Battle of Anchialus (708)

Infobox Military Conflict


caption=
conflict=Battle of Anchialus
partof=the Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars
date=708
place=Anchialus
result=Bulgarian victory
combatant1=
combatant2=flagicon|Byzantine Empire Byzantine Empire
commander1=Tervel
commander2=Justinian II
strength1=Unknown
strength2=Unknown
casualties1=Unknown
casualties2=Heavy

The battle of Anchialus ( _bg. Битката при Анхиало) occurred in 708 near the town of Pomorie, Bulgaria.

Origines of the conflict

In 705 the Bulgarian Khan Tervel helped the ex-emperor of Byzantium, Justinian II to regain his throne after 10 years in exile. To show his gratitude, Justinian gave the Bulgarians an enormous quantity of gold, silver and silk as well as the "Zagore" area, located between Stara Zagora, Sliven and the Black Sea. Three years later, Justinian II considered himself strong enough to invade Bulgaria and restore his rule over these lands.

The battle

The Byzantines reached the Anchialus fortress and set their camp there unaware of the fact that the Bulgarian army was in the vicinity. While the invaders were gathering food, Tervel and his cavalry charged the outermost Byzantine troops. In the same time the infantry attacked the camp. The Byzantines were surprised and confused; most of them perished in the battle or were captured as well as many horses and arms. The emperor was one of the very few who managed to reach the fortress and escaped to Constantinople on a ship.

Aftermath

The Bulgarians secured the new territorial gains for centuries. In 711 when a riot forced Justinian II to seek for help, Tervel gave him only 3,000 soldiers who after several skirmishes were given safe conduct to Bulgaria by the new emperor and Justinian II was executed.

Sources

*Атанас Пейчев и колектив, 1300 години на стража, Военно издателство, София 1984.
*Йордан Андреев, Милчо Лалков, Българските ханове и царе, Велико Търново, 1996.


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