Meg Lees

Meg Lees

Meg Heather Lees (née Francis, born 19 October 1948) was a member of the Australian Senate from 1990 to 2005, representing the state of South Australia. She represented the Australian Democrats from 1990 to 2002, and was an independent senator between 2002 and 2005, adopting the party designation Australian Progressive Alliance from 2003 to 2005. She married Adelaide lawyer Matthew Mitchell in December 2000. Between them they have six children.


Early life

She was born in the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney. She became a teacher at Ingleburn High School and married Keith Lees, a fellow teacher, in about 1971. In 1974 they moved to Mount Gambier, where their two daughters were born. After both Keith and Meg became involved in the Australian Democrats, they moved to Adelaide, but the pressures of political activity led to the breakdown of their marriage.[1] She was elected to the Senate in 1990.

Leadership of the Australian Democrats

Cheryl Kernot defected to the Australian Labor Party in October 1997, and Lees was called upon to stand in as acting leader. She was officially chosen as Kernot's replacement in December, with Natasha Stott Despoja becoming her deputy.

During her time as leader, the Democrats strengthened the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Act, improved the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, negotiated the GST tax reform and maintained the general oversight role of the Democrats in the Senate through a number of Senate inquiries.[2]

In 1999, Prime Minister John Howard proposed the idea of a Goods and Services Tax. It was opposed by the Labor Party, the Australian Greens and independent Senator Brian Harradine, which meant that it required Democrat support to pass. In an election fought on tax, the Democrats publicly stated that they liked neither the Liberal (GST) tax package or the Labor package, but pledged to work with whichever party was elected to make their tax package better. They campaigned with the slogan "No GST on food". A majority of the senators in the party room agreed to pass the bill if some amendments were made, mostly to exclude fresh food and essential items such as basic medicines. Stott Despoja stated that she was unhappy with the outcome, particularly the GST on books. Both Stott Despoja and Queensland Senator Andrew Bartlett would ultimately cross the floor to vote against the GST package.

However, a significant number of Democrat members remained unhappy with the GST deal, and began to agitate for a change in leadership. Under the Democrat constitution, a petition of 100 members can trigger a leadership ballot of all the members. On the initial ballot, Meg Lees was returned unchallenged. Subsequently the Democrats faced a decline the polls which, by April 2001, were indicating that several senators would lose their seats at the elections due for later that year. The members agitated again for a leadership ballot and, this time, Stott Despoja announced her intention to challenge Lees for the leadership, and was successful, replacing her on 6 April 2001.

In mid-2002, Lees began vocally opposing Stott Despoja's leadership, claiming that it had moved the party too far to the left. This culminated in Lees leaving the party to sit as an independent in July 2002.

Australian Progressive Alliance

In April 2003 Lees announced the founding of the Australian Progressive Alliance, which she claimed would have a more centrist view than the Democrats. However, she was defeated at the October 2004 election and her term expired on 30 June 2005.


  1. ^ Gerald Ryle Meg Lees: The Unauthorised Story, Sydney Morning Herald, 19 June 1999
  2. ^ Wright, Tim. (ed), 2007, 30 Years Australian Democrats
Party political offices
Preceded by
Cheryl Kernot
Leader of the Australian Democrats
1997 – 2001
Succeeded by
Natasha Stott Despoja
Preceded by
Leader of the Australian Progressive Alliance
2003 – 2005
Succeeded by

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lees — The term Lees can refer to:* the detritus of fermentation, consisting of dead yeast and fruit debris. See Lees (fermentation); * Lees, Derbyshire, a village in England; * Lees, Greater Manchester, village near Oldham in North West England; * JW… …   Wikipedia

  • Meg Wynn Owen — Born 8 November 1939 (1939 11 08) (age 72) Wales, United Kingdom Occupation Actress Years active 1961–present Meg Wynn Owen (born 8 November 1939) is a Welsh …   Wikipedia

  • Lees — /liz/ (say leez) noun Meg Heather, born 1948, Australian federal politician; leader of the Australian Democrats 1997–2001 …   Australian English dictionary

  • Australian Democrats — Infobox Australian Political Party party name = Australian Democrats party party wikicolourid= Democrats leader = foundation = 1977 ideology = Social liberalism political position= Centre left headquarters = 711 South Road Black Forest, SA 5035… …   Wikipedia

  • Australian Progressive Alliance — The Australian Progressive Alliance (APA) was a minor liberal party in Australia, formed by Meg Lees, an independent senator and former leader of the Australian Democrats, in April 2003. The party ceased to operate and was deregistered in June… …   Wikipedia

  • Cheryl Kernot — BA DipEd Senator for Queensland In office 1 July 1990 – 15 October 1997 Preceded by Michael Macklin Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

  • John Woodley — (b. Brisbane, Queensland 9 February 1938 ) is a Christian Minister of religion and was a Senator representing the state of Queensland, Australia, in the Australian Senate. Life before politicsWoodley was briefly in the Australian Defence Force… …   Wikipedia

  • Natasha Stott Despoja — AM Senator for South Australia In office 29 November 1995 – 30 June 2008 …   Wikipedia

  • Liberalism in Australia — IntroductionThe earliest pioneers of the federation movement, men such as Alfred Deakin and Samuel Griffith, were generally self described liberals . The degree of progressive sentiment varied from colony to colony: social liberals were prominent …   Wikipedia

  • Australian federal election, 2004 — Infobox Election election name = Australian federal election, 2004 country = Australia type = parliamentary ongoing = no previous election = Australian federal election, 2001 previous year = 2001 next election = Australian federal election, 2007… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.