Radom


Radom

Infobox Settlement
name = Radom



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Żeromskiego Street
image_shield = POL Radom COA.svg
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Masovian
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = "city county"
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Andrzej Kosztowniak
established_title = Established
established_date = 13th century
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1364
area_total_km2 = 111.71
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 226372
population_density_km2 = auto
population_metro = 371000
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 51 | latm = 24 | lats = | latNS = N | longd = 21 | longm = 10 | longs = | longEW = E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 26-600 to 26-618
area_code = +48 48
website = http://www.radom.pl
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = WR
Radom Audio-IPA-pl|Radom.ogg|'|r|a|d|o|m is a city in central Poland with 227,309 inhabitants. It is located on the Mleczna River in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999), having previously been the capital of Radom Voivodeship (1975-1998), 100 km south of Poland's capital, Warsaw. Despite its proximity to Warsaw, Radom is not part of historical Polish region of Masovia, but Lesser Poland.

It is home to the biennial Radom Air Show - the largest and best-attended air show in Poland, held during the last weekend of August. "Radom" is also the popular unofficial name for a semiautomatic 9 mm Para pistol of Polish design (the Model 35/ViS-35) designed by Piotr Wilniewczyc and Jan Skrzypinski (hence the designation "ViS") which had been in production from 1935 to 1945 at the national arsenal located in the city.

History

Radom was founded in 1340, and it belonged to the Sandomierz Voivodeship (part of Little Poland) of the Kingdom of Poland, later Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. During the partitions of Poland it was held successively by Austria and Russia in the 19th century before returning to Poland after World War I in 1918. The main industries include leather, glass, and chemicals.

Current Events

In 2007 two pilots died in the Air Show, resulting in closing of the event and local mourning. Radom is also known as one of the main sites of the strike of the Polish health care workers in 2007.

Important dates

*8th-9th century - early mediaeval town in the valley of the Mleczna River (approximately on the location of present-day Old Town)
*2nd half of 10th century - fortified town called "Piotrówka"
*1155 - first mention about Radom (Pope Adrian IV bull)
*around 1300 - Old Radom granted with Środa Śląska rights (city rights based on those of Środa Śląska)
*1340 - Casimir III founds New Radom ("Nowy Radom")
*1360-1370 - Casimir III founds St. John's Church
*1364 - Radom granted with Magdeburg law
*1383 - Jadwiga of Poland accepted by a Sejm held in Radom as a king of Poland
*1401 - First union of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania signed in Radom
*1481 - Radom becomes a de-facto capital of Poland after Casimir IV of Poland moves to Lithuania and his son, Saint Casimir to be, ruled the country in his absence from Radom
*1489 - Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, John von Tieffen pays tribute to Casimir IV of Poland in Radom castle
*1505 - a Sejm in Radom passes the Nihil novi constitution and Łaski's Statute, the first real bill of rights of Poland
*1564 - 1800 inhabitants, 180 houses, 14 butchers' shops, 2 baths and 2 wells
*1613 - Radom becomes the place where the Highest Fiscal Courts are held
*1628 - Great fire destroys the town
*1656 - Charles X of Sweden stays in town during The Deluge
*1660 - the city plundered by Sweden; after they leave the town has 395 inhabitants and 37 houses
*1737-1756 - "Kolegium Pijarów" [the Piarists College] school founded
*1763 - Fiscal Tribunal moved to Warsaw; the town has 1370 inhabitants and 137 buildings
*1795 - After the 3rd Partition Radom is annexed by Austria
*1809 - Radom becomes capital of a department of the Duchy of Warsaw
*1815 - Radom, after the Congress of Vienna, becomes part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland
*1817 - First lay school founded
*1819 - Fryderyk August Schnierstein opens a tannery, the date is considered a start of towns industrialization
*1844 - Radom becomes the capital of Radom-Kielce government
*1867 - Creation of Radom government; the sewers are built
*1885 - Dęblin-Dąbrowa Górnicza railway opened
*1901 - electricity plant opened
*1911 - Radom has 51,934 inhabitants
*1920-1939 - Radom becomes a part of the Central Industrial Area ("Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy"); Chemical Plant, arms and munitions factory (Łucznik Arms Factory), gas works, telephone and shoe factories are founded
*1935 - Radom - Warsaw railway opened. It significantly shortened rail distance between Warsaw and Krakow
*1938 - 90,059 inhabitants
*1939-1945 - capital of Radom district of the General Government
*January 16, 1945 - liberation from German occupation
*1948-1975 - Theatre ("Teatr Dramatyczny") and an engineering school are opened.
*1975 - the city becomes the capital of Radom Voivodeship
*June 25, 1976 - Huge workers' strike against the communist regime; the town becomes one of the main centres of anti-communist opposition in Poland
*June 4, 1991 - Pope John Paul II visits the city
*1996 - "Radomska Wyższa Szkoła Inżynierska" promoted to the rank of a Radom Technical University ("Politechnika Radomska")
*1999 - Radom becomes the capital of Radom County of the Masovian Voivodeship
*May 25, 2002Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger visits the city

Tourist attractions

;St Waenceslaus church in the Old Town Square : founded by Leszek I the White, built in the 13th century in gothic style;St John the Baptist church : founded by Casimir III, built in the years 1360–1370 in gothic style, and re-constructed many times;Bernardine church and monastery : founded by Casimir IV of Poland, built in the years 1468-1507;Holy Trinity Church : built in the years 1619–1627 in the baroque style, burned in a fire and was rebuilt in the years 1678-1691;Gąska's and Esterka's Houses : 16th / 17th century;Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession : built in 1785;Building of city council : built in the years 1825–1827, designed in classical style by Antonio Corazzi;City hall : built in the years 1847-1848;Cathedral of Virgin Mary : built in the years 1899–1908 in neo-gothic style;Tool gates : built in the 19th century in classical style

Culture

Cinemas

*Helios [http://www.heliosnet.pl/main.php?m=radom www]
*Hel (currently not functioning)

Theatre

*Jan Kochanowski Theatre [http://www.teatr.radom.net/ www]

Museums and art galleries

*Jacek Malczewski Museum [http://www.muzeum.edu.pl/ www]
*Modern art museum [http://info.galerie.art.pl/galerie/ms_radm.html www]
*Scouting Museum
*"Elektrownia" - Power station built in 1903, renewed as a Modern art gallery
*Cultural Heritage Gallery of Radom
*Skansen in Radom [http://www.muzeum-radom.pl/ www]

Education

Radom is home to about 20 schools of higher education (unfortunately most of them are low-ranked).

* Instytut Teologiczny Uniwersytetu Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Radomiu - department of theology
* Kolegium Nauczycielskie - [http://www.kn.radom.pl www]
* Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych - [http://www.nkjo.radom.pl www]
* Niepubliczne Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych - [http://www.wsb.com.pl/HTM/europeistyka/kolegium.htm www]
* Niepubliczne Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych TWP - [http://www.twp.radom.pl www]
* Radom Technical University "(Politechnika Radomska)" - [http://www.pr.radom.pl www]
* University College of Environmental Sciences "(Prywatna Wyższa Szkoła Ochrony Środowiska)" - [http://www.pwsos.com.pl/ www]
* Radomska Szkoła Zarządzania
* Warsaw Agricultural University - department in Radom "(Szkoła Główna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego w Warszawie)"
* College of the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University "(Kolegium licencjackie Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej)" - [http://www.umcs.radom.pl www]
* Warsaw University - department in Radom "(Uniwersytet Warszawski)"- [http://www.id.uw.edu.pl www] [http://www.wz.edu.pl www]
* Maria Curie-Skłodowska University - department in Radom "(Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej)" - [http://www.umcs-prawo.radom.pl www]
* Wyższa Inżynierska Szkoła Bezpieczeństwa i Organizacji Pracy - [http://www.wisbiop.pl www]
* Higher Business College "(Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu)" - [http://www.wsb.com.pl www]
* Higher Financial and Banking College "(Wyższa Szkoła Finansów i Bankowości)" - [http://www.wsfib.edu.pl www]
* Higher Merchant College "(Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa)" - [http://www.wsh.pl www]
* Higher Seminary "(Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne)" - [http://www.seminarium.radom.pl www]
* Higher Journalis College "(Wyższa Szkoła Dziennikarska)" - [http://www.wsd.edu.pl www]
* Zespół Szkół Medycznych - [http://www.medyk.net www]

Other

At the Western part of Radom, there is a facility for commercial LF transmission (not broadcasting), the Radom longwave transmitter.

Sports

*Radomiak Radom - men's football team, founded in 1910, currently playing in 4th league.
*Jadar Radom - men's volleyball team, founded in 1921, currently playing in extraleague.
*Broń Radom - men's football team, founded in 1922, currently in 3rd league.

Famous people

Famous people who have been born, have lived or have worked in Radom:
* Kazimierz Rawicz-Oldakowski - Director Fabryka Broni Radom
* Mikołaj z Radomia - composer
* Józef Brandt - painter
* Iga Cembrzyńska - actress
* Tytus Chałubiński - physician, professor of the Medical-Surgical Academy and of the Principal School in Warsaw
* Małgorzata Foremniak - actress
* Jan Kochanowski - poet, writer
* Oskar Kolberg - ethnographer, composer
* Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz - philosopher, sociologist
* Leszek Kołakowski - philosopher
* Jacek Malczewski - painter
* Dariusz Rosati - MEP, professor of economics, ex-minister of foreign affairs
* Sam Gotlieb - Women's Dress Designer
* Jerzy Połomski - singer
* Dorota Chotecka - actress
* Andrzej Wajda - director
* Zygmunt Solorz-Żak - president of Polsat tv
* Dionizy Czachowski (1810 – 1863)
* Artur Gadowski - singer
* Szymon Wydra - singer
* ks. bp Jan Chrapek - bishop
* ks. prof. Włodzimierz Sedlak
* Adolf Schulz-Evler
* Ryszard Staszowski - Solidarity member in late 1970s

Politics

Radom constituency

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Radom constituency

*Ewa Kopacz (PO)
*Dariusz Bąk (PIS)
*Mirosław Maliszewski (PSL)
*Czesław Czechyra (PO)
*Marek Suski (PIS)
*Marek Wikiński (SLD),
*Radosław Witkowski (PO)
*Krzysztof Sońta (PIS)

Twin towns

flagicon|Slovakia Banská Bystrica
flagicon|Latvia Daugavpils
flagicon|Belarus Homyel
flagicon|Russia Ozyory
flagicon|Romania Ploieşti
flagicon|Bulgaria Stara Zagora
flagicon|Ukraine Ternopil
flagicon|Spain Talavera de la Reina
flagicon|Germany Magdeburg

ee also

*Wedding celebrations in the Radom region

References

External links

* [http://www.radom.pl/portal.php?aid=118579701946add39b385d1 Official web page of Radom in English]
* [http://www.radom.pl/portal.php?lang=pl Official web page of Radom in Polish]
* [http://www.riki.pl/ Radom Culture]
* [http://album.radom.pl/ Radom photo gallery]


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