List of spaceflight records
This is a list of spaceflight records. Most of these records relate to
human spaceflights, but some unmanned and canine records are included.
Longest human single flight
Valeri Polyakov, launched 8 January 1994 ( Soyuz TM-18), stayed at Mir LD-4 for 437.7 days [Encyclopedia Astronautica [http://www.astronautix.com/astros/polyakov.htm ] ] , during which he orbited the earth about 7,075 times and traveled 300,765,000 km, (186,887,000 miles) returned 22 March 1995 ( Soyuz TM-20). This record has stood for age in years and days|1995|3|22.
Sunita Williamsholds the record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman at 195 daysCite web|url=http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/070208_exp14_eva4wrap.html|title=Orbital Champ: ISS Astronaut Sets New U.S. Spacewalk Record|publisher=Space.com|year=2007|author=Tariq Malik] set on the International Space Station Expedition 15in 2007. She landed with STS-117, 22 June 2007.
Longest continuous occupation of space
Soviet Unionand Russia, its successor, kept a continuous manned presence in space from the launch of Soyuz TM-8on 5 September 1989 to the landing of Soyuz TM-29on 28 August 1999, a span of about 3,644 days, or about eight days short of 10 years. The Soviet Union and Russia launched 22 manned Soyuz spacecraftduring the time span, all of which docked with the orbiting Mirspace station. The United Statesadditionally docked the space shuttles Atlantis, Endeavour and Discovery with Mir nine times between 1995 and 1998, dropping off and/or picking up passengers eight times. This record has stood for age in years and days|1999|8|27.
*The United States and Russia have jointly maintained a continuous manned presence in space since 31 October 2000 when
Soyuz TM-31was launched on a mission to dock with the International Space Station. The International Space Station has been in continuous use for age in years and days|2000|10|31. Should the ISS occupation continue as planned, it will break the Mir record on 23 October 2010.
Longest solo flight
Valery Bykovskyflew for 4 days and 23 hours solo in Vostok 5, 14-19 June 1963. The flight set a space endurance record which was broken in 1965 by the Gemini 5crew, but the solo endurance record has stood for age in years and days|1963|6|19.
Longest canine single flight
* Veterok (Ветерок, "Little Wind") and Ugolyok (Уголёк, "Ember") were launched on 22 February 1966 on board
Cosmos 110and spent 22 days in orbit before landing on 16 March. This record has stood for age in years and days|1966|3|16.
Longest time on lunar surface
Eugene Cernanand Harrison Schmittof the Apollo 17mission stayed for 74 hours 59 minutes 40 seconds on the lunar surface after they landed on 11 December 1972. This record has stood for age in years and days|1972|12|11.
Farthest humans from Earth
Apollo 13crew; Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, John Swigertwhile passing over the far side of the moon at an altitude of 254 km (158 miles) from the lunar surface, were 400,171 km (248,655 miles) from earth. This record breaking distance was reached at 0:21 UTC on 15 April 1970. This record has stood for age in years and days|1970|4|15.
Highest altitude for manned non-lunar mission
Gemini 11fired its Agena Target Vehiclerocket engine on 14 September 1966, at 40 hours 30 minutes after liftoff and achieved an apogee of 1374.1 km (854 miles). This record has stood for age in years and days|1966|9|14.
Apollo 10crew; Thomas Stafford, John W. Youngand Eugene Cernanachieved the highest speed relative to earth ever attained by humans; 39,896 km/h (11.1 km/s, 24,790 mph, approx 0.000037 times the speed of light). The record was set 26 May 1969 and has stood for age in years and days|1969|5|26.
John Glennat age 77, 29 October 1998. This record has stood for age in years and days|1998|10|29.
Gherman Titov, aged 25 years, 329 days, on Vostok 2on 6 August 1961. This record has stood for age in years and days|1961|8|6.
Franklin Chang-Diaz- Costa Rica/USA*
Jerry L. Ross- USA *Costa Rican-born and honorary citizen of Costa Rica
Curtis Brown- USA
Michael Foale- Britain/USA*
Sergei Krikalev- RussiaCite web|url=http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/krikalev.html|title=Sergei Konstantinovich Krikalev Biography|accessyear=2007|accessmonthday=October 4| publisher=NASA| year=2005| author=NASA]
Story Musgrave- USA
Gennady Strekalov- Russia
James Wetherbee- USA
**John W. Young - USA
Most time in space
Sergei Krikalevhas spent 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes, or 2.2 years in space over the span of six spaceflights on Soyuz, the Space Shuttle, Mir, and International Space Station.Cite web |url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition11/krikalev_record.html| title=Krikalev Sets Time-in-Space Record| accessyear=2007|accessmonthday=October 4|publisher=NASA|year=2005 |author=NASA ]
Peggy Whitsonhas spent 376 days, 17 hours and 22 minutes in space over the span of two spaceflights to the International Space Station.cite web | url = http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/whitson.html | title = "Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.)" | work = Biographical Data | publisher = National Aeronautics and Space Administration | author=NASA| accessdate = 2008-05-13]
Anatoly Solovyev, 16 spacewalks for total of 77 hours, 41 minutes (which is also the duration record).
Peggy Whitson, 6 spacewalks for a total time of 39 hours and 46 minutes (the women's spacewalk and duration records).
Most spacewalks during a single mission
Michael Lopez-Alegria, five spacewalks during Expedition 14on the ISS. [ [http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/070222_exp14_eva5wrap.html SPACE.com - Orbital Finale: ISS Spacewalkers Free Stuck Cargo Ship Antenna ] ]
Human spaceflight firsts
:As of 6 November 2007:
*Dual citizens counted under both nationalities.: **and counting
* [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/spacecraft_planetary_lunar.html Russia's unmanned moon missions]
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