Trans-Canada Air Lines


Trans-Canada Air Lines

Trans-Canada Air Lines (also TCA in English, and "Air Canada" in French) was a Canadian airline and operated as the country's flag carrier. Its corporate headquarters were in Montreal, Quebec, and its first president was Gordon Roy McGregor.

Genesis

TCA was created by the Crown corporation Canadian National Railways (CNR), and launched its first flight on September 1, 1937 on a flight between Vancouver and Seattle.

The creation of TCA was partly by CNR management who wanted to expand the company into the new field of passenger aviation, and was partly by government direction. Prior to TCA, no large national airline existed in Canada. With war looming, and other nations (primarily the U.S.) experiencing major increases in the creation of passenger airlines, it was necessary to have a presence. CNR was the country's largest corporation at the time and proved an effective vehicle for the government to create a national airline.

Interestingly, TCA was also in direct competition with passenger trains operated by parent CNR, and contributed to the decline of passenger rail service as Canada entered the pioneering years of air travel. In response to CNR's creation of TCA, arch-rival Canadian Pacific Railway created Canadian Pacific Air Lines in 1942. In 1953 with the development of ReserVec, TCA became the first airline in the world to use a computer reservation system with remote terminals.

Changes

In 1964, an act of Parliament proposed by Jean Chrétien changed the name of Trans-Canada Air Lines to "Air Canada", which was already in use as the airline's French-language name, effective January 1, 1965. By the late 1970s, Air Canada was divested by parent CN, and the airline became a separate Crown corporation and was privatized in 1989.

Notable incidents

* April 8 1954: A Harvard Mark II plane collided with a Trans-Canada Canadair North Star over Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, killing 37 people.
* July 9 1956: In the 1956 Trans-Canada Air Lines incident, a propeller separated from a Vickers Viscount turboprop over Flat Rock, Michigan, slicing into the cabin and killing one passenger.
* December 9 1956: Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810, a Canadair Northstar, crashed near Hope, British Columbia, Canada after encountering severe icing and turbulence, killing all 62 people on board.
* November 29 1963: Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8, crashed shortly after takeoff from Montreal/Dorval International Airport (now Montreal/Trudeau), killing all 118 people on board.

Fleet

* Vickers Viscount [Detail on each Viscount operated by Trans-Canada Air Lines is found at [http://www.vickersviscount.net/ The Vickers-Armstrongs VC2 Viscount Online Museum] .]
* Vickers Vanguard
* Canadair Northstar
* Douglas DC-8
* Lockheed L-10 Electra
* ]

ee also

* Air Canada
* Canadian National Railway
* Canadian Airlines
* ReserVec

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trans-Canada Air Lines — Air Canada …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 810 — Infobox Airliner accident|name=Trans Canada Air Lines Flight 810 Date=December 9, 1956 Type=Crash (CFIT) Site=Mount Slesse, near Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada Fatalities=62 Injuries= 0 Aircraft Type=Canadair Northstar Operator=Trans Canada …   Wikipedia

  • Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831 — Infobox Airliner accident|name=Trans Canada Air Lines Flight 831 Date=1963 11 29 Type= Not knownFatalities=118 Injuries= 0 Aircraft Type=Douglas DC 8 Operator=Trans Canada Airlines Tail Number=CF TJN Passengers=111 Crew=7 Survivors =0 Trans… …   Wikipedia

  • 1956 Trans-Canada Air Lines accident — Infobox Airliner accident|name=Trans Canada Airlines CF TGR Date=July 9, 1956 Type=Mechanical failure Site=over Flat Rock, Michigan, USA Fatalities=1 Injuries=5 Aircraft Type=Vickers Viscount 700 Operator=Trans Canada Airlines Tail… …   Wikipedia

  • Trans-Canada Airlines — Air Canada …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trans Canada Airlines — Trans Canada Air Lines (también TCA en English, y Air Canada en Francés) era una aerolínea canadiense que operaba como compañía de bandera. Su sede corporativa se encontraba en Montreal, Quebec. TCA fue creada por la empresa pública de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Trans-canada airlines — Un L 10A Electra immatriculé CF TCC , de la Trans Canada Air Lines au Western Canada Aviation Museum Trans Canada Airlines ou TCA était la compagnie aérienne nationale du Canada dont le siège social était basé a Montréal au Québec. Son premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trans Canada Airlines — Un L 10A Electra immatriculé CF TCC , de la Trans Canada Air Lines au Western Canada Aviation Museum Trans Canada Airlines ou TCA était la compagnie aérienne nationale du Canada dont le siège social était basé a Montréal au Québec. Son premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Trans-Canada Airlines — Un L 10A Electra immatriculé CF TCC , de la Trans Canada Air Lines au Western Canada Aviation Museum Trans Canada Airlines ou TCA était la compagnie aérienne nationale du Canada dont le siège social était basé à Montréal au Québec. Son premier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Canadian Pacific Air Lines — Canadian Pacific Air Lines …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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