Isaac Breuer

Isaac Breuer (1883–1946) ( _he. יצחק ברויאר) was a Jewish rabbi in the German Neo-Orthodoxy movement of his maternal grandfather Samson Raphael Hirsch, and was the first president of Agudat Israel Workers.

Biography

Breuer was born in Pápa, Hungary to Salomon Breuer, and lived most of his years in Frankfurt. He attended Hirsch's "Realschule" school, and received rabbinical ordination at age 20 from his own father's yeshivah. He studied law, jurisprudence, and philosophy at Marburg University, and until 1936 practiced law in Frankfort.

In 1936 Breuer moved to Jerusalem, organized and became first president of Po'alei Agudat Israel, and represented the Agudah before the Peel and Anglo American Commissions. He believed that Agudism could help prepare Jews to live in their ancestral home. (See below on his Zionism as a form of Agudah.) His five adult children were: Jacob (Bub) Baror, a lawyer who played a role in the Eichmann trial (1915-2008), Mordechai (1917-2007), Ursula (1919-2006, married Hermann Merkin), Tzipora (Tzip) Breuer (born 1926) and Simeon Breuer (1922-1943).

Breuer died in Jerusalem in 1946.

Zionism

Although Hirsch's neo-Orthodoxy movement had defined itself from the start largely as an opposition to the German Reform movement, Isaac Breuer already regarded the Reform movement of his day as essentially the impotent and dying remnant of the Haskalah Harv|Biemann|2000. Breuer saw the real enemy of Orthodoxy in both political Zionism and Religious Zionism, which he considered especially dangerous because it possessed an authentic Jewish instinct and impulse. The goals of the Zionists paralleled the goals of his own Agudah organization in many areas ("reunification of land and nation"), but without the stress which Agudah laid on adherence to halachah and tradition Harv|Biemann|2000. Indeed, Breuer envisioned a Messianic Torah state in the land of Israel, and could not abide the idea of "reunification of land and nation" coming to pass through the agency of secular Zionist forces in the form of a secular state.

Philosophy

Works

* "Judenproblem" (1918), a polemic against the perceived opponents of Orthodoxy, Zionists and Reform Jews.
* "Messiasspuren" (1918)
* "Concepts of Judaism" Levinger, Jacob S. (ed.)
* "Der Neue Kusari"
* "Moriah"
* "Jerusalem: eine historische Erzählung", a metaphor in novella form of what negative consequences might follow from the agenda of Zionists

References

*Harvard reference | Surname=Biemann | Given=Asher D. | Authorlink=| Title=Isaac Breuer: Zionist against his will? | Journal=Modern Judaism | Volume=20 | Issue=2 | Year=2000 | Pages=129–146 | URL=.
* David N. Myers. Resisting History: Historicism and Its Discontents in German-Jewish Thought. Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World Series. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2003
* Alan L. Mittleman, Between Kant and Kabbalah: An Introduction to Isaac Breuer’s Philosophy of Judaism (SUNY, 1990)
*Alan Mittleman, Two Orthodox Jewish Theories of Rights: Sol Roth and Isaac Breuer - Jewish Political Studies Review Volume 3, Numbers 3-4 (Fall 5752/1991)
* Matthias Morgenstern, From Frankfurt to Jerusalem Isaac Breuer and the History of the Secession Dispute in Modern Jewish Orthodoxy
* Matthias Morgenstern Von Frankfurt nach Jerusalem: Isaac Breuer und die Geschichte des `Austrittsstreits' in der deutsch-jüdischen Orthodoxie Reviewer: Marc B. Shapiro in Journal of Jewish Studies Volume 48, Issue 2, Autumn 1997
* Meir Seidler, "Isaac Breuer's Concept of Law" Jewish Law Association Studies VIII The Jerusalem 1994 Conference Volume

External links

* [http://www.aishdas.org/rygb/drbreuer.htm Isaac Breuer's political philosophy (English)]
* [http://www.hagalil.com/judentum/samson-hirsch/breuer.htm Biography of Isaac Breuer in German]
* [http://www.jewishworldreview.com/0498/sedernight1.html Breuer on the meaning of the Passover Seder]
* [http://www.biu.ac.il/JH/Parasha/eng/yomk/suc.html Breuer on Yom Kippur]
* [http://www.forward.com/articles/she-contained-multitudes Eulogy by his granddaughter for his daughter Ursula Merkin- contains comments on Breuer's life]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isaac Breuer — (* 18. September 1883 in Pápa, Ungarn; † 10. Juli 1946 in Jerusalem, Israel) war ein deutschstämmiger Philosoph und ein bedeutender Vertreter des orthodoxen Judentums. Leben Breuer, ein Enkel von Samson Raphael Hirsch, wuchs in Frankfurt auf, wo… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BREUER, ISAAC — (1883–1946), theoretician and leader of German Orthodoxy; son of Solomon Breuer and grandson of samson raphael hirsch . Born in Papa, Hungary, Breuer was brought as a child to Frankfurt, where he studied at his father s yeshiva and became a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Breuer — ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name gehört zu dem Bereich der Berufsnamen und bezeichnet den Brauer und Mälzer. Bekannte Namensträger Carolyn Breuer (* 1969), deutsche Sopran und Altsaxophonistin Christian Breuer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BREUER, MORDECHAI — (1921– ), religious Bible scholar. Breuer was born in Karlsruhe, Germany. His father, Samson Breuer, was a mathematician, and his uncle, Rabbi Isaac Breuer, was an Orthodox Jewish thinker who carried on the work of samson raphael hirsch .… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BREUER, JOSEPH — (1882–1980), Orthodox rabbi; son of Solomon Breuer and grandson of samson raphael hirsch . Breuer was born in Papa, Hungary. In 1906, he became a lecturer at the yeshivah founded by his father in Frankfurt on the Main and became its head after… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Breuer, Isaac — (1883 1946)    He was the leader of Orthodox Jewry of Hungarian origin, the son of Solomon Breuer. He lived in Frankfurt am Main where he was active in Jewish organizations. When Agudat Israel was founded in 1912 he became one of its ideologists …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Solomon Breuer — Shlomo Zalman (Solomon) Breuer (Pilisvörösvár, Hungary 1850 Frankfurt 1926) was a Rabbi, initially in Pápa, Hungary and from the early 1890s in Frankfurt as a successor of his father in law Samson Raphael Hirsch.cite book |author=Dovid Landesman …   Wikipedia

  • Mordechai Breuer (historian) — Mordechai Breuer (1917–2008) was a German Jewish Historian and writer. Background and Family Breuer was born to Isaac Breuer and his wife Jenny Breuer (nee Eisenmann) in 1917. He had four siblings: Yaakov; Ulla, Tzipora, and Simeon. The family… …   Wikipedia

  • Miles J. Breuer — Miles John Breuer (January 3, 1889 – October 14, 1945) was an American physician and science fiction writer. He was part of the first generation of writers to appear regularly in the pulp science fiction magazines, publishing his first story, The …   Wikipedia

  • CANPANTON (Campanton), ISAAC BEN JACOB — (1360–1463), Castilian rabbi. Canpanton was the head of a yeshivah in Zamora in western Spain, among whose students were isaac de leon , isaac aboab ii , Samuel b. Abraham Valensi, and shem tov ibn shem tov . He laid down methodological rules for …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.