Jan Ingemar Stenmark (born
March 18, 1956in Joesjö, Storumans municipality) is a former Swedish skier, active during the '70s and '80s. He is regarded as one of the most prominent Swedish sportsmen, and as the greatest slalomand giant slalomspecialist of all time. He competed for Fjällvinden Tärnaby.
Stenmark was born in the province of Lappland. His family moved to
Tärnabywhen he was four years old, where he became neighbours with Stig Strand, who would later win the World Cup Slalom title. He began skiing at the age of five and won his first national competition at the age of eight.
Stenmark has won more alpine ski competitions than any other man with a total of 86 races in the
Alpine Skiing World Cup, Hermann Maierbeing the second with 53 victories. He only won in two disciplines: slalom and giant slalom (the other events are downhill, super-G, which did not exist until 1982, and combined). Stenmark rarely competed in the other disciplines, as he was not comfortable with speeds in excess of 120 km/h (75 mph).
He won the Overall World Cup title three times in
1976-78. He also achieved four of the top ten most successful seasons ever in giant slalom competition. Stenmark won every giant slalom race during the 1977-78 (7 of 7) and 1978-79 seasons (10 of 10). In the 1979-80 season he won ten out of eleven giant slaloms. He has six of the top ten most successful seasons ever in slalom competition: he won all the slalom races during the 1975-76 season (7 of 7), and almost every slalom race in the 1976-77 (9 of 10), 1981-82 (8 of 9), 1979-80 (7 of 8), 1974-75 (7 of 8), and 1980-81 (8 of 10) seasons.
Including Alpine Skiing World Cup, FIS World Championships and Olympic competition, Stenmark finished as follows:
*1st place: 92 times;
*2nd place: 45 times;
*3rd place: 28 times;
*4th place: 10 times;
*5th place: 13 times;
*6th place: 10 times;
*7th place: 8 times;
*8th place: 7 times;
*9th place: 5 times;
*10th place: 4 times.
Stenmark was not allowed to participate in the
1984 Winter Olympicsin Sarajevodue to his status as a professionaland therefore could not defend his gold medals from 1980. In the 1988 Games he was allowed back into the Olympic competition.
For his three straight World Alpine Skiing World Cup titles (1976-78), Stenmark earned the
Holmenkollen medalin 1979 (Shared with Erik Håkerand Raisa Smetanina). Stenmark also earned the Svenska Dagbladet Gold Medaltwice as well (1975 & 1978). His 1978 medal was shared with tennisplayer Björn Borg, making them the only two men to ever win the honor twice (female alpine skier Anja Pärssonreceived the medal in 2006 and 2007).
During the years from 1976-78 Stenmark, along with tennis player
Björn Borg, became a national icon in Sweden. This was not changed by the fact that he - for tax reasons - soon moved to Monaco. On December 26, 2004he survived the Indian Ocean earthquake while on vacation in Thailand.Stenmark also won the 1996 Swedish Superstarschampionship.
World Cup victories
* [http://www.skiforeningen.no/holmenkollen/holmenkollen_historikk Holmenkollen medalists] - click Holmenkollmedaljen for downloadable pdf file no icon
* [http://www.ski-db.com/db/profiles/stnin.asp Ski-db.com] - Ingemar Stenmark
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Look at other dictionaries:
Ingemar Stenmark — Nation Schweden … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Stenmark,Ingemar — Sten·mark (stĕnʹmärk ), Ingemar. Born 1956. Swedish alpine skier who won 86 World Cup downhill races, including 14 successive giant slalom races. He won two gold medals at the 1980 Olympics. * * * … Universalium
Stenmark, Ingemar — (n. 18 mar. 1956, Josesjö, Lapland, Suecia). Esquiador sueco. Entrenó con el equipo juvenil de su país desde los 13 años, y en 1974 ganó su primera carrera de la Copa del Mundo. En 1976, 1977 y 1978 ganó tres pruebas de la Copa del Mundo (slalom … Enciclopedia Universal