Soranus (Greek physician)

Infobox Scientist
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birth_date = AD 98
birth_place = Ephesus
death_date = AD 138)
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field = physis
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Soranus, Greek physician, born at Ephesus, lived during the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian (AD 98-138). According to the "Suda", he practised in Alexandria and subsequently in Rome. He was the chief representative of the school of physicians known as "Methodists." His treatise "Gynaecology" is extant (first published in 1838, later by V. Rose, in 1882, with a 6th-century Latin translation by Muscio, a physician of the same school). Also extant are parts of treatises "On Signs of Fractures" and "On Bandages". Of his most important work ("On Acute and Chronic Diseases") only a few fragments in Greek remain, but we possess a complete Latin translation by Caelius Aurelianus (5th century). The "Life of Hippocrates" probably formed one of the collection of medical biographies by Soranus referred to in the "Suda", and is valuable as the only authority for the life of the great physician, with the exception of articles in the "Suda" and in Stephanus of Byzantium (s.v. polytonic|Κώς). The "Introduction to the Science of Medicine" (V. Rose, "Anecdota graeca", ii. 1870) is considered spurious.

References

*1911
*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Todman
first=Don
authorlink=
year=2008|month=Feb.

title=Soranus of Ephesus (AD 98-138) and the Methodist sect
journal=Journal of Medical Biography
volume=16
issue=1
pages=51
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 18463065
doi = 10.1258/jmb.2007.007011
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*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Gerdtz
first=J
authorlink=
year=1994|month=May.

title=Mental illness and the Roman physician: the legacy of Soranus of Ephesus
journal=Hospital & community psychiatry
volume=45
issue=5
pages=485-7
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 8045546
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Malinas
first=Y
authorlink=
year=1987|month=Nov.

title= [A theory of conception (Soranus of Ephesus)]
journal=Bull. Acad. Natl. Med.
volume=171
issue=8
pages=1027-32
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 3329943
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=DRABKIN
first=I E
authorlink=
year=|month=.

title=Soranus and his system of medicine
journal=Bulletin of the history of medicine
volume=25
issue=6
pages=503-18
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 14886677
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*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=DRABKIN
first=M F
authorlink=
coauthors=DRABKIN I E
year=1951|month=.

title=Caelius Aurelianus Gynaecia, fragments of a Latin version of Soranus' Gynaecia from a thirteenth century manuscript
journal=Bulletin of the history of medicine. Supplements
volume=13
issue=
pages=1-136
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 14886684
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

Bibliography

*Greek text
**Johannes Ilberg, "Sorani Gynaeciorum libri IV, De signis fracturarum, De fasciis, Vita Hippocratis secundum Soranum", "Corpus medicorum Graecorum" 4, Berlin, 1927.
**Paul Burguière, Danielle Gourevitch, and Yves Malinas, "Maladies des femmes" (with French translation), Collection Budé, 1988-.
*English translation
**Owsei Temkin et al., "Soranus' Gynaecology", Johns Hopkins Press, 1956.


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