List of rulers of Bengal

This is the list of rulers of Bengal. Along with Bihar, much of Bengal was part of ancient kingdom of Magadha. As Magadha dynasties fell, Pala dynasty rose to power and followed by Sena dynasty. Then Bengal was ruled by the Muslims dynasties. Bengal then was ruled by British. Bengal was partitioned by the British, making the West Bengal become part of India and the East Bengal to become part of Pakistan. East Bengal then became independent country, Bangladesh, following the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Kings of Magadha


=Brihadratha Dynasty (c. 1700-799 BC)=

* Brihadratha
* Jarasandha
* Sahadeva
* Somapi (1678-1618 BC)
* Srutasravas (1618-1551 BC)
* Ayutayus (1551-1515 BC)
* Niramitra (1515-1415 BC)
* Sukshatra (1415-1407 BC)
* Brihatkarman (1407-1384 BC)
* Senajit (1384-1361 BC)
* Srutanjaya (1361-1321 BC)
* Vipra (1321-1296 BC)
* Suchi (1296-1238 BC)
* Kshemya (1238-1210 BC)
* Subrata (1210-1150 BC)
* Dharma (1150-1145 BC)
* Susuma (1145-1107 BC)
* Dridhasena (1107-1059 BC)
* Sumati (1059-1026 BC)
* Subhala (1026-1004 BC)
* Sunita (1004-964 BC)
* Satyajit (964-884 BC)
* Biswajit (884-849 BC)
* Ripunjaya (849-799 BC)

Pradyota dynasty (799-684 BC)

* Pradyota
* Palaka
* Visakhayupa
* Ajaka
* Varttivarddhana


=Shishunaga Dynasty (684-424 BC)=

* Shishunaga (684-644 BC), established the kingdom of Magadha
* Kakavarna (644-618 BC)
* Kshemadharman (618-582 BC)
* Kshatraujas (582-558 BC)
* Bimbisara (544-491 BC), founder of the first Magadhan empire
* Ajatashatru (491-461 BC)
* Darshaka (from 461 BC)
* Udayin
* Nandivardhana
* Mahanandin (until 424 BC), his empire is inherited by his illegitimate son Mahapadma Nanda

Nanda Dynasty (424-321 BC)

* Mahapadma Nanda (from 424 BC), illegitimate son of Mahanandin, founded the Nanda Empire after inheriting Mahanandin's empire
* Pandhuka
* Panghupati
* Bhutapala
* Rashtrapala
* Govishanaka
* Dashasidkhaka
* Kaivarta
* Dhana ("Agrammes", "Xandrammes") (until 321 BC), lost his empire to Chandragupta Maurya after being defeated by him


=Maurya Dynasty (324-184 BC)=

* Chandragupta Maurya (Sandrakottos) (324-301 BC), founded the Mauryan Empire after defeating both the Nanda Empire and the Macedonian Seleucid Empire, claimed descent from Shakya dynasty
* Bindusara Amitraghata (301-273 BC)
* Ashoka Vardhana (Ashoka the Great) (273-232 BC), considered the greatest ancient Indian emperor, first emperor to unify India (after conquering most of South Asia and Afghanistan), adopt Buddhism, grant animal rights and promote non-violence
* Dasaratha (232-224 BC)
* Samprati (224-215 BC)
* Salisuka (215-202 BC)
* Devavarman (202-195 BC)
* Satadhanvan (195-187 BC), the Mauryan Empire had shrunk by the time of his reign
* Brhadrata (187-184 BC), assassinated by Pusyamitra Shunga


=Shunga Dynasty (185-73 BC)=

* Pusyamitra Shunga (185-149 BC), founded the dynasty after assassinating Brhadrata
* Agnimitra (149-141 BC), son and successor of Pusyamitra
* Vasujyeshtha (141-131 BC)
* Vasumitra (131-124 BC)
* Andhraka (124-122 BC)
* Pulindaka (122-119 BC)
* Ghosha
* Vajramitra
* Bhagabhadra, mentioned by the Puranas
* Devabhuti (83-73 BC), last Sunga king


=Kanva Dynasty (73-26 BC)=

* Vasudeva (from 73 BC)
* Successors of Vasudeva (until 26 BC)

Gupta Dynasty (c. 240-550 CE)

* Sri-Gupta I (c. 240-290)
* Ghatotkacha (290-305)
* Chandra Gupta I (305-335), founder of the Gupta Empire, which is often regarded as the golden age of Indian culture
* Samudra Gupta (335-370)
* Rama Gupta (370-375)
* Chandra Gupta II (Chandragupta Vikramaditya) (375-415), son of Samudra Gupta, the Gupta Empire achieved its zenith under his reign, the Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hsien describes Indian culture during his reign
* Kumara Gupta I (415-455)
* Skanda Gupta (455-467)
* Kumara Gupta II (467-477)
* Buddha Gupta (477-496)
* Chandra Gupta III (496-500)
* Vainya Gupta (500-515)
* Narasimha Gupta (510-530)
* Kumara Gupta III (530-540)
* Vishnu Gupta (c. 540-550)

Shashanka (c. 600-625 CE)

* Shashanka (c. 600-625)

Pala, Sena and Muslim Rulers


=Pala Dynasty=

* Gopala I c. 750-c. 770
* Dharmapala c. 770-c. 810
* Devapala c. 810-c. 850
* Vigrahapala I c. 850-c. 875
* Narayanapala c. 875-c. 908
* Rajyapala c. 908-c. 935
* Gopala II c. 935-c. 952
* Vigrahapala II c. 952-c. 988
* Mahipala I c. 988-c. 1038
* Nayapala c. 1038-c. 1055
* Vigrahapala III c. 1055-c. 1070
* Mahipala II c. 1070-c. 1075
* Shurapala c. 1075-c. 1077
* Ramapala c. 1077-c. 1120
* Kumarapala c. 1120-c. 1125
* Gopala III c. 1125-c. 1144
* Madanapala c. 1144-c. 1161

Sena Dynasty

* Ballal Sen c. 1161-c. 1178
* Lakshman Sen c. 1178-c. 1205
* Vishwrup Sen c. 1205-c. 1220
* Keshavar Sen c. 1220-c. 1250

Ilyas Dynasty (1st period)

* Bughra Khan 1282-1291
* Kai Ka'us 1291-1298
* Firuz Shah I 1298-1318
* Bughra 1318-1319 (in West Bengal)
* Bahadur 1318-1330 (in East Bengal,in West Bengal 1319-1323)
* Ibrahim 1323-1325 (in West Bengal)
* Azam ul-Mulk 1323-1339 (in Satgaon)
* Bahram Shah 1324-1336 (in East Bengal)
* Qadr Khan 1325-1339 (in West Bengal)
* Mubarrak Shah 1336-1349 (in East Bengal)
* Ali Shah 1339-1345 (in West Bengal)
* Ilyas Shah 1345-1357 (in West Bengal, in whole Bengal from 1352)
* Ghazi Shah 1349-1352 (in East Bengal)
* Sikandar I 1357-1390
* Azam 1369-1410 - opponent of Sikandar I
* Hamza 1410-1412
* Bayazid I 1412-1414
* Firuz II 1414-1415

Ganesa Dynasty

* Raja Ganesh 1415-1418
* Mohammed 1418-1431
* Ahmad 1431-1436

Ilyas Dynasty (restored)

* Mahmud I (Nasiruddin Abul Muzaffar Mahmud Shah) 1437-1459
* Barbak I 1459-1474
* Yusuf 1474-1481
* Sikandar II 1481
* Fath Shah 1481-1486

Habshis Dynasty

* Barbak II 1486-1487
* Firuz III 1487-1489
* Mahmud II 1489-1490
* Shamsuddin Muzaffar Shah 1490-1494

Hussain Shahi Dynasty

* Alauddin Hussain Shah 1494-1518
* Nusrat 1518-1533
* Firuz IV 1533
* Mahmud III 1533-1538

uri Dynasty

* Sher Shah 1539-1540
* Khidr 1540-1545
* Mohammed Khan 1545-1555
* Bahadur 1555-1561
* Jalal 1561-1564

Karani (Kararani) Dynasty

* Sulaiman 1564-1572
* Bayazid II 1572
* [Daoud] 1572-1576

Nawabs of Bengal

* Murshid Quli Djafar Khan 1703-1727
* Shoja ud-Din 1727-1739
* Safaraz Khan 1739-1740
* Ali Vardi Khan 1740-1756
* Siraj Ud Daulah 1756-1757
* Mir Djafar 1757-1760
* Mir Qasim 1760-1763
* Mir Djafar (Second time) 1763-1765
* Najm ud-Dawlah 1765-1766
* Saif ud-Dawlah 1766-1770

British Rulers of Bengal

Chief Agents (1701-1756)

*1700–1701: Charles Eyre
*1701–1705: John Bead
*1705: Edward Littleton
*1705–1710: "Ruled by a council"
*1710–1711: Anthony Weltden
*1711–1713: John Russell
*1713–1718: Robert Hedges
*1718–1723: Samuel Flake
*1723–1726: John Deane
*1726–1728: Henry Frankland
*1728: Edward Stephenson
*1728–1732: John Deane
*1732–1739: John Stackhouse
*1739–1746: Thomas Broddyll
*1746–1748: John Forster
*1748–1749: William Barwell
*1749–1752: Adam Dawson
*1752: William Fytche
*1752–1756: Roger Drake

Governors (1757-1854)

*1757–1760: Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
*1760–1764: Henry Vansittart
*1765–1766: Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
*1767–1769: Harry Verelst
*1769–1772: John Cartier [http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0052.htm]
*1772–1774: Warren Hastings
*1786–1793: Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Earl Cornwallis
*1797–1805: Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley
*1805: Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis
*1848–1854: James Broun-Ramsay, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie

Lieutenant-Governors (1854-1912)

*1854–1859: Frederick Halliday
*1859–1862: John Grant
*1862–1866: Sir Cecil Beadon
*1866–1871: William Grey
*1871–1874: George Campbell
*1874–1877: Sir Richard Temple
*1877–1879: Sir Ashley Eden
*1879–1882: Steuart Bayley
*1882–1885: Sir Augustus Thompson
*1885–1887: Horace Cockerell
*1887–1890: Sir Steuart Bayley
*1890–1893: Charles Elliot
*1893–1895: Anthony MacDonnell
*1895–1897: Alexander Mackenzie
*1897–1898: Sir Charles Stevens
*1898–1902: John Woodburn
*1902–1903: James Bourdillon
*1903–1906: Sir Andrew Fraser
*1906: Lancelot Hare
*1906–1908: Sir Francis Slacke
*1908–1911: Sir Edward Baker
*1911–1912: Sir William Duke

Governors (1912-1947)

*1912–1917: Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael
*1917–1922: Lawrence Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland as Earl of Ronaldshay
*1922–1927: Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton
*1927–1932: Sir Stanley Jackson
*1932–1937: Sir John Anderson
*1937–1939: Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne
*1939–1943: John Arthur Herbert
*1944–1946: Sir Richard Casey
*1946–1947: Sir Frederick Burrows

Governor of West Bengal


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