Jules Germain Cloquet

Jules Germain Cloquet (1790-1883) was a French physician and surgeon who practiced medicine in Paris. His older brother, Hippolyte Cloquet (1787-1840) was also a physician. In 1821 Jules Cloquet was one of the earliest members elected to the Académie Nationale de Médecine in Paris.

Cloquet was known for his expertise as a surgeon, especially his work done with hernial disorders. He was also the first to describe and identify the remnant of the embryonic hyaloid artery. This vestige was to become known as Cloquet's canal. Cloquet's name is also associated with three anatomical terms regarding the femoral canal:
* "Cloquet's hernia": a hernia of the femoral canal.
* "Cloquet's septum": a fibrous membrane bounding the annulus femoralis at the base of the femoral canal.
* "Cloquet's gland": small lymphatic nodes in the femoral canal.

Cloquet was a skilled artist, in his best known work "Anatomie de l'homme", most of the 1300 illustrations were drawn by him. He was the inventor of several surgical instruments, including an arterial forceps. He also had a keen interest in alternative medical practices such as hypnosis and acupuncture.

External Reference:

* [http://www.mrcophth.com/ophthalmologyhalloffame/cloquet.html Photo, Biography & List of Written Works of Jules Cloquet]
* [http://web2.bium.univ-paris5.fr/livanc/?cote=05945&do=livre Manuel d'anatomie descriptive du corps humain by Jules Cloquet]
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/anatomia/application/book_description.cfm?PlateNum=RBAI070-0001&book_id=RBAI070&plate_id=0001&size=0&query=Cloquet,%20Jules,%201790-1883&browsetype=book_author&startrow=1 Illustrations from Manuel d'anatomie...]


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  • Jules Germain Cloquet — (* 18. Dezember 1790 in Paris; † 23. Februar 1883 ebenda) war ein französischer Chirurg und Anatom. Er wirkte ab 1824 als Professor für Chirurgie in seiner Heimatstadt und veröffentlichte neben anderen Werken zwischen 1821 und 1831… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jules Germain Cloquet — Jules Cloquet Jules Germain Cloquet (1790 1883) est un chirurgien français, frère du médecin Hippolyte Cloquet (1787 1840). En 1821, Jules Cloquet est l un des premiers membres élus à l Académie Nationale de Médecine de Paris. En 1829, Cloquet… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jules Cloquet — Jules Cloquet. Jules Germain Cloquet (1790 1883) est un chirurgien français, frère du médecin Hippolyte Cloquet (1787 1840). En 1821, Jules Cloquet est l un des premiers membres élus à l Académie Nationale de Médecine de Paris. Il s intéressa à l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cloquet's node — Lymph: Cloquet s node 4. Deep inguinal lymph nodes (Cloquet s node is superiormost) Gray s …   Wikipedia

  • Cloquet canal node etc. — Clo·quet canal, node, etc. (klo kaґ) [Jules Germain Cloquet, French surgeon, 1790–1883] see canalis hyaloideus, nodus lymphoideus inguinalis profundus proximalis, vestigium processus vaginalis, and septum femorale, and see pectineal hernia,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Cloquet — (frz. Klokäh), Hippolyt, geb. 1787 zu Paris, st. daselbst als Professor der Anatomie 1840; er lieferte ausgezeichnete anatom. Präparate und ist dem medicin. Publicum durch mehrere Schriften und ausgezeichnete anatom. Tafeln bekannt. Sein Bruder… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hippolyte Cloquet — (1787 March 3, 1840) was a French physician and anatomist who was a native of Paris. He was the brother of surgeon Jules Germain Cloquet (1790 1883), and father to Ernest Cloquet (1818 1856), who was a personal physician to Mohammad Shah Qajar of …   Wikipedia

  • Hyaloid artery — Artery: Hyaloid artery The hyaloid artery is located on the gray band near the center of the image. Latin arteria hyaloidea …   Wikipedia

  • Conducto hialoideo — El conducto hialoideo o canal hialoideo, también conocido como conducto de Stilling o canal de Cloquet, es una zona clara central del ojo que atraviesa el humor vítreo desde la papila o disco óptico hasta el cristalino. Es más estrecho en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antonio Gimbernat y Arbós — (Cambrils, 1734 Madrid, 1816) fue un eminente cirujano y anatomista español, conocido principalmente por su contribución a la descripción de la anatomía del canal inguinal y a la técnica de reparación de la hernia crural. Contenido 1 Biografía… …   Wikipedia Español

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