Four Holy Cities


Four Holy Cities

The Four Holy Cities is the collective term in Jewish tradition applied to the cities of Jerusalem, Hebron, Tiberias, and Safed: "Since the sixteenth century the holiness of Palestine, especially for burial, has been almost wholly transferred to four cities—Jerusalem, Hebron, Tiberias, and Safed." [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=32&letter=P#176 Palestine, Holiness Of] by Joseph Jacobs, Judah David Eisenstein. Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906 ed.]
* Jerusalem has been the holiest city in Judaism and the spiritual homeland of the Jewish people since the 10th century BCE. [ [http://www.chabad.org/library/article.asp?AID=256076 Why Do Jews Love Jerusalem?] by Yeruchem Eilfort. Chabad.org/ Ideas & Beliefs/Questions & Answers/Mitzvot & Jewish Customs]
* Hebron is the burial place of the Jewish patriarchs.
* Safed came to be regarded as a holy city after the influx of Jews following the expulsion of Jews from Spain in 1492 and became known as a center of kabbalistic scholarship.
* Tiberias was significant in Jewish history as the place where the Jerusalem Talmud was composed and home of the Masoretes, but its status as a holy city is due to the influx of rabbis who established the city as a center for Jewish learning in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Of the Four Holy Cities for Judaism, two are holy cities to other Abrahamic religions as well. Islam and Christianity both regard Jerusalem as holy and Islam also reveres Hebron as well as the burial site of Abraham.

ee also

*Temple in Jerusalem
*Yishuv haYashan
*Holy of Holies

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holy Land — The Holy Land (Arabic: الأرض المقدسة, al Arḍ ul Muqaddasah ;Ancient Aramaic: ארעא קדישא Ar a Qaddisha ; Hebrew: ארץ הקודש Arets HaQodesh ), generally refers to the geographical region of the Levant called Land of Canaan or Land of Israel in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Cities and towns in West Bengal — Image of Harrison Street Strand Road and Burra Bazaar in Kolkata (Calcutta) in 1945, shortly before the urban expansion of West Bengal West Bengal is the state with highest population density in India.[ …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Roman Empire — Holy Roman Empire[1] Imperium Romanum Sacrum Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation Sacro Romano Impero …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Week (Catholic Church) — Holy Week in the Catholic liturgical calendar is the week from Palm Sunday (also called Passion Sunday) through Holy Saturday. What occurs during Holy Week Each of the days of Holy Week has its own traditions of services in the West. Believers… …   Wikipedia

  • HOLY PLACES — HOLY PLACES. Because of its history, the Land of Israel possesses places holy to the three monotheistic religions, although the term holy means something different to each of these religions, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. (See Map: Holy… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc — Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc * UNESCO World Heritage Site …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Roman Empire — a Germanic empire located chiefly in central Europe that began with the coronation of Charlemagne as Roman emperor in A.D. 800 (or, according to some historians, with the coronation of Otto the Great, king of Germany, in A.D. 962) and ended with… …   Universalium

  • Cities in A Song of Ice and Fire — Much of the action in George R.R. Martin s epic fantasy series A Song of Ice and Fire takes place in and around various settlements and strongholds of note on the continent of Westeros. This page covers the cities in Westeros, as opposed to those …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Family Catholic High School (Victoria, Minnesota) — Infobox School name = Holy Family Catholic High School (Victoria, Minnesota) imagesize = caption = streetaddress = 8101 Kochia Lane city = Victoria state = Minnesota zipcode = 55386 country = USA coordinates = coord|44.858500|… …   Wikipedia

  • Four Great Inventions of ancient China — [ papermaking, outlined by Cai Lun in 105 AD] The Four Great Inventions of ancient China (zh tsp|t=四大發明|s=四大发明|p=sì dà fā míng, meaning four great inventions ) are four inventions that are celebrated in Chinese culture for their historical… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.