An extractor hood (U.K.) or range hood (U.S.), also known as a kitchen hood, stove hood, exhaust hood, cooker hood, extraction hood, cooking canopy, ventilation hood, extractor fan or electric chimney, is a device containing a fan that hangs above the
stoveor cooktopin the kitchen. It is used to remove airborne grease, combustion products, smoke, odors, heat, and steam from the air by a combination of filtration and evacuation of the air.
An extractor hood consists of three main components: a skirt or capture panel to contain the rising gases (also known as the "effluent plume"), one or more grease filters, and a fan or tangential blower for forced ventilation.
There are 2 major applications of extractor hoods: ducted (or vented) application, and ductless (or recirculating) application. In a ducted application, the output collar of the extractor hood's blower motor is attached to a duct system, which terminates outside of the residence. In a ductless application, a filter containing activated charcoal is used to remove odor and smoke particles from the air, before releasing the cleaned air back into the kitchen environment.
A ducted application is generally preferable, since it allows for removal of all forms of airborne contamination, while ductless application recirculates heat and moisture into the kitchen environment. In addition, a ducted application eliminates the need for replacing the activated charcoal filters on a regular basis, and avoids the airflow restriction (and resultant loss of power) caused by activated charcoal filter placement. However, some kitchen environments do not allow ducted application, due to lack of space or ability to install a duct system, make-up air requirements, or the additional cost of heating/cooling the make-up air.
Some range hood designs allow for both types of applications, and are typically noted as such in the manufacturer's product literature.
Exhaust hoods almost always include built-in lighting (incandescent, fluorescent, or halogen) to illuminate the cooking surface. In addition, some manufacturers offer matching accessories, such as: backsplash panels, shelf units, dish racks, and other attachments, allowing a greater flexibility of design.
The invention of various forms of extractor hood in mid 20th century allowed for the reintroduction of the
Farmhouse kitcheninto popular architecture.
The first extraction hood was produced by Faber in
Today's major manufacturers of extractor hoods include:
Broan, Elica, Faber, Futuro Futuro, Gaggenau , Independent, and Vent-A-Hood. Each of those manufacturers offers a distinctive style, selection of materials, and price range. In addition, some of these manufacturers offer proprietary technological advances, such as:
Elica's "Elica Deep Space" noise reduction system
Futuro Futuro's "FaSteel" fingerprint-free stainless steel
Gaggenau's "Coanda Effect" airflow direction system
Vent-A-Hood's "Magic Lung" baffle filter/blower system
Extractor hoods may be made from a variety of materials, including: copper, steel, tempered glass, wood, aluminum, brass, heat-resistant plastics, and more.
Control systems for extractor hoods are typically electronic in nature. However, electromechanical controls (relatively rare on mid-market and high-end models) exist as well. Extractor hoods with electronic control systems may offer one or more of the following features: remote control, motorized height adjustment, thermal sensor, overheat protection, boost mode, delayed shut-off, filter cleaning reminder, active noise cancellation, temperature display, user presets (memory), or a combination of the above.
Prices for residential extractor hoods can range from US $100 to US $20,000 or more for custom-built models.The majority of products is located in the US $400 - US $2500 range (according to results from major online sources, including Google Base, Epinions.com, PriceGrabber.com, and other popular
# [http://www.appliancist.com/appliance_trends/range-hood-trends-2007.html Appliancist - Range Hood Trends 2007]
# [http://www.homeportfolio.com Kitchen design ideas, products, reviews]
# [http://www.homeportfolio.com/listing/range_hoods_and_ventilation.html Range Hood Designs & Ideas]
# [http://home.howstuffworks.com/how-to-clean-large-appliances3.htm HowStuffWorks - Cleaning Range Hoods]
# [http://design.hgtv.com/kitchen/Article_detail.aspx?id=239 Homes & Gardens Television - How to Install A Range Hood]
# [http://blogs.cnet.com/8301-13553_1-9978546-32.html?tag=head C|Net Review - Illuminated Range Hood Trends]
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Look at other dictionaries:
extractor hood — noun An electrical kitchen device fitted over a cooker and connected to a flue designed to suck off any vapours from cooking. Syn: cooker hood, cooking canopy, electric chimney, exhaust hood, extraction hood, extractor fan, fume extractor,… … Wiktionary
extractor — n. 1 a person or machine that extracts. 2 (attrib.) (of a device) that extracts bad air etc. or ventilates a room (extractor fan; extractor hood) … Useful english dictionary
hood — [hud] n [Sense: 1 4; Origin: Old English hod] [Sense: 5; Date: 1900 2000; Origin: neighbourhood] [Sense: 6; Date: 1800 1900; Origin: hoodlum] 1.) a) a part of a coat, jacket etc that you can pull up to cover your head ▪ … Dictionary of contemporary English
hood — [[t]h ʊd[/t]] hoods 1) N COUNT A hood is a part of a coat which you can pull up to cover your head. It is in the shape of a triangular bag attached to the neck of the coat at the back. 2) N COUNT A hood is a bag made of cloth, which is put over… … English dictionary
cooker hood — noun An electrical kitchen device fitted over a cooker and connected to a flue designed to suck off any vapours from cooking. Syn: cooking canopy, electric chimney, exhaust hood, extraction hood, extractor fan, extractor hood, fume extractor,… … Wiktionary
range hood — noun An electrical kitchen device fitted over a cooker and connected to a flue designed to suck off any vapours from cooking. Syn: cooker hood, cooking canopy, electric chimney, exhaust hood, extraction hood, extractor fan, extractor hood, fume… … Wiktionary
kitchen hood — noun An electrical kitchen device fitted over a cooker and connected to a flue designed to suck off any vapours from cooking. Syn: cooker hood, cooking canopy, electric chimney, exhaust hood, extraction hood, extractor fan, extractor hood, fume… … Wiktionary
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Kitchen stove — Stove Top redirects here. For the brand of stuffing, see Stove Top stuffing. Cooker redirects here. For the apple, see Cooking apple. A wood burning iron stove … Wikipedia