infobox UK place
country = England
population = 14,599 (2001 est.) [ [http://www.devon.gov.uk/dris/demog/tr_aa01.html devon.gov.uk] ]
region= South West England
constituency_westminster=Torridge and West Devon
River Torridgeis spanned at Bideford by the 13th century Long Bridge, which has 24 arches all of different sizes.
In the 16th century Bideford was Britain's third largest port. It was rumoured that Sir
Walter Raleighlanded the first shipment of tobaccothere, although this is a myth, as Raleigh was not, contrary to popular belief, the first to bring tobaccoto England. In honour of Raleigh, several roads and a hill have been named after him in Bideford. Today the narrow town centre streets lead down to a tree-lined quay, which bustles with fishing vessels, cargo and pleasure boats. Clayis the principal exportloaded onto boats at Bideford. The quay was refurbished, with completion in 2006, to provide flood defenceand also to incorporate large fountains and modern public toilets.
This area of North Devon was home to the author
Charles Kingsley, and is where he based his novel "Westward Ho!". A small seaside town, named after the book, was built after the book's publication. Westward Ho!, which is the only town in the United Kingdomthat officially contains an exclamation markin its name, is approximately three miles (5 km) from Bideford. A statue has been erected in honour of Kingsley by the town park's car park.
The city of
Biddeford, Maine, USA, was named after the English town, using the original old English spelling. Also, the town of Bideford in the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada, is named after the English town.
Bideford is served by the Atlantic Highway and
A386 roads. The nearest railway station is at Barnstaplemi to km | 7.5 away.
ferryoperates between Bideford quay and Lundy, which lies about mi to km| 22 away in the Bristol Channel. The same ship, the MS "Oldenburg", also provides evening cruises from Bideford along the River Torridge. Busservices linking Bideford with other local towns and villages are provided by a number of firms: the main bus companies operating in the area are First Devon and Cornwall, Stagecoach Devonand Beacon Bus. Many services are subsidised by Devon County Council.
In 1855 the Bideford Extension Railway opened, linking the town with Fremington,
Barnstapleand beyond. In 1872 the railway was extended to Great Torringtonand Bideford's railway stationwas replaced with a new one nearer the town centre. Bideford's passenger train services ceased in 1965 and freight trains ceased in 1982 [ [http://www.semgonline.com/location/bideford_01.html SEMG.org] ] Much of the course of the former railway has been re-used as part of the popular Tarka Trailfootpath and cycleway. Parts of the route are also shared by the long-distance South West Coast Pathfootpath.
Bideford and Instow RailwayGroup plans to reopen the railway between Bideford and Barnstaple. It currently operates the heritage railwayTorridge Train along a short length of track at Bideford. The new Barnstaple Western Bypassis designed to allow the Barnstaple to Bideford section to be restored.
Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway
Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railwaywas an unusual and short-lived railway built entirely on this peninsula with no direct connection to the rest of the British railway network. The locomotives were fitted with skirts to protect pedestrians as at one point the line ran along the quay at Bideford. The line had eleven halts which largely served visitors wishing to enjoy the bracing air along the coast or the fine beaches around Westward Ho!. The railway, although authorised in 1896 was opened only as far as Northam by 1901 and finally opened to Appledore in 1908.
The railway fell into financial difficulties until in the
First World Warthe War Department requisitioned all of its equipment for use in France. Bideford's 13th century Long Bridge was temporarily converted into a railway bridge to carry the locomotives and rolling stock onto the main line railway near Bideford Station.Stuckey, Douglas (1962). The Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway 1901-1917. Pub. West Country Publications.]
The town of Bideford has grown to cover land on both sides of the
River Torridge; the area located east of the river is known as "East-the-Water" . Much of the land that has been built on is drained marshland.
East-the-Water has its own primary school, local shops, a few factories, approximately 6 bars and pubs, a small health centre and a small industrial area consisting largely of locally owned businesses. The community also has its own community centre and association, both of which are self funding and run by a committee of local residents. A key historical feature is
Chudleigh Fort, built by the Parliamentarian Major-GeneralChudleigh during the English Civil War. [ J. Murray. (1879) [http://genuki.cs.ncl.ac.uk/DEV/Bideford/BidefordMurray1879.html "A Handbook for Travellers in Devonshire (9th edition)"] ] The area is surrounded by agricultural land.
There are many pubs in East-the-Water which include The Blacksmiths and The Swan which is well known for its award winning food.
Bideford Town Council [ [http://www.bidefordtown.co.uk bidefordtown.co.uk] ] has 16 members representing four unequal wards, North, South, East and South Outer. There is a mayor and Town Clerk.
Torridge District Council [ [http://www.torridge.gov.uk torridge.gov.uk] ] is the next level of
local governmentand most decisions are made by Devon County Council [ [http://www.devon.gov.uk devon.gov.uk] ] .The local MP is the Conservative Geoffrey Coxand the MEPlocal aristocrat Tory Giles Chichester.
Bideford has an official youth council. The council is run like the
town councilwith voters and candidates of less than 18 years of age, who live in Bideford.The current Chairperson of Bideford Town Youth Council is Shane Farrant.
Bideford College, led by Principal, Mrs Veronica Mathews, [ [http://www.bideford.devon.sch.uk bideford.devon.sch.uk] ] is the local community secondary
state schooland is a specialist science college. Because of its specialist status, it gets extra funding from the government for extending its wide variety of scientific activities. It is now undergoing a £44 million project to build a new school, the building works is hoped to be completed by August 2011.
One of the plans is [http://www.bideford.devon.sch.uk/newschool/images/new_site_plan_june07_sml.jpghere] .
For more information and Latest images on the New School Build Visit http://www.bideford.devon.sch.uk/newschool/index.html
port and recreation
Bideford has two King George's Fields, which are memorials to King George V. One field is used primarily as the home ground of the main local
rugby unionclub, Bideford RFC (Chiefs) who currently play in Cornwall/Devon League. [ [http://www.bidefordrfc.co.uk bidefordrfc.co.uk] ] . The other field, commonly referred to as "The Sports Ground", is the home to Bideford AFC, the town's main local football (soccer)club. East-the-Water also has its own football club, Shamwickshire Rovers FC, which plays at Pollyfield.
Bideford is renowned for its
New Year's Evecelebrations, when thousands of people from surrounding towns, villages and around the world gather on the quay for revelries and a fireworks display. [McCurrach, 2002.] [Prince, 2005.]
South West Coast PathNational Trail runs through the town, and gives access to walks along the rugged North Devon coast.
Skating is quite big in Bideford.Bideford has its own skate Shop and a good Skatepark,it also has some bowls on the outside of Bideford.
Local radio is provided by
Lantern FM, a station broadcasting across north Devon, originally based in Bideford in a building named "the Lighthouse", but now situated on an industrial estate in nearby Barnstaple.
Bideford has two main local newspapers, both published weekly: the
North Devon Gazetteand the North Devon Journal. The "Gazette" was founded in Bideford, and was originally known as the "Bideford Gazette". It is now a free newspaper, delivered to most local homes, and is now based in Barnstaple. The regional daily paper, the Western Morning News, is also available. A local newsletter, the Bideford Buzz, is published monthly by a team of volunteers.
Temperance Lloyd, Mary Trembles and Susanna Edwards of the town were the last people to be hanged for
Stuart Anstis, one time lead guitarist with black metal band
Cradle of Filthwent to School in Bideford, and now runs a guitar shop there. Derry Brownson, formerly of the band EMFis frequently seen around town. Celebrated actor Joss Ackland, star of one of the Miss Marple mysteries ( They Do It With Mirrors), also lives hereabouts. T. V. Smithand Gaye Advert, from the punk band The Adverts, hail from this town. Crime fiction author Hilary Bonnerwas also born and raised in the town. Rudyard Kipling, in Stalky & Co., makes several references to Bideford as being near the boys' academy.
In a memorable
Monty Pythonsketch John Cleese (playing the role of Hitler) is heard to say " Ah yes, ve make a little hike for, for Bideford." to which Eric Idle (playing the role of typical tourist Mr. Johnson) replies "Oh well, you'll want the A39 then...no, no, you've got the wrong map there, this is Stalingrad, you want the Ilfracombeand Barnstaplesection."
Numerous mentions of Bideford have been made in episodes of 'Never Mind the Buzzcocks'.Davey Snead and Paul Johnson are amongst the local celebrities who large it up big time throughout the weekends: they're kind of a big deal.
The town is twinned with
20 October, 2006British ex-patDavid Riley came to mark the “20-year link” between Manteo, North Carolinaon Roanoke Islandand Bideford. Bideford town clerk George McLauchlan, told him locals had never heard of Manteo and the only town Bideford was twinned with was in France. Mr Riley handed over a clock to "celebrate" the twenty year link, while Manteo Town manager Kermit Skinner said the link started in the 1980s during the 400th anniversary of Walter Raleigh’s voyages to America.It turns out the 'twinning' of Bideford with Manteowas established 20 years ago. But the story goes back much further, 500 years, to the mysterious disappearance of a colony of more than 100 people on Roanoke Island, many of whom were migrants from Bideford. The colony was established by Richard Grenville, who bought back two native Indians, one of them Manteo which gave the North Carolina town its name. [Coles, 2006] ["Gifts from an undiscovered US twin town", The North Devon Gazette, 2006.]
Henry de Bracton
last = McCurrach
first = Ian
title = TravelEtc: Ring in the New
The Independent on Sunday
Independent News & Media
date = 2002-12-08
last = Prince
first = Dominic
title = Top 10 New Year Crackers
work = The
Daily Mail and General Trust
date = 2005-12-17
first = John
last = Coles
title = Massive clock up in Bideford
url = http://www.thesun.co.uk/article/0,,2-2006480884,00.html
work = The Sun
publisher = News International
21 October 2006
accessdate = 2006-10-21
title = Gifts from an undiscovered US twin town
url = http://www.northdevongazette.co.uk/northdevongazette/news/story.aspx?brand=NDGOnline&category=news&tBrand=devon24&tCategory=newsndga&itemid=DEED18%20Oct%202006%2013%3A10%3A50%3A900
work = The North Devon Gazette
publisher = Archant Regional
18 October 2006
accessdate = 2006-10-21
* [http://www.northdevongazette.co.uk North Devon Gazette] - local newspaper for the Bideford area
* [http://dmoz.org/Regional/Europe/United_Kingdom/England/Devon/Bideford/ Bideford (DMOZ.org)]
* [http://www.bideford-tc.gov.uk/ Bideford Town Council]
* [http://www.torridge.gov.uk/ Torridge District Council]
* [http://www.bidefordstmarys.co.uk/ Anglican Parish of Bideford]
* [http://www.bidefordafc.co.uk/ Bideford AFC] (
* [http://www.bidefordrfc.co.uk/ Bideford RFC] (
* [http://www.bidefordrail.co.uk/ Bideford & Instow Railway Group]
* [http://www.bidefordbuzz.org.uk/ Bideford Buzz, local newsletter]
* [http://www.bidefordyouthpipeband.co.uk/ Bideford Youth Pipe Band]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bideford — bezeichnet einen Ort in Devon in England, siehe Bideford (Devon) einen Ort in Neuseeland, siehe Bideford (Neuseeland) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bideford — (spr. baid förd), Stadt (municipal borough) in Devonshire (England), am Torridge, hat (1901) 8754 Einw., die Küstenhandel treiben. Seeschiffe von 500 Ton. Gehalt gelangen bis an die Kais der Stadt. 3,5 km nordwestlich von B., am offenen Meer,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Bideford — (spr. bíddĕförrd), Hafenstadt in der engl. Grafsch. Devon, am Torridge, (1901) 8754 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Bideford — 51°0′58″N 4°13′1″O / 51.01611, 4.21694 Bideford est une petite ville et aussi un port sur l estuaire de la rivière Torri … Wikipédia en Français
Bideford A.F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Bideford fullname = Bideford Association Football Club nickname = The Robins founded = 1946 ground = The Sports Ground, Bideford, Devon capacity = unknown | chairman = Roy Portch manager = Sean Joyce league =… … Wikipedia
Bideford — ▪ England, United Kingdom small port, Torridge district, administrative and historic county of Devon, England, located at the lowest bridging point of the River Torridge estuary, which empties into Bideford, or Barnstaple, Bay and the… … Universalium
Bideford — Original name in latin Bideford Name in other language Bajdford, Bideford, Байдфорд State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.01787 latitude 4.20458 altitude 7 Population 16624 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway — Streckenverlauf in gelber Farbe. Die Längengrade haben einen Abstand von 2 Meilen. Streckenlänge: 11,4 km Spurweite: 1435 mm ( … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bideford (Île-du-Prince-Édouard) — Bideford Administration Pays Canada Province … Wikipédia en Français
Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway — The Bideford, Westward Ho! and Appledore Railway (B, WH A, R) was most unusual amongst British Railways in that although it was built as a standard gauge (4 ft 8½ in (1435 mm)) line, it was not joined to the rest of the railway network, despite… … Wikipedia