Battle of Anchialus (708)
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Anchialus
The battle of Anchialus ( _bg. Битката при Анхиало) occurred in
708near the town of Pomorie, Bulgaria.
Origines of the conflict
705the Bulgarian Khan Tervelhelped the ex-emperor of Byzantium, Justinian IIto regain his throne after 10 years in exile. To show his gratitude, Justinian gave the Bulgariansan enormous quantity of gold, silver and silk as well as the "Zagore" area, located between Stara Zagora, Slivenand the Black Sea. Three years later, Justinian IIconsidered himself strong enough to invade Bulgariaand restore his rule over these lands.
Byzantinesreached the Anchialusfortress and set their camp there unaware of the fact that the Bulgarian army was in the vicinity. While the invaders were gathering food, Terveland his cavalry charged the outermost Byzantinetroops. In the same time the infantry attacked the camp. The Byzantines were surprised and confused; most of them perished in the battle or were captured as well as many horses and arms. The emperor was one of the very few who managed to reach the fortress and escaped to Constantinopleon a ship.
Bulgarianssecured the new territorial gains for centuries. In 711when a riot forced Justinian IIto seek for help, Tervelgave him only 3,000 soldiers who after several skirmishes were given safe conduct to Bulgariaby the new emperor and Justinian IIwas executed.
*Атанас Пейчев и колектив, 1300 години на стража, Военно издателство, София 1984.
*Йордан Андреев, Милчо Лалков, Българските ханове и царе, Велико Търново, 1996.
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