name = Thripidae

image_caption = Pear Thrip adult
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Thysanoptera
subordo = Terebrantia
familia = Thripidae
familia_authority = Stevens, 1829
subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies
subdivision =




The Thripidae are the most speciose family of thrips, with over 290 genera representing just over two thousand species [Mound, L. A. 2002. So many thrips – so few tospoviruses?, pp. 15 - 18. In L. A. Mound and R. Marullo [eds.] , Thrips and Tospoviruses: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Thysanoptera. CSIRO Entomology, Reggio Calabria, Italy.] . They can be distinguished from other thrips by a saw-like ovipositor curving downwards, narrow wings with two veins, and antennae of six to ten antennomeres with stiletto-like forked sense cones on antennal segments III and IV [Mound, L. A. 1998. Thysanoptera: an identification guide. CAB International, Oxon, New York.] . They are considered to be among the more derived of thrips, having evolved many traits key to specializing as cryptophilous phytovores, living in the narrow spaces at the bases of leaves and within flowers [Gentile, A. G., and S. F. Bailey. 1968. A revision of the genus Thrips Linnaeus in the New World, with a catalogue of world species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). University of California Press, Berkely, CA.] [Lewis, T. 1973. Thrips. Their biology, ecology and economic importance. Academic Press, London, GB.] . It should be noted that many of the divisions within the Thripidae are not based on common ancestry, but are instead based on common environment and morphological homoplasy, and that these distinctions tend to be irrelevant to true phylogenetic relationships [Mound, L. A., and D. C. Morris. 2004. Thysanoptera Phylogeny – the Morphological Background. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 39: 101 - 113.] . As a result, many species of the Thripidae have undergone recent drastic taxonomic revision, splitting and promoting two tribes, Dendrothripini and Sericothripini, to subfamily status [Moritz, G., D. C. Morris, and L. A. Mound. 2001. Thrips ID: an interactive identification and information system (CD), Pest thrips of the world. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.] , with the possibility of greater reorganizations to come as modern phylogenetic methods and a more comprehensive morphological analysis provide additional evidence defining evolutionary relationships [Grimaldi, D., A. Shmakov, and N. Fraser. 2004. Mesozoic Thrips, and early evolution of the Order Thysanoptera (Insecta). Journal of Paleontology 78: 941 - 952.] . This revision is probably necessary, as more than half of the genera in family Thripidae are monobasic, with the majority of monotypic species concentrated in subfamily Thripinae [Mound, L. A. 2005. Thysanoptera: diversity and interactions. Annual Review of Entomology 50: 247 - 269.] .

Family Thripidae also includes many pest species, such as the following prominent in recent literature:

* "Limothrips"
** "pecerealium" - Grain thrips
** "denticornis" - Rye thrips
* "Thrips
** "meridionalis" - Pea thrips
** "tabaci" - Onion thrips
** "palmi" - Melon thrips
** "angusticeps"
* "Frankliniella"
** "robusta"
** "occidentalis" - Western Flower thrips
** "bispinosa" - Florida Flower thrips
** "fusca" - Tobacco thrips
** "schultzei" - Blossom thrips
* "Taeniothrips inconsequens" - Pear thrips
* "Scirtothrips"
** "dorsalis" = Chili thrips
** "perseae" - Avocado thrips

The western flower thrips, "Frankliniella occidentalis", has recently expanded its range from Western North America to large portions of Europe and Asia through the trade of greenhouse plants. [William D. J. Kirk, L. Irene Terry (2003). The spread of the western flower thrips "Frankliniella occidentalis" (Pergande). Agricultural and Forest Entomology 5 (4): 301–310. [] ]

The Chilli thrips, "Scirtothrips dorsalis", is an Asian pest on many crops, including chili pepper, roses, strawberry, tea, ground nuts, and castor.


The Thripidae are ordered into four subfamilies:

* Dendrothripinae Priesner, 1925 (16 genera)
* Panchaetothripinae Bagnall, 1912 (38 genera)
* Sericothripinae Karny, 1921 (11 genera)
* Thripinae Stephens, 1829 (227 genera)

Further reading

* Hoddle, M.S. & Mound, L.A. (2003). The genus "Scirtothrips" in Australia (Insecta, Thysanoptera, Thripidae). "Zootaxa" 268:1-40. [ PDF]


ee also


External links

* [ Thrips of the World Checklist: Family Thripidae]
* [ Pictures of "Taeniothrips inconsequens" from Canada]
* [ Chilli Thrips (castor thrips, Assam thrips, yellow tea thrips, strawberry thrips), "Scirtothrips dorsalis" Hood, Provisional Management Guidelines]
* [ greenhouse thrips] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site
* [ gladiolus thrips] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site
* [ redbanded thrips] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site
* [ melon thrips] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thripidae — noun thrips • Syn: ↑family Thripidae • Hypernyms: ↑arthropod family • Member Holonyms: ↑Thysanoptera, ↑order Thysanoptera • Member Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • thripidae — thrip·i·dae …   English syllables

  • family Thripidae — noun thrips • Syn: ↑Thripidae • Hypernyms: ↑arthropod family • Member Holonyms: ↑Thysanoptera, ↑order Thysanoptera • Member Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • СЕМ. THRIPIDAE — …   Насекомые - вредители сельского хозяйства Дальнего Востока

  • Scirtothrips dorsalis — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum …   Wikipedia

  • Thrips — Thunderbug redirects here. For the NHL mascot, see List of National Hockey League mascots. For the type genus, see Thrips (genus). Thrips Temporal range: 299–0 Ma …   Wikipedia

  • thripid — noun any of various small to minute sucking insects with narrow feathery wings if any; they feed on plant sap and many are destructive • Syn: ↑thrips, ↑thrip • Hypernyms: ↑thysanopter, ↑thysanopteron, ↑thysanopterous insect • Hyponyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Masamithrips masamii — ? Masamithrips masamii Научная классификация Царство: Животные Тип: Членистоногие Класс: Насекомые …   Википедия

  • genus Thrips — noun type genus of the Thripidae • Hypernyms: ↑arthropod genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Thripidae, ↑family Thripidae • Member Meronyms: ↑onion thrips, ↑onion louse, ↑Thrips tob …   Useful english dictionary

  • Подотряд Яйцекладные трипсы (Terebrantia) —          Характерной чертой, отличающей яйцекладных трипсов, является строение их яйцеклада. Он состоит из четырех сильно зазубренных лопастей, внутри которых имеется желобок для прохода яйца. Действуя яйцекладом, как пилой, насекомое пропиливает …   Биологическая энциклопедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.