MU Greek Life

=Early History=

When the Missouri Alpha Chapter of Phi Kappa Psi was founded at the University of Missouri, it became the first chapter of a fraternity founded at any public university west of the Mississippi River. When the Zeta Phi Society was founded on November 7, 1870, one might say that the Greek Life system at MU was born, as there was now two Greek-letter groups on campus. Phi Delta Theta installed its Missouri Alpha Chapter just two weeks after the founding of Zeta Phi, which brought the total to three active groups. The first women's group to form was the Theta Chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma, which installed on April 2, 1875. Missouri Alpha of Phi Kappa Psi went on to fold the next year in 1876 after initiating 72 men. As a result, Zeta Phi, which later became a chapter of Beta Theta Pi, holds the title of oldest fraternity in continuous existence at the University.

The first professional fraternity to establish itself at MU was the Phi Delta Phi law fraternity in 1890. Professional fraternities, which became co-ed in the 1970s, continue to play an influential role at the University. In fact, the fraternity with the largest number of members at the University is a professional fraternity - Alpha Kappa Psi.

The first historically black fraternity to establish a chapter at MU was Kappa Alpha Psi, when the Delta Omega chapter was established on March 18, 1961. Since that time, the remaining members of the Divine nine have all chartered chapters at the University.

Recent History

1986 An out of control New Year's Eve party hosted by Alpha Tau Omega resulted in five arrests and more than $40,000 in damages when the raucous crowd spilled out of the Holiday Inn Riverfront into downtown St. Louis. A trail of broken glass and underwear led out of the hotel into the streets. Police Lt. Richard Swateck said that "it was disgusting," in reference to the event that was described as "worse than 'Animal House'" ["Missouri Fraternity Party Leaves $40,000 in Damage." "San Jose Mercury News". January 2, 1986]

1988 In the early hours of April 22nd the Phi Delta Theta house caught fire and burned to the ground. Residents were forced to evacuate and move into dorms. The fire caused an estimated $700,000 in damage to the property. The house was rebuilt in the summer of 1988 and the members moved back in for the fall semester. ["Mizzou Investigating Fraternity House Fire" "St. Louis Post-Dispatch". April 29, 1988]

1989 At the annual Bid Day Bash street party in August, the first in a series of sexual assaults took place when a sophomore was raped as she returned home from the fraternity-sponsored event. ["2 Sought In Rape Of Student After Mizzou's 'Bid Day Bash. "St. Louis Post-Dispatch." August 31, 1989.]

In October, the University suspended 28 "little sister" organizations following four alcohol-related, fraternity-associated sexual assaults during the first half of the fall semester. The action was followed by a new alcohol policy in December that restricted drinking to party guests who are at least 21 years old and prohibited the distribution of alcohol after 1:30 am. [ [ Campus Life: Missouri; Now, Fraternities Must Check Ages Of Party Guests - New York Times ] ]

1990 In August, the annual Bid Day Bash resulted in 7 arrests and 35 people were admitted to the hospital with injuries. The Greektown-wide party, sponsored by Phi Kappa Theta and sanctioned by the Inter-Fraternity Council, was an annual tradition to celebrate the selection of women by sororities. An estimated 10,000 people attended, despite Phi Kappa Theta's to refusal to supply liquor due to new restrictions imposed following alcohol-related problems the previous year. Many party-goers brought coolers full of beer and overwhelmed the 25 police officers assigned to the event. A local high school student sustained serious burns when he climbed to the top of a telephone pole and attempted to drink a can of beer while being pelted from below with bottles and cans full of beer. He fell into the crowd below after grabbing an electrical wire. When emergency crews attempted to reach the student, the front window of an ambulance were broken out and a police car's back window was broken by bottles and cans thrown from the crowd. [ [ CAMPUS LIFE: Missouri; Fraternity Party Turns Violent; Ban Is Adopted - New York Times ] ]

In September, Phi Kappa Theta and Alpha Tau Omega were placed on probation for their roles in the Bid Day Bash street party. ["Mizzou Fraternities Put On Probation." "St. Louis Post-Dispatch". September 14, 1990]

1991 In February, Phi Kappa Theta, which was already on probation following the fall Bid Day Bash, was suspended for four years following reports of sleep deprivation of pledges and other hazing activities at the fraternity house. ["MU suspends fraternity for hazing. Four year penalty is latest action against Phi Kappa Theta." "Kansas City Star". February 2, 1991.]

1993 At the close of the spring 1993 semester, Alpha Gamma Delta headquarters dissolved MU's Epsilon Alpha chapter after several years of unsuccessful recruitment. The sorority had struggled continuously in membership numbers since returning to campus in 1982. The former Alpha Gamma Delta House was purchased in 1993 by Alpha Kappa Lambda. []

Phi Kappa Theta returned to campus in the fall, following its three year suspension.

Sigma Chi was placed on probation for the fall semester after tying a member naked to a light pole in the middle of campus and throwing garbage at him. ["Some MU fraternities stressing Nude Deal." "St. Louis Post-Dispatch". October 30, 1995.]

National expansion representatives from Delta Sigma Phi began recruiting on campus in January in an effort to recolonize the chapter at MU, which lost its charter in 1994. Tau Kappa Epsilon leased the Delta Sigma Phi house while that fraternity was dissolved.

Lambda Chi Alpha's charter was suspended, and the fraternity moved from its house at 503 Kentucky Ave.

Tau Kappa Epsilon turned over its charter to its headquarters following several semesters of struggling recruitment.

Predominantly Jewish sorority Alpha Epsilon Phi closed its doors due to declining membership at the end of spring semester and Alpha Kappa Lambda purchased the house.

The new Alpha Tau Omega house was completed at 909 Richmond Ave., and it was touted as the first substance-free house at MU. The $2.5 million, 22,000 sq ft, house included a state-of-the-art computer room, an underground parking garage, and six-person suites complete with common areas.

In October, a freshman Beta Theta Pi pledge was found drunk, naked, and injured outside Mark Twain Hall after a pledge event. This issue was the breaking point in a series of alcohol related problems with Greek houses that forced campus officials and the Greek community to begin looking into a complete ban of alcohol from the Greek houses on campus. The policy to be implemented would become commonly known as "Dry2K".

Also in October, Alpha Tau Omega members were discovered to have dumped approximately three truckloads of garbage around the house of UM President Manuel Pacheco. The garbage consisted mostly of straw, plastic cups, broken beer bottles, smashed pumpkins ,and a broken toilet bowl. The trash was found to be from the fraternity's "Cornjigger" party.

Sigma Tau Gamma closed its chapter due to membership difficulties. At the time, the fraternity was located on Providence Rd. between the Alpha Phi and Pi Kappa Alpha houses.

The Beta Epsilon chapter of Pi Kappa Phi closed on August 22 following several semesters of warnings from its national headquarters regarding low recruitment numbers. Ownership of the Pi Kappa Phi house was immediately turned over to Boone County National Bank and Zeta Beta Tau Fraternity.

Since reaching a low point as the smallest sorority on campus in 1997, Alpha Phi found itself in the middle of a membership crisis. Alpha Phi International forced current members into immediate alumnae status in 1998 to prepare to recolonize the chapter with new members beginning in September. The result was a divided Greek community. Many Greeks wore buttons that said "MU Greeks Stand Together: I Support the new Alpha Phi".

On May 8, MU freshman Dominic Passantino died in a fire at the Sigma Chi house at 500 S. College Avenue. Passantino had been sleeping on the top bunk of a wooden loft that was enclosed in sheetrock. A lit candle caught the bunk on fire and quickly spread through the house before firefighters could contain the flames.

On July 6, fire gutted the vacant former Pi Kappa Phi house at 915 Richmond Ave. The cause of the fire was ruled as arson, and the last person in the house before the fire committed suicide. The house had been sitting vacant for the past year since Pi Kappa Phi has disbanded due to financial troubles.

In 1999, both Alpha Tau Omega and Kappa Alpha Psi were found guilty of hazing violations. Kappa Alpha Psi denied the allegations and were suspended from campus for four years. Alpha Tau Omega admitted to the violations, and the chapter was banned from many campus activities. In response, the fraternity's headquarters placed a full-page advertisement in The Maneater that stated that the fraternity condemns hazing and is taking actions to assure ATO becomes a "strong community citizen."

The Dry 2000, or "Dry2K," policy went into effect beginning in the fall semester. The new policy banned alcohol in Greek housing, and also at off-campus social events unless a licensed third-party vendor is contracted to handle the alcohol.

In November, Sigma Alpha Epsilon was found guilty of violating Dry 2000 and coercing pledges to drink. SAE was to be suspended until December 31, 2001. SAE national headquarters appealed the suspension, citing due process violations, and as a result, the suspension was reduced to one semester and lifted prior to the start of the fall 2001 semester. [ [ The Maneater - SAE fraternity returns from semester suspension, looks ahead ] ]

Several freshman lead an initiative to bring Sigma Tau Gamma back to the MU campus; however, the IFC's President's Council unanimously rejected the group's request for IFC recognition of the fraternity twice in 2001. The IFC cited that the fraternity needed to show more professionalism and seriousness.

In the fall, Phi Mu began recruiting in its efforts to establish its new chapter at MU. It had been selected the past May to become the 14 sorority on campus, beating out other finalists Delta Zeta and Alpha Omicron Pi. Phi Mu would reconstruct a house at the site of the former Lambda Chi Alpha house at 503 Kentucky Ave. Phi Mu had previously been active at MU from 1913 until World War II. Phi Mu's original chapter resided at the same location nearly 60 years earlier.

In October, the colony of Delta Sigma Phi regained their charter to once again become an official chapter. 2002
In fall 2002, Lambda Chi Alpha began recolonization on the MU campus.

In October, Greek Life and the interim vice chancellor for Student Affairs at MU imposed a four-year suspension on Sigma Chi following severe hazing violations. Sigma Chi's international headquarters went on to revoke the chapter's charter in response to the violations. 2003
In April, the new Lambda Chi Alpha colony signed a three-year lease with an optional fourth year on the Sigma Chi house at 500 S. College.

Sigma Tau Gamma was denied recognition for a third time by IFC before finally gaining approval following its fourth request for recognition.

Acacia was granted recognition as a colony on their first attempt, returning to campus after their 1983 departure.

In the fall, Pi Kappa Phi began the process of recolonizing on the MU campus, following their 1998 departure.

Sigma Kappa was warned by its headquarters that it could face losing its charter if recruitment numbers were not significantly boosted in the fall. 2004
On January 28, Sigma Kappa voted to cease operations and assume dormant status, because the charter was still falling significantly short of minimum numbers for recruitment that had been set by the sorority's national headquarters. Sigma Kappa members remained active in Greek life through May, at which time they assumed alumnae status. The sorority's housing corporation planned to retain ownership of the house at 908 Curtis Avenue. [ [ The Maneater - Sigma Kappa closes ] ]

On April 6, the Greek Week blood donation coordinator for Gamma Phi Beta, sophomore Christie Key, wrote in an email to sorority members, "I dont care if you got a tattoo last week LIE. I dont care if you have a cold. Suck it up. We all do. LIE. Recent peircings? LIE...Even if youre going to use the Do Not Use My Blood sticker, GIVE ANYWAY...We're not messing around. Punishment for not giving blood is going to be quite severe." The sorority was disqualified for the blood drive event, and the story was picked up by the Associated Press and gained national attention through coverage on media outlets such as Fox News and the New York Times. According to a statement from Gamma Phi Beta national headquarters, the blood drive e-mail had been sent "without the consent or approval of any chapter officer." [ [,2933,116976,00.html - Sorority Apologizes for Blood Drive Controversy - U.S. & World ] ]

In late April, members of Kappa Alpha Order packed an antique cannon on their front lawn with fireworks in an attempt to simulate a cannon blast. The blast from the fireworks destroyed the cannon and sent an 8-inch portion of the cannon crashing through the roof of an apartment building across the street. The large piece of metal tore through the fifth floor of the apartments before crashing through the ceiling and coming to a rest on a pingpong table a fourth floor lounge. Two members of the chapter were arrested, and the chapter was temporarily suspended pending the results of an investigation. Following the investigation, the chapter was allowed to keep its charter, but it was placed on social probation for one year and ordered to provide educational training to other MU Greeks. [ [ - Fraternity blows cannon into apartments; two arrested ] ]

Sigma Tau Gamma was officially re-chartered in the fall. On November 13, Pi Kappa Phi also regained its charter from its national organization.

In December, two members of Alpha Gamma Rho were charged with animal abuse after stuffing about 40 opossums into a plastic barrel as part of a bizarre contest. Following the incident, which took place on November 19, the Missouri Department of Conservation quoted members as saying they "planned to release the opossums into the yard of another fraternity." Only half of the opossums were found to still be alive after they were discovered. The Department of Conservation released the living opossums in a remote area. []

2005 Expansion consultants from Tau Kappa Epsilon arrived on campus in October to begin recolonization efforts at MU following the fraternity's 1997 departure from campus. Acacia was officially re-chartered in the Spring. []

In November, a junior member of Phi Kappa Psi sued the fraternity, alleging that the former MU chapter president Kyle Jackson sexually assaulted him in October 2003. In his complaint, he also alleged that neither the local chapter nor national organization did anything when he complained. Records indicated that several allegations of sexual assault had also been filed against Jackson while he was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi chapter at Arizona State University. Jackson was later expelled from the Arizona State chapter before coming to the University of Missouri. [ [ The Maneater - Fraternity member sues over assault ] ] 2006
In February, Sigma Chi returned to the MU campus after losing chapter status in 2002 due to severe hazing violations. According to the Department of Student Life, members of Sigma Chi contacted the university in 2005, and Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs Cathy Scroggs gave them permission to begin recruiting new members in 2006. The fraternity would face intense scrutiny and be forced to meet certain criteria during its first several years back on campus in order to get out of probation. [ [ The Maneater - Sigma Chi fraternity returns ] ]

On March 7, 2006, the Tau Kappa Epsilon colony was admitted to IFC, following a vote from the Interfraternity Council presidents. [ [ The Maneater - TKE admitted to IFC ] ] The colony initiated its first members on March 12. [ [ The Maneater - Tau Kappa Epsilon eyes MU return ] ]

Spring 2006 also brought the loss of Phi Gamma Delta's charter because of hazing violations and financial difficulty. [ [ The Maneater - Fraternity closes chapter, hazing issue led to choice ] ]

Pi Kappa Phi began leasing the vacant Sigma Kappa house at 908 Curtis Avenue in August 2006. [ [ Pi Kappa Phi History ] ]

In 2006, Sigma Phi Epsilon implemented drastic changes to improve the image of its MU chapter after a hazing incident in which a group of pledges were told to “kidnap” an older member member of the chapter in a prank that caused worried onlookers to call campus police. In response, SigEp eliminated its pledge program at its Missouri Alpha chapter and adopted the "Balanced Man Program" along with a new set of membership standards that included a minimum 2.6 grade point average. The fraternity's national headquarters kicked out a dozen members who did not meet the new standards, and another 41 members chose not to return to the chapter as a result of the changes. The house also underwent an extensive renovation and expansion that was completed in 2007. [ [,4670,ChangingFraternities,00.html - Fraternities Move Away From Party Image - Local News | News Articles | National News | US News ] ]

In October, Delta Upsilon was "found responsible for condoning and sanctioning members' hazing activities by providing alcohol to pledges" and "found responsible for physical abuse or other conduct that threatens or endangers the health or safety of any person or persons" after Delta Upsilon pledge Richie Riddle was hospitalized when he was found in a pool of blood outside the Newman Center, near the Delta Upsilon house. [ [ The Maneater - Probation keeps two chapters from Greek Week competition ] ]

In November, Alpha Tau Omega once again found itself under intense scrutiny when the MU chapter caused more than $10,000 worth of damage to a Lake of the Ozarks resort during the weekend of November 12-13. The fraternity was responsible for throwing dishes and furniture into the lake and causing significant damage to a golf cart when a fraternity member attempted to drive it over the lake retaining wall. ATO's national chapter chose to penalize the individual members involved rather than the chapter as a whole, and the resort agreed not to press charges as long as the fraternity compensated for the damages within one week of the offense. The MU Greek Life office, however, imposed nine sanctions on Alpha Tau Omega as a result of their actions at the resort. [ [ The Maneater - Fraternity appeals sanction ] ] 2007
Alpha Tau Omega was banned from participation in Greek Week activities after holding a major social event that violated the social probation that had been imposed on the chapter after damaging property at a hotel in Lake of the Ozarks in November 2006. Delta Upsilon was also banned from Greek Week as part of probation that would last until May 2008. [ [ The Maneater - Probation keeps two chapters from Greek Week competition ] ]

The Xi Xi colony of Sigma Chi regained its house at 500 S. College Avenue in summer 2007, which had previously been leased to Lambda Chi Alpha since 2003. In August, the chapter hosted Sigma Chi's International Balfour Leadership Training Workshop, and the colony regained its status as an official chapter of Sigma Chi at that time. The international president of the fraternity was on hand to lead the initiation of the members and return the charter. [ The Maneater - Fraternities rearrange housing in Greektown ] ]

With Lambda Chi Alpha forced to move out of the house at 500 S. College, it in turn purchased the house formerly belonging to Delta Chi at 111 E. Stewart Road. Low membership forced Delta Chi to sell its house on Stewart. Despite low membership, Delta Chi planned to remain active on campus and hoped to invest the money toward purchasing or constructing a new house in three to five years.

In September, "Frat Pit" was declared off-limits to tailgating. "Frat Pit" was a popular area for several Greek groups to tailgate, located at the corner of Providence Road and Champions Drive. The Office of Student Affairs, Administrative Services, the athletic department and the MU Police Department all had a part in the decision to prohibit student tailgating at the popular location. Several past violations at the location, including charges of possession of alcohol by a minor, complaints of public urination, and community disturbance, led to the decision to declare the location off-limits. [ [ The Maneater - 'Frat Pit' off limits ] ]

Due to the growing number of women interested in joining sororities on campus, the Panhellenic Council voted to invite Sigma Sigma Sigma to join the Greek community at MU on Monday, October 15, 2007. Sigma Sigma Sigma accepted the invitation and plans to colonize at MU in fall 2008. [ [ November.07(1.3) ] ] 2008
In January, two members of Sigma Alpha Epsilon were arrested on suspicion of first-degree burglary and felony stealing after allegedly breaking into the nearby Kappa Sigma fraternity house. [ [ The Maneater - Fraternity burglarized ] ]

A Theta Chi interest group was formed by several students on campus and received recognition as an official student organization in March 2008. The group hoped to achieve colony status in the spring and achieve chapter status by the close of the fall 2008 semester. [ [ The Maneater - Students form Theta Chi interest group ] ]

In June 2007, the MU Department of Student Life notified Sigma Alpha Epsilon of five sanctions against the fraternity. In February 2008, SAE was notified by of the Greek Life Office of 11 additional sanctions against the fraternity. On April 3, 2008, the Department of Student Life notified SAE that that fraternity had officially lost its status as an official student organization at the university, effective immediately. The sanctions would last until August of 2012, which would allow all current members to graduate before the fraternity could become active again. [ [ The Maneater - SAE loses org. status ] ] SAE did not appeal the actions taken by the Department of Student Life, and an investigation began by SAE national headquarters that was separate from the MU Student Life investigation. [ [ The Maneater - Fraternity does not appeal org. status loss ] ]

Alpha Delta Pi, Phi Kappa Theta, and Tau Kappa Epsilon were named champions of Greek Week 2008. Controversy surrounded the results because Alpha Delta Pi sorority had been disqualified from the blood drive event in accordance with the Greek Week rule book. Phi Kap and TKE were not guilty of the offense, and therefore the two fraternities still received points that they had earned as organizations. A number of other Greek students felt that the pairing should have been penalized as a whole instead of only ADPi. Such a move would have prevented the trio from capturing the Greek Week championship. [ [ The Maneater - Winners announced in Greek Week events ] ]

Members of Phi Kappa Theta, Tau Kappa Epsilon, Sigma Chi, and FarmHouse hosted a special benefit concert on April 22 at the Blue Note to raise money to help the family of Mike Maniaci, a senior member of Phi Kappa Theta and Alpha Kappa Psi who was critically injured after being hit by a car while on spring break in Panama City Beach, Fla. [ [ Columbia Missourian - Benefit concert to help MU student critically injured over spring break ] ]

Following Sigma Alpha Epsilon's loss of status in April as an official organization, the chapter's charter was suspended indefinitely by SAE headquarters. Acacia Fraternity quickly took advantage of the opportunity and signed a two-year lease on the property with the option of adding an additional two-year extension. Acacia moved into the residence at 24 E. Stewart Road on June 1st after previously residing at a much smaller residence at 1404 Wilson Ave. []

Zeta Beta Tau fraternity reactivates its chapter at the University of Missouri. The Omega chapter left Missouri in 1994 due to dwindling recruitment rates.


*Interfraternity Council (IFC) - Bryan VanGronigen, President
*Multicultural Greek Council (MGC) - Jamie Kanki, President
*National Pan-Hellenic Council, Inc. (NPHC) - Chris Addae, President
*Panhellenic Association (PHA) - Diamond Scott, President


2007 Overall Results
* 1st: Alpha Delta Pi, Pi Kappa Alpha
* 2nd: Kappa Delta, Alpha Gamma Sigma, Tau Kappa Epsilon
* 3rd: Pi Beta Phi, Phi Kappa Theta
* 4th: Kappa Alpha Theta, Pi Kappa Phi, Beta Sigma Psi
* 5th: Chi Omega, Delta Tau Telta, Delta Chi

2006 Overall Results
* 1st: Phi Mu, Pi Kappa Alpha
* 2nd: Kappa Delta, Alpha Gamma Rho
* 3rd: Kappa Alpha Theta, Alpha Gamma Sigma, Beta Sigma Psi
* 4th: Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Kappa Lambda
* 5th: Gamma Phi Beta, Lambda Chi Alpha

Greek Week

2008 Overall Results
* 1st: Alpha Delta Pi, Phi Kappa Theta, Tau Kappa Epsilon
* 2nd: Kappa Kappa Gamma, Farmhouse, Delta Tau Delta
* 3rd: Kappa Alpha Theta, Delta Upsilon, Kappa Sigma
* 4th: Kappa Delta, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Phi Epsilon
* 5th: Gamma Phi Beta, Pi Kappa Alpha, Beta Sigma Psi2007 Overall Results
* 1st: Alpha Delta Pi, Beta Theta Pi
* 2nd: Kappa Alpha Theta, Phi Kappa Theta
* 3rd: Kappa Kappa Gamma, Pi Kappa Alpha, Sigma Tau Gamma
* 4th: Phi Mu, Pi Kappa Phi, Phi Kappa Psi
* 5th: Zeta Tau Alpha, Lamdba Chi Alpha, Delta Chi2006 Overall Results
* 1st: Kappa Kappa Gamma, Phi Kappa Theta, Alpha Epsilon Pi
* 2nd: Kappa Alpha Theta, Pi Kappa Alpha, Delta Tau Delta
* 3rd: Delta Delta Delta, Zeta Phi Beta, Beta Theta Pi, Delta Chi



External links

* [ MU Greek Life website]

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