Horticulture at Humboldt University Berlin, Germany]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Urban agriculture — and Peri Urban Agriculture is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in, or around (peri urban), a village, town or city. [Bailkey, M. and J. Nasr. 2000. From Brownfields to Greenfields: Producing Food in North American… …   Wikipedia

  • Urban forestry — is the care and management of urban forests, i.e., tree populations in urban settings for the purpose of improving the urban environment. Urban forestry advocates the role of trees as a critical part of the urban infrastructure. Urban foresters… …   Wikipedia

  • horticulture — horticultural, adj. horticulturist, n. /hawr ti kul cheuhr/, n. 1. the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery; the cultivation of flowers, fruits, vegetables, or ornamental plants. 2. the science and art of cultivating such plants. [1670… …   Universalium

  • College of Horticulture — Established 1972 Type Education and Research Institution Location Thrissur, Kerala, India Campus …   Wikipedia

  • Hahn Horticulture Garden — The Peggy Lee Hahn Horticulture Garden (7 acres), formerly the Virginia Tech Horticulture Garden, is a horticulture garden located on the Virginia Tech campus on Washington Street SW, Blacksburg, Virginia. It is open daily without charge.The… …   Wikipedia

  • Society for Organic Urban Land Care — The Society for Organic Urban Land Care (SOUL) is a Victoria, British Columbia based non profit organization dedicated to supporting the transition to organic practices for the care of land among professional landscapers, groundskeepers, and the… …   Wikipedia

  • UHI — Urban Heat Island (Community) * Urban Health Initiative (Medical) * Ultra High Intensity (Governmental » Military) * Ultra High Intensity (Governmental » NASA) * Ultra High Intensity (Academic & Science » Meteorology) * Utah Health Informatics… …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Alabama Cooperative Extension System — Infobox Government agency agency name = Alabama Cooperative Extension System logo width = 200px logo caption = Official Alabama Cooperative Extension System logo (2008) seal width = seal caption = formed = 1914 jurisdiction = Alabama headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Union Bay Natural Area — Infobox protected area | name = Union Bay Natural Area iucn category = Ib caption = locator x = 27 locator y = 15 location = Washington, USA nearest city = Seattle, WA lat degrees = 47 lat minutes = 39 lat seconds = 21 lat direction = N long… …   Wikipedia

  • Allotment (gardening) — Allotment gardens are characterised by a concentration in one place of a few or up to several hundreds of land parcels that are assigned to individual families. In allotment gardens, the parcels are cultivated individually, contrary to other… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.