James Harry Lacey
Infobox Military Person
name= James Harry "Ginger" Lacey
caption= "Ginger" Lacey c. 1940.
Royal Air Force
No. 501 Squadron RAF(1939-1941)
57 OTU (1941)
602 Squadron (1942)
81 Group (1942)
No. 1 Special Attack Instructors School (1942)
No. 20 Squadron RAF(1943)
1572 Gunnery Flight(1943)
No. 155 Squadron RAF(1944) No. 17 Squadron RAF(1944-1948)
battles= Second World War
Croix de Guerre Distinguished Flying Medal
Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar
laterwork= Owner of a cargo air carrier, Flight instructor
Squadron LeaderJames Harry "Ginger" Lacey DFM & Bar ( 1 February 1917in Wetherby, near Leeds, Yorkshire, England– 30 May 1989) was one of the top scoring Royal Air Forcefighter pilots of the Second World War and was the second highest scoring RAF fighter pilot of the Battle of Britain, behind P/O Eric Lockof No. 41 Squadron RAF. Lacey was credited with 28 enemy aircraft destroyed, five probables and nine damaged. [Holmes 1998, p. 26.]
Lacey left King James Grammar School, Knaresborough in 1933. After four years as an apprentice pharmacist, he joined the RAFVR (
Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) in January 1937 as a trainee pilot at Perth, Scotland. In 1938, he then took an instructor's course, becoming an instructor at the Yorkshire Flying School. Called up at the outbreak of war, he joined No. 501 Squadron RAF.
econd World War
Battle of France
10 May 1940, the Squadron moved to Béthenivillein France where he experienced his first combat. On 13 Mayover Sedan, Lacey destroyed a Heinkel He 111and a Bf 109followed by a Bf 110in the afternoon. [Holmes 1998, p. 37.] He claimed two more He 111s on 27 Maybefore the squadron was withdrawn to England on 19 June, having claimed nearly 60 victories. On 9 June, he crash landed and was almost drowned in a swamp. During his operational duties in France, he was awarded the French Croix de Guerre.
Battle of Britain
Flying throughout the
Battle of Britainwith No. 501 based at Gravesend or Croydon, Lacey became one of the highest scoring pilots of the battle. His first kill of the battle was on 20 July 1940when he shot down a Bf 109E of Jagdgeschwader 27. He then claimed a destroyed Ju 87 and a “probable” Ju 87 on 12 Augustalong with a damaged Bf 110 and damaged Do 17 on 15 August, a probable Bf 109 on 16 August. He destroyed a Ju 88, damaged a Do17 on 24 Augustand shot down a Bf 109 of Jagdgeschwader 3on 29 August. He bailed out unharmed after being hit by return fire from a Heinkel He 111 on 13 August.
23 August, Lacey was awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal.
30 August 1940, during combat over the Thames Estuary, Lacey shot down a He 111 and damaged a Bf 110 before his Hurricane was badly hit from enemy fire. His engine stopped and he decided to glide the stricken aircraft back to the airfield at Gravesend instead of bailing out into the Estuary.
A highly successful August was completed when he destroyed a Bf 109 on the 31st.
2 September, Lacey shot down two Bf 109s and damaged a Do 17. He then shot down another two Bf 109s on 5 September. During a heavy raid on 13 September, he engaged a formation of "Kampfgeschwader" 55 He 111s over London where he shot down one of the bombers that had just bombed Buckingham Palace. He then bailed out of his aircraft, sustaining slight injuries, as he could not find his airfield in the worsening visibility.
Returning to the action shortly thereafter, he shot down a He 111, three Bf 109s and damaged another on
15 September 1940, one of the heaviest days of fighting during the whole battle, which later became known as “Battle of Britain Day”.
Two days later on
17 September, he was shot down over Ashford, Kent during a dogfight with Bf 109s and bailed out without injury. On 27 September, he destroyed a Bf 109 and damaged a Ju 88 on 30 September. During October he claimed a probable Bf 109 on 7 October, shot down a Bf 109 on 12 October, another on 26 Octoberand on 30 October, he destroyed a Bf 109 before damaging another.
During the Battle of France and the Battle of Britain, Lacey had been shot down or forced to land due to combat no less than nine times.
26 November 1940, with 23 claims (18 made during the Battle of Britain) Lacey received a Bar to his DFM for his continued outstanding courage and bravery during the Battle of Britain.
In January 1941, Lacey was commissioned and promoted to Acting
Flight Lieutenantin June. On 10 July 1941, as “A” Flight Commander, he shot down a Bf 109 and damaged another a few days later on the 14 July. On 17 July, he claimed a Heinkel He 59seaplane shot down and on 24 July, two Bf 109s (by causing them to collide). He was posted away from combat operations during August 1941, serving as a flight instructor with 57 OTU (Operational Training Unit).
During March 1942, Lacey joined No. 602 Squadron, based at
Kenleyflying the Spitfire Mk V and by 24 Marchhad claimed a Fw 190 as damaged. He damaged another Fw 190 on 25 April 1942before a posting to 81 Group as a Tactics Officer and later that year, in November, as Chief Instructor at the No. 1 Special Attack Instructors School, Milfield.
In March 1943, Lacey was posted to No. 20 Squadron, Kaylan in India before joining 1572 Gunnery Flight in July of the same year to convert from Blenheims to Hurricanes and then to Republic P-47 Thunderbolts. He stayed in India, being posted to command 155 Squadron flying the Spitfire VIII in November 1944 and then as CO No. 17 Squadron later that month. While based in India, Lacey claimed his last aircraft on
19 February 1945, shooting down a Japanese Army Air Force Nakajima Ki 43“Oscar” with only nine 20mm cannon rounds.
"Ginger" Lacey was one of the few RAF pilots on operational duties on both the opening and closing day of the war.His final tally was 28 confirmed, four probables and nine damaged.
After the war was over, Lacey went to Japan with No. 17 Squadron, becoming the first Spitfire pilot to fly over Japan on
30 April 1946. He returned to the UK in May 1946. After receiving a permanent commission in December 1948, Lacey retired from the RAF on 5 March 1967as a Flight Lieutenant; he retained the rank of Squadron Leader.
After retirement, Lacey ran an air freight business and instructed at a flight school near
"Ginger" Lacey died on
30 May 1989at the age of 72. In September 2001, a plaque was unveiled at Priory Church, Bridlington, Yorkshire in memory of the fighter pilot and ace.
* Bickers, Richard Townshend. "Ginger Lacey: Fighter Pilot". London: Hale Ltd., 1962. ISBN 1-330-02411-6.
* Bishop, Edward, ed. "The Daily Telegraph Book of Airmen's Obituaries". London: Grub Street, 2002. ISBN 1-902304-99-3.
* Holmes, Tony. "Hurricane Aces 1939–1940" (Aircraft of the Aces). Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 1998. ISBN 978-1-85532-597-5.
* Shores, Christopher and Clive Williams. "Aces High". London: Grub Street, 1994. ISBN 1-89869-700-0.
* [http://www.battle-of-britain.com Battle of Britain website]
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