Jean Rivier


Jean Rivier

Jean Rivier (21 July 1896November 6, 1987) was a French composer of classical music.

He composed over two hundred works, including music for orchestra, chamber groups, chorus, piano, and solo instruments.He served as Professor of Composition at the Paris Conservatory from 1948 until his retirement in 1966. During the period 1948-1962 he shared this position with famous composer Darius Milhaud.

Quote from Tadlock's dissertation on Rivier

::"Jean Rivier (1896-1987), a twentieth-century French composer of the neo-classical school, is remembered primarily for his flute compositions. However, this prolific composer was extremely active in French musical circles from the period after World War I until his death. He composed over two hundred works, including symphonies, chamber music, concertos, choral music, piano works, music for solo instruments, and accompanied songs. For fourteen years, he shared with Darius Milhaud a position as Professor of Composition at the Paris Conservatory, and continued as sole professor from 1962 until his retirement in 1966. Rivier was a founding member of Triton, a musical society that promoted new music, and he was associated extensively with the French Radio (ORTF). Despite his successful career, Rivier's music was often eclipsed by the increasingly avant-garde compositions of more progressive French composers.

::Rivier's songs are best represented by his twenty-nine published melodies or poemes, notable for their brevity, attention to detail, and their lyrical melodies, tonal harmonies with creative dissonances, and carefully structured forms (especially ABA forms). With music set to poems by Guillaume Apollinaire, Henri Mahaut, Arthur Rimbaud, Pierre de Ronsard, Clément Marot, Joachim du Bellay, Rene Chalupt, and Paul Gilson, the songs are characterized by quartal and quintal harmonies, modality, polychords, parallelism, contrasting moods, and expressive emotions." -- David Michael Tadlock, "The published songs of Jean Rivier" (dissertation) [http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/dissertations/AAI9906561/]

Compositions

*3 Points Seches for piano
*4 Fantasmes for piano
*4 Sequences Dialogues "(need instrumentation)"
*Alternances for piano
*Andante Espressivo Ed Allegro Burlesco (three movements) for clarinet and piano
*Aria for trumpet (or oboe) and organ
*Brillances "(need instrumentation)"
*Capriccio "(need instrumentation)"
*Comme Une Tendre Berceuse for flute and piano
*Concerto (arranged by Rene Decouais) "(need instrumentation)"
*Concerto for alto saxophone, trumpet and string orchestra
*Concerto for alto saxophone, baritone saxophone, 2 bassoons, trumpet, double bass
*Concerto for bassoon and strings. ( [http://magic.msu.edu:80/record=b2296147a] )
*Concerto for clarinet and string orchestra
*Concerto for flute and piano
*Concerto for oboe and piano
*Concerto for trumpet and strings [http://magic.msu.edu:80/record=b1409584a]
*Concerto #1 in C "(need instrumentation)"
*Concerto Breve (for piano)
*Concerto Breve "(need instrumentation)"
*Concertino for saxophone and piano
*Concertino for viola and orchestra (1947)
*Dejeuner Sur L'herbe "(need instrumentation)"
*"Doloroso et Giocoso" for viola and piano (1969)
*Duo for flute and clarinet in Bb
*Espagnole for violin and piano
*Grave et Presto for saxophone quartet
*"Le Petit Gondolier" for piano
*Les Trois "S" for clarinet
*"Oiseau Tendres" for solo flute
*Ouverture pour une opérette imaginaire ( [http://magic.msu.edu:80/record=b2294458a] )
*3 Pastorales for Orchestra (1929)
*Piece in D "(need instrumentation)"
*"Pour Des Mains Amies" for piano
*Priere "(need instrumentation)"
*"Quatuor A Cordes #2" (string quartet #2)
*Rapsodie for trombone and piano
*Requiem "(need instrumentation)"
*Sonate for piano
*Stridences for piano
*String Trio
*Eight symphonies, four (2 in C, 3 in G, 4 in B♭ and 8) for string orchestra
*Torrents for piano
*Trois Mouvements for clarinet and piano
*Virevoltes for flute

His complete piano works have been published in one volume by Salabert.

Discography

*Concerto for Alto Saxophone, Trumpet and Orchestra appears on "French Saxophone Concertos", Naxos 8.225127
*Concerto for alto saxophone, trumpet and strings appears on "Virtuoso Saxophone Concertos" (Virtuose Saxophonkonzerte), Koch Schwann
*Oiseaux tendres appears on "WIESLER, Manuela: Flute Music" Naxos BIS-CD-689
*Symphonies #3 in G, #4 in B♭, and #8 in __ (all for strings) Calmel Chamber Orchestra conducted by Bernard Calmel, on Pavane CD ADW 7328 (1994) (currently out of print)

External links

* [http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/dissertations/AAI9906561/ Dissertation on Jean Rivier by David Michael Tadlock]
* [http://www.musimem.com/rivier.htm Rivier Memorial Site]

Further reading

*"Jean Rivier, catalogue des œuvres". Paris: G. Billaudot] 1993. [http://magic.msu.edu:80/record=b3248894a]


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