Duval County, Florida


Duval County, Florida
Duval County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Duval County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded August 12, 1822
Seat Jacksonville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

918.24 sq mi (2,378 km²)
773.67 sq mi (2,004 km²)
144.57 sq mi (374 km²), 15.74%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

864,263
1,117/sq mi (431.1/km²)
Website coj.net

Duval County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2010, the population was 864,263.[1] Its county seat is Jacksonville, with which the Duval County government has been consolidated since 1968.[2] Duval County was established in 1822, and is named for William Pope DuVal, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834.

Contents

History

This area had been settled by varying cultures of indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European contact. Within the Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve in Jacksonville, archeologists have excavated remains of some of the oldest pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BCE. Prior to European contact, the area was inhabited by the Mocama, a Timucuan-speaking group who lived throughout the coastal areas of northern Florida.[3] At the time Europeans arrived, much of what is now Duval County was controlled by the Saturiwa, one of the most powerful tribes in the region. The area that became Duval County was home to the 16th-century French colony of Fort Caroline, and saw increased European settlement in the 18th century with the establishment of Cowford, later renamed Jacksonville.

Duval County was created in 1822 from St. Johns County. It was named for William Pope DuVal, Governor of Florida Territory from 1822 to 1834. When Duval County was created, it covered a massive area, from the Suwannee River on the west to the Atlantic Ocean on the east, north of a line from the mouth of the Suwannee River to Jacksonville on the St. Johns River. Alachua and Nassau counties were created out of parts of Duval County in 1824. Clay County was created from part of Duval County in 1858. Part of St. Johns County south and east of the lower reaches of the St. Johns River was transferred to Duval County in the 1840s.[4]

On October 1, 1968, the government of Duval County was consolidated with the government of the city of Jacksonville, although the Duval County cities of Atlantic Beach, Baldwin, Jacksonville Beach, and Neptune Beach are not included in the corporate limits of Jacksonville, and maintain their own municipal governments.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 918.24 square miles (2,378.2 km2), of which 773.67 square miles (2,003.8 km2) (or 84.26%) is land and 144.57 square miles (374.4 km2) (or 15.74%) is water, much of it in the Atlantic Ocean.[5] The topography is coastal plain; however there are some rolling hills.

Cities and towns

National protected areas

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 1,970
1840 4,156 111.0%
1850 4,539 9.2%
1860 5,074 11.8%
1870 11,921 134.9%
1880 19,431 63.0%
1890 26,800 37.9%
1900 39,733 48.3%
1910 75,163 89.2%
1920 113,540 51.1%
1930 155,503 37.0%
1940 210,143 35.1%
1950 304,029 44.7%
1960 455,411 49.8%
1970 528,865 16.1%
1980 571,003 8.0%
1990 672,971 17.9%
2000 778,879 15.7%
2010 864,263 11.0%

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 778,879 people, 303,747 households, and 201,688 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,007 people per square mile (389/km²). There were 329,778 housing units at an average density of 426 per square mile (165/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.80% White, 27.83% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.31% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. 4.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 90.7% spoke English, 4.1% Spanish and 1.0% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 303,747 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 32.40% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,703, and the median income for a family was $47,689. Males had a median income of $32,954 versus $26,015 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,753. About 9.20% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

According to the Supervisor of Elections website, for the 2008 general election there were 536,584 registered voters in Duval County, of which 417,599 cast ballots for a voter turnout of 77.83%.[7]

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2008 50.5% 48.6% 0.9% [7]
2004 57.8% 41.6% 0.6% [8]
2000 57.5% 40.7% 1.8% [9]
1996 50.0% 44.2% 5.8% [10]
1992 49.5% 36.9% 13.9% [11]
1988 62.8% 36.7% 0.5% [12]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Matt Soergel, "Archaeologists help distinguish Mocama group", Morris News Service, 25 October 2009, accessed 11 May 2010
  4. ^ Fernald, Edward A., Ed. (1981) Atlas of Florida. The Florida State University Foundation, Inc. ISBN 0-9606708-0-7 P.131
    Alachua County Maps
    Nassau County Maps
    [http://fcit.usf.edu/Florida/maps/county/clay/clay.htm Clay County Maps
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ a b Duval County 2008 General Election
  8. ^ Duval County 2004 General Election - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
  9. ^ ElectionResults_2000-11-7.pdf Duval County 2000 General Election] - PDF retrieved February 12, 2007
  10. ^ Duval County, Florida 1996 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
  11. ^ Duval County, Florida 1992 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007
  12. ^ Duval County, Florida 1988 Presidential Election Results - URL retrieved February 12, 2007

External links

Government links

Elected constitutional offices

Special districts

Judicial branch

Tourism

Coordinates: 30°20′N 81°39′W / 30.33°N 81.65°W / 30.33; -81.65


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duval County (Florida) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Florida Verwaltungssitz: Jacksonville Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: City Hall at St. James 117 W. Duval Street Jacksonville, FL 32202 Gründung: 12. August …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • County Road 213 (Duval County, Florida) — County Road 213, formerly State Road 213, [United States Geological Survey, [http://www.terraserver usa.com/image.aspx?T=2 S=14 Z=17 X=133 Y=1046 W=3 1980 topographic map] ] and locally known as the Old MiddleBurg Rd for much of its route, runs… …   Wikipedia

  • List of county roads in Duval County, Florida — County road shields used in Florida Highway names County: County Road X (CR X) System links Florida State an …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Duval County, Florida — Location of Duval County in Florida This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Duval County, Florida. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Registered Historic Places in Duval County, Florida — List of Registered Historic Places in Duval County in the U.S. state of Florida. Florida NRHP date for lists [ [http://www.flheritage.com/facts/reports/places/index.cfm?fuseaction=ListAreas county=duval Florida Heritage Duval County listings] ]… …   Wikipedia

  • List of schools in Duval County, Florida — The following is a list of the schools operated by the Duval County School Board, d/b/a Duval County Public Schools. The list is currently limited to high schools and middle schools. Most of the schools listed are in Jacksonville, Florida, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Duval County — may refer to: Duval County, Florida Duval County, Texas This disambiguation page lists articles about distinct geographical locations with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to cha …   Wikipedia

  • Duval County Public Schools — (DCPS) is the public school district for Duval County, Jacksonville, Florida. As of 2011, the district had an enrollment of over 123,000 students, making it the 15th largest school district in the United States,[1] and 6th largest school district …   Wikipedia

  • Duval County Courthouse — The Duval County Courthouse is the local courthouse for Duval County, Florida. It houses courtrooms and judges from the Duval County and Fourth Judicial Circuit Courts. The current facility is located in Downtown Jacksonville, Florida; a new… …   Wikipedia

  • Duval County Soil and Water Conservation District — The Duval County Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD), located in Duval County, Florida is a government entity dedicated to encouraging productive use of land, water and air resources in the county. According to a summary taken from… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.