Chief of Naval Operations
Chief of Naval Operations
ADM Jonathan W. Greenert
since: September 23, 2011
First ADM William S. Benson Formation May 11, 1915 Website Official Website
The Chief of Naval Operations (acronym: CNO) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 5033) held by a four-star admiral in the United States Navy, and is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Navy. The office is a military adviser and deputy to the Secretary of the Navy. In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) the CNO is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President. The Chief of Naval Operations is typically the highest ranking officer on active-duty in the U.S. Navy unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are naval officers.
The Chief of Naval Operations is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, and while the CNO does not have operational command authority over Naval forces as the title implies (that is nowdays within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CNO does exercise supervision of Navy organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Navy.
The current Chief of Naval Operations is Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert.
The CNO reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Navy and of the Navy shore activities assigned by the Secretary. Under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO also designates naval personnel and naval resources to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands. The CNO also performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U.S.C. § 5033 and those assigned by the secretary or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration under his name. Like the other joint chiefs, the CNO is an administrative position and has no operational command authority over United States naval forces.
Joint Chiefs of Staff
The CNO is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and is thus the principal adviser to the President of the United States, the Secretary of Defense and to the National Security Council on the conduct of naval warfare.
The Chief of Naval Operations presides over the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OpNav), which is one of three headquarters staffs in Department of the Navy (the others being the Office of the Secretary of the Navy and Headquarters Marine Corps.)
The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate. A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer. However, the president may waive those requirements if he determines the officer is necessary for national interest. By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.
Former Official Residence
Number One Observatory Circle, located on the northeast grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was built in 1893 for its superintendent. The Chief of Naval Operations liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house as his own official residence. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorized its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President.
The position of CNO replaced the position of Aide for Naval Operations, which was a position established by administrative law rather than statute.
Chief of Naval Operations Photo Term began Term ended 1 ADM William S. Benson May 11, 1915 September 25, 1919 2 ADM Robert E. Coontz November 1, 1919 July 21, 1923 3 ADM Edward W. Eberle July 21, 1923 November 14, 1927 4 ADM Charles F. Hughes November 14, 1927 September 17, 1930 5 ADM William V. Pratt September 17, 1930 June 30, 1933 6 ADM William H. Standley July 1, 1933 January 1, 1937 7 FADM William D. Leahy January 2, 1937 August 1, 1939 8 ADM Harold R. Stark August 1, 1939 March 2, 1942 9 FADM Ernest J. King March 2, 1942 December 15, 1945 10 FADM Chester W. Nimitz December 15, 1945 December 15, 1947 11 ADM Louis E. Denfeld December 15, 1947 November 2, 1949 12 ADM Forrest P. Sherman November 2, 1949 July 22, 1951 13 ADM William M. Fechteler August 16, 1951 August 17, 1953 14 ADM Robert B. Carney August 17, 1953 August 17, 1955 15 ADM Arleigh A. Burke August 17, 1955 August 1, 1961 16 ADM George W. Anderson Jr. August 1, 1961 August 1, 1963 17 ADM David L. McDonald August 1, 1963 August 1, 1967 18 ADM Thomas H. Moorer August 1, 1967 July 1, 1970 19 ADM Elmo R. Zumwalt July 1, 1970 June 29, 1974 20 ADM James L. Holloway III June 29, 1974 July 1, 1978 21 ADM Thomas B. Hayward July 1, 1978 June 30, 1982 22 ADM James D. Watkins June 30, 1982 June 30, 1986 23 ADM Carlisle A.H. Trost July 1, 1986 June 29, 1990 24 ADM Frank B. Kelso II June 29, 1990 April 23, 1994 25 ADM Jeremy M. Boorda April 23, 1994 May 16, 1996 26 ADM Jay L. Johnson May 16, 1996 July 21, 2000 27 ADM Vern Clark July 21, 2000 July 22, 2005 28 ADM Michael Mullen July 22, 2005 September 29, 2007 29 ADM Gary Roughead September 29, 2007 September 23, 2011 30 ADM Jonathan W. Greenert September 23, 2011 "Present"
- ^ a b c "The US Navy". http://www.navy.mil/navydata/leadership/cno_resp.asp. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
- ^  10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
- ^  10 USC 151. Joint Chiefs of Staff: composition; functions
- ^ navy.mil Chief of Naval Operations − Responsibilities. Retrieved 2010-07-03.
- ^ a b c d "10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations". http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode10/usc_sec_10_00005033----000-.html. Retrieved September 24, 2007.
- ^ "The Vice President's Residence". http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/vp_residence/.
- Chief of Naval Operations page
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations organization
- "Chief of Naval Operations". Lists of Commanding Officers and Senior Officials of the US Navy. Naval Historical Center. http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq35-1.htm. Retrieved November 6, 2007.
- Commander-in-chief: President of the United States
- Secretary of Defense
- Deputy Secretary of Defense
- Joint Chiefs of Staff (Chairman)
- United States Congress: Committees on Armed Services:
- Active duty four-star officers
- Highest ranking officers in history
- National Security Act of 1947
- Goldwater–Nichols Act
OrganizationBranchesReserve components Structure Operations and history PersonnelTrainingOther
- Creeds & Codes:
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- Military Occupational Specialty/Rating/Air Force Specialty Code
- Uniform Code of Military Justice
- Judge Advocate General's Corps
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- Chiefs of Chaplains:
EquipmentLandSeaAirOther Senior Officials in the United States Department of Defense
Under Secretaries of Defense:
Acquisition, Technology and Logistics: Frank Kendall III (Acting) • Policy: Michèle Flournoy • Comptroller/Chief Financial Officer: Robert Hale • Personnel and Readiness: Clifford Stanley • Intelligence: Michael Vickers
Chiefs of the Military Services:
Chief of Staff of the Army: Raymond Odierno • Commandant of the Marine Corps: James Amos • Chief of Naval Operations: Jonathan Greenert • Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Norton Schwartz
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