Heinrich Marschner

Heinrich Marschner, lithograph after a drawing by F. A. Jung, c. 1830.

Heinrich August Marschner (Zittau, 16 August 1795 – Hanover, 16 December 1861), was the most important composer of German Romantic opera between Carl Maria von Weber and Richard Wagner, and is remembered principally for his operas Hans Heiling (1833), Der Vampyr (1828), and Der Templer und die Jüdin (1829). Marschner’s ability to depict supernatural horror by musical means is especially evident in the first two operas as well as in some of his ballads, such as "Die Monduhr" (c. 1839). Next to his operas, his most significant musical contribution is to the Lied, the best of which are comparable with those by Carl Loewe. Marschner also wrote a considerable amount of chamber music, including seven piano trios, as well as unaccompanied male choruses that were very popular in the nineteenth century. While Marschner’s operas strongly influenced Wagner, his chamber music, songs, and his cantata Klänge aus Osten (1842) were admired by Robert Schumann, whose cantata Paradise and the Peri (1843) shows the older composer’s influence. Marschner’s Bagatelles for guitar (1814) have been revived by guitarists, and so have been some of his piano trios. Among his operas, Hans Heiling and especially Der Vampyr have been adapted and revived in recent years with considerable success.

Contents

Biography

Marschner was widely regarded as one of the most important composers in Europe from about 1830 until the end of the 19th century. He was a rival of Weber and friend of Beethoven and Mendelssohn. Even today, he is generally acknowledged as the leading composer of German opera between Weber's death and Wagner, producing many fairy or magic operas with thematic material based on folksong, a genre that had been introduced with Weber's Der Freischütz (1821). His last-mounted production was Austin in 1852, after which the rising star of Richard Wagner eclipsed Marschner.

Though he considered himself primarily a composer of opera, he wrote many lieder, seven piano trios, and two piano quartets. These did not escape the notice of Robert Schumann, who praised the piano trios lavishly. Marschner did not just toss off these works as an afterthought but clearly devoted considerable time and effort writing them. He gave the title "Grand Trio" to each of his works for piano, violin and cello, indicative of the importance he attached to them. In these fine works, one finds all of the emotions prevalent in the romantic movement during the mid-19th century.

Selected works

Opera

Schauspielmusik (Music to plays)

  • Prinz Friedrich von Homburg, Op. 56 (1821)
  • Schön Ella (1822)
  • Der Goldschmied von Ulm (1856)
  • Die Hermannsschlacht

Chamber music

  • Piano trio no.1 in A minor, Op. 29
  • Piano trio no.2 in G minor, Op. 111
  • Piano trio no.3 in F minor, Op. 121
  • Piano trio no.4 in D major, Op. 135
  • Piano trio no.5 in D minor, Op. 138
  • Piano trio no.6 in C minor, Op. 148
  • Piano trio no.7 in F major, Op. 167
  • Piano quartet no.1 in B-flat major, Op. 36
  • Piano quartet no.2 in G major, Op. 158

Solo music

  • Douze bagatelles pour la Guitarre, Op. 4

References

  • Some of the information on this page appears on the website of Edition Silvertrust but permission has been granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.
  • Heinrich Marschner Biography; list of operas and singspiels.
  • Hughes, Derek (July 1998). "Wie die Hans Heilings: Weber, Marschner, and Thomas Mann’s Doktor Faustus". Cambridge Opera Journal 10 (2): 179–204. doi:10.1017/S0954586700004924. 
  • Meyer, Stephen (July 2000). "Marschner's Villains, Monomania, and the Fantasy of Deviance". Cambridge Opera Journal 12 (2): 109–34. doi:10.1017/S0954586700001099. 
  • Palmer, Allen Dean: Heinrich August Marschner, 1795–1861. His life and stage works. Ann Arbor 1980
  • Weber, Brigitta: Heinrich Marschner. Königlicher Hofkapellmeister in Hannover. Hannover: Niedersächsische Staatstheater 1995. (Prinzenstraße. 5) ISBN 3-931266-01-X
  • Von der Lucretia zum Vampyr. Neue Quellen zu Marschner. Dokumente zur Entstehung und Rezeption der Lucretia. Vollständige Edition des Reise-Tagebuchs von 1826 bis 1828. Anmerkungen zu Marschners journalistischem Wirken. Hrsg. und kommentiert von Till Gerrit Waidelich. Tutzing: Schneider 1996. ISBN 3-7952-0837-8
  • Heinrich August Marschner. Bericht über das Zittauer Marschner-Symposium. Ein Symposium des Instituts für Kulturelle Infrastruktur Sachsen. Hrsg. von Allmuth Behrendt und Matthias Theodor Vogt. Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag 1998. (Kulturelle Infrastruktur. Bd. 5) ISBN 3-931922-22-7
  • Reclams Opernführer. Reclam-Verlag 1994, ISBN 3-15-010406-8

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heinrich Marschner — Heinrich Marschner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Marschner — H. Marschner por F. A. Jung Datos generales Nombre real Heinrich Marschner …   Wikipedia Español

  • Heinrich Marschner — Naissance 16 août 1795 Zittau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heinrich August Marschner — Heinrich Marschner Bronzestatue in der Georgstraße in Hannover Heinrich Marschner (* 16. August 1795 in Zittau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marschner — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Eduard Marschner (1819–1853), deutscher Komponist Amalie Marschner (1794–1883), deutsche Frauenrechtlerin Heinrich Marschner (1795–1861), deutscher Komponist Horst Marschner (1929–1996), deutscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Hammermeister — (* 1799 in Stettin; † 1860 in New York) war ein deutscher Opernsänger der Stimmlage Bariton. Leben Hammermeister nahm als Jugendlicher 1815 als freiwilliger Jäger in der preußischen Armee am Feldzug gegen Napoleon teil. Nach dem Feldzug wurde er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich von Kleist — Born Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist 18 October 1777 Frankfurt (Oder), Margraviate of Brandenburg, Holy Roman Empire Died 18 November 1811 …   Wikipedia

  • Marschner — Marschner, Heinrich, geb. 16. Aug. 1795 in Zittau, studirte seit 1814 die Rechte in Leipzig, wandte sich aber der Tonkunst zu, ging 1817 nach Wien, wurde dann Musiklehrer in Pesth, wendete sich 1822 nach Dresden, wo er 1823 Musikdirector bei der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marschner — Marschner, Heinrich, Komponist, geb. 16. Aug. 1795 in Zittau, gest. 14. Dez. 1861 in Hannover, bezog 1813 die Universität Leipzig, um die Rechte zu studieren, bildete sich aber zugleich unter Schicht im Klavierspiel und Komposition und gab das… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marschner, Heinrich — Marschner, Heinrich, Kapellmeister in Hannover und Doctor der Musik, einer der vorzüglichsten deutschen Operncomponisten der Gegenwart, der durch gewandte Praktik, geistreiche Behandlung und Eigenthümlichkeit der Erfindung stets unser Interesse… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon


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