Pik Botha

Infobox Minister
honorific-prefix = The Right Honourable

name = Roelof Frederik “Pik” Botha
honorific-suffix = MP
office = Minister of Foreign Affairs
term_start = April 1977
term_end = 1990
primeminister =B.J. Vorster
PW Botha
office2 = Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs
term_start2 = 27 April, 1994
term_end2 = May 1996
president2 = Nelson Mandela
office3=Deputy Leader of the National Party in Transvaal
term_start3=1987
term_end3=1996
constituency_MP5 = Wonderboom
term_start5 = 22 April 1970
term_end5=1974
constituency_MP6 = Westdene
term_start6 = 1977
term_end6=1994
birth_date = Birth date and age|1932|04|27|df=yes
birth_place = Rustenburg, Transvaal , Union of South Africa
death_date =
death_place =
nationality = South African
spouse = Helena Susanna Bosman
Ina Joubert m. 27 April 1998
party = National
ANC
children = 2 sons, 2 daughters
residence =
alma_mater = University of Pretoria
occupation = Diplomat and politician
profession = Law
religion = Dutch Reformed

Roelof Frederik "Pik" Botha (born April 27, 1932, in Rustenburg, Transvaal) is a former South African politician who served as the country's foreign minister in the last years of the apartheid era. He was considered to be a liberal - at least in comparison to others in the ruling National Party and among the Afrikaner community.

He was not related to contemporary National Party politician P W Botha.

Diplomat and lawyer

Botha began his career in the South African foreign service in 1953, serving in Sweden and West Germany. From 1963 to 1966, he served on the team representing South Africa at the International Court of Justice in The Hague in the matter of "Ethiopia and Liberia v. South Africa", over the South African occupation of South-West Africa (Namibia).

In 1966, Botha was appointed law adviser at the South African Department of Foreign Affairs. In that capacity, he served on the delegation representing South Africa at the United Nations from 1966 to 1974. At this time, he was appointed South Africa's ambassador to the United Nations, but a month after he presented his credentials, South Africa was suspended from membership.

Politician

In 1970, Botha entered the realm of electoral politics, winning a seat in the South African parliament as a member of the National Party. In 1975, Botha was appointed South Africa's ambassador to the United States, in addition to his U.N. post. In 1977, he was appointed minister for foreign affairs.

Botha entered the contest to be Prime Minister of South Africa in 1978. His candidacy acted as a spoiler, ensuring the victory of P. W. Botha.Fact|date=March 2008

In 1985, Pik Botha drafted a speech that would have announced the release of Nelson Mandela, but this draft was rejected by P. W. Botha.Fact|date=March 2008

The next year, he stated publicly that it would be possible for South Africa to be ruled by a black president provided that there were guarantees for minority rights. President P.W. Botha quickly forced foreign minister Botha to acknowledge that this position did not reflect government policy.

In December 1988 Pik Botha flew to Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, with Defence Minister Magnus Malan, and signed a peace protocol with Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo, and with Angolan and Cuban signatories. At the signing he said "A new era has begun in South Africa. My government is removing racial discrimination. We want to be accepted by our African brothers".

Namibian independence

On December 22, 1988, Pik Botha signed the tripartite agreement involving Angola, Cuba and South Africa at United Nations headquarters in New York City which led to the implementation of Security Council Resolution 435, and to South Africa's relinquishing control of Namibia after decades of defiance.

On December 21, 1988 Pik Botha, with a 22-strong South African delegation from Johannesburg, was initially booked to travel to the Namibian independence ratification ceremony in New York on Pan Am Flight 103 via London to New York. Instead, the booking was cancelled as he and six delegates took an earlier flight, thereby avoiding the fatal PA 103 crash at Lockerbie, Scotland.

National unity

Botha subsequently served as Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs in South Africa's first post-apartheid government from 1994 to 1996 under President Nelson Mandela.

Botha became deputy leader of the National Party in the Transvaal from 1987 to 1996. He retired from politics in 1996 when F. W. de Klerk withdrew the National Party from the government of national unity.

In 2000, Botha declared his support for President Thabo Mbeki and joined the African National Congress. Though he remains an ANC member, Botha has more recently expressed criticism for the government's affirmative action policies saying that the then South African government would never have reached a constitutional settlement with the ANC in 1994 had it insisted on its current affirmative action programme. [Mathabo Le Roux, "'The ANC fooled us' Pik", "Business Day", 14 July 2007]

References

External Links

[http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/people/bios/botha-p.htm South African History Online]
[http://www.whoswhosa.co.za/Pages/profilefull.aspx?IndID=2778 South African Who's Who]


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  • Pik Botha — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Roelof Frederik Pik Botha (27 de abril de 1932 en Rustenburg, Transvaal, Sudáfrica), es un político sudafricano que fue Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores durante los últimos años del gobierno del apartheid. Era… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pik Botha — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Botha. Roelof Frederik « Pik » Botha (né en 1932) est un homme politique afrikaner d Afrique du Sud, membre du parlement pour la circonscription de Wonderboom (1970 1974), de Westdene (1977 1994) et du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pik Botha — Roelof Frederik „Pik“ Botha (* 27. April 1932 in Rustenburg, Transvaal) war von 1977 bis 1994 Außenminister von Südafrika. Er ist verheiratet und hat mit seiner letzten Frau Helene vier Kinder. Nach dem Studium der Philosophie und der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roelof "Pik" Botha — Pik Botha Pour les articles homonymes, voir Botha. Roelof Frederik Pik Botha (né en 1932) est un homme politique afrikaner d Afrique du Sud, ancien député de Rustenburg, ministre des Affaires étrangères de 1977 à 1994 puis ministre de l Énergie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roelof “Pik” Botha — Pik Botha Pour les articles homonymes, voir Botha. Roelof Frederik Pik Botha (né en 1932) est un homme politique afrikaner d Afrique du Sud, ancien député de Rustenburg, ministre des Affaires étrangères de 1977 à 1994 puis ministre de l Énergie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Botha — is a surname, especially common among white Afrikaners in South Africa. People named Botha include:*Louis Botha (1862 1919), first Prime Minister of South Africa *Pieter Willem Botha (1916 2006), also known as P.W. , South African prime minister… …   Wikipedia

  • Botha — ist ein vor allem in Südafrika innerhalb der Bevölkerungsgruppe der Buren verbreiteter Familienname. Die Namensträger können meist ihre Herkunft von den Einwanderern Friedrich Both (* 1653 in Wangenheim bei Gotha) oder Samuel Friedrich Bode (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pik — can refer to: * The IATA code of Glasgow Prestwick International Airport * Pik Botha * Abbreviation for payment in kind, a term in finance * The Pik sisters, singers who sung, among other songs, the opening song for the Isreali series MK 22 *… …   Wikipedia

  • Botha —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Botha est un patronyme très courant en Afrique du Sud. Il est le nom de famille de diverses personnalités de ce pays, tels que : Andre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • P. W. Botha — Pieter Willem Botha 6th State President of South Africa In office 3 September 1984 – 15 August 1989 Preceded by Marais Viljoen Non Executive Succeeded by Frederik Willem de Klerk …   Wikipedia


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