List of doping cases in sport

The following is an incomplete list of sportspeople who have been involved in doping offences. It contains those who have been found, or have admitted to, having taken illegal performance-enhancing drugs, prohibited recreational drugs or have been suspended by a sporting body for failure to submit to mandatory drug testing. Athletics are not included.

Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Horses

A

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Fritz Aanes  Norway Greco-Roman wrestling Norandrosterone, Noretiochdandone [1]
Tom Aage Aarnes  Norway Ski jumping Amphetamine [2]
Sara Abbazova  Azerbaijan Powerlifting Nandrolone [3]
Djamolidine Abdoujaparov  Uzbekistan Cycling Clenbuterol [4]
Johan Ackermann  South Africa Rugby union Nandrolone [5]
Phillip Adams  Australia Shooting Hydrochlorothiazide [6]
Andre Agassi  United States Tennis Methamphetamine (self-admitted) [7]
Lizandro Ajcú  Guatemala Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [8]
Albina Akhatova  Russia Biathlon Nikethamide (2003), Erythropoietin (EPO) (2009) [9]
Ayhan Akman  Turkey Soccer Anabolic Steroid (1997), Metenolone [10]
Stephen Alfred  United States Cycling hCG [11]
Rolf Aldag  Germany Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [12]
Sadam Ali  United States Boxing Cathine [13]
David Allen  United Kingdom Rugby League Metabolite of Cocaine [14]
Carlos Almanzar  Dominican Republic Baseball Steroids [15]
Thiago Alves  Brazil mixed martial arts Spironolactone [16]
Lyle Alzado  United States American football Anabolic steroids
(self-admitted)
[17]
Wafa Ammouri  Morocco Weightlifting [18]
Uwe Ampler  Germany Cycling Steroids [19]
Chris Andersen  United States Basketball [20]
Kim Andersen  Denmark Cycling [21] (Danish)
Peter Riis Andersen  Denmark Mountain biking Erythropoietin (EPO) [22]
Ijah Anderson  England Football (soccer) Cocaine [23]
Frankie Andreu  United States Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [24]
Joaquín Andújar  Dominican Republic Baseball Cocaine [25]
Henry Antchouet  Gabon Football (soccer) Cocaine [26]
Kristina Antoniychuk  Ukraine Tennis Furosemide [27]
Chris Armstrong  England Football (soccer) Cannabis [28]
Michael Arroyo  Ecuador Football (soccer) Marijuana [29]
Yamba Asha  Angola Football (soccer) [30]
Nuno Assis  Portugal Football (soccer) Nandrolone [31]
Mikel Astarloza  Spain Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [32]
Niklas Axelsson  Sweden Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [33]
Laura Azevedo  Brazil Swimming Anabolic steroids [34]

B

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Jonathan Bachini  Italy Football (soccer) Cocaine [35]
Cezar Badita  Romania Swimming Nandrolone [36][37] (German)
Nathan Baggaley  Australia Kayaking Stanozolol [38]
Erwin Bakker  Netherlands Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [39]
Andrea Baldini  Italy Fencing Diuretic [40]
Roberto Barbaro  Italy Water polo Norandrosterone [41]
Josh Barnett  United States Mixed martial arts Boldenone [42][43][44]
Phil Baroni  United States Mixed martial arts Boldenone, stanozolol metabolites [45]
Doug Barron  United States Golf Performance Enhancing Drugs [46]
Ivan Basso  Italy Cycling Operación Puerto doping case [47]
Marta Bastianelli  Italy Cycling [48]
Alain Baxter  Scotland Alpine skiing Methamphetamine (inactive levorotary isomer - levmethamphetamine) [49]
Karol Beck  Slovakia Tennis Clenbuterol [50]
Vitor Belfort  Brazil Mixed martial arts 4-hydroxytestosterone [51]
Manuel Beltrán  Spain Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [52]
Bryan Berard  United States Ice hockey 19-norandrosterone [53]
Adam Bergman  United States Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [54]
Lorenzo Bernucci  Italy Cycling Sibutramine [55]
Dale Berra  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Eugeni Berzin  Russia Cycling Blood doping [56]
Rafael Betancourt  Venezuela Baseball [57]
Alberto Blanco  Cuba Weightlifting Anabolic steroids [58]
Aikaterini Bliamou  Greece Swimming Nandrolone [59]
Frank de Boer  Netherlands Football (soccer) Nandrolone [60]
Galabin Boevski  Bulgaria Weightlifting Tampering with test [61]
Alex Bogomolov Jr.  United States Tennis Salbutamol [62]
Udo Bölts  Germany Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [12]
Barry Bonds  United States Baseball Amphetamines
(first offender; not suspended per Major League Baseball collective bargaining agreement)
[63]
Stephan Bonnar  United States Mixed martial arts Boldenone [64]
Tom Boonen  Belgium Cycling Cocaine [65]
Marco Borriello  Italy Football (soccer) Prednisolone [66]
Mark Bosnich  Australia Football (soccer) Cocaine [67]
David Boston  United States American football Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid [68]
Djamel Bouras  France Judo Nandrolone [69][70]
Lee Bowyer  England Football (soccer) Marijuana [71]
Andrew James Brack  Greece Baseball Stanozolol [72]
David Britz  South Africa Rugby union Boldenone [73][74]
Laurent Brochard  France Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [75]
Rebekkah Brunson  United States Basketball Salmeterol
(only given public warning)
[76]
Dave Bruylandts  Belgium Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [77] (Dutch)
Katharina Bullin  East Germany Volleyball [78]
Andrew Burns  Australia Swimming Ecstasy [79]
Asim Butt  Scotland Cricket Ecstasy [80]

C

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Enos Cabell  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Danny Cadamarteri  England Football (soccer) Ephedrine [81]
Valeriu Calancea  Romania Weightlifting methandienone [82]
Joe Calzaghe  Wales Boxing Cocaine [83]
Oscar Camenzind  Switzerland Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [84]
Mike Cameron  United States Baseball Stimulants [85]
Ken Caminiti  United States Baseball Anabolic steroids
(never sanctioned; admitted to use after the end of his career)
[86]
Neil Campbell  England Cycling HCG [87]
Guillermo Cañas  Argentina Tennis Hydrochlorothiazide [88]
José Canseco  United States Baseball Anabolic steroids
(never sanctioned; admitted to use after the end of his career)
[89]
Ludovic Capelle  Belgium Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [90]
Salvador Carmona  Mexico Football (soccer) Steroids [91]
Danilo Carrega  Brazil Swimming Stanozolol [92]
Stefano Casagranda  Italy Cycling [93]
Francesco Casagrande  Italy Cycling Testosterone [94]
Rupeni Caucaunibuca  Fiji Rugby union Cannabis [95]
Deniss Čerkovskis  Latvia Modern pentathlon Anabolic steroid [96] (Latvian)
Sergo Chakhoyan  Australia Weightlifting Stanozolol [97]
Sanamacha Chanu  India Weightlifting Furosemide [98][99]
Justin Charles  Australia Australian rules football Boldenone [100]
Juan Ignacio Chela  Argentina Tennis Metil-testosterone [101]
Alexei Cherepanov  Russia Ice hockey Nikethamide [102]
Chen Po-Pu  Chinese Taipei Weightlifting Methandienone [36]
Viktor Chislean  Moldova Weightlifting [103]
Velichko Cholakov  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Traian Cihărean  Romania Weightlifting [105]
César Cielo  Brazil Swiming Furosemide [106]
Roger Clemens  United States Baseball Anabolic steroids [107]
Gloria Comerma  Spain Field hockey [108]
Contador, AlbertoAlberto Contador  Spain Cycling Clenbuterol [109][110]
Chris Cooper  United States American football THG [111]
Kit Cope  United States Mixed martial arts Boldenone [112]
Guillermo Coria  Argentina Tennis Nandrolone [113]
Chris Cornes  England Football (soccer) Cocaine [114]
Ben Cousins  Australia Australian rules football Methamphetamine
(admitted to a U.S. rehab for treatment)
[115]
Fernando Couto  Portugal Football (soccer) Nandrolone [116]
Alexander Crispim  Brazil Mixed martial arts Desoxymethyltestosterone [117]
Brian Cushing  United States American football [118]

D

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Joey D'Antoni  United States Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [119]
Ashot Danielyan  Armenia Weightlifting Steroids [1]
Olga Danilova  Russia Cross-country skiing NESP [120]
Edgar Davids  Netherlands Football (soccer) Nandrolone [121]
Rusmin Dedič  Slovenia Football (soccer) Testosterone [122]
Gervasio Deferr  Spain Gymnastics Marijuana [123]
Vilimoni Delasau  Fiji Rugby union Cannabis [124]
Jacques Demers  Canada Weightlifting Steroids [125]
Demir Demirev  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
João Derly  Brazil Judo Diuretics [126][127][128][129]
Kasun De Silva  Sri Lanka Rugby union Cannabis [130]
Kavita Devi  India Weightlifting [131]
Kunjarani Devi  India Weightlifting Strychnine [132][133]
Monika Devi  India Weightlifting [131]
Nick Diaz  United States Mixed martial arts marijuana [134]
Mark Dickel  New Zealand Basketball Cannabis [135]
Ludo Dierckxsens  Belgium Cycling Cortisone [136]
Roland Diethart  Austria Cross-country skiing Violation of blood doping rules [137]
Robert Dietrich  Germany Ice hockey Missed test [138]
Bert Dietz  Germany Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [12]
Izabela Dragneva  Bulgaria Weightlifting Furosemide [139]
Ioannis Drymonakos  Greece Swimming Methyltrienolone [140]
Laurent Dufaux  Switzerland Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [75]
Christophe Dugarry  France Football (soccer) Nandrolone [141]
Anthony Dupuis  France Tennis Salbutamol [142]
Jamie Durbin  United Kingdom Rugby League Stanozolol [143]

E

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Johannes Eder  Austria Cross-country skiing Violation of blood doping rules [137]
Kornelia Ender  East Germany Swimming (Self-admitted) [144]
Tomáš Enge  Czech Republic Auto racing Cannabis [145]
Sebastien Enjolras  France Auto racing Cannabis [146]
Jean-Jacques Eydelie  France Football (soccer) [147] (self-admitted)

F

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Saad Faeaz  Iraq Bodybuilding Nandrolone [148]
Rio Ferdinand  England Football (soccer) Missed test [149]
Marco Fertonani  Italy Cycling Testosterone [150]
Aaron Fike  United States Auto Racing Heroin [151]
Mehmed Fikretov  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Ivailo Filev  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Sveinung Fjeldstad  Norway Football (soccer) (Norwegian)[152]
Dmitriy Fofonov  Kazakhstan Cycling Heptaminol [153]
Mabel Fonseca  Puerto Rico Weightlifting Stanozolol [103]
Hermes Franca  Brazil Mixed martial arts Drostanolone [154]
Ryan Franklin  United States Baseball Steroids [155]
Dario Frigo  Italy Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [156]

G

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Al-Saadi Gaddafi  Libya Football (soccer) Nandrolone [157]
Éric Gagné  Canada Baseball Human growth hormone [107]
Alexander Gaidukov  Russia Water polo Carphedon [92]
Stefano Garzelli  Italy Cycling Probenecid [158]
Philippe Gaumont  France Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self admitted) [159]
Anzhelika Gavrilova  Kazakhstan Speed skating Clenbuterol [160]
Ute Geweniger  East Germany Swimming Turinabol (self-admitted) [161]
Jason Giambi  United States Baseball Human growth hormone, steroids
(self-admitted)
[111][162]
Jeremy Giambi  United States Baseball Human growth hormone, steroids
(self-admitted)
[111][163]
Jay Gibbons  United States Baseball Growthormone [164]
Ed Giddins  England Cricket Cocaine [165]
Felice Gimondi  Italy Cycling [166]
Everton Giovanella  Brazil Football (soccer) [167]
Andreas Goldberger  Austria Ski jumping Cocaine [168]
Kerem Gönlüm  Turkey Basketball Cathine [169][170]
Derlis Gómez  Paraguay Football (soccer) Coca [171]
Anthony Gobert  Australia Motorcycle racing Cannabis
Not sanctioned for first offence, but was released from contract by team
[172][173][174]
Aitor González  Spain Cycling methyltestosterone metabolite [175]
Dwight Gooden  United States Baseball Cocaine [176]
Ólafur Gottskálksson  Iceland Football (soccer) [177]
Royce Gracie  Brazil Mixed martial arts Nandrolone metabolite [178]
Johan Granath  Sweden Speed skating Unknown substance [179]
Guy Greavette  Canada Weightlifting Anabolic steroids [58]
Jason Grimsley  United States Baseball Amphetamines,
anabolic steroids,
human growth hormone
(self-admitted)
[180]
Kevin Grubb  United States Auto Racing Refusal to submit to doping control [181]
Josep Guardiola  Spain Football (soccer) Nandrolone [182]
Melvin Guillard  United States Mixed martial arts Cocaine [183]
Zafar Guliyev  Russia Wrestling Bromantan [184]
Fabrizio Guidi  Italy Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [185]
Carlos Gurpegi  Spain Football (soccer) 19-norandrosterone [186][187]
Keith Gurusinghe  Sri Lanka Ruby union Methylhexanamine [188][189][190]
Rebeca Gusmão  Brazil Swimming Testosterone; Tampering [191]
Ferenc Gyurkovics  Hungary Weightlifting Oxandrolone [103]

H

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Noriyuki Haga  Japan Motorcycle racing Ephedrine [192]
Carey Hall  Australia Cycling Steroids [193]
Dennis Hallman  United States Mixed martial arts Drostanolone
Nandrolone
[117]
Bo Hamburger  Denmark Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (admitted years after being cleared by CAS) [194]
Tyler Hamilton  United States Cycling Blood transfusion [195]
Morgan Hamm  United States Gymnastics Glucocorticosteroid
(only given public warning)
[196]
Herkie Kruger  South Africa Rugby Cocaine [197]
Jessica Hardy  United States Swimming Clenbuterol [198]
Rodney Harrison  United States American football Human growth hormone [199]
Hatton, RickyRicky Hatton  United Kingdom Boxing Cocaine [200][201]
Christian Henn  Germany Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [12]
Roberto Heras  Spain Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [202]
Félix Heredia  Dominican Republic Baseball Steroids [203]
Keith Hernandez  United States Baseball Cocaine [204]
Pascal Herve  France Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [205]
René Higuita  Colombia Football (soccer) Cocaine [206]
Giorgos Himonetos  Greece Cycling Steroid (stanozolol) [207]
Martina Hingis  Switzerland Tennis Cocaine [208]
Shane Hmiel  United States Auto racing Cocaine
Marijuana
[209]
Aad van den Hoek  Netherlands Cycling Coramine [210]
Jörg Hoffmann (swimmer)  East Germany Swimming Turinabol (self-admitted) [211]
Al Holland  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Brian Holm  Denmark Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [21] (Danish)
Detlef Hofmann  Germany Canoeing [212]
Danilo Hondo  Germany Cycling Carphedon [213]
Mariano Hood  Argentina Tennis Finasteride [214]
Miguel Hoyos  Bolivia Football (soccer) Dexamethasone [215]
Jan Hruška  Czech Republic Cycling [36]
Ryan Hudson  United Kingdom Rugby league Stanozolol [216]
Jaime Huelamo  Spain Cycling [217]
Daniela Hunger  East Germany Swimming Anabolic steroids (Self-admitted) [218]
Gary Hunt  England Diving Tetrahydrocannabinol [92]
Martin Hvastija  Slovenia Cycling [93]
Gudrun Høie  Norway Wrestling Failure to reveal whereabouts [219]

I

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Christos Iakovou  Greece Weightlifting Steroids [220]
Iryna Iarosh  Ukraine Rowing number of (banned) substances [221]
Janne Immonen  Finland Cross-country skiing HES [222]
Ekaterina Iourieva  Russia Biathlon r-EPO [223]
Yusaku Iriki  Japan Baseball Steroids [224]
James Irvin  United States Mixed martial arts Methadone and oxymorphone [225]
Michael Irvin  United States American football Cocaine [226]
Gunduz Ismayilov  Azerbaijan Powerlifting Stanozolol [3]
Jari Isometsä  Finland Cross-country skiing HES [222]
Mark Iuliano  Italy Football (soccer) Cocaine [227]
Anastasia Ivanenko  Russia Swimming Furosemide [228]
Ivan Ivanov  Bulgaria Weightlifting Furosemide [139]
Anzur Ismailov  Uzbekistan Football (soccer) Cannabis [229]

J

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Mahmoud Jadaan  Syria Swimming Metenolone [230]
Jörg Jaksche  Germany Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [231]
Daniel Jardemyr  Sweden Ice hockey Amphetamine [232]
Mohammed Jassim  Iraq Weightlifting Cortisone [233]
Leon Jeanne  Wales Football (soccer) [234]
Genevieve Jeanson  Canada Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [235]
Brian Dalgaard Jensen  Denmark Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [21]
Knud Enemark Jensen  Denmark Cycling Amphetamines [236]
Jie Zhou  China Swimming Clenbuterol [237]
Tomas Johansson  Sweden Sport wrestling Anabolic steroids [238]
Andrew Johns  Australia Rugby League Ecstasy [239]
Willie Johnston  Scotland Football (soccer) Reactivan [240]
Roy Jones Jr.  United States Boxing Androstenedione
*Banned substance by the IBF but available legally over-the-counter in the US at time of use.
[241]
Ernst Jean-Joseph  Haiti Football (soccer) [242]

K

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Alina Kabaeva  Russia Rhythmic gymnastics Furosemide [citation needed]
Mohamed Kallon  Sierra Leone Football (soccer) Nandrolone [157]
Kaspars Kambala  Latvia Basketball Cocaine metabolite [243]
Mario Kasun  Croatia Basketball Cathine [169][170]
Sesil Karatantcheva  Bulgaria Tennis Nandrolone [244]
Svend Karlsen  Norway Strongmen [245]
Fetie Kasaj  Albania Weightlifting [246] (Norwegian)
Andrey Kashechkin  Kazakhstan Cycling Blood doping [247]
Gursharanpreet Kaur  India Wrestling Methylhexaneamine [248]
Zoltan Kecskes  Hungary Weightlifting [103]
Ronwin Kelly  South Africa Rugby union (former bodybuilder) Nandrolone [249]
Daniel Kenedy  Portugal Football (soccer) Furosemide [250]
Paddy Kenny  Ireland Football (soccer) ephedrine [251]
Matthias Kessler  Germany Cycling testosterone [252]
Masuam Khatri  India Wrestling Methylhexaneamine [248]
Nan Aye Khine  Myanmar Weightlifting Steroids [98]
Yaroslav Khoma  Ukraine Football (soccer) [253]
Albina Khomich  Russia Weightlifting Anabolic steroids [254]
Oksana Khvostenko  Ukraine Biathlon [255]
Rotson Kilambe  Zambia Football (soccer) [256]
Kim Jong Su  North Korea Shooting Propanolol [257][258]
Gergana Kirilova  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Harri Kirvesniemi  Finland Cross-country skiing HES [222]
Vitali Klitschko  Ukraine Boxing Anabolic steroids (self-admitted) [259]
Tonya Knight  United States Bodybuilding Using a stand-in when chosen for a random drug test [260]
Francis Kombe  Zambia Football (soccer) Cannabis [261]
Petr Korda  Czech Republic Tennis Nandrolone [262]
Andrey Korneyev  Russia Swimming Bromantan [263]
Anzhelika Kotyuga  Belarus Speed skating Anabolic steroids [264][265]
Zoltán Kovács  Hungary Weightlifting Refusal to provide test [266]
Justyna Kowalczyk  Poland Cross-country skiing Dexamethason [267]
Nina Kraft  Germany Triathlon Erythropoietin (EPO) [268]
Daniel Kreutzer  Germany Ice hockey Missed test [138]
Lennie Kristensen  Denmark Cycling [21] (Danish)
Karen Kronemeyer  Netherlands Squash Benzylpiperazine [269]
Herkie Kruger  South Africa Rugby union Nandrolone [270]
Virpi Kuitunen  Finland Cross-country skiing HES [271]
Galina Kulakova  Russia Cross-Country skiing Ephedrine [272]
Sumit Kumar  India Wrestling Methylhexaneamine [248]
Saliya Kumara  Sri Lanka Ruby union Methylhexanamine [188][189][190]
Pratima Kumari  India Weightlifting [98]

L

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Raimonds Lācis  Latvia Weightlifting Furosemide [273] (Latvian)
Lee Lacy  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Bernard Lama  France Football (soccer) Cannabis [274]
Eric Lamaze  Canada Equestrian Cocaine [275]
Floyd Landis  United States Cycling Testosterone [276]
Simon Larose  Canada Tennis Cocaine [277]
Matt Lawton  United States Baseball Boldenone [278]
Stan Lazaridis  Australia Football (soccer) Finasteride [279]
Larisa Lazutina  Russia Cross-country skiing NESP [280]
Chris Leben  United States Mixed martial arts Stanozolol [281][282]
Luc Leblanc  France Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self admitted) [75]
Luo Meng  China Wrestling Diuretic [283]
Yann Lejuste  France Water polo Tetrahydrocannabinol [92]
Kayle Leogrande  United States Cycling Erythropoietin (non-analytical positive) [284]
Jeffrey Leonard  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Kimo Leopoldo  United States Mixed martial arts Stanozolol [285]
Stephen Letchford  England Ten-pin bowling Benzoylecgonine [286]
Rashard Lewis  United States Professional Basketball Steroids
(10 game suspension)
[287]
Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall  Sweden Modern pentathlon Alcohol [288]
Mads Lind  Denmark Handball Anabolic steroids [289]
Lourdes Domínguez Lino  Spain Tennis Cocaine [208]
Paul Lo Duca  United States Baseball Steroids (Admission of guilt)[290]
Romain Locher  France Water polo Tetrahydrocannabinol [92]
Simos Loukas  Greece Water polo Methylphenidate [291]
Frank Luck  Germany Biathlon Turinabol
(self-admitted)
[292]
Zach Lund  United States Skeleton Finasteride [293]
Kerry Lynch  United States Nordic combined Blood doping [294]

M

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Mbulelo Mabizela  South Africa Football (soccer) Marijuana [295]
Emmanuel Magnien  France Cycling Corticoids [36]
Bill Mahood  Canada Mixed martial arts Drostanolone [296]
Reni Maitua  Australia Rugby (NRL) Clenbuterol [297]
Igor Majcen  Slovenia Swimming [70]
Mitchil Mann  Australia Weightlifting Clenbuterol [298]
Milka Maneva  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Jesús Manzano  Spain Cycling EPO, Cortisone, Testosterone, Human Growth Hormone, Nandrolone, Oxyglobin [299]
Diego Maradona  Argentina Football (soccer) Cocaine (1991), Ephedrine (1994) [300][301]
Georgi Markov  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids, Tampering with test [61][104]
Ivan Markov  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Nate Marquardt  United States mixed martial arts nandrolone [302]
Rodolfo Massi  Italy Cycling cortisone [303]
Martha Matsa  Greece Swimming Stanozolol [92]
Jeremy Mayfield  United States Auto racing Amphetamine [304]
O. J. Mayo  United States Basketball Dehydroepiandrosterone [305]
Iain McCorkindale  England Ten-pin bowling Benzoylecgonine [286]
Sean McCully  United States Mixed martial arts Nandrolone [306]
Mark McGwire  United States Baseball Steroids (self-admitted after retirement; Major League Baseball did not test for steroids during his career) [307]
Brigitte McMahon  Switzerland Triathlon Erythropoietin [308]
Tim McNeill  United States Gymnastics Triamcinolone acetonide [309]
David Meca  Spain Swimming Nandrolone [310]
Roland Meier  Switzerland Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [156]
Birgit Meineke  East Germany Swimming Turinabol (self-admitted) [311]
Filip Meirhaeghe  Belgium Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [312]
Oussama Mellouli  Tunisia Swimming Amphetamine (Dutch)[313]
Marcelo Melo  Brazil Tennis Isometheptene [314]
Eddy Merckx  Belgium Cycling Reactivan, lodinated glycerol and Pemoline [315]
LaShawn Merritt  United States Track Testosterone [316]
Shawne Merriman  United States American football Steroid [317]
Jeff Michels  United States Weightlifting Testosterone [318]
Mike Mihelic  Canada Canadian football [319]
Harry Milanzi  Zambia Football (soccer) Cannabis [261]
David Millar  Scotland Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [320]
Sevdalin Minchev  Bulgaria Weightlifting Furosemide [139]
Donka Mincheva  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Bjarne Møller  Denmark Triathlon Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [321] (Danish)
Claus Michael Møller  Denmark Cycling [21] (Danish)
Shane Monahan  United States Baseball Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol & amphetamines
Self-admitted in 2007, last played in minors 2003.
[322]
Gianpaolo Mondini  Italy Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [323]
Scott Moninger  United States Cycling 19-norandrosterone [324]
Agustin Montero  Dominican Republic Baseball [325]
Josh Moreau  United States Weightlifting Cannabinoids [326]
Christophe Moreau  France Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self admitted) [327]
Cristian Moreni  Italy Cycling Testosterone [328]
María Isabel Moreno  Spain Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [329]
Johnnie Morton  United States Mixed martial arts anabolic steroids [330][331]
Luca Moro  Italy Auto racing Benzoylecgonine [332]
Mike Morse  United States Baseball Steroids [333]
Shane Mosley  United States Boxing Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG, also known as "the clear"), Erythropoietin (EPO), and The cream [334]
Guillermo Mota  Dominican Republic Baseball [335]
Johann Mühlegg  Spain Cross-country skiing Darbepoetin [336]
David Munyasia  Kenya Boxing Stimulant [266]
Giuseppe Muraglia  Italy Cycling hCG (Human chorionic gonadotropin) [337]
Johan Museeuw  Belgium Cycling Aranesp-darbepoetin alfa [338] (self-admitted)
Adrian Mutu  Romania Football (soccer) Cocaine [339]
Mika Myllylä  Finland Cross-country skiing HES [340]
Eero Mäntyranta  Finland Cross-country skiing Amphetamine [341]

N

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Kazuhiro Nakamura  Japan Mixed martial arts marijuana [342]
Sireli Naqelevuki  Fiji Rugby union Cannabis [343]
Paweł Nastula  Poland Mixed martial arts Nandrolone [344]
Andris Naudužs  Latvia Cycling Anabolic steroid [96]
Shaun Newton  England Football (soccer) Cocaine [345]
Moisés Dueñas Nevado  Spain Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [346]
Lars Brian Nielsen  Denmark Cycling Caffeine [21]
Patrik Nilson  Sweden Ice hockey Nandrolon [347]
Ulf Nilsson  Sweden Ice hockey Ephedrine [348]
Carola Nitschke  East Germany Swimming Anabolic steroids (self-admitted) [218]
Alexandre Nogueira  Brazil Mixed martial arts Boldenone [349]
Franny Norton  England Horse racing Metabolite of cocaine [350]
Anosheravan Nourian  Iran Boxing Ephedrine [351]
Karel Nováček  Czech Republic Tennis Cocaine [208]
Joseph N'Sima  France Basketball Ephedrine [352] (Norwegian)
Daniel Núñez  Cuba Weightlifting Anabolic steroids [58]

O

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Nathan O'Neill  Australia Cycling Phentermine [353]
Kirk O'Bee  United States Cycling Testosterone [354]
Reza Ojagh  Iran Swimming Nandrolone [230]
Olena Olefirenko  Ukraine Rowing [103]
Andrey Oleynik  Ukraine Swimming Cannabis [92]
Jacques Oliger  Chile Weightlifting [355]
Oo Mya Sanda  Myanmar Weightlifting Metabolite [356]
David Ortiz  Dominican Republic Baseball Performance Enhancing Drugs [357]
Ronnie O'Sullivan  England Snooker Cannabis [358]
Ouyang Kunpeng  China Swimming Clenbuterol [283]

P

Name Country Sport Banned Reference
Neco Padaratz  Brazil Surfing Anabolic steroids [359]
Emilio Pagani  Italy Swimming Tetrahydrocannabinol [92]
Rafael Palmeiro  United States Baseball Stanozolol [360]
Marco Pantani  Italy Cycling Declared unfit to ride after a UCI "health check" in the Giro d'Italia, but never formally tested positive or banned. [361]
Karo Parisyan  United States mixed martial arts Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone, and Oxymorphone [362]
Dave Parker  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Joseph M. Papp  United States Cycling Testosterone or its precursors (6α-OH-androstenedione 6β-OH-androsterone) [363]
Stephen Pate  Australia Cycling Steroids [193]
Lenny Paul  United Kingdom Bobsleigh Nandrolone [364]
Per Pedersen  Denmark Cycling Cortisone [21] (Danish)
Daniel Pereira  Portugal Swimming Stanozolol [365]
Neifi Pérez  Dominican Republic Baseball Stimulants (three times) [366]
Wolfgang Perner  Austria Biathlon Violation of blood doping rules [367]
Alessandro Petacchi  Italy Cycling Salbutamol [65]
Rumyana Petkova  Bulgaria Weightlifting Stanozolol [368]
Andy Pettitte  United States Baseball Human growth hormone
(self-admitted)
[369]
Michael Phelps  United States Swimming Cannabis (self-admitted) [370]
Jorge Piedra  United States Baseball [371]
Juan Pineda  United States Cycling 19-norandrosterone [354]
Jürgen Pinter  Austria Cross-country skiing Violation of blood doping rules [137]
Adri van der Poel  Netherlands Cycling Strychnine [372]
Aleksander Polaczek  Germany Ice hockey Missed test [138]
Claudia Poll  Costa Rica Swimming Nandrolone [373]
Andrea Pollack  East Germany Swimming Turinabol
(self-admitted)
[218]
Sandis Prūsis  Latvia Bobsleigh Anabolic steroids [96] (Latvian)
Piotr Przydzial  Poland Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [374]
Mariusz Pudzianowski  Poland Strongmen [375]
Mariano Puerta  Argentina Tennis Etilefrine, clenbuterol [376]
Shailaja Pujari  India Weightlifting [98]
Nauris Pundors  Latvia Swimming Anabolic steroids [96] (Latvian)
Olga Pyleva  Russia Biathlon Carphedon [377]

Q

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Quim  Portugal Football (soccer) Nandrolone [378]

R

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Andreea Răducan  Romania Gymnastics Pseudoephedrine [379]
Robin Rahm  Sweden Ice hockey Anabolic steroids [380]
Tim Raines  United States Baseball Cocaine [381]
Elmira Ramileva  Uzbekistan Weightlifting Stanozolol [382]
Manny Ramirez  Dominican Republic Baseball Performance Enhancing Drugs [383]
Kevin Randleman  United States Mixed martial arts Submitting fake urine sample [384][385]
Mihai Ravariu  Romania Rugby union hCG [386]
Igor Razoronov  Ukraine Weightlifting Nandrolone [387]
Shawn Ray  United States Bodybuilding Anabolic sterroid [388]
Rita Razmaite  Lithuania Cycling Bromantan [389]
Andris Reinholds  Latvia Rowing Nandrolone [36]
Rica Reinisch  East Germany Swimming Turinabol
(self-admitted)
[390]
Peter Ribe  Norway Rowing Ephedrine [391] (Norwegian)
Ricardo Riccò  Italy Cycling CERA [392]
Maximiliano Richeze  Argentina Cycling steroid [393]
Bjarne Riis  Denmark Cycling EPO, cortisone, growth hormone (self-admitted) [394]
Juan Rincón  Venezuela Baseball Steroids [395]
Danny Rios  United States Baseball Stanozolol [396]
Barret Robbins  United States American football THG [111]
Grant Roberts  United States Baseball Steroids [397][dead link]
Ana Rodrigues  Portugal Water polo Canrenone [92]
Estella Rodriguez Villanueva  Cuba Judo Furosemide [263]
Alex Rodriguez  United States Baseball Testosterone, primobolan [47]
Luis Román Rolón  Puerto Rico Boxing [398]
Bill Romanowski  United States American football Steroids
(self-admitted)
[111]
Romario  Brazil Football (soccer) Finasteride [399]
Loren Ross  United States Boxing [400]
Wolfgang Rottmann  Austria Biathlon Violation of blood doping rules [401]
Didier Rous  France Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [75]
Raimondas Rumšas  Lithuania Cycling [402][403]
Stefan Rütimann  Switzerland Cycling testosterone [404]

S

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Milla Saari (née Jauho)  Finland Cross-country skiing HES [405][406]
Sule Sahbaz  Turkey Weightlifting [103]
Hasan Sas  Turkey Soccer Fenilpropanolamin [407]
Wendell Sailor  Australia Rugby union Cocaine [408]
Juan Salas  Dominican Republic Baseball [409]
Viktors Ščerbatihs  Latvia Weightlifting Anabolic steroids [96] (Latvian)
David Segui  United States Baseball Anabolic steroids, growth hormone [410]
Leonidas Sampanis  Greece Weightlifting Testosterone [103]
Olga Samulenkova  Russia Rowing Testosterone [411]
Alex Sánchez  Cuba Baseball Steroids [412]
Francisco Pérez Sanchez  Spain Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [413]
Mitchell Sargent  Australia Rugby league Cocaine [414]
Santis Sarkanis  Latvia Cycling Ephedrine [415] (Latvian)
Todd Sauerbrun  United States American football Ephedra [416]
Adam Sbieh  United States Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [417]
Michele Scarponi  Italy Cycling Operación Puerto doping case [418]
Roland Schmidt  East Germany Weightlifting Turinabol
(self-admitted)
[419]
Petra Schneider  East Germany Swimming Anabolic steroids
(self-admitted)
[420]
Stefan Schumacher  Germany Cycling CERA [421]
Sead Seferovic  Bosnia and Herzegovina Football (soccer) Ephedrine [422]
Emanuele Sella  Italy Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [423]
Jeremy Serreau  France Water polo Testosterone [424]
Jörg Harald Sievers  East Germany Swimming Turinabol [425]
Antonio Silva  Brazil Mixed Martial Arts Boldenone [426]
Roberto Sgambelluri  Italy Cycling NESP [93]
Ken Shamrock  United States Mixed Martial Arts Stanozolol, 19-Norandrosterone and 19-Noretiocholanolone [384]
Gary Sheffield  United States Baseball Steroids
(was not punished)
[111][427]
Shang Shichun  China Weightlifting [98]
Sergei Shiriaev  Russia Cross-country skiing Erythropoietin (EPO) [428]
Sean Sherk  United States Mixed martial arts Nandrolone (tainted supplement)
Oleg Shteinikov  Kazakhstan Swimming Nandrolone [92]
Filippo Simeoni  Italy Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO), growth hormone [429]
Harpreet Singh  India Weightlifting Nandroline [131]
Patrik Sinkewitz  Germany Cycling Testosterone [430]
Michael Skelde  Denmark Cycling Testosterone [21] (Danish)
Jesper Skibby  Denmark Cycling (self-admitted) [431](Danish)
Adam Smith  United States Mixed martial arts cocaine
marijuana
[432]
Lonnie Smith  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Michelle Smith (Michelle de Bruin)  Ireland Swimming Tampering with test [433]
Richard Smith  Australia Cycling Blood Doping [434]
Euzebiusz Smolarek  Poland Football (soccer) Cannabis [435]
Paul Smith (cricketer)  England Cricket Cocaine, confessed after quitting the sport. [436]
Edgars Soika  Latvia Curling Spironolactone [273] (Latvian)
Sergei Sokolov  Azerbaijan Football (soccer) Betamethasone [437]
Nasser El Sonbaty  Germany Bodybuilding Diuretics [388]
Chael Sonnen  United States Mixed Martial Arts Testosterone [438]
Christiane Knacke-Sommer  East Germany Swimming Anabolic steroids. (Self-admitted) [439]
Lary Sorensen  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Duncan Spencer  England Cricket Nandrolone [439]
Brandon Spikes  United States American football [440]
Nikolaos Spyropoulos  Greece Football (soccer) Testosterone [441] (Greek)
Zinaida Stahurskaya  Belarus Cycling stanozolol, testosterone [442]
Jaap Stam  Netherlands Football (soccer) Nandrolone [443]
Roger Stanislaus  England Football (soccer) Cocaine [444]
Matt Stevens  England Rugby Union Cocaine [445]
Ivan Stoitsov  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Astrid Strauss  East Germany Swimming [212]
Darryl Strawberry  United States Baseball Cocaine [176]
Jamal Strong  United States Baseball [446]
Jamie Stuart  England Football (soccer) Cocaine, marijuana [447]
Dana Stubblefield  United States American football THG [111]
S Sunaina  India Weightlifting Nandrolone [98]
Eranga Swarnathilake  Sri Lanka Ruby union Methylhexanamine [188][189][190]
Tim Sylvia  United States Mixed martial arts Nandrolone [448]

T

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Ibrahim Tanko  Ghana Football (soccer) Tetrahydrocannabinol [449]
Anissa Tann  Australia Football (soccer) Nandrolone [450]
Alvaro Tardaguila  Uruguay Cycling r-EPO [354]
Martin Tauber  Austria Cross-country skiing Violation of blood doping rules [137]
Irina Tchachina  Russia Rhythmic gymnastics Furosemide [451]
Than Kyi Kyi  Myanmar Weightlifting Diuretic [452]
Upul Tharanga  Sri Lanka Cricket Prednisone, Prednisolone [453][454][455][456]
José Théodore  Canada Ice hockey Finasteride [457]
Gert-Jan Theunisse  Netherlands Cycling Admits use of Celestone [458]
Tammy Thomas  United States Cycling Testosterone [459]
Do Thi Ngan Thuong  Vietnam Gymnastics Furosemide [257][258]
Egor Titov  Russia Football (soccer) Bromantan [460]
Rajiv Tomar  India Wrestling Methylhexaneamine [248]
James Toney  United States Boxing Nandrolone [461]
Anthony Torres  United States Mixed martial arts Boldenone [462]
Kolo Touré  Côte d'Ivoire Football (soccer) [463]
Mark Tout  United Kingdom Bobsleigh Stanozolol [464]
Alan Tsagaev  Bulgaria Weightlifting Steroids [104]
Billy Turley  England Football (soccer) Nandrolone (2002), Cocaine (2004) [465][466]
Alexandra Tziouti  Greece Cycling Nandrolone [207]

U

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Sergey Ulegin  Russia Canoe sprint Amphetamine [467]
Jan Ullrich  Germany Cycling Amphetamine [468]
Paritosh Upadhyay  India Weightlifting [131]
Alexander Urinov  Uzbekistan Weightlifting Cannabis [469]
Albeiro Usuriaga  Colombia Football (soccer) Cocaine [470]

V

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Jorge Valdez  Paraguay Football (soccer) Coca [171]
Frank Vandenbroucke  Belgium Cycling [471] (self-admitted)
Zlatan Vanev  Bulgaria Weightlifting Tampering with test [61]
Fernando Vargas  United States Boxing Anabolic Steroids [472]
Kaisa Varis  Finland Cross-country skiing Erythropoietin (EPO) [222]
Dmitry Vassiliev  Russia Ski jumping Furosemide [473]
Andrus Veerpalu  Estonia Cross-country skiing HgH [474]
Sven Verdonck  Belgium Football (soccer) stanozolol [475]
Michael Viau  Canada Weightlifting Anabolic steroids [58]
Chinthana Vidanage  Sri Lanka Weightlifting Methylhexanamine [476][477][478][479][480]
Pieter de Villiers  France Rugby union Cocaine, ecstasy [481]
Alexander Vinokourov  Kazakhstan Cycling Blood doping [482]
Richard Virenque  France Cycling [483]
Ľubomír Višňovský  Slovakia Ice hockey Pseudoephedrine
(only given public warning)
[484]
Nadzeya Vysotskaya  Belarus Gymnastics Furosemide [485]

W

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Graham Wagg  England Cricket Cocaine [486]
Wakakirin Shinichi  Japan Sumo wrestling Cannabis [487]
Wakanohō Toshinori  Russia Sumo wrestling Cannabis [488]
Achim Walcher  Austria Cross-country skiing Blood transfusion [489]
Alexander Walke  Germany Football (soccer) Tetrahydrocannabinol [490]
Wang Wei  China Swimming Clenbuterol [491]
Manju Wanniarachchi  Sri Lanka Boxing Nandrolone [492]
Shane Warne  Australia Cricket Diuretics [493]
Joe Warren  United States Wrestling Marijuana [494]
Claudell Washington  United States Baseball Cocaine [25]
Stig Wetzell  Finland Ice hockey Ephedrine Stig Wetzell#1974 Doping Controversy
Mats Wilander  Sweden Tennis Cocaine [208]
Michał Wilk  Poland Powerlifting [495] (Norwegian)
Ricky Williams  United States American football Cannabis, other drugs [496]
Kindel Woods  United States Basketball Indian cannabis [497] (Greek)
Jesper Worre  Denmark Cycling amineptine [21]
Wu Yanyan  China Swimming [498]

X

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Abel Xavier  Portugal Football (soccer) Methandienone (Dianabol) [499]
Xiong Guoming  China Swimming Clenbuterol [491]

Y

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Dmitri Yaroshenko  Russia Biathlon r-EPO [500]
Jeremy Yates  New Zealand Cycling Testosterone [501]
Yevgenia Yermakova  Kazakhstan Swimming Diuretic [36]

Z

Name Country Sport Banned substance Reference
Erik Zabel  Germany Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) (self-admitted) [12]
Faat Zakirov  Russia Cycling NESP [93]
Nina Zhivanevskaya  Russia Swimming Bromantane [502]
Alex Zülle  Switzerland Cycling Erythropoietin (EPO) [503]
Arthur Zwane  South Africa Football (soccer) Methyltestosterone [504]
Tara Zwink  United States Snowboarding Cannabis [505]

Horses

Horse Jockey Country Banned substance Reference
ABC Landliebe Cian O'Connor  Ireland Fluphenazine,
Guanabenz
[506]
Camiro Tony André Hansen  Norway Capsaicin [507]
Castle Forbes Maike Jessica Kurten  Ireland Etoricoxib [508]
Chupa Cup Bernardo Alves  Brazil Capsaicin [507]
Coster Christian Ahlmann  Germany Capsaicin [507]
Goldfever Ludger Beerbaum  Germany Cortisone [509]
Lantinus Denis Lynch  Ireland Capsaicin, [507]
Ooh Aah Camara Norton  Ireland Phenylbutazone,
Oxyphenbutazone
[510]
Waterford Crystal Cian O'Connor  Ireland Fluphenazine,
Zuclopenthixol
[506]

See also

References

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