Green Arrow

Green Arrow

Cover to Green Arrow (vol. 2) #60 (May 2006).
Art by Scott McDaniel.
Publication information
Publisher DC Comics
First appearance More Fun Comics #73 (November 1941)
Created by Mort Weisinger
George Papp
In-story information
Alter ego Oliver Queen
Team affiliations Justice League
Queen Industries
The Outsiders
Partnerships Speedy
Green Lantern
Black Canary
Notable aliases The Emerald Archer, Battling Bowman, formerly Mayor Queen, Auu Lanu Lau'ava
Abilities Superlative archer and athlete; skilled martial artist and swordsman
Green Arrow
Series publication information
Publisher DC Comics
Schedule Monthly
Format (vol 1)
Limited series
(remainder)
Ongoing[1]
Publication date (vol 1)
May – August 1983
(vol 2)
February 1988 – November 1998
(vol 3)
April 2001 – August 2007
(.../Black Canary)
December 2007 – April 2010
(vol 4)
April – June 2010
(vol 5)
August 2010
Number of issues (vol 1)
4
(vol 2)
139 (including issues numbered 0 and 1000000), 7 Annuals
(vol 3)
75
.../Black Canary
32
(vol 4)
3[1]
(vol 5)
6 (as of December 2010)
Main character(s) (vol 1,3-5)
Oliver Queen
(vol 2)
Oliver Queen
Connor Hawke
(...Black Canary)
Oliver Queen
Black Canary
Supporting characters
(vol 2)
Black Canary
(vol 3)
Speedy (Mia Dearden)
Black Canary
Connor Hawke
(vol 3)
Connor Hawke
Creative team
Writer(s) Mike Barr
Mike Grell
Kelley Puckett
Chuck Dixon
Kevin Smith
Brad Meltzer
Judd Winick
Andrew Kreisberg
Artist(s) Trevor von Eeden
Dick Giordano
Jim Aparo
Phil Hester
Ande Parks

Green Arrow (Oliver "Ollie" Queen) is a fictional superhero that appears in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Mort Weisinger and George Papp, he first appeared in More Fun Comics #73 in November 1941. His secret identity is Oliver Queen, billionaire and former mayor of fictional Star City.[2] Dressed like Robin Hood, Green Arrow is an archer who invents trick arrows with various special functions, such as glue arrows, net arrows, explosive arrows, time bomb arrows, grappling arrows, fire extinguishing arrows, flash arrows, tear gas arrows, cryonic arrows, boxing-glove arrows, and even a kryptonite arrow. Originally developed as an archery-themed analogue of the very popular Batman character, writers at DC have developed Green Arrow into a voice of left-wing and progressive politics very much distinct in character from Batman, with his own supporting cast.

Throughout his first twenty-five years, Green Arrow was not a significant hero. In the late 1960s, however, writer Denny O'Neil chose to have him lose his fortune, giving him the then-unique role of streetwise crusader for the working class and the disadvantaged. In 1970, he was paired with the more law-and-order-oriented hero Green Lantern in a groundbreaking, socially conscious comic book series. Since then, he has been popular among comic book fans and most writers have taken an urban, gritty approach to the character. The character was killed off in the 1990s and replaced by a new character, Oliver's son Connor Hawke, the second Green Arrow; however, Hawke proved a less popular character, and the original Oliver Queen character was resurrected in the 2001 "Quiver" storyline. In the 2000s, the character has been featured in bigger storylines focusing on Green Arrow and the character Black Canary, such as the DC event The Green Arrow/Black Canary Wedding and the high-profile Justice League: Cry for Justice storyline, the climax of which sees Green Arrow becoming a morally ambiguous anti-hero.[citation needed]

The character was not initially a well-known character outside of comic book fandom; he had appeared in a single episode of the animated series Super Friends in 1973. The character, however, became a prominent feature in the DCAU animated series Justice League Unlimited in the 2000s, reflective of his status in Justice League comic books, as well as the animated series The Batman and several DC Universe Animated Original Movies. From season six of popular live-action series Smallville, in 2006, Green Arrow has been played by actor Justin Hartley, who later becomes a core cast member; he was originally introduced in a guest run as a substitute for the restricted-rights character Batman. As a main character, Smallville prominently features Green Arrow supporting characters and mythos. David S. Goyer also attempted to get Green Arrow: Escape from Super Max into production as a film in the late 2000s.

Contents

Publication history

Beginnings, 1941–1968

More Fun Comics #91 (May/June 1943). Green Arrow's original costume. Initially he had green hair, however Jerald Watson decided that should be changed. Art by Cliff Young.

Green Arrow and Speedy first appeared in More Fun Comics #73 (cover-dated November 1941), which was illustrated by artist George Papp. Aside from the obvious allusions to Robin Hood, Mort Weisinger, when developing the character, was also inspired by a movie serial, The Green Archer, based on the novel by Edgar Wallace. He retooled the concept into a superhero archer with obvious Batman influences.[3] These include Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy, his use of an Arrowcar and Arrowplane, his use of an Arrowcave as headquarters, his alter ego as a billionaire playboy, the use of an Arrow-signal to summon him, and a clown-like arch foe named Bull's Eye, similar to Batman's arch-foe, the Joker.

Another Weisinger-created character called Aquaman also appeared for the first time in that issue, and these two back-up features continued to run concurrently in More Fun Comics until the mid-1940s, and then in Adventure Comics from 1946 until 1960. Green Arrow and Speedy also appeared in various issues of World's Finest Comics until issue #140 (1964). The Green Arrow and Speedy feature was one of five back-up features to be promoted in one of the earliest team-up books, Leading Comics.

Green Arrow was one of the few DC characters to keep going after the Golden Age of Comic Books. The longevity of the character was due to the influence of creator Mort Weisinger, who kept Green Arrow and Aquaman as back-up features to the headlining Superboy feature, first in More Fun Comics and then Adventure Comics. Aside from sharing Adventure Comics with him, issue #258 featured an encounter between a younger Oliver Queen and Superboy. The Green Arrow and Speedy feature during this period included a short run in 1958 written by Dick and Dave Wood and drawn by Jack Kirby.

Neal Adams and Dennis O'Neil, 1969–1983

In 1969, artist Neal Adams decided to update the character's visual appearance by giving him a Vandyke beard and costume of his own design in The Brave and the Bold #85. Inspired by Adams' redesign, writer Dennis O'Neil followed up on Green Arrow's new appearance by completely remaking the character's attitude in the pages of Justice League of America #75 (cover-dated November 1969), giving his personality a rougher edge. This revision was explained by having Oliver Queen lose his fortune, and then become an outspoken advocate of the underprivileged in society and the political left wing. For instance, he once saved a child's dog playing in a railyard, but instead of feeling satisfaction, he brooded on the larger problem of how the child had nowhere in the city to play safely.

Green Lantern (vol. 2) #76 (April 1970). Cover art by Neal Adams.

In the early 1970s, he became a co-feature with Green Lantern (Hal Jordan) in the latter's series in an acclaimed, but short-lived series of stories by O'Neil and Adams that dealt with various social and political issues in which Green Arrow spoke for radical change while Green Lantern was an establishment liberal figure, wanting to work within existing institutions of government and law. Where Queen advocated direct action, Hal Jordan wanted to work within the system; where Queen advocated social change, Jordan was more concerned about dealing with criminals. Each would find their beliefs challenged by the other. Queen convinced Jordan to see beyond his strict obedience to the Green Lantern Corps, to help those who were neglected or discriminated against. As O'Neil explained: "He would be a hot-tempered anarchist to contrast with the cerebral, sedate model citizen who was the Green Lantern."[4] The duo embarked on a quest to find America, witnessing the problems of corruption, racism, pollution, and overpopulation confronting the nation. Writer Denny O'Neil even took on current events, such as the Manson Family cult murders, in issues #78–79 ("A Kind of Loving") where Black Canary falls briefly under the spell of a false prophet who advocates violence.

It was during this period that the most famous Green Arrow story appeared, in Green Lantern (vol. 2) #85–86, when it was revealed that Green Arrow's ward Speedy was addicted to heroin.[2] In his zeal to save America, Oliver had failed in his personal responsibility to Speedy—who would overcome his addiction with the help of Black Canary, Green Arrow's then-love interest. This story prompted a congratulatory letter from the mayor of New York, John Lindsay. Unfortunately, the series did not match commercial expectations, and Neal Adams had trouble with deadlines, causing issue #88 to be an unscheduled reprint issue; the series was canceled with issue #89 (April/May 1972).

The duo were moved to the back-up feature in The Flash, issues #217 through #219. The socially relevant themes would continue, as the story opens with Oliver killing a criminal (albeit accidentally). Oliver shed himself of the remaining trappings of his super-heroic life (including crashing the Arrowplane into a mountain) and withdrew to an ashram monastery. He would find no peace there, and returned to the outside world at the request of Hal and Dinah. This storyline would prove very important to the character in the 1990s. After this three-part story, Green Lantern continued as a solo back-up in The Flash, while Green Arrow's solo stories began appearing in Action Comics.

"My Poor Ward" Green Lantern (vol. 2) #86 (November 1971). Cover art by Neal Adams.

In 1976, the Green Lantern title was re-launched starring both Hal Jordan and Ollie Queen, and the Green Arrow/Green Lantern partnership returned to more traditional superhero storylines. Denny O'Neill resumed writing the characters, while Adams-influenced artist Mike Grell drew the feature. After the title moved to solo Green Lantern stories, solo Green Arrow stories began appearing in the World's Finest title. The solo stories were frequently written by Elliot S. Maggin.

In his solo series, Oliver would land a job as a newspaper columnist, which allowed him to articulate his political beliefs in a more public field. In World's Finest #255 (1979), Queen ran for Mayor of Star City and lost in a close vote. Although there was reason to believe that the election had been fixed against him, Black Canary chose for him not to contest the results legally, effectively ceding the race to his opponent.

In May through August 1983, Green Arrow appeared for the first time in his own comic book, a four issue limited series of murder and betrayal that established potential for a full series. It was in this miniseries that Green Arrow would gain a running rivalry with the super villain Count Vertigo.

In 1985, a Green Arrow died in the Crisis on Infinite Earths, wearing red boots and gloves, suggesting this was a leftover Earth-2 character being disposed of, especially considering no resurrection was later acknowledged before his further appearances.

Longbow Hunters/Mike Grell Ongoing

Green Arrow: The Longbow Hunters #1, the gritty redefinition of the Green Arrow. Cover by Mike Grell.

In 1987, DC Comics launched the character into a new ongoing title as part of their mature audience comic line. Written and illustrated by Mike Grell, the revamp was launched with Green Arrow: The Longbow Hunters mini-series. In this three-issue prestige format limited series, a routine adventure against a group of drug runners led to tragedy as Black Canary was captured and brutally tortured. In response, Green Arrow murders his girlfriend's attackers. The mini-series would also introduce the enigmatic female Japanese archer, Shado, whose family suffered in a World War II internment camp.

Under Grell, Green Arrow would abandon the use of his trademark gadget arrows and relocate from Star City to Seattle, Washington. As the series was part of DC Comics' mature audience line, it took on a more gritty, violent, and urban tone, with Green Arrow often using deadly force against his enemies. Grell wrote the series for the first 80 issues, downplaying the super-hero aspects of the characters; Oliver abandoned his mask and was never actually referred to as "Green Arrow", and Black Canary was never shown using her sonic scream power (sometimes explained as having lost it due to the events of The Longbow Hunters, though this was not consistent with her appearances in other titles published during this period). While crossover specials were conceived to allow other writers (most notably Denny O'Neil, who wrote Batman and the mature audience comic The Question) to use Green Arrow, Grell wrote him as largely isolated from the rest of the DC Universe; when other DC characters like longtime friend Hal Jordan (a.k.a. Green Lantern) appeared, they did so in street clothes and used only their civilian names.[5]

In place of the super-hero community, Grell created his own supporting cast. In addition to Shado, Grell introduced Seattle police Lieutenant Jim Cameron, who was disgusted with Green Arrow's vigilante actions (including killing criminals); renegade CIA agent Greg Osborne, who began to monitor Queen's activities; and mercenary Eddie Fyers, initially introduced as Queen's adversary, but later to become a companion of necessity when Green Arrow was forced to leave Seattle after false accusations of aiding terrorists. Grell's run ended with Green Arrow #80, shortly after Dinah dumped Oliver.

During this period, the writer also redefined the character's origin in the four-part 1992 limited series, Green Arrow: The Wonder Year. Grell portrayed Oliver Queen as a thrill-seeker who inherits his family business at a very young age. Changed by his sojourn on the island, Oliver decided to take up crime fighting as a means of rebelling against his responsibilities. During his first adventure in Star City, Oliver Queen meets an old flame, Brianna Stone, a former college radical who warns him if he continued to carry his bow, he would one day have to use it for real. Grell's limited series also established Queen's attraction toward dangerous women.

Post Grell

Once Grell left the series, DC almost immediately began restoring Green Arrow to the mainstream DC Universe. His ongoing series (mostly written by Kelley Puckett and drawn by artist Jim Aparo) was removed from the "Mature Audience" line (which had evolved into "Vertigo") with #63, prior to Grell's departure, and Green Arrow began appearing in various super-hero titles as a guest, most notably Green Lantern #47, which had Oliver aiding Green Lantern in rescuing his longtime girlfriend Carol Ferris and her family from one of Hal's enemies, and the 1994 DC Comics mini-series Zero Hour. In Zero Hour, Queen is forced to shoot his old friend at a pivotal moment. Now tightly integrated in the DC Universe, the character Connor Hawke was introduced and revealed as Oliver Queen's son.

Connor Hawke and Oliver Queen on the cover to Green Arrow Secret Files & Origins #1 (December 2002). Art by Matt Wagner.

In Green Arrow #100-101, Oliver would infiltrate a group of eco-terrorists known as the Eden Corps and sacrifice his life in order to prevent the group from detonating a bomb that would destroy the city of Metropolis[2], the resulting explosion completely atomising Queen's body so that his identity could only be confirmed by Superman witnessing his death. This allowed the writers to shake up the status quo by making Connor Hawke a replacement Green Arrow. The series, now written by Chuck Dixon, would continue, with Hawke as the main focus until issue #137, when the series was cancelled.

Smith, Hester and Parks/Meltzer 2000–2004

Promotional for Green Arrow (vol. 3) #1 cover. Art by Matt Wagner.

In 2000, Oliver Queen is revived in a new series, Green Arrow (vol. 3), in the story arc "Quiver", written by Kevin Smith and illustrated by Phil Hester and Ande Parks. Picking up the thread from "The Final Night", Smith reveals that Hal's resurrection of Oliver was a flawed one,Template:Clarity in that Hal opted to resurrect Oliver in a form that had no memory of the events of The Longbow Hunters mini-series or of the subsequent events that followed, up until his death. His resurrection is used by the grandfather of Stanley Dover in an attempt to gain power over Stanley's monster. At the climax of the story, Oliver's soul returns from heaven (his earthly duplicate not possessing a soul), and helps his son Connor Hawke fight a horde of demons. Dover is defeated and actually consumed by the Beast, who then leaves of his own accord. Oliver also finds himself independently wealthy again, as Dover had transferred all his financial assets to Oliver in anticipation of taking over his body. He also picked up a new sidekick, Mia Dearden, who would become the new Speedy, under Oliver's tutoring.[6]

After the resurrection storyline, Smith wrote a second and shorter arc involving a super-powered serial killer named Onomatopoeia that sought to claim Connor Hawke as his latest victim. Smith then left the title, and Brad Meltzer took over as writer. Meltzer went on to write the mini-series Identity Crisis, which heavily featured Green Arrow as one of the story's main characters.

Meltzer's single storyline for Green Arrow featured Oliver and former sidekick Roy Harper reuniting and going on a cross-country road trip to pick up old possessions of Oliver's, most notably a spare Green Lantern power ring entrusted to him by Hal Jordan many years earlier. The story also revealed that Oliver knew all along that Connor Hawke was his son and was even present at his birth, but that Oliver ultimately abandoned Connor and his mother, because of his fear of the responsibilities of fatherhood. Meltzer's storyline would continue into the mini-series Green Lantern: Rebirth, which featured Oliver's attempts to use the ring.

During this time, the character also appeared in a number of other titles, such as the Justice League and Justice League Elite. This series is notable for showing a brief affair with Dawn, the wife of the team's magical expert Manitou Raven.

Judd Winick, 2004–2008

Judd Winick took over as Green Arrow writer and made many changes. Mia Dearden, the new Speedy, was revealed to be HIV positive, and attempts were made to expand Green Arrow's Rogues Gallery with Merlyn the archer, Constantine Drakon, and Danny Brickwell (the Brick) joining the cast of existing Green Arrow villains such as the illusion-casting Count Vertigo and the enigmatic Onomatopoeia (himself a relatively recent addition). Other DC villains, such as the Riddler, made guest appearances throughout his run.

In 2006 Andy Diggle and Jock's Green Arrow: Year One[7] presented the most recent official version of his origin. Using concepts from previous iterations, Oliver Queen is a rich, thrill-seeking activist who is attacked, thrown overboard, and washes up on a island where he learns of a smuggling operation. Upon witnessing the inhabitants' slave-like living conditions, he begins to take down the smugglers' operation. He eventually returns to civilization changed by his experiences. In the final part of the story, Oliver claims that a mutiny or the actions of a group of heroin dealers could be used as a cover story for what transpired, referencing the original Green Arrow origin story, as well as Mike Grell's version.

That year also saw the title (along with other DC comics titles) jump "One Year Later" after the events in Infinite Crisis,. Oliver, having once again amassed a large personal fortune, is the newly elected mayor of Star City. He continues his fight for justice both on the streets and within the political system. He also has a new costume, which appears to be a combination of the classic Neal Adams costume and the Mike Grell Longbow Hunters costume. In flashbacks, it is revealed that Oliver survived a near-fatal attack during the events of Infinite Crisis, and used his recuperation time to retrain.

He works with several expert instructors including a sensei known as Natas, who also trained Deathstroke. The current Green Arrow (vol. 3) series ended with issue #75 in June 2007, concluding with the character, having resigned as mayor after a scandal, proposing to Dinah (Black Canary).

Green Arrow/Black Canary

After the end of the ongoing series, DC Comics published a four-part bi-monthly Black Canary miniseries in which Green Arrow teamed up with Black Canary to help get Sin into school and establish a new life. This series concluded with Black Canary accepting his proposal. This resulted in DC Comics publishing three interconnected specials revolving around the Green Arrow/Black Canary wedding that tied into that month's "Countdown" stories. These were The Black Canary Wedding Planner, JLA Wedding Special, and The Green Arrow/Black Canary Wedding Special. The wedding special worked as a lead-in for a new Green Arrow/Black Canary series. At the conclusion of the wedding special, Black Canary is forced to kill Green Arrow after he appears to go mad and attacks her.

The new ongoing series picked up on this, quickly revealing that Green Arrow was alive (the dead Green Arrow being an impostor) and being held hostage by "Athena". Black Canary, Connor and Mia launch a rescue mission to save Green Arrow. As the team is united, and on their way to safety, Connor is struck by a bullet meant for Oliver, and is left in a vegetative state. While Connor rests, Oliver and Dinah go out and officially become married (since they never actually were married in the Wedding Special) but come home to find Connor has been kidnapped.

This storyline led directly into the second arc that followed the rescue of Connor Hawke from a mysterious foe. Connor is eventually found, now having recovered thanks to manipulation by Doctor Sivana. With issue #15, Andrew Kreisberg took over as the series writer.

Cry For Justice/Blackest Night

During the Blackest Night series, Oliver is transformed into a Black Lantern Corps member and attacks his former allies. During a battle with his son Connor, Connor says he never really forgave his father.[8]

Villain Prometheus destroys Star City and is eventually killed by Green Arrow, who murders him in secret.[9] It is then revealed that Green Arrow obsessively hunts super-villains,[10] including Prometheus' former allies. He realizes he has crossed a line and turns himself in, and Black Canary returns her wedding ring and declares their marriage over. Oliver is found not guilty, but is exiled from Star City's remains.[11]

Brightest Day

When the white ring brought Deadman to the ruins of Star City, a vast green forest instantly grew in the presence of the white light.[12]

Having been banished from Star City for murdering Prometheus, Green Arrow lives within the new forest, trying his best to protect a city still reeling from the death and destruction of the bomb attacks. With the law breaking down and numerous public figures being murdered, a new owner of Queen Industries, as a result of a hostile takeover, arrives to enforce peace and rebuild the city.[13] This self-proclaimed 'Queen' has a connection to Green Arrow's father and claims to be upholding the Queen family legacy where Oliver failed.[14]

The New 52

In DC's 2011 launch of the New 52, Green Arrow was given his own ongoing series. Ollie Queen is Green Arrow and he balances his own breaking of laws with his efforts to bring outlaws to justice across the globe.

Offspring/adopted children

  • Red Arrow—Roy Harper (former sidekick, former legal ward)
  • Speedy—Mia Dearden (sidekick)
  • Green Arrow (Connor Hawke)—biological son with Moonday "Sandra" Hawke
  • Robert—biological child with Shado
  • Olivia Queen—biological daughter with Black Canary, wife Dinah Queen (née Lance) in the Kingdom Come reality.
  • Arrowette—Cissie King-Jones (potential biological daughter)

Other versions

One-armed Green Arrow in The Dark Knight Returns.

Many alternative versions of the character have appeared in DC Comics publications. The original version of the character became established as the Earth-Two version of Green Arrow who was a member of the Seven Soldiers of Victory and All-Star Squadron in the 1940s, along with his sidekick Speedy. Aside from their origin, which states the two were trained together on a mesa top, their history nearly parallels the history of the Earth-One version, up until the point when Green Arrow and Speedy, along with their teammates, were thrown into various periods of time during a battle with the Nebula Man. He was killed during the Crisis on Infinite Earths. A retcon was made, in Crisis on Infinite Earths, that the Earth-Two Green Arrow had brown hair, as opposed to Earth-One's Green Arrow being blond. Similarly, the Earth-Two Speedy has blond hair, as opposed to Earth-One's Speedy having red.

The character appears in Frank Miller's Batman: The Dark Knight Returns and the sequel Batman: The Dark Knight Strikes Again. Despite missing an arm (implied to be because of Superman), Oliver still proves to be an effective archer (he grasps the nocks of his arrows in his teeth). The Emerald Archer later acquires a cybernetic replacement for his lost arm from Batman in the sequel. The death scene in Green Arrow #100–101 pays tribute to Miller's story. Superman's only course of action to rescue Green Arrow is by removing his arm, but Queen refuses to let him—admitting later in Quiver that he refused due to both his own issues at this point in his life and the more practical issue that he would be useless as an archer with one arm—thus bringing about his apparent death. In The Dark Knight Returns, Queen is portrayed as an anarchist, while in The Dark Knight Strikes Again he is explicitly described as a "billionaire turned Communist."

An older, balding Green Arrow would appear in Mark Waid and Alex Ross' futuristic vision Kingdom Come, where Oliver has joined forces with Batman to oppose Superman's army. He married his long time love Dinah Lance and they have a daughter, Olivia Queen.

Green Arrow appears in League of Justice, a The Lord of the Rings–inspired fantasy where the character is renamed "Longbow Greenarrow", a mysterious wizard resembling Gandalf; JLA: Age of Wonder shows Green Arrow as a defender of the poor and an enemy of oppression.

In JLA: The Nail and its sequel, Oliver is a featured as a crippled ex-hero, having lost an arm, an eye, and the use of his legs in a fight with Amazo, the same battle resulting in the death of Katar Hol. Bitter and furious, he is now wheelchair bound, and spreads fear on Perry White's talk show about the JLA being aliens and claims that they are planning to conquer the world; his former teammates speculate that this is his method of coping. In the sequel, Oliver's brain is transplanted into Amazo's body—the Flash having removed Amazo's computerized brain in an earlier fight—restoring his sanity, allowing him to defeat the creature threatening the universe at the cost of his own life, after mending fences with his former teammates.

In Batman: Holy Terror, Oliver Queen is mentioned as having been executed, found guilty of supporting underground Jewish "pornographers"; and he has a cameo as Bruce Wayne's society friend in Dean Motter's Batman: Nine Lives. Green Arrow has also appeared in the Justice League Unlimited spin-off comic book. Oliver Queen also appears in Mike Mignola’s Batman: The Doom That Came to Gotham, where he is portrayed as a latter-day Templar equipped with magic arrows dipped in the blood of Saint Sebastian. He is killed in issue #2 by Poison Ivy.

DC's weekly series 52 established a new 52-Earth Multiverse. On Earth-3, an evil equivalent of the Green Arrow is a member of the supervillain co-op called the Crime Society of America. In Tangent Comics (Earth-9), Green Arrow is a type of soda with the slogan: "Hits the Spot". On Earth-15, Roy Harper has replaced Oliver as the Green Arrow.[15] The Kingdom Come (Earth-22) and Dark Knight Returns (Earth-31) stories and their variations of Oliver were later amalgamated into the 52-Earth Multiverse. In the gender-reversed world of Earth-11, Oliver is now Olivia Queen, and that world's version of Black Canary closely resembles him in appearance.[16]

In Fringe (season 2, episode 23), Peter Bishop, in a parallel universe, is shown looking at a Red Lantern/Red Arrow comic. The Red Lantern/Red Arrow comic is a version of the famous Green Lantern/Green Arrow #76.

In the alternate timeline of the Flashpoint event, Oliver Queen is the head of Green Arrow Industries, a major military contracting company, and leads a ex-military band of Green Arrows. Even though Oliver is an inventive genius, he steals advanced gadgets from super-villains for military use. In one day, Oliver discovers his Green Arrows were killed by a female raider. Taking his weapons and gadgets to hunt down the woman in battle, Oliver shockingly learns that the woman reveals to him that she is a daughter of Vixen, Oliver's former lover, and the reason she attacked him was because of his industries build factories which specialize in testing super-villain weapons in American towns that inadvertently became targets for the super-villains looking to gain their weapons back. Shocked by her revelation, Oliver had only been stalling before his daughter is killed by his reserve teams he earlier called.[17]

Green Arrow and Warlord

Mike Grell's Warlord character, Travis Morgan, bears a striking resemblance to Oliver Queen. During Grell's run on Green Arrow, Travis Morgan shows up in Seattle in issue #27. After being attacked on sight by half of the Seattle underworld population (all of whom mistake him for Green Arrow), Morgan shows up at Queen's house and declares, "Whatever you've been doing to piss these people off... cut it out!!" Finally appearing on-panel together, Grell illustrates that while there is an uncanny resemblance, Travis Morgan is significantly taller than Oliver, and seemingly several years older. In Aquaman (vol. 5) #71, Aquaman accidentally passes through a dimensional portal that leads to Skartaris, the world of Warlord. When he meets Travis Morgan, he mistakes him for Oliver back from the dead (this was after Oliver had been killed by a terrorist's bomb, and before he was resurrected by Hal Jordan).[2] During Kevin Smith's Green Arrow run, during the "Quiver" story arc, Deadman pokes fun at the resemblance as well.[18]

Relaunch

DC Comics is planning to relaunch Green Arrow with issue #1 in Fall 2011.[19]

In other media

Collected editions

The trade paperback edition of The Archer's Quest (#16–21) was released as Volume 4 in the series after Straight Shooter (#26–31) was released as Volume 3. The hardcover editions of Quiver, The Sounds of Violence, and The Archer's Quest were never numbered.

Title Material collected ISBN
Beginnings & Team-up with Green Lantern
The Green Arrow by Jack Kirby Adventure Comics #250–256; World's Finest Comics #96–99
Showcase Presents: Green Arrow Adventure Comics #250–266, #268–269; Brave and the Bold #50, #71, #85; Justice League of America #4; World's Finest Comics #95–140 SC: 978-1-4012-0785-4
Green Lantern/Green Arrow Vol. 1 Green Lantern (vol. 2) #76–82 SC: 978-1-4012-0224-8
Green Lantern/Green Arrow Vol. 2 Green Lantern (vol. 2) #83–87, #89; The Flash (vol. 2) #212–219, #226 SC: 978-1-4012-0230-9
The Green Lantern/Green Arrow Collection Green Lantern (vol. 2) #76–87, #89, The Flash (vol. 2) #212–219, #226 HC: 978-1-5638-9639-2
Green Lantern: Emerald Allies featuring Green Arrow Green Arrow (vol. 2) #104, #110–111, #125–126; Green Lantern (vol. 3) #76–77, #92 SC: 978-1-5638-9603-3
Green Arrow Return
Green Arrow: Quiver Green Arrow (vol. 3) #1–10 HC: 978-1-5638-9802-0
SC: 978-1-5638-9965-2
Green Arrow: The Sounds of Violence Green Arrow (vol. 3) #11–15 HC: 978-1-5638-9976-8
SC: 978-1-4012-0045-9
'Green Arrow: The Archer's Quest Green Arrow (vol. 3) #16–21 HC: 978-1-4012-0010-7
SC: 978-1-4012-0044-2
Green Arrow: Straight Shooter Green Arrow (vol. 3) #26–31 SC: 978-1-4012-0200-2
Green Arrow: City Walls Green Arrow (vol. 3) #32, #34–39 SC: 978-1-4012-0464-8
Green Arrow: Moving Targets Green Arrow (vol. 3) #40–50 SC: 978-1-4012-0930-8
Green Arrow: Heading Into the Light Green Arrow (vol. 3) #52, #54–59 SC: 978-1-4012-1094-6
Green Arrow: Crawling From the Wreckage Green Arrow (vol. 3) #60–65 SC: 978-1-4012-1232-2
Green Arrow: Road to Jericho Green Arrow (vol. 3) #66–75 SC: 978-1-4012-1508-8
Green Arrow/Black Canary
Green Arrow/Black Canary: Road to the Altar Birds of Prey #109; Black Canary #1–4; Black Canary Wedding Planner SC: 978-1-4012-1863-8
Green Arrow/Black Canary: The Wedding Album Green Arrow/Black Canary #1–5; Green Arrow/Black Canary Wedding Special HC: 978-1-4012-1841-6
SC: 978-1-4012-2219-2
Green Arrow/Black Canary: Family Business Green Arrow/Black Canary #6–10 SC: 978-1-4012-2016-7
Green Arrow/Black Canary: A League of Their Own Green Arrow/Black Canary #11–14; Green Arrow Secret Files #1 SC: 978-1-4012-2250-5
Green Arrow/Black Canary: Enemies List Green Arrow/Black Canary #15–20 SC: 978-1-4012-2498-1
Green Arrow/Black Canary: Big Game Green Arrow/Black Canary #21–26 SC: 978-1-4012-2709-8
Green Arrow/Black Canary: Five Stages Green Arrow/Black Canary #27–30 SC: 978-1-4012-2898-9
Miscellaneous
Green Arrow: Year One Green Arrow: Year One #1–6 HC: 978-1-4012-1687-0
SC: 978-1-4012-1743-3
Green Arrow: The Longbow Hunters Green Arrow: The Longbow Hunters #1–3 SC: 978-0-9302-8938-6
Justice League: Rise and Fall Justice League: Rise and Fall Special #1, Green Arrow #31–32, Rise of Arsenal #1–4, Justice League #43 HC: 140123013X
Green Arrow: Into the Woods Green Arrow #1–7 HC: 1401230733
Green Arrow: Salvation Green Arrow #8–15 HC: 1401233945

References

  1. ^ a b The 4th volume carried on the numbering of Green Arrow/Black Canary series and tied into the "Blackest Night" and "Fall of Green Arrow" story lines/events. It only ran for three issues and may have been viewed as a finite series by the publisher.
  2. ^ a b c d Greenberger, Robert (2008). "Green Arrow". In Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 142–143. ISBN 0-7566-4119-5. OCLC 213309017. 
  3. ^ David, Peter (May 14, 1999). "'Aw, C'mon!' and other awards" "But I Digress...". Comics Buyer's Guide (1330). 
  4. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (June 2004). "Introduction". Green Lantern/Green Arrow Vol. 1. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1-4012-0224-8. 
  5. ^ Cronin, Brian (April 10, 2008). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #150". Comic Book Resources. http://goodcomics.comicbookresources.com/2008/04/10/comic-book-urban-legends-revealed-150/. Retrieved October 24, 2008. 
  6. ^ Smith, Kevin; Phil Hester, Ande Parks (May 2003). Green Arrow: Quiver. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1563899652. 
  7. ^ Diggle, Andy (April 2009). Green Arrow: Year One. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1401217433. 
  8. ^ Green Arrow (vol. 4) #31 (May 2010)
  9. ^ Justice League: Cry for Justice #1-7
  10. ^ Justice League of America (vol. 2) #41 (January 2010)
  11. ^ Justice League: Rise and Fall Special (March 2010)
  12. ^ "Brightest Day" #0
  13. ^ "Brightest Day: Green Arrow" #1
  14. ^ "Brightest Day: Green Arrow" #3
  15. ^ Countdown #24 (November 2007)
  16. ^ Countdown Presents: The Search for Ray Palmer - Superwoman/Batwoman #1 (February 2008)
  17. ^ Flashpoint: Green Arrow Industries one-shot (June 2011)
  18. ^ Kevin Smith. Green Arrow (vol. 3) #7 (October 2001)
  19. ^ Billionaire World-Traveling GREEN ARROW Returns for DCnU, Newsarama, June 14, 2011

External links


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