- Florence Griffith-Joyner
runnername = Florence Griffith-Joyner
caption = Florence Griffith with
Ronald Reaganin 1988.
fullname = Florence Delorez Griffith
nicknames = Flo-Jo
nationality = USA
distance(s) = 100m, 200m
birthdate = birth date|1959|12|21
birthplace = city-state|Los Angeles|California
deathdate = death date and age|1998|9|21|1959|12|21
deathplace = city-state|Mission Viejo|California
competitor for = USA United States
Florence Griffith-Joyner (born Florence Delorez Griffithcite web| url =http://www.nndb.com/people/285/000111949/| title = Florence Griffith-Joyner NNDB Profile| publisher =NNDB| accessdate =2008-08-23] ), also known as Flo-Jo (
December 21, 1959– September 21, 1998) was an American track and field athlete.
Griffith was born in Los Angeles and raised in the Jordan Downs public housing complex. During the late 1980s she became a popular figure in international track and field due to her record-setting performances and flashy personal style. She holds the world records in the
100 mand 200 mraces. She was the wife of track star Al Joynerand the sister-in-law of runner Jackie Joyner-Kersee.
Griffith finished fourth in the 200m at the inaugural World Championship in 1983. The following year she gained much more attention, though mostly because of her extremely long and colorful fingernails rather than her
silver medalin the Los Angeles Olympics 200m. In 1985, Griffith won the final of the Grand Prix with 11.00 seconds. After these Olympics, Griffith spent less time running and married the 1984 Olympic triple jumpchampion Al Joynerin 1987.
Returning at the 1987 World Championships, she finished second in the 200m again. She stunned the world when — known as a 200m runner — she ran a 100m
World Recordof 10.49 in the quarter-finals of the US Olympic Trials. Several sources indicate that this time was very likely wind-assisted; although the wind meter at the event measured 0.0 — indicating no wind — at the time of the race, observers noted evidence of significant wind and wind speeds up to 7 meters/second were noted at other times during the event. Since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognised as a world record". [cite web|author=Linthorne, Nick|title=Wind Assistance|publisher= Brunel University|url=http://people.brunel.ac.uk/~spstnpl/BiomechanicsAthletics/WindAssistance.htm|month=March | year=2003|accessdate=2008-08-25] Griffith-Joyner's coach later stated that he believed the 10.49 run had been aided by windFact|date=August 2008. Outside this race, Griffith-Joyner's fastest time without wind assistance was 10.61 seconds (a time which would still give her the world record if the 10.49 were not counted).
By now known by the world as "Flo-Jo", Griffith-Joyner was the big favorite for the titles in the sprint events at the
1988 Summer Olympics. In the 100m, she ran a wind-assisted 10.54 in the final, beating her nearest rival Evelyn Ashfordby 0.3 seconds. In the 200m quarter-final race, she set a world record and then broke that record again in the final with a time of 21.34 and won the final by 0.4 seconds. Griffith-Joyner was also a runner in both the 4 x 100m and 4 x 400m relay teams. She won a gold medalin the former event, and a silver in the latter, her first international 4 x 400m relay. Her effort in the 100m was ranked 98th in British Channel 4's 100 Greatest Sporting Momentsin 2002. She was the 1988 recipient of the James E. Sullivan Awardas the top amateur athlete in the United States. Griffith-Joyner retired from competitive sports shortly afterwards.
Among the things she did away from the track was design the basketball uniforms for the
Indiana Pacersin 1989. [cite web|url=http://espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/Griffith_Joyner_Florence.html|title=FloJo Made Speed Fashionable|author=Kris Schwartz]
September 21, 1998, Griffith-Joyner died in her sleep. On October 22, the sheriff-coroner's office (required to investigate unexpected deaths) announced the cause of death as: "1) positional asphyxia2) epileptiform seizure 3) cavernous angioma, left orbital frontal cerebrum". [cite web|url=http://www.salon.com/news/1998/12/cov_04newsa2.html|title=The Uneasy Death Of Florence Griffith Joyner|work=salon.com|author=Kristina Rebelo Anderson]
The cavernous angioma referred to a brain abnormality discovered during the autopsy that made Joyner subject to seizures. It was a congenital defect. [cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/199306.stm|title="Seizure was brought on by a congenital defect in Griffith-Joyner's brain"|work=BBC] In 1990 she had, according to a family attorney, suffered a grand mal seizure and had been treated for seizures in 1990, 1993 and 1994.
The direct cause of death was that she had suffocated in her pillow during a severe
epilepticseizure. She was 38 years old.
Aside from the controversy of whether her world record should have been held legal (in view of the
anemometerissues), during her 1988 breakthrough year, Griffith-Joyner was dogged by rumors of drug use. SomeWho|date=September 2008 suggested that her times could only have been the result of using steroids or other performance-enhancing drugs, that her physique had changed dramatically in 1988 (showing marked gains in muscle mass and definition), and that her performance had improved dramatically over a short period of time. Before the 1988 season, Griffith Joyner's best 100 meter time was 10.96 seconds. In 1988 she improved that by 0.47 seconds, a time that no one has approached since. Similarly, her pre-1988 best at 200 meters was 21.96. In 1988 she improved that by 0.62 seconds to 21.34, another time which has not been approached. Griffith-Joyner attributed the change in her physique to new health programs. [http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/ie/daily/19980923/26650594.html Speed, glamour, doubt will be Flo-Jo's legacy] , " Reuters", September 231998]
The coroner's office did not test Griffith-Joyner's body for steroids after her death, because an accurate test was not possible. [http://www.salon.com/news/1998/12/cov_04newsa.html The Uneasy Death of Florence Griffith Joyner] , Kristina Rebelo-Anderson, "
Salon.com", December 1998]
*Griffith-Joyner is mentioned in the rap song
Baby Got Backby Sir Mix-a-Lot. "You can have them bimbos, I keep my women like FloJo." and also in the rap song Number One Spotby Ludacris"Stay on the track, hit the ground running like FloJo."
DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Princepay homage to Joyner in the rap song Numero Uno "Fast like Flo Jo crazy like Cujo"
Hi-Tekmakes reference to Griffith-Joyner in his collaboration with Talib Kweli, The Blaston the album Train of Thought. "It's Hi-Tek (body), on the track like Flo-Jo, bet you ain't know I had flow though."
*Flo-Jo is mentioned in an episode of
Family Guy. Peter is being stalked by Death and attempts to run away. Death responds by saying "I caught Flo Jo, you think I can't catch you?"
Del the Funkee Homosapienmentions Griffith Joyner in his debut album "I Wish My Brother George" Was Here by rapping "might sound odd to the average Joe Schmoe, the new school passed ya ass like Flo Jo"
*In an episode of "The Nanny," Fran Drescher's character confesses that she elaborated about her accomplishments in life in a letter to a pen-pal by claiming to be the fastest woman alive; it then segways into a fantasy scene where Fran is standing in the gold-medal position on an Olympic pedestal, and she turns to Flo-Jo and remarks, "Oh, cheer up, Flo. Silver goes with everything!"In the song 3 to the dome featuring Big Daddy kane, Chino XL & Kool G Rap, Chino XL says " My new album is Flo-Jo's heart, watch it blow upYou ain't just wack, you're what wack wants to be when it grows up"
* [http://www.florencegriffithjoyner.com/ Official website]
* [http://www.usolympicteam.com/26_38163.htm Florence Griffith Joyner's U.S. Olympic Team bio]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6706 Florence Griffith Joyner at Find-A-Grave]
* [http://www.sprintic.com/worldrecordsvideo/100m_women_1049_griffith_joyner/ Florence Griffith Joyner is breaking 100m World Record. Video]
* [http://www.sprintic.com/worldrecordsvideo/200m_women_2134_griffith_joyner_1988/ Florence Griffith Joyner is breaking 200m World Record. Video]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Florence Griffith Joyner — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joyner. Florence Griffith Joyner … Wikipédia en Français
Florence Griffith-Joyner — mit US Präsident Ronald Reagan am 24. Oktober 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner (Geburtsname Delorez Florence Griffith in den Medien häufig als Flo Jo bekannt; * 21. Dezember 1959 in Los Angeles; † 21. September 1998 in Mission Viejo) war eine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Florence Griffith Joyner — mit US Präsident Ronald Reagan am 24. Oktober 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner (Geburtsname Delorez Florence Griffith in den Medien häufig als Flo Jo; * 21. Dezember 1959 in Los Angeles; † 21. September 1998 in Mission Viejo) war eine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Florence Griffith Joyner — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Florence Griffith con el presidente Ronald Reagan Atletismo femenino Juegos … Wikipedia Español
Florence Griffith Joyner — [Florence Griffith Joyner] (1959–98) a US ↑athlete, also known informally as ‚Flo Jo’, who won three gold medals at the 1988 Olympic Games. She ran the fastest time ever in the 200 metres. Joyner was the ↑sister in law of Jackie Joyner Kersee … Useful english dictionary
Florence Griffith-Joyner — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joyner. Florence Griffith Joyner … Wikipédia en Français
Florence Griffith Joyner — ➡ Joyner * * * … Universalium
Florence Griffith Joyner — (1959 1998) American female track and field athlete who held several world records for races of various lengths (died suddenly at the age of 39) … English contemporary dictionary
Florence Griffith — Joyner Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joyner. Florence Griffith Joyner … Wikipédia en Français
Florence Griffith — Joyner mit US Präsident Ronald Reagan am 24. Oktober 1988 Florence Griffith Joyner (Geburtsname Delorez Florence Griffith in den Medien häufig als Flo Jo; * 21. Dezember 1959 in Los Angeles; † 21. September 1998 in Mission Viejo) war eine … Deutsch Wikipedia