List of spaceflight records

This is a list of spaceflight records. Most of these records relate to human spaceflights, but some unmanned and canine records are included.

Longest human single flight

*Valeri Polyakov, launched 8 January 1994 (Soyuz TM-18), stayed at Mir LD-4 for 437.7 days [Encyclopedia Astronautica [http://www.astronautix.com/astros/polyakov.htm ] ] , during which he orbited the earth about 7,075 times and traveled 300,765,000 km, (186,887,000 miles) returned 22 March 1995 (Soyuz TM-20). This record has stood for age in years and days|1995|3|22.
*Sunita Williams holds the record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman at 195 daysCite web|url=http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/070208_exp14_eva4wrap.html|title=Orbital Champ: ISS Astronaut Sets New U.S. Spacewalk Record|publisher=Space.com|year=2007|author=Tariq Malik] set on the International Space Station Expedition 15 in 2007. She landed with STS-117, 22 June 2007.

Longest continuous occupation of space

*The Soviet Union and Russia, its successor, kept a continuous manned presence in space from the launch of Soyuz TM-8 on 5 September 1989 to the landing of Soyuz TM-29 on 28 August 1999, a span of about 3,644 days, or about eight days short of 10 years. The Soviet Union and Russia launched 22 manned Soyuz spacecraft during the time span, all of which docked with the orbiting Mir space station. The United States additionally docked the space shuttles Atlantis, Endeavour and Discovery with Mir nine times between 1995 and 1998, dropping off and/or picking up passengers eight times. This record has stood for age in years and days|1999|8|27.

*The United States and Russia have jointly maintained a continuous manned presence in space since 31 October 2000 when Soyuz TM-31 was launched on a mission to dock with the International Space Station. The International Space Station has been in continuous use for age in years and days|2000|10|31. Should the ISS occupation continue as planned, it will break the Mir record on 23 October 2010.

Longest solo flight

*Valery Bykovsky flew for 4 days and 23 hours solo in Vostok 5, 14-19 June 1963. The flight set a space endurance record which was broken in 1965 by the Gemini 5 crew, but the solo endurance record has stood for age in years and days|1963|6|19.

Longest canine single flight

* Veterok (Ветерок, "Little Wind") and Ugolyok (Уголёк, "Ember") were launched on 22 February 1966 on board Cosmos 110 and spent 22 days in orbit before landing on 16 March. This record has stood for age in years and days|1966|3|16.

Longest time on lunar surface

* Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt of the Apollo 17 mission stayed for 74 hours 59 minutes 40 seconds on the lunar surface after they landed on 11 December 1972. This record has stood for age in years and days|1972|12|11.

Farthest humans from Earth

*Apollo 13 crew; Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, John Swigert while passing over the far side of the moon at an altitude of 254 km (158 miles) from the lunar surface, were 400,171 km (248,655 miles) from earth. This record breaking distance was reached at 0:21 UTC on 15 April 1970. This record has stood for age in years and days|1970|4|15.

Highest altitude for manned non-lunar mission

*Gemini 11 fired its Agena Target Vehicle rocket engine on 14 September 1966, at 40 hours 30 minutes after liftoff and achieved an apogee of 1374.1 km (854 miles). This record has stood for age in years and days|1966|9|14.

Fastest

*The Apollo 10 crew; Thomas Stafford, John W. Young and Eugene Cernan achieved the highest speed relative to earth ever attained by humans; 39,896 km/h (11.1 km/s, 24,790 mph, approx 0.000037 times the speed of light). The record was set 26 May 1969 and has stood for age in years and days|1969|5|26.

Oldest

*John Glenn at age 77, 29 October 1998. This record has stood for age in years and days|1998|10|29.

Youngest

*Gherman Titov, aged 25 years, 329 days, on Vostok 2 on 6 August 1961. This record has stood for age in years and days|1961|8|6.

Most flights

*7 Flights
**Franklin Chang-Diaz - Costa Rica/USA*
**Jerry L. Ross - USA

* Costa Rican-born and honorary citizen of Costa Rica

*6 Flights
**Curtis Brown - USA
**Michael Foale - Britain/USA*
**Sergei Krikalev - RussiaCite web|url=http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/krikalev.html|title=Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev Biography|accessyear=2007|accessmonthday=October 4| publisher=NASA| year=2005| author=NASA]
**Story Musgrave - USA
**Gennady Strekalov - Russia
**James Wetherbee - USA
**John W. Young - USA

* Dual citizen.

Most time in space

*Sergei Krikalev has spent 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes, or 2.2 years in space over the span of six spaceflights on Soyuz, the Space Shuttle, Mir, and International Space Station.Cite web |url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition11/krikalev_record.html| title=Krikalev Sets Time-in-Space Record| accessyear=2007|accessmonthday=October 4|publisher=NASA|year=2005 |author=NASA ]
*Peggy Whitson has spent 376 days, 17 hours and 22 minutes in space over the span of two spaceflights to the International Space Station.cite web | url = http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/whitson.html | title = "Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.)" | work = Biographical Data | publisher = National Aeronautics and Space Administration | author=NASA| accessdate = 2008-05-13]

Most spacewalks

*Anatoly Solovyev, 16 spacewalks for total of 77 hours, 41 minutes (which is also the duration record).
*Peggy Whitson, 6 spacewalks for a total time of 39 hours and 46 minutes (the women's spacewalk and duration records).

Most spacewalks during a single mission

*Michael Lopez-Alegria, five spacewalks during Expedition 14 on the ISS. [ [http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/070222_exp14_eva5wrap.html SPACE.com - Orbital Finale: ISS Spacewalkers Free Stuck Cargo Ship Antenna ] ]

Human spaceflight firsts

:As of 6 November 2007:* Dual citizens counted under both nationalities.:** and counting


=Notable unmanned spaceflights=

ee also

*Human spaceflight

References

External links

* [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/spacecraft_planetary_lunar.html Russia's unmanned moon missions]


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