Rádio e Televisão de Portugal
network_name = Rádio e Televisão de Portugal
Public service broadcasting: Radio,
Portugal, Worldwide(via RTP Internacional)
State-owned enterprise( Public)
Guilherme Costa, Chairman of the board
August 4, 1935(radio) March 7, 1957(television)
website = [http://www.rtp.pt www.rtp.pt]
past_names = Emissora Nacional de Radiodifusão (until 1976)
Radiodifusão Portuguesa / Radiotelevisão Portuguesa (until 2004)
Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, S.A., commonly known as RTP and Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (Portuguese for "Radio and Television of Portugal"), is the Portuguese public service broadcasting corporation. It operates two terrestrial television channels and three national radio channels, in addition to several satellite and cable offerings.
RTP is a
corporationowned by the Portuguese state and funded through television advertising, government grants and the "Taxa de contribuição audiovisual" (broadcasting contribution tax), charged through electricity bills.
Emissora Nacional de Radiodifusão was established in
4 August 1935as the public national radio broadcaster, inheriting the previous broadcasting operations of Correios, Telégrafos e Telefones, the national postal service. Five years later, ENR became independent of the corporate arm of CTT.
ENR was one of the 23 founding broadcasting organizations of the
European Broadcasting Unionin 1950. After the Carnation Revolution, ENR was reorganized and changed its name to Radiodifusão Portuguesa (RDP) in 1976. During this process, several private radio stations such as Rádio Clube Português(RCP) were nationalized and reintegrated into RDP.
In 1979, the RCP network was rebranded
Rádio Comercial, and was later privatized in 1993. At the same time, RDP launched the youth-oriented radio station Antena 3, and abolished advertising from all of its stations, with the purpose of being funded solely by the aforementioned broadcasting contribution tax.
Radiotelevisão Portuguesa was established on
15 December 1955. Experimental broadcasts began in 1956 from the Feira Popular studios in Lisbon. Regular broadcasting, however, did not start until 7 March 1957, by which time coverage had reached approximately 65% of the Portuguese population. RTP was accepted as a full active member of the EBU in 1959. By the mid-1960s, RTP had become available throughout the country. Robert Farnon's "Derby Day" was extensively used as RTP's fanfare to open the programming since the very first day, and over the decades it has become RTP's official anthem. 25 December 1968saw the opening of a second television channel, RTP2. Two new regional channels were created in 1972, for the Portuguese archipelagos of Madeira(opening on 6 August) and the Azores( 10 August), and colour broadcasts began on 7 March 1977.
Before the Carnation Revolution, RTP was essentially a mouthpiece of the regime, and famously opened the newscast of
20 July 1969- the day of the first moon landing - with a segment showing president Américo Thomazopening a concrete factory.
Until 1991, RTP owned its transmitter network, which was transferred to a state-owned enterprise which, through a series of mergers, became part of
Portugal Telecom. RTP held the television monopoly until 1992, the year when the private SIC started broadcasting. Over the years, RTP's audience share has constantly reduced in favour of the private channels. 2007 was an exception to this tendency, and RTP1 became the second channel most watched in Portugal, only behind TVI.
In 2004, RTP and RDP merged and became part of a larger state-owned holding, named Rádio e Televisão de Portugal, and inaugurated the new headquarters near
Parque das Nações, in Lisbon. In the same year, the second channel was rebranded as '2:', promoting itself as the civil societyservice. Later in March 2007, 2: became 'RTP2' again.
Currently, RTP is celebrating its 50 years of television broadcasting, as well as planning the launch of two new television channels on the future DTT platform. One channel will be devoted to knowledge, and the other will focus on children's programming. [cite web
title =RTP estuda lançamento de novos canais
publisher =Diário Económico
RTP has 16 regional offices spread all over the country, as well as international bureaus in
Washington D.C., Brussels, Moscow, Braziland several other locations.
RTP aired the
2008 Olympic Gamesin HD through the ZON TV Cabosatellite and cable platform.
RTP1is the oldest of RTP's channels and also the flagship of RTP. It features general programming, such as news, talk shows, current affairs, drama, national and international movies and TV series.a;
RTP2is the main channel for cultural and factual programming, as well as children's programming.a;
RTPNor RTP Notícias (RTP News) is the 24 hour news channel b;
RTP Internacionalor RTPi is the international television service. In Macauand East Timor, it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming c;
RTP África, another international television service directed towards the African communities. In Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissauand São Tomé e Príncipeit is retransmitted locally, together with local programming b d;
RTP Açores, a regional opt-out channel broadcast in the AzoresIslands;
RTP Madeira, a regional opt-out channel broadcast in the MadeiraIslands;
RTP Memória("RTP Memory"), broadcasts classic RTP shows (similar to UKTV Goldin the UK) b;
* RTP HD, a temporary
High Definitionchannel which aired the 2008 Olympics. Currently RTP has no plans to continue this channel.
a Terrestrial channel available nationwide.b Available on the Portuguese cable and satellite platforms.c Available worldwide on satellite and cable platforms.d Available in several African countries on satellite and cable platforms.
RDP Antena 1, news, talk and sports station with a strong focus on Portuguese music a b;
RDP Antena 2, cultural programming, classical and world music, featuring live performances a;
RDP Antena 3, an up-tempo, youth-oriented station with focus on contemporary and alternative music a;
RDP Internacional, the international radio service c;
RDP África, programming directed towards the Portuguese-speaking African communities a.
Most RTP 1 news programmes are simulcasted with RTP Internacional, RTP África, RTP Açores, RTP Madeira and, sometimes, RTPN. These news programs include:
*Bom Dia Portugal (07-10 am), live from the
*Jornal da Tarde (1 pm), live from the
*Portugal em Directo (6 pm), live from the
Telejornal(8 pm), live from the Lisbonstudios.
RTP2's only news service is Jornal 2 (10 pm), a more short and objective newscast than the RTP 1 ones.
RTPN features hourly news updates and headlines.
Chairmen of the board
Almerindo Marques, 2002 –2008
Guilherme Costa, 2008 – present
Programming directors of RTP1
*Nuno Santos, 2002 –2007
José Fragoso, 2008 – present
Programming directors of RTP2
Manuel Falcão, 2003 –2006
Jorge Wemans, 2006 – present
List of Portuguese language television channels
Festival RTP da Canção
Television in Portugal
Digital television in Portugal
Sociedade Independente de Comunicação
* [http://rtp.pt/ Official Site] pt icon
** [http://tv.rtp.pt/EPG/tv/ TV schedules]
** [http://tv.rtp.pt/EPG/radio/ Radio schedules]
** [http://noticias.rtp.pt News]
** [http://rtp2.rtp.pt RTP2 website]
** [http://www.rtp.pt/rtpi/ RTP Internacional website]
** [http://multimedia.rtp.pt/ Multimedia section, with RSS, podcast, video-on-demand, TV and radio streams]
** [http://www.antena1.pt/ RDP Antena 1]
** [http://antena2.rtp.pt/ RDP Antena 2]
** [http://www.antena3.pt/ RDP Antena 3]
* en icon
* [http://www.youtube.com/rtp RTP channel on Youtube]
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