Jilin City


Jilin City
Jilin City
吉林市
—  Prefecture-level city  —
Jilin Bridge and Century Square
Jilin City (red) in Jilin province (orange) and China
Jilin City is located in Jilin
Jilin City
Location of city centre in Jilin
Coordinates: 43°52′N 126°33′E / 43.867°N 126.55°E / 43.867; 126.55Coordinates: 43°52′N 126°33′E / 43.867°N 126.55°E / 43.867; 126.55
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
Area
 – Prefecture-level city 27,120 km2 (10,471.1 sq mi)
 – Urban 3,635.8 km2 (1,403.8 sq mi)
 – Metro 3,635.8 km2 (1,403.8 sq mi)
Elevation 202 m (663 ft)
Population
 – Prefecture-level city 4,414,681
 – Density 162.8/km2 (421.6/sq mi)
 – Urban 1,975,803
 – Urban density 543.4/km2 (1,407.5/sq mi)
 – Metro 1,975,803
 – Metro density 543.4/km2 (1,407.5/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 432
GDP per capita ¥42,900 (2010)
Major Nationalities Han, Manchu, Korean, Hui
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions unknown
Licence plates 吉B
Website http://www.jlcity.gov.cn/

Jilin City (Chinese: 吉林市; pinyin: Jílín Shì, Manchu: ᡤᡳᡵᡳᠨ ᡠᠯᠠ, Girin Ula) is the second largest city of Jilin province in Northeast China. At the 2010 census, 4,414,681 people resided within its administrative area of 27,120 square kilometres (10,470 sq mi) and 1,975,803 in its built up area (4 urban districts). A prefecture-level city, it is the only major city in China that shares its name with its province.

Jilin City is also known as the River City (江城), which was originated from one sentence, "连樯接舰屯江城", of a poem written by Kangxi Emperor when he was visiting Jilin City in 1682. The alias name is also because of the Songhua River surrounding almost the whole city. In 2007, it hosted the Asian Winter Games.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Map
Jilin mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 CENSUS) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Chuanying District 船营区 Chuányíng Qū 659,188 818
2 Longtan District 龙潭区 Lóngtán Qū 527,532 475
3 Changyi District 昌邑区 Chāngyì Qū 492,159 715
4 Fengman District 丰满区 Fēngmǎn Qū 296,924 288
5 Panshi City 磐石市 Pánshí Shì 505,954 128
6 Jiaohe City 蛟河市 Jiāohé Shì 447,380 74
7 Huadian City 桦甸市 Huàdiàn Shì 444,997 71
8 Shulan City 舒兰市 Shūlán Shì 645,925 140
9 Yongji County 永吉县 Yǒngjí Xiàn 394,622 150

Geography

Jilin City
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
5.6
 
−10
−24
 
 
6.1
 
−6
−20
 
 
14
 
3
−9
 
 
29
 
14
1
 
 
54
 
22
8
 
 
106
 
26
14
 
 
179
 
28
18
 
 
140
 
27
17
 
 
64
 
22
9
 
 
36
 
14
1
 
 
16
 
2
−9
 
 
6.8
 
−7
−19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: National Meteorological Centre of China (1951−2007)

Jilin City is situated in a hilly area near the Songhua River. There are four famous mountains surrounding Jilin City, which is North Mountain in the west, Long Tan Mountain in the east, Zhuque Mountain in the North, and Turtle Mountain in the south, plus Songhua River, it forms a bagua in Taiji pattern. North Mountain, called Beishan, is the most famous mountain in Jilin City. It's said, Emperor Qianlong had come and visited the mountain. It is also said that there are several Buddhist temples on the mountain.

Jilin City has a four-season, monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). Winters are long (lasting from November to March), cold, and windy, but dry, due to the influence of the Siberian anticyclone, with a January mean temperature of around −18 °C (−0 °F). Spring and fall are somewhat short transitional periods, with some precipitation, but are usually dry and windy. Summers are hot and humid, with a prevailing southeasterly wind due to the East Asian monsoon; July averages 23 °C (73 °F). Snow is usually light during the winter, and annual rainfall is heavily concentrated from June to August.


Tourism

Snow in Jilin City

Jilin City is a popular destination for tourists to come each winter to view the magnificent rime ice (雾凇/霧凇) on trees along the banks of the Songhua River, (the river is the only river in the region that does not freeze in winter). The rime ice is a natural phenomenon that occurs every year during January and February. It is a result of when water vapor rises up from the warm Songhua River to meet the cold −20 °C (−4 °F) night air, causing the crystallisation of water vapour on willows branches.

Attractions:

  • Meteorite Museum (largest stony meteorite of a documented meteorite fall)
  • North Hill Park (North-West of Jilin)
  • Dragon Pool Mountain Park
  • Songhua Lake (South-East of Jilin)
  • Wulajie (乌拉街; formerly also transcribed as Wulakai[1]) Old City (44°05′N 126°28′E / 44.083°N 126.467°E / 44.083; 126.467), a Qing Dynasty walled town in Longtan District, on the east bank of the Sungari River downstream from Jilin's main urban area. The place was the center for collection of local products to the imperial court during the Qing Dynasty.[1] In 1682 - when, according to Ferdinand Verbiest, Wulajie (Ula) was "the most illustrious city of the whole province" - the Kangxi Emperor himself visited the place to enjoy sturgeon fishing.[2] These days, a public school nearby is one of the few schools in the country where some Manchu is taught.[3][4]

Sports

The winter sports in Jilin City are full of interests, such as skiing, skating, sledding, snowboarding, and winter swim.

Ski resorts:

  • North Big Lake ski resort
  • Songhua Lake ski resort
  • North Hill ski resort
  • Zhuque Hill ski resort

Winter swimming is widely practised in Jilin city.

International relations

Jilin train station

Twin towns — Sister cities

Jilin City is twinned with:

See also

  • Jilin chemical plant explosions 2005
  • 2010 China floods in Jilin Province

References

  1. ^ a b Lattimore, Owen (1933), "Wulakai Tales From Manchuria", The Journal of American Folklore, http://www.jstor.org/pss/535718 . Lattimore explains that kai is simply a local pronunciation of 街 (jie in most other Mandarin dialects)
  2. ^ Orléans, Pierre Joseph d'; Verbiest, Ferdinand; Pereira, Thomas (1854), Major, Richard Henry, ed., Tartar conquerors of China. Translated by Francis Egerton Ellesmere (Earl of), Issue 17 of Works issued by the Hakluyt Society, Hakluyt Society, Printed for the Hakluyt Society, pp. 112–113, http://books.google.com/books?id=lOgOAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA112  (This is an English translation of Verbiest's report originally published in French in the early 19th century)
  3. ^ Echoes of Manchu: Breaking Ground
  4. ^ Echoes of Manchu: Wall Mystery Solved!

External links


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