Bean weevil


Bean weevil

Taxobox
name = Bean weevils



image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Acanthoscelides obtectus"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Coleoptera
subordo = Polyphaga
infraordo = Cucujiformia
superfamilia = Chrysomeloidea
familia = Chrysomelidae
subfamilia = Bruchinae
subfamilia_authority = Latreille, 1802 [ITIS|ID=678800|taxon=Bruchinae]
diversity_link = Bruchinae
diversity = 58 genera
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "About 1,350 species; see text."
The bean weevils or seed beetles are a subfamily (Bruchinae) of beetles, now placed in the family Chrysomelidae, though they have historically been treated as a separate family. They are granivores, and typically infest various kinds of seeds or beans, living for most of their lives inside a single seed. The family includes about 1,350 species found worldwide.

Bean weevils are generally compact and oval in shape, with small heads somewhat bent under. Sizes range to 1 mm, up to 22 mm for some tropical species. Colors are usually black or brown, often with mottled patterns. Although their mandibles may be elongate, they do not have the long snouts characteristic of true weevils.

Adults deposit eggs on seeds, then the larvae chew their way into the seed. When ready to pupate, the larvae typically cut an exit hole, then return to their feeding chamber. Adult weevils have a habit of feigning death and dropping from a plant when disturbed.

Host plants tend to be legumes, but species will also be found in Convolvulaceae, Arecaceae, and Malvaceae, and several species are considered pests.

One characteristic of the beetles which can be seen in the photo is that the elytra are short, not quite reaching the tip of the abdomen.

The adult beetles are occasionally found in the United Kingdom when they emerge out of stored products in warehouses & dwellings, but they cannot proliferate in unheated buildings in that climate.

Notable species

*common bean weevil, "Acantoscelides obtectus" Say
*Scotch broom beetle, "Bruchidius villosus" Fabr.
*pea weevil "Bruchus pisorum" L.
*broadbean weevil "Bruchus rufimanus" Boheman
*cowpea weevil "Callosobruchus maculatus"
*southern cowpea weevil "Callosobruchus chinensis" (also known as the azuki bean beetle)
* Kiawe bruchid, mesquite bruchid "Algarobius bottimeri"

Genera

:This list of genera follows the old systematics, when the family Bruchidae was still valid. [http://www.coleoptera.org/p1541.htm]

* Rhaebinae Chapuis, 1874::* "Rhaebus" Fischer von Waldheim, 1824
* Pachymerinae Bridwell, 1929:* Pachymerini Bridwell, 1929::* "Pachymerus" Thunberg, 1805::* "Butiobruchus" Prevett, 1966::* "Caryobruchus" Bridwell, 1929::* "Caryoborus" Schoenherr, 1833:* Caryedonini Bridwell, 1929::* "Mimocaryedon" Decelle, 1968::* "Caryedon" Schoenherr, 1823::* "Caryotrypes" Decelle, 1968::* "Aforedon" Decelle, 1965::* "Exoctenophorus" Decelle, 1968:* Caryopemonini Bridwell, 1929::* "Protocaryopemon" Borowiec, 1987::* "Diedobruchus" Pic, 1913::* "Caryopemon" Jekel, 1855
* Amblycerinae Bridwell, 1932:* Amblycerini Bridwell, 1932::* "Amblycerus" Thunberg, 1815:* Spermophagini Borowiec, 1987::* "Zabrotes" Horn, 1885::* "Spermophagus" Schoenherr, 1833
* Eubaptinae Bridwell, 1932::* "Eubaptus" Lacordaire, 1945
* Kytorhininae Bridwell, 1832::* "Kytorhinus" Fischer von Waldheim, 1809
* Bruchinae Latreille, 1802:* Bruchini Latreille, 1802::* "Bruchus" Linnaeus, 1767:* Megacerini Bridwell, 1946::* "Megacerus" Fahraeus, 1839:* Acanthoscelidini Bridwell, 1946::* "Gibbobruchus" Pic, 1913 ::* "Ctenocolum" Kingsolver & Whitehead, 1974::* "Caryedes" Hummel, 1827::* "Meibomeus" Bridwell, 1946::* "Penthobruchus" Kingsolver, 1973::* "Pygiopachymerus" Pic, 1911::* "Merobruchus" Bridwell, 1946::* "Acanthoscelides" Schilsky, 1905::* "Mimosestes" Bridwell, 1946::* "Stylantheus" Bridwell, 1946::* "Altheus" Bridwell, 1946::* "Pseudopachymerina" Zacher, 1952::* "Neltumius" Bridwell, 1946::* "Stator" Bridwell, 1946::* "Sennius" Bridwell, 1946::* "Megasennius" Whitehead & Kingsolver, 1975::* "Algarobius" Bridwell, 1946::* "Scutobruchus" Kingsolver, 1968::* "Rhipibruchus" Bridwell, 1932::* "Pectinibruchus" Kingsolver, 1967::* "Dahlibruchus" Bridwell, 1931::* "Cosmobruchus" Bridwell,, 1931::* "Lithraeus" Bridwell, 1952::* "Bonaerius" Bridwell, 1952::* "Spatulobruchus" Borowiec, 1987::* "Palpibruchus" Borowiec, 1987::* "Specularius" Bridwell, 1938::* "Acanthobruchidius" Borowiec, 1980::* "Palaeoacanthoscelides" Borowiec, 1985::* "Horridobruchus" Borowiec, 1984::* "Callasobruchus" Pic, 1902::* "Bruchidius" Schilsky, 1905::* "Salviabruchus" Decelle, 1982::* "Sulcobruchus" Chujo, 1937::* "Parasulcobruchus" Anton, 1999::* "Borowiecus" Anton, 1994::* "Megabruchidius" Borowiec, 1984::* "Conicobruchus" Decelle, 1951::* "Kingsolverius" Borowiec, 1987::* "Decellebruchus" Borowiec, 1987::* "Margaritabruchus" Romero & Johnson, 2001

References

* John M. Kingsolver, "Bruchidae", in Ross H. Arnett, Jr. and Michael C. Thomas, "American Beetles" (CRC Press, 2002), vol. 2 (note that this reference itself indicates the group is a subfamily, and the change was made only after the chapter was written)


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bean weevil — Bean Bean (b[=e]n), n. [OE. bene, AS. be[ a]n; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. p[=o]na, Icel. baun, Dan. b[ o]nne, Sw. b[ o]na, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bean weevil — ☆ bean weevil n. any of a family (Bruchidae) of small, hardy beetles (esp. Acanthoscelides obtectus) whose larvae feed inside seeds, esp. beans and peas; seed beetle …   English World dictionary

  • bean weevil — noun larvae live in and feed on growing or stored beans • Syn: ↑Acanthoscelides obtectus • Hypernyms: ↑seed beetle, ↑seed weevil • Member Holonyms: ↑Acanthoscelides, ↑genus Acanthoscelides * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • bean weevil — a seed beetle, Acanthoscelides obtectus, the larvae of which live in and feed on growing or stored beans. [1865 70, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • broad-bean weevil — noun : a destructive weevil (Bruchus rufimanus) that feeds on broad beans and other vetch seeds …   Useful english dictionary

  • coffee-bean weevil — noun : a small stocky dark brown weevil (Araecerus fasciculatus) prob. native to India but now nearly cosmopolitan in warm regions where it feeds and breeds in a great variety of products (as dried fruits, coffee beans, grains, or cornstalks …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bean — (b[=e]n), n. [OE. bene, AS. be[ a]n; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. p[=o]na, Icel. baun, Dan. b[ o]nne, Sw. b[ o]na, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera {Faba},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bean aphis — Bean Bean (b[=e]n), n. [OE. bene, AS. be[ a]n; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. p[=o]na, Icel. baun, Dan. b[ o]nne, Sw. b[ o]na, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bean fly — Bean Bean (b[=e]n), n. [OE. bene, AS. be[ a]n; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. p[=o]na, Icel. baun, Dan. b[ o]nne, Sw. b[ o]na, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bean goose — Bean Bean (b[=e]n), n. [OE. bene, AS. be[ a]n; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. p[=o]na, Icel. baun, Dan. b[ o]nne, Sw. b[ o]na, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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