- Joe Lieberman
name = Joe Lieberman
nationality = American
jr/sr= Junior Senator
term_start = January 3, 1989
Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.
New Haven, Connecticut
order2=Chairman of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs
term_end2=January 20, 2001
term_start3=June 6, 2001
term_end3=January 3, 2003
order4=Chairman of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
term_start4=January 4, 2007
Attorney Generalof Connecticut
term_start5 = 1983
term_end5 = 1989
William A. O'Neill
Carl R. Ajello
Clarine Nardi Riddle
date of birth = February 24, 1942 (age 66)
place of birth =
Connecticut for Lieberman(2006)
spouse = 1) Elizabeth Haas (div.)
website = [http://lieberman.senate.gov/ Joe Lieberman United States Senator]
Joseph Isadore "Joe" Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is the junior United States Senator from
Connecticut. Lieberman was first elected to the United States Senatein 1988, and was elected to his fourth term on November 7, 2006. In the 2000 U.S. presidential election, Lieberman was the Democratic candidate for Vice President, running with presidential nominee Al Gore, becoming the first Jewish candidate on a major American political party presidential ticket. He and his running mate won the popular vote, but ultimately failed to gain the electoral votes needed to win the heavily controversial election. Lieberman ran for re-election to the U.S. Senate while he was also Gore's running-mate, and he was re-elected by the voters of Connecticut. [cite web
first=] He attempted to become the Democratic nominee in the 2004 Presidential election, but was unsuccessful.
During his re-election bid in 2006, he lost the Democratic Party primary election, but won re-election in the general election as a third party candidate under the party label "
Connecticut for Lieberman." Lieberman is now officially listed in Senate records for the 110th Congress as an " Independent Democrat",cite web
title=Senators of the 110th Congress
date=2006-01-03.] and sits as part of the Democratic Senate
caucusin the 110th Congress.
Lieberman continues to vote with the Democrats in the Senate most of the time. [cite news|url=http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/07/14/america/lieberman.php|title=Lieberman's support of McCain frays ties to Democratic friends|author=Mark Leibovich|publisher="
International Herald Tribune"|date=July 14, 2008] He has been one of the Senate's strongest advocates for continued prosecution of the war in Iraq. He is also a consistent supporter of Israel. On domestic issues, he strongly supports free tradeeconomics. He has also opposed fillibustering Republican judicial appointments. With Lynne Cheneyand others, Lieberman co-founded American Council of Trustees and Alumni(ACTA). Lieberman is a supporter of abortion rightsand the rights of gays and lesbians to adopt children and be protected with hate crime legislation. [ [http://ontheissues.org/2008/Joseph_Lieberman_Civil_Rights.htm Joseph Lieberman on Civil Rights] ] Lieberman has also voted with Republicans on some ethical issues, and is one of the Senate's leading opponents of violence in video gamesand on television. Lieberman describes himself as being "genuinely an Independent," saying "I agree more often than not with Democrats on domestic policy. I agree more often than not with Republicans on foreign and defense policy." [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,247844,00.html Transcript: Sen. Joe Lieberman on 'FOX News Sunday'] Fox News.com. January 28, 2007.]
Lieberman was elected as a "reform Democrat" to the
Connecticut Senatein 1970, where he served for 10 years, including the last six as Majority Leader. He suffered his first defeat in Connecticut elections in the Reagan landslide year of 1980, losing the race for the Third District Congressional seat to Republican Lawrence Joseph DeNardis, a state senator from suburban Hamden with whom he had worked closely on bipartisan legislative efforts. From 1982 to 1988, he served as Connecticut Attorney General[The official web site of the Connecticut Attorney General's office is at http://www.ct.gov/ag/site/default.asp.] and emphasized consumer protection and environmental enforcement.
Lieberman was born in
Stamford, Connecticut, the son of Marcia (née Manger) and Henry Lieberman. [ [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=239604 Senator Joe Lieberman: News Release ] ] He received his BA in Politics and Economics from Yale Universityin 1964; he was the first member of his family to graduate from college. At Yale he was editor of the " Yale Daily News" and a member of the Elihu Club. He then attended Yale Law School, receiving his LLBlaw degree in 1967. After graduation from law school, Lieberman worked for a New Haven-based law firm, Wiggin & Dana LLP.
A spokesperson told "
The Hartford Courant" in 1994 that Lieberman received an educational deferment from the Vietnam Wardraft when he was an undergraduate and law student from 1960-67. Upon graduating from law school at 25, Lieberman qualified for a family deferment as he was already married and had one child, Matt. [ [http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2000/democracy/gore/stories/lieberman/ Lieberman: A history-making candidate.] CNN.com, Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Marriages and children
Lieberman met his first wife, Betty Haas, at the congressional office of Senator
Abraham Ribicoff(D-CT), where they worked as summer student interns. They married in 1965 while Joe Lieberman was in law school. They had two children – Matt and Rebecca. Betty, who is also Jewish, later worked as a psychiatric social worker. In 1981, the couple divorced. When asked about the divorce in an interview with " New York Magazine", Lieberman said, "one of the differences we had was in levels of religious observance," adding, "I'm convinced if that was the only difference, we wouldn't have gotten divorced." [http://newyorkmetro.com/nymetro/news/politics/n_7996/index1.html You Go, Joe.] " New York MagazineNovember 18, 2002.]
In 1982, he met his second wife, Hadassah Freilich Tucker while he was running for attorney general of Connecticut. Hadassah Lieberman is the child of a Holocaust survivor. According to "Washington Jewish Week," Lieberman called her for a date because he thought it would be interesting to go out with someone named Hadassah. (
Hadassahis the name of the Women's Zionist Organization of America). [Merida, Kevin. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/stories/lieberman090598.htm Lieberman's Morality Concerns Not New.] " The Washington Post" September 5, 1998.] Since March 2005, Hadassah Lieberman has worked for Hill & Knowlton, a lobbying firm based in New York City, as a senior counselor in its health and pharmaceuticals practice. She has held senior positions at the Hospital of Saint Raphaelin New Haven, the American Committee for Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Jerusalem, Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials (APCO), Pfizer, National Research Council, Hoffmann-La Roche, and Lehman Brothers.
Joe and Hadassah Lieberman have a daughter, Hani. Lieberman also has a stepson from Hadassah's previous marriage, Ethan Tucker. Matt Lieberman graduated from
Yale Universityin 1989, and from Yale Law Schoolin 1994. He is the Head of School of Greenfield Hebrew Academy in Atlanta, GA.Rebecca Lieberman graduated from Barnard College in 1991, and from the University of PennsylvaniaLaw School in 1997. She is married to Jacob Wisse. Ethan Tucker graduated from Harvard Collegein 1997 and was a rabbinical student at the Jewish Theological Seminary. Lieberman is also related to Disney Channelstar Raviv Ullmanof " Phil of the Future". [cite web
Lieberman is an
Orthodox Jew[Citation| last = Skorski| first = Alan | title = Would A President Lieberman Be Good For The Jews?| newspaper = The Jewish Press| year = 2003| date = January 30, 2003| url = http://www.jewishpress.com/displayContent_new.cfm?contentid=14618&mode=a&contentname=Would_A_President_Lieberman_Be_Good_For_The_Jews%3F&recnum=3&fromsect=5] , though he was less observant in 1965 when he married Betty Haas, a Reform Jew. Since the death in 1967 of Lieberman's grandmother, a deeply religious immigrant, he found renewed interest in religious observance. His second wife, Hadassah, is also an observant Orthodox Jew. "Hadassah calls herself my right wing," says Lieberman. In Lieberman's 1988 upset of GOP incumbent Senator Lowell Weicker, his religious observance was mostly viewed in terms of inability to campaign on Shabbat. This changed when Gore chose Lieberman as the running mate; a Lieberman press officer who spoke on condition of anonymity said:The Liebermans keep a kosherhome and observe Shabbat, but do not adhere fully to the requirements of Halakha. [Goodstein, Laurie. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9804EEDA153EF93BA2575BC0A9669C8B63 Lieberman Balances Private Faith With Life in the Public Eye ] " New York Times" August 18, 2000.]
Lieberman has said that there is currently "a constitutional place for faith in our public life". [Gold, Matea. [http://archives.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/08/28/latimes.lieberman/index.html Lieberman and religion seem to be an easy mix.] "
Los Angeles Times" August 28, 2000.] He attends Kesher Israel Congregation in Georgetown, Washington, DC and Beth Hamedrosh Hagodol - B'nai Israel, The Westville Synagogue, New Haven, Connecticut. He also attends Congregation Agudath Sholom in Stamford.
In 1988, Lieberman defeated moderate Republican Lowell Weicker to win election to the
United States Senateand was re-elected in 1994 and 2000. Like Bill Clintonand Dick Gephardt, Lieberman served as chair of the Democratic Leadership Council.
Lieberman was first elected to the
United States Senateas a Democrat in the 1988 election, by a margin of 10,000 votes. He scored the nation's biggest political upset that year, after being backed by a coalition of Democrats and unaffiliated voters with support from conservative Republicans, who were disappointed in three-term Republican incumbent Lowell Weicker's moderate voting record and personal style. During the campaign, he received support from the Connecticut's Cuban-Americancommunity which was unhappy with Weicker, who was known as a supporter of Fidel Castro. Lieberman has since remained loyal to the anti-Castro cause.Toobin, Jeffrey. [http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/021216fa_fact Joe Lieberman looks hopefully toward the White House.] " The New Yorker" December 16, 2002.] Six years later, Lieberman made history by winning by the largest landslide ever in a Connecticut Senate race, drawing 67 percent of the vote and beating his opponent by more than 350,000 votes.
In 1998, Lieberman was the first prominent Democrat to publicly challenge
Bill Clintonfor the judgment exercised in his affair with Monica Lewinsky. [ [http://www.australianpolitics.com/usa/clinton/impeachment/lieberman.shtml Senator Joe Lieberman Attacks Clinton.] AustralianPolitics.com September 3, 1998, Retrieved October 10, 2006.] However, he voted against removing Clinton from office by impeachment. In 2000, while concurrently running for the vice presidency, Lieberman was elected to a third Senate term with 64 percent of the vote easily defeating the Republican Philip Giordano.
When control of the Senate switched from Republicans to Democrats in June 2001, Lieberman became Chairman of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, with oversight responsibilities for a broad range of government activities. He was also a member of the Environment and Public Works Committee and chair of its Subcommittee Clean Air, Wetlands and Private Property; the Armed Services Committee, where he chaired the Airland Subcommittee and sat on the Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities; and the Small Business Committee. When Republicans gained control of the Senate in January 2003, Lieberman resumed his role as ranking minority member of the committees he had once chaired. [ [http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=108_congressional_directory&docid=cdir108_txt-62.pdf Standing Committees of the Senate 108th Congress] Retrieved September 10, 2006.]
In the 110th Congress, Lieberman is Chairman of the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, which is responsible for assuring the efficiency and effectiveness of the Federal Government. In addition, he is a member of the Environment and Public Works Committee; Senate Armed Services Committee, where he is Chairman of the Subcommittee on Air Land Forces and sits on the Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities; and the Small Business Committee.
*Committee on Environment and Public Works
**Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Safety
**Subcommittee on Private Sector and Consumer Solutions to Global Warming and Wildlife Protection (Chairman)
**Subcommittee on Public Sector Solutions to Global Warming, Oversight, and Children's Health Protection
*Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
*Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (Chairman)
**As Chairman of the full committee, Sen. Lieberman is an "ex officio" member of all subcommittees.
*Committee on Armed Services
**Subcommittee on Airland (Chairman)
**Subcommittee on Personnel
**Subcommittee on SeaPower
In August 2000, Lieberman was selected as the nominee for
Vice President of the United Statesby Al Gore, the Democratic Party nominee for President. Lieberman was the first Jewish candidate on a major political party ticket. The announcement of Lieberman's selection may have resulted in an increase in support for Gore's campaign. [ [http://www.pollingreport.com PollingReport.com] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] The Gore/Lieberman ticket won a pluralityof the popular vote, with over half a million more votes than the Republican ticket of George W. Bushand Dick Cheney, but they were defeated in the Electoral College by a vote of 271 to 266.
Like Democratic VP candidates
Lyndon B. Johnsonin 1960, and Lloyd Bentsenin 1988, Lieberman's Senate term was due to expire during the election cycle. Like both Johnson and Bentsen, he decided to stage a run to maintain that seat.
Describing his Presidential hopes, Lieberman opined that his historically hawkish stance would appeal to voters. Indeed he initially led in polls of primaries, but due to his political positions he failed to win a support of liberal Democratic voters, who dominated the primaries [ [http://www.projo.com/news/content/projo_20030713_lieb13.a720e.html Projo.com | Providence | Local News ] ] .Prior to his defeat in
New Hampshire, Lieberman famously declared his campaign was picking up " Joementum". [ [http://www.cnn.com/2004/ALLPOLITICS/01/25/elec04.prez.lieberman/ Lieberman says he's got the 'Joementum'] CNN.com January 26, 2004. Retrieved March 6, 2007.] On February 3, 2004, Lieberman withdrew his candidacy after failing to win any of the five primaries or two caucuses held that day. He acknowledged to the " Hartford Courant" that his support for the war in Iraq was a large part of his undoing with voters. [Hamilton, Elizabeth. [http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-7604812_ITM Lieberman Reflects on Candidacy.] " The Hartford Courant" April 15, 2004.]
Lieberman's former running candidate Al Gore did not support Lieberman's Presidential run, and in December 2003 endorsed
Howard Dean's candidacy, saying "This is about all of us and all of us need to get behind the strongest candidate [Dean] ." [ [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0312/09/se.01.html Gore Endorses Dean: CNN LIVE EVENT/SPECIAL transcript.] CNN.com December 9, 2003. Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Finally Lieberman withdrew from the race without winning a single contest. In total popular vote he placed 7th behind eventual nominee,
Massachusetts John Kerry, future Vice Presidential nominee, North CarolinaSenator John Edwards, former Governor of Vermont Howard Dean, OhioRepresentative Dennis Kucinich, retired General Wesley Clarkand Reverend Al Sharpton[ [http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=1689 Our Campaigns - US President - D Primaries Race - Jan 13, 2004 ] ] .
Overall Lieberman has a pro-choice voting record, and in 2007 he received a grade of 100 from the abortion rights organization
NARAL Pro-Choice America. [ cite web|url=http://www.votesmart.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=53278 |title=Project Vote Smart - Senator Joseph I. Lieberman |accessdate=2008-08-28 |publisher= Project Vote Smart] While running in the Democratic primaries in the 2004 presidential election, Lieberman said that as president he would "follow a policy that makes abortion safe, rare and legal." [cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Lieberman defends abortion stance after article | date=2003-12-26 | publisher= | url =http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/12/26/elec04.prez.lieberman.abortion/index.html | work =cnn.com | pages = | accessdate = 2008-08-28 | language = ]
In a 1995 speech before the National Press Club, Lieberman said, "this business of deciding by group, the argument that some make that some groups are genetically less able than others. That's an un-American argument." Affirmative action programs "must change because they are inconsistent with the law and basic American values of equal treatment and opportunity." He also stated that he was "against group preferences". [ [http://www.newmassmedia.com/lieberman/affirm.html Lieberman on Affirmative Action.] Advocate Weekly Newspapers, Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
In 1996, he expressed support for California's Proposition 209, which will eliminate state and local government affirmative action programs in the areas of public employment, public education, and public contracting to the extent these programs involve "preferential treatment based on race, sex, gender, color, ethnicity, or national origin."Edsall, Thomas B. and Harris, Hamil R. [http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/45c/197.html Lieberman Stirs Concern Among Blacks.] "
The Washington Post" August 15, 2000; A01. Hosted at Hartford-hwp.com] "Affirmative action is dividing us in ways its creators could never have intended.", he said.Greenfield, Jeff. [http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/08/03/greenfield.lieberman/ It's more than just Iraq: Lieberman has long been on the outs with his party's base.] " CNN" August 3, 2006.]
Since 2000, he rescinded his support for the proposition, saying that he expressed support "without understand [ing] the intent of Proposition 209", and renounced any support for Proposition 209. [ [http://archives.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/08/15/lieberman.speech/index.html Lieberman defends civil rights record.] CNN.com August 15, 2000.] In the 2000 campaign, Lieberman assured the black voters, "I have supported affirmative action, I do support affirmative action, and I will support affirmative action because history and current reality make it necessary." [Glanton, Dahleen. " 'I Will Support Affirmative Action,' Lieberman". "
Chicago Tribune" August 16, 2000. [http://aad.english.ucsb.edu/docs/iwill.html Available here.] ] In 2003, Lieberman criticized Bush's affirmative action policy. [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=207356&& Lieberman Denounces Bush Decision to Oppose Michigan Affirmative Action Programs: Press release.] January 15, 2003.] In 2004, he reiterated his support, "I support affirmative action programs, including in appropriate instances consideration of race and gender in government contracting decisions, when the affirmative action program is designed to remedy the effects of past discrimination." [Project VoteSmart. [http://www.vote-smart.org/npat.php?old=true&can_id=S0141103&npatform_id=326#9 Senator Joseph I. Lieberman (CT).] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman has stated he wants to increase subsidies for women-owned non-profit business, and he voted yes on setting aside 10% of highway funds for companies owned by minorities and women without regard to the demographics of their employees.OnTheIssues.org. [http://www.ontheissues.org/2004/Joseph_Lieberman_Civil_Rights.htm Joseph Lieberman on Civil Rights.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman was one of four Senate Democrats to side with Republicans in 1995 in voting to limit punitive damage awards in product liability cases. [United States Senate. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=104&session=1&vote=00152 U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 104th Congress - 1st Session.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
In February 2005, breaking ranks with fellow Senate Democrats, Lieberman voted for the
Class Action Fairness Actof 2005, S. 5, which is a bill to curtail the ability of plaintiffs to file class action lawsuits against corporations in federal courts. The bill was backed by the White House and business groups as an essential tort reformmeasure that would reduce what they said was a debilitating number of frivolous lawsuits. The bill was opposed by consumer advocacy groups and trial lawyers who argued that many valid claims against corporations would be dismissed, leaving consumers without legal recourse. [ [http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/109/senate/1/votes/9/ U.S. Congress Votes Database: 109th Congress / Senate / 1st session / Vote 9.] " The Washington Post". Retrieved October 10, 2006.] [The Library of Congress. [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d109:s.5: S.5] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman championed experimental voucher programs, which would redirect some education funding directly to parents, who could apply it towards paying for the public or private school of their choice. [ [http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0008/13/sun.05.html Lieberman Fields Questions on Religion, Clinton, Differences With Gore: transcript.] "
CNN" Aired August 13, 2000.]
Lieberman has called Bush's "No Child Left Behind" plan a "progressive piece of legislation" which has been insufficiently funded. He said, "A month after he signed the law, President Bush under funded it by $6 billion less than was promised in the legislation. This is creating greater pressures on our schools to perform and educate our kids - which is appropriate - but without giving them sufficient resources to make it happen." [Cohen, Barry. [http://www.jewishaz.com/jewishnews/020607/lieberman.shtml Lieberman strives for 'moral clarity'.] "Jewish News of Greater Phoenix" June 7, 2002.] He has repeatedly criticized the administration to this effect. [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=232428&& Lieberman Criticizes Bush Education Cuts: Press release.] February 22, 2005.]
Lynne Cheney, Richard Lamm, Saul Bellow, and others, Lieberman co-founded the American Council of Trustees and Alumni(ACTA), a controversial educational organization which released the post-9/11 report titled "Defending Civilization: How Our Universities Are Failing America and What Can Be Done About It" that criticized universities for evidence of anti-Americanism. [http://www.goacta.org/publications/reports.html]
Lieberman has been critical of the entertainment media. [Tapper, Jake. [http://archive.salon.com/politics/feature/2000/08/29/hollywood/index.html Hollywood on trial.] Salon.com, August 29, 2000. Retrieved October 10, 2006.] On November 29, 2005, Lieberman co-sponsored the
Family Entertainment Protection Act, which was introduced by Hillary Clinton, S.2126. The act is intended to protect children from what he says is inappropriate content found in video games. He has denounced the violence contained in video games and has attempted to regulate sales of violent video games to minors, arguing that games should have to be labeled based upon age-appropriateness. [Parents Action for Children. [http://web.archive.org/web/20061127020545/http://pac.nisgroup.com/learn/media/violent-video-game-legislation/ Parents’ Action Endorses New Clinton-Lieberman-Bayh Bill Banning the Sale of Violent Video Games to Minors.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] Regarding Grand Theft Auto, he said, "The player is rewarded for attacking awoman, pushing her to the ground, kicking her repeatedly and then ultimately killing her, shooting her over and over again. I call on the entertainment companies—they've got a right to do that, but they have a responsibility not to do it if we want to raise the next generation of our sons to treat women with respect." [" Reuters". [http://web.archive.org/web/20040226001611/http://www.forbes.com/technology/sciences/newswire/2004/01/25/rtr1226141.html Lieberman denounces 'Grand Theft Auto' video game.] " Forbes" January 25, 2004.] He voted for the Communications Decency Act. [United States Senate. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=104&session=2&vote=00008 U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 104th Congress - 2nd Session.] Retrieved October 26, 2006.]
Lieberman co-sponsored the 1990 Clean Air Act, introduced legislation in 1991 to give consumers more information about the dangers of pesticides, and has addressed the need to limit global warming. [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=254747&& Lieberman Leads Opposition to Bush EPA Nominee Wehrum: Press release.] April 26, 2006.] Lieberman has stated that the US population has to accept responsibility for global warming, and voted "yes" on banning drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. [US Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. [http://senate.gov/~gov_affairs/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&Affiliation=R&PressRelease_id=546&Month=10&Year=2003 LIEBERMAN CONDEMNS BUSH ADMINISTRATION PLAN TO OPEN WILDERNESS-LIKE LANDS TO OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY: Press release.] October 30, 2003.] Lieberman voted yes on reducing oil usage by 40% by 2025 (instead of 5%). Lieberman voted against Gale Norton as Secretary of Interior, and voted for funding for greater risk assessment by the EPA. Lieberman has even gone as far as saying he wants to raise mileage standard to 40 mpg. [OnThe Issues.org. [http://www.ontheissues.org/Domestic/Joseph_Lieberman_Environment.htm Joseph Lieberman on Environment.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] Lieberman voted for the administration-backed
Energy Policy Act of 2005; [Blum, Justin. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/28/AR2005062800398.html Senate Overwhelmingly Passes Energy Bill.] " The Washington Post" June 29, 2005; Page A04.] facing criticism, Lieberman called the bill imperfect but good for Connecticut, citing a saving of $800 million for Connecticut electricity customers. [OnTheIssues.org. [http://www.ontheissues.org/International/Joseph_Lieberman_Energy_+_Oil.htm Joseph Lieberman on Energy & Oil.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] Lieberman has been a vocal critic of Bush's environmental policy. [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=249687&& Lieberman Urges Bush Administration to Take Action on Global Warming: Press release.] December 13, 2005.] [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=253658&& Lieberman BlastsBush Administration for Bullying Climate Scientists: Press release.] April 6, 2006.]
‘‘Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act of 2008’’
Also more commonly referred to as the "Cap and Trade Bill", proposed to ration (cap) carbon emissions in the U.S., and tax or purchase (trade)
Carbon creditson the global market for greater U.S. alignment with the Kyoto protocolstandards and goals. The current bill is almost 500 pages long, and provides for establishment of a federal bureau of Carbon Trading, Regulation, and Enforcement with mandates which some authorities suggest will amount to the largest tax increase in the history of the United States.Fact|date=September 2008 http://lieberman.senate.gov/documents/amendment.pdf
"Gang of 14"
On May 23, 2005, Lieberman was one of fourteen senators, dubbed the "
Gang of 14," who forged a compromise on the Democrats' use of the judicial filibuster, thus avoiding the Republican leadership's implementation of the so-called "nuclear option." Under the agreement, the Democrats would exercise the power to filibuster a Bush judicial nominee only in an "extraordinary circumstance," and three of the filibustered Bush appellate courtnominees – ( Janice Rogers Brown, Priscilla Owenand William Pryor) – would receive a vote by the full Senate, which resulted in their confirmation. Lieberman refused to support a filibuster against Supreme Court Justice nominee Samuel Alito. [Nagourney, Adam. [http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2003162511_lieberman30.html Lieberman's primary concerns.] " The Seattle Times" July 30, 2006.] Alito was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 31, 2006 by a vote of 58-42, becoming the Court's 110th Justice. Lieberman voted against the Alito confirmation in the final Senate vote. [C-Span.org. [http://www.c-span.org/congress/alito_senate.asp FINAL SENATE VOTE: SAMUEL ALITO CONFIRMATION.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] On the John Roberts nomination as the Chief Justice of the United States, Lieberman believed that Roberts did not seem to be the kind of right-wing candidate the "Gang of 14" feared the president would select. Lieberman said he thought Roberts was a "decent guy." But he also said it was too early to draw further conclusions. [Holland, Jesse J. [http://web.archive.org/web/20060427185347/http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2005/07/21/national/w054749D66.DTL Lieberman: Roberts Probably Not Extremist.] " San Francisco Chronicle" July 21, 2005.] Roberts was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 29, 2005 by a vote of 78-22, becoming the Court's 17th Chief Justice. Lieberman voted for the Roberts confirmation. [C_Span.org. [http://www.c-span.org/congress/roberts_senate.asp FINAL SENATE VOTE: JOHN ROBERTS CONFIRMATION.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
In 2004, Lieberman scored a rating of 88 out of 100 by the
Human Rights Campaign(HRC), one of the largest civil rights organization working to achieve gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender equality." Human Rights Campaign. [http://www.hrc.org/documents/2004ScoreCard.pdf Bush vs. Kerry on GLBT Issues! (PDF)] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman voted no on a constitutional ban of same-sex marriage. In 2003, in response to the Massachusetts ruling that sanctions gay marriage, Lieberman stated, "although I am opposed to gay marriage, I have also long believed that states have the right to adopt for themselves laws that allow same-sex unions," and "I will oppose any attempts by the right wing to change the Constitution in response to today's
Massachusetts Supreme Courtruling, which would be unnecessary and divisive." [ [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/11/11/politics/main583048.shtml Gay Marriage Enters The Race.] " CBS News" November 19, 2003. Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman cosponsored the Domestic Partners Benefits and Obligations act of 2003, which provided the same benefits to domestic partners of federal employees as spouses currently have. In 1996, Lieberman cosponsored the
Employee Non-Discrimination Act(ENDA), which would prohibit employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. [The Library of Congress. [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d104:SN02056: S.2056] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] Lieberman voted in favor of the Early Treatment for HIV Act of 2003, which provided Medicaidtreatment for people with HIV. Lieberman has adopted a non-discriminatory policy in employment decisions, which include sexual orientation and gender. Although Lieberman had no experience in military personnel policy, he was among the minority in the Senate in 1993 to vote in support of President Clinton's proposal to let gays and lesbians serve openly in the military.Fact|date=November 2007 However, he supported the Defense of Marriage Act and "Don't ask, don't tell."
In August, 1994, Jesse Helms (R-NC) and Bob Smith (R-NH) proposed an amendment, S.AMDT.2434, to Elementary and Secondary Education Reauthorization (ESEA) - S.1513 - that would prevent federal funding for schools that "implement or carry out a program or activity that has either the purpose or effect of encouraging or supporting homosexuality as a positive lifestyle." [American Library Association Washington Office. [http://infomotions.com/serials/alawon/alawon-v3n57.txt CLOTURE VOTES PASSES SENATE--FINAL ESEA VOTE EXPECTED.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] [The Library of Congress. [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?r103:3:./temp/~r103EG12dO:: ??] ] [The Library of Congress. [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d103:SN01513:@@@S S.1513] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] Lieberman voted for the amendment. [United States Senate. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=103&session=2&vote=00244 U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 103rd Congress - 2nd Session.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] He voted for prohibiting HIV-positive immigrants from entering the United States and against a measure to grant domestic-partner benefits to District of Columbia employees. [ [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1589/is_2000_Sept_12/ai_64975325 Pleased, not thrilled - vice presidential candidate Joseph Lieberman and gay issues.] "The Advocate" September 12, 2000.] [Clymer, Adam. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health&res=9F0CE1DF1F39F931A25750C0A965958260 House, Like Senate, Votes To Ban H.I.V. Immigrants.] "
The New York Times" March 12, 1993.] [United States Senate. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=103&session=1&vote=00013 U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 103rd Congress - 1st Session.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] [The Library of Congress. [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d103:SP00039: S.AMDT.39] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman received an "F" rating from the
National Rifle Associationand a 90% from the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence. [Project VoteSmart. [http://www.youngvotersprogram.org/issue_rating_category.php?can_id=S0141103&type=category&category=Gun%20Issues Senator Joseph I. Lieberman (CT): Gun Issues.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] He has sought to ban guns in schools and places of worship. He has voted against prohibiting most lawsuits against gun manufacturers, but cast another vote that would immunize gun manufacturers from lawsuits over gun violence. He has voted to require background checks at gun shows and against allowing guns to be sold without trigger locks. [http://www.ontheissues.org/Domestic/Joseph_Lieberman_Gun_Control.htm Joseph Lieberman on Gun Control.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman has been critical of Bush's Medicare plan, arguing that, in its current state, it does not provide sufficiently for the elderly. [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=255404&& Lieberman Blasts Bush Administration for Punishing America’s Seniors, Calls for Extension of Medicare Part D Deadline: Press release.] May 10, 2006.] [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=247052&& Lieberman Calls on Bush Administration to Fix Critical Errors in Medicare Prescription Drug Program.] October 6, 2005.]
In March 2006, according to the "
The New Haven Register," when asked about the approach of Catholic hospitals on contraceptives for rape victims, Lieberman said he believed that Catholic hospitals that refuse to give contraceptives to rape victims for "principled reasons" shouldn’t be forced to do so. "In Connecticut, it shouldn’t take more than a short ride to get to another hospital," he said. [Hladky, Gregory B. [http://www.nhregister.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=16292372&BRD=1281&PAG=461&dept_id=31007&rfi=6 Contraceptive issue creating political storm.] " New Haven Register" March 13, 2006. ]
During his 2004 campaign, Lieberman said, "The day I walk into the Oval Office, the first thing I'm going to do is rescind the Bush administration restrictions on
embryonic stem cell research." [Tobias, Carol. [http://www.nrlc.org/news/2004/NRL01/control_of_house_and_senate_at_s.htm THE RACE FOR THE WHITE HOUSE IS ON!] National Right to Life. Retrieved October 10, 2006.] In 2006, he criticized Bush's veto of the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005. [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=258819 Lieberman Supports Federal Funding for Stem Cell Research: Press release.] July 18, 2006.]
In 2005, Lieberman, along with Republicans
Orrin Hatchand Sam Brownback, introduced S. 975, the Project BioShield II Act of 2005. Its stated purpose was to provide incentives to increase research by private sector entities to develop medical countermeasures to counter bioterrorismthreats. The bill would have provided tax credits, patentextensions, and immunity from civil liability. [Office of Legislative Policy and Analysis. (NIH) [http://olpa.od.nih.gov/tracking/109/senate_bills/session1/s-975.asp S. 975—The Project BioShield II Act of 2005.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] [ Federation of American Scientists, [http://www.fas.org/biosecurity/resource/legislation/s975.htm "Project Bioshield II"] , retrieved May 22, 2008.]
Lieberman joined a few other Democrats, Republican Florida Governor
Jeb Bushand the Republican Congress as a vocal opponent of efforts to remove the feeding tube artificially sustaining Terri Schiavo's life. [Video Interview with Liberman http://technorati.com/videos/youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D1IqoanJnk9Y]
Lieberman cosponsored a resolution urging the Congress to reject the Bush Administration Social Security Commission's report.Fact|date=December 2007
Lieberman described the debate as "this is an ongoing problem, and we'd be wise to deal with it." He told "
The Hartford Courant" in January 2005 when asked about Social Security, "if we can figure out a way to help people through private accounts or something else, great."Kirkpatrick, David D. and Hulse, Carl. [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50713FB35590C748CDDAA0894DD404482 On Social Security, Lieberman the Centrist Ruffles Democratic Feathers on the Left.] " New York Times" March 7, 2005.] Although Lieberman praised Lindsey Graham(R-SC) for trying to fashion a bipartisan social security plan, he ultimately voted against the Bush Social Security plan.
Lieberman has toyed with the idea of switching his affiliation to Republican, especially if Senate Democrats go what he sees as too far in ending the
War in Iraq. [cite web|url=http://politicalwire.com/archives/2007/02/22/quote_of_the_day.html|title=Quote of the Day|publisher= Political Insider|date=2007-02-22] [cite web|url=http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1592758,00.html|title=Whatever Joe Lieberman Wants
publisher=Time|date=2007-02-22] In the 110th Congress, such a switch would leave the Senate equally divided, with Vice President
Dick Cheneyholding the tie-breaking vote. [cite web|url=http://web.archive.org/web/20070225082011/http://politicalinsider.com/2007/02/liebermans_switch_wouldnt_flip.html|title=Lieberman Switch Wouldn't Flip Senate|publisher= Political Insider|date=2007-02-22] [cite web|url=http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c110:S.RES.27:|title=S.RES.27|publisher= The Library of Congress|date=2007-01-07] [cite web|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/04/AR2007010400802_pf.html|title=Democrats Take Control on Hill|publisher= Washington Post|date=2007-01-05]
He helped defeat the
Financial Accounting Standards Board(FASB) proposal of requiring the reporting of the costs of stock options as a business expense during the mid-nineties. During an interview with PBSafter the Enronscandal, Lieberman defended his position, saying, "it was a good action." [PBS.org. [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/regulation/interviews/lieberman.html Interview: Sen. Joseph Lieberman.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] [PBS.org. [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/regulation/congress/ Congress and Accounting Wars.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] Facing the growing stock option scandals, Lieberman ackowledged that "clearly a disproportionate percent of the options went to a small percentage of executives. That was disappointing."
Lieberman has voted against amending the Constitution to make it constitutional to criminalize
Committee on the Present Danger
At the 20 July launching of the 2004
Committee on the Present Danger, Joe Lieberman and Senator Jon Kylwere identified as the honorary co-chairs. [Lieberman, Joe and Kyl, Jon, [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A63067-2004Jul19.html The Present Danger] , " The Washington Post", July 20, 2004 ] The Committee on the Present Danger(CPD) is a hawkish "advocacy organization" first founded in 1950 and re-formed in 1976 to push for larger defense budgets and arms buildups, to counter the Soviet Union.
Lieberman sponsored S.J. Res.46, the Senate version of H.J. Res. 114, that is, the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002, also called the
Iraq Resolution. [cite web
title=Search Results - THOMAS (Library of Congress)
Lieberman defended his support of the Iraq Resolution; in a November 29, 2005 op-ed piece for "
The Wall Street Journal", he praised the efforts of the U.S. military in the occupation of Iraq and criticized both parties:
"I am disappointed by Democrats who are more focused on how President Bush took America into the war in Iraq almost three years ago, and by Republicans who are more worried about whether the war will bring them down in next November's elections, than they are concerned about how we continue the progress in Iraq in the months and years ahead." [Lieberman, Joe. [http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110007611 Our Troops Must Stay.] "Later, on December 7, 2005, Lieberman said, "It is time for Democrats who distrust President Bush to acknowledge that he will be Commander-in-Chief for three more critical years, and that in matters of war we undermine Presidential credibility at our nation’s peril. It is time for Republicans in the White House and Congress who distrust Democrats to acknowledge that greater Democratic involvement and support in the war in Iraq is critical to rebuilding the support of the American people that is essential to our success in that war. It is time for Americans and we their leaders to start working together again on the war on terrorism. To encourage that new American partnership, I propose that the President and the leadership of Congress establish a bipartisan Victory in Iraq Working Group, composed of members of both parties in Congress and high ranking national security officials of the Bush Administration." [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=249522 Remarks of Senator Joe Lieberman (D-CT) Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessment Forum on Next Steps for Successful Strategy in Iraq: Press release.] December 6, 2005.]
The Wall Street Journal" November 29, 2005.]
Senate Minority Leader
Harry Reidexpressed disappointment with Lieberman, saying, "I've talked to Senator Lieberman, and unfortunately he is at a different place on Iraq than the majority of the American people." House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosiadded, "I completely disagree with Lieberman. I believe that we have a responsibility to speak out if we think that the course of action that our country is not making the American people safer, making our military stronger and making the region more stable." Lieberman responded, "I've had this position for a long time – that we need to finish the job." [Murray, Shailagh. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/12/09/AR2005120901934.html?nav=rss_world Lieberman Wins Republican Friends, Democratic Enemies With Support for War.] " The Washington Post" December 10, 2005.]
Lieberman's defense of the administration resulted in speculation that he was attempting to position himself to replace Secretary of Defense
Donald Rumsfeldor another high-ranking government official, but Lieberman has denied having any desire for this. In 2005, media reports suggested that Lieberman might replace Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld; [Face the Nation. PDF| [http://www.cbsnews.com/htdocs/pdf/face_120405.pdf John Kerry, Transcript.] |135 KiB December 4, 2005.] Lieberman responded with, "It's a total fantasy, there's just no truth to it." [Hernandez, Raymond and Yardley, William. [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/10/politics/10lieberman.html Lieberman's Iraq Stance Brings Widening Split With His Party.] " New York Times" December 10, 2005.]
On June 22, 2006, Lieberman voted against two Democratic amendments to the annual defense appropriations bill, including S. 2766, which called for a withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq. S.2766 did not set a withdrawal deadline, but urged President Bush to start pulling U.S. forces out of Iraq in 2006. Both amendments were defeated in the Senate, 60-39. [ [http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/109/senate/2/votes/182/ U.S. Congress Votes Database: 109th Congress / Senate / 2nd session / Vote 182.] "
The Washington Post". Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman supported the
North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) and continues to do so.OnTheIssues.org. [http://www.issues2000.org/2004/Joseph_Lieberman_Free_Trade.htm Joseph Lieberman on Free Trade.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.] During a 2004 Democratic presidential primary debate in South Carolina, he said, "though it's cost some jobs, has actually netted out 900,000 new jobs that were created by NAFTA". [PBS.org. [http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/politics/jan-june04/dem_01-30.html Democratic debate:excerpts.] January 30, 2004.] Lieberman also voted for the Central America-United States-Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) in 2005. [US Senate. [http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=109&session=1&vote=00209 U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 109th Congress - 1st Session Vote Number 209.] Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
Lieberman is also the co-author of the US–China Relations Act that would create new incentives in bilateral relations with China. He voted for the U.S./China
World Trade Organization(WTO) Accession agreement in 2000.
In 2002, Lieberman sponsored a pro-Israel U.S. Senate Resolution (S. Res. 247) regarding the Middle East Conflict, "expressing solidarity with Israel in its constant efforts to fight against terror". [The Library of Congress. [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c107:S.RES.247: 107th CONGRESS, 2d Session, S. RES. 247 Expressing solidarity with Israel in its fight against terrorism.] April 22, 2002.]
As Chairman of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs (formerly the Governmental Affairs Committee) in 2001, Lieberman proposed forming the Department of Homeland Security, a proposal that passed into law in 2002. As ranking member of the Committee from 2003 to 2007, he played a leading role in the passage of homeland security legislation such as the
Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, the SAFE Port Act, and the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act, and in the investigation of the Bush administration's response to Hurricane Katrina. In January 2007 he became Chairman again of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, where he led efforts to pass the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007.
Lieberman supports the
Alberto Gonzalespolicy memo on the application of provisions of the Geneva Conventions. He believes "the decision was, in my opinion, a reasonable one, and ultimately a progressive one." He agrees with Gonzales in describing certain provisions of Geneva Conventions, specifically "that a captured enemy be afforded such things as commissary privileges, script advances of monthly pay, athletic uniforms and scientific instruments” as "quaint". He also agrees with the legal decision that al Qaeda's members "were not entitled to prisoner of war status." [Joe Lieberman, US Senator. [http://lieberman.senate.gov/newsroom/release.cfm?id=231560 Lieberman Statement on the Nomination of Alberto Gonzales for Attorney General: Press release.] February 3, 2005.] In 2006, the United States Supreme Court ruled in " Hamdan v. Rumsfeld" that "at least" Common Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions is applicable to combatants "in the territory of" a signatory of the Conventions. [Supreme Court of the United States. PDF| [http://www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/05pdf/05-184.pdf HAMDAN v. RUMSFELD, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, ET AL.] |1.31 MiB Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
During an exchange with Donald Rumsfeld in the 2004 senate hearing on the Abu Ghraib scandal, Lieberman denounced the abuses as "immoral" and deserving of an apology. Then he added, "I cannot help but say, however, that those who were responsible for killing 3,000 Americans on September 11, 2001, never apologized. Those who have killed hundreds of Americans in uniform in Iraq working to liberate Iraq and protect our security have never apologized." [Moore, Art. [http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=38390 Rumsfeld to Iraqis: 'My deepest apology'.] WorldNetDaily.com May 7, 2004 Retrieved October 10, 2006.]
enate election, 2006
2000 United States Presidential Election (Vice President's seat)
1988 Connecticut United States Senatorial Election
Lieberman is the author of six books: "The Power Broker" (1966), a
biographyof the late Democratic Party chairman, John M. Bailey; "The Scorpion and the Tarantula" (1970), a study of early efforts to control nuclear proliferation; "The Legacy" (1981), a history of Connecticutpolitics from 1930–1980; "Child Support in America" (1986), a guidebook on methods to increase the collection of child supportfrom delinquent fathers, "In Praise of Public Life" (2000), and "An Amazing Adventure" (2003), reflecting on his 2000 vice presidential run.
* [http://lieberman.senate.gov/ U.S. Senate website]
;Directories and databases
* [http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Joseph_Lieberman SourceWatch Congresspedia - Joseph Lieberman] profile
* [http://www.counterpunch.org/liebermanrecord.html Lieberman's Senate Voting Record 1989–2000] CongLinks
congbio = l000304
fec = S8CT00022
opensecrets = N00000616
votesmart = S0141103
ontheissuespath = Senate/Joseph_Lieberman.htm
* [http://www.npr.org/programs/specials/democrats2004/lieberman.html/ 2004 Presidential Primary interview with NPR]
* [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2000/11/10/politics/main248693.shtml/ Interview with Dan Rather during the 2000 contested election]
* [http://www.cnn.com/2003/ALLPOLITICS/10/17/democrats.arabs.ap/ Lieberman Heckled at Arab American political conference]
* [http://www.independentfilm.com/films/videogalleryfilms/warner-theatre-torrington-ct-joe-lieberman.shtml Watch: Joe Lieberman visits the Warner Theatre in Torrington, CT]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjMRgT5o-Ig Joe Lieberman speaks at "Christian-Zionist" meeting, praising
John Hagee] (Lieberman appears at approx. 5:30)
U.S. Senator box
Lowell P. Weicker, Jr.
NAME=Lieberman, Joseph Isadore
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Connecticut politician
DATE OF BIRTH=February 24, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=living
PLACE OF DEATH=
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