Regional policy

Regional policy is the means by which governments and international organisations seek to reduce spatial disparities in economic well being. It sets the framework for regional planning.

Regional policy in the European Union

Although the European Union is one of the richest parts of the world, there are large internal disparities of income and opportunity between its regions. The May 2004 Enlargement, followed by accession of Bulgaria and Romania in January 2007 has widened these gaps. Regional policy transfers resources from richer to poorer regions.

The argument for regional policy is that it is both an instrument of financial solidarity and a powerful force for economic integration.

Regional policy in Italy

The major Italian experience of regional policy is the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno, set up in the mid-1950s to foster economic development in southern Italy. Originally intended to last for six months, it survived well into the 1980s.

New roads, irrigation projects and developments in infrastructure were built in an area where local communities who had suffered seriously from poverty, de-population and high levels of emigration. Tourism projects attempted to exploit Calabria’s beaches.

Regional Policy in the United Kingdom

UK regional policy was born during the economic depression of the 1930s, when heavy industries in the north were devastated.

"Assisted Areas" were established, within which companies could acquire grants or capital allowances - know as Regional Selective Assistance - in return for protecting jobs.

The overall pattern of policy changed little in the next forty years. Despite criticism by a 1970s Royal Commission that it was "Empiricism run mad; a game of hit and miss played with more enthusiasm than success", governments of both parties maintained Assisted Areas. It was not until the 1980s Thatcher government that regional policy was significantly rolled back, with Assisted Areas substantially reduced in size.

Increasingly UK policy must operate within the EU regional policy framework, with its strong injuctions against unfair competition (generally meaning state aid).

The post-1997 Labour administration reorganised regional policy, with RSA replaced by Selective Finance for Investment in England Scotland.

Regional policy in the United States

* Tennessee Valley Authority
* Department of Housing and Urban Development(HUD)

See also

* Region
* Regional development

External links

* [ Regional Policy for the EU home page]
* [ European Parliament Resolution on Community regional policy and the role of the regions] European NAvigator

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • regional policy — in the law of the European Union, a body of rules that seeks to redress inequalities among the regions (which need not be states) within the community. The idea is to balance the effect of the other rules of the community in favouring certain… …   Law dictionary

  • Regional Policy —   A major policy concern, concentrating on reducing the differences in economic strength between the different regions of the EC, concentrating on aid for less developed regions and restructuring aid for those in economic decline …   Glossary of the European Union and European Communities

  • Regional policy of the European Union — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union …   Wikipedia

  • European Commissioner for Regional Policy — The Commissioner for Regional Policy is a portfolio within the European Commission. The current Commissioner is Johannes Hahn. The portfolio is responsible for managing the regional policy of the European Union, such as the European Regional… …   Wikipedia

  • Directorate-General for Regional Policy (European Commission) — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union …   Wikipedia

  • national regional policy — nacionalinė regioninė politika statusas Aprobuotas sritis regionai ir regioninė politika apibrėžtis Valstybės institucijų ir kitų subjektų tikslinė veikla, kuria daromas diferencijuotas poveikis valstybės regionų socialiniam ir ekonominiam… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Regional science — is a field of the social sciences concerned with analytical approaches to problems that are specifically urban, rural, or regional. Topics in regional science include, but are not limited to location theory or spatial economics, location modeling …   Wikipedia

  • Regional development — is the provision of aid and other assistance to regions which are less economically developed. Regional development may be domestic or international in nature. The implications and scope of regional development may therefore vary in accordance… …   Wikipedia

  • Regional Planning Councils — (RPCs) are quasi governmental organizations that are designated by Florida law ( Ch. 186, Florida Statutes ) to address problems and plansolutions that are of greater than local concern or scope, and are to be recognized by localgovernments as… …   Wikipedia

  • Regional Spatial Strategy — Regional Spatial Strategies (RSS) provide a regional level planning framework for the regions of England, outside London where spatial planning is the responsibility of the Mayor. They are not prepared in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland as… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.