Jeju City


Jeju City
Jeju City
제주시
濟州市
—  Municipal City  —
Korean transcription(s)
 – Hangul 제주시
 – Hanja 濟州市
 – Revised Romanization Jeju-si
 – McCune-Reischauer Cheju-si
Overview of Jeju City

Emblem of Jeju City
Country  South Korea
Region Jeju
Administrative divisions 19 dong, 4 eup, 3 myeon
Area
 – Total 977.8 km2 (377.5 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 – Total 408,364
 – Density 418/km2 (1,082.6/sq mi)
 – Dialect Jeju

Jeju (Jeju-si) is the capital of Jeju province in South Korea and the largest city on the island of Jeju. Its geographical location is 33°30′N 126°31′E / 33.5°N 126.517°E / 33.5; 126.517. The city is served by Jeju International Airport (IATA code CJU).

Located in a southern island where the weather is mild even in winter, the city is a famous resort with public casino facilities. Jeju welcomes over 4 million visitors from mainland Korea, Japan, and China every year.

Contents

Geography

In its former boundaries, Jeju City was 19.3 kilometers from east to west, and 10.2 kilometers from north to south. To the north, it looks across the Korea Strait at the southern coast of South Jeolla Province. To the south, it meets Seogwipo City at the top of Hallasan, the island's sole mountain.

Climate

Climate data for Jeju City, South Korea (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55.0)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
29.0
(84.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
21.3
(70.3)
16.0
(60.8)
11.0
(51.8)
18.9
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
6.4
(43.5)
9.4
(48.9)
13.8
(56.8)
17.8
(64.0)
21.5
(70.7)
25.8
(78.4)
26.8
(80.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.2
(64.8)
12.8
(55.0)
8.1
(46.6)
15.8
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.6
(38.5)
6.1
(43.0)
10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.3
(75.7)
20.4
(68.7)
15.1
(59.2)
9.8
(49.6)
5.3
(41.5)
12.9
Precipitation mm (inches) 65.2
(2.567)
62.6
(2.465)
88.6
(3.488)
89.6
(3.528)
96.4
(3.795)
181.4
(7.142)
239.9
(9.445)
262.5
(10.335)
221.6
(8.724)
80.3
(3.161)
61.9
(2.437)
47.7
(1.878)
1,497.6
(58.961)
humidity 65.3 64.9 64.9 66.5 70.4 76.8 78.3 76.5 73.7 66.9 65.1 65.1 69.6
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.6 10.3 11.2 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.5 13.5 10.8 7.0 9.3 10.8 130.2
Sunshine hours 70.4 105.4 158.9 194.4 211.9 170.9 195.6 195.6 161.7 178.5 126.0 84.8 1,854.1
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [1]

History

The area of the city has played a central role in Jeju since before recorded history. The Samseonghyeol, holes from which the three ancestors of the Jeju people are said to have come, are located in downtown Jeju City.

The city has grown quite rapidly since the 1970s. Shin Jeju (신제주), or "new Jeju", was created some decades ago, up the hill from the airport and houses many government buildings. The thatched roof buildings that were common throughout the city until the 1970s are gradually disappearing.

The city was separated from Bukjeju County in 1955. However, in 2005 Jeju Province voters approved a proposal to merge the city with Bukjeju County, also merging Seogwipo with Namjeju County to create two large cities directly administered by the province. That change was put into effect in July 2006.

Administrative divisions

Jeju is divided into 19 neighbourhoods (dong), 4 towns (eup), and 3 townships (myeon):[2]

  • Aeweol-eup (애월읍)
  • Gujwa-eup (구좌읍)
  • Hanrim-eup (한림읍)
  • Jocheon-eup (조천읍)
  • Chuja-myeon (추자면)
  • Hangyeong-myeon (한경면)
  • Udo-myeon (우도면)
  • Ara-dong (아라동)
  • Bonggae-dong (봉개동)
  • Dodu-dong (도두동)
  • Geonip-dong (건입동)
  • Hwabuk-dong (화북동)
  • Ido-1-dong (이도1동)
  • Ido-2-dong (이도2동)
  • Iho-dong (이호동)
  • Ildo-1-dong (일도1동)
  • Ildo-2-dong (일도2동)
  • Nohyeong-dong (노형동)
  • Oedo-dong (외도동)
  • Ora-dong (오라동)
  • Samdo-1-dong (삼도1동)
  • Samdo-2-dong (삼도2동)
  • Samyang-dong (삼양동)
  • Yeon-dong (연동)
  • Yongdam-1-dong (용담1동)
  • Yongdam-2-dong (용담2동)

Transportation

Jeju City is the principal transportation center for Jeju Province. It is home to the island's sole airport, Jeju International Airport. In addition, its port is the largest on the island, serving the great majority of passenger and cargo vessels that visit the island. It also stands at the center of the island's road network. To travel throughout the city and island, various buses are available and affordably priced, typically running approximately 1,000 won (0.90 USD) for one ride. A bus ride from Jeju City to Seogwipo (the second largest city on the island) is typically an hour.

Economy

Jeju Air has its headquarters in Jeju City. The city also sells lots of oranges for which Jeju is famous. Jeju City is surrounded by orange and mandarin farms. [3][4]

Tourism

Due to its central position in transportation, Jeju City gets the lion's share of tourist traffic to the island. Many tourists arrive at the city through the port terminal or airport, stay in the tourist hotels of the Sinjeju neighborhood, and stay within the city to visit various Jeju tourist attractions. These include Dragon's Head Rock along the coast, the Samseonghyeol holes in the downtown area, Hallasan National Park in the interior, the country's tallest mountain Halla-san, and world's largest botanical garden Bunjae Artpia.

Sister cities

Jeju has a "Memorandum of Understanding" with Ulm, Germany.[5]

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 33°30′N 126°31′E / 33.5°N 126.517°E / 33.5; 126.517


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jeju City — Jeju Jeju Hangul : 제주시 Hanja : 濟州市 Romanisation révisée : Jeju si …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jeju-do — Jeju Special Self Governing Province 제주특별자치도 濟州特別自治道 Jeju Teukbyeoljachi do Emblem of Jeju …   Wikipedia

  • Jeju (South Korea) — Hotels: Daekuk Isleinn Hotel Jeju (City) Grand Hotel Jeju (Shin Jeju) Haevichi Resort Jeju (Town) Hawaii Hotel Jeju (Centre) KAL Hotel Jeju (Jeju City) …   International hotels

  • Jeju — Hangeul 제주시 Hanja 濟州市 Romanisation révisée Jeju si McCune Reischauer Cheju si Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jeju International Airport — 제주국제공항 濟州國際空港 Jeju Gukje Gonghang Cheju Kukche Konghang …   Wikipedia

  • Jeju — may refer to: Jeju do, a province of South Korea Jeju do, the main island of Jeju do(province) Jeju City, the biggest city on Jeju do(island) and capital of Jeju do(province) Jeju dog, a dog native to Jeju do Jeju (woreda), one of the 180 woredas …   Wikipedia

  • Jeju National University — 제주대학교 Motto Truth, Justice, Creativity (진리 정의 창조) Established 1952 Type National Academic staff 1,402 Admin. staff …   Wikipedia

  • Jeju dialect — (Korean: 제주 방언, Hanja: 濟州方言) or Jeju language(제주어; 濟州語) is the dialect used on the island of Jeju in Korea, with the exception of Chuja in former Bukjeju County area of Jeju City. It differs greatly from the dialects of the mainland, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeju Stadium — Jeju (Main) Stadium is a multi use stadium in Jeju city, Jeju do, South Korea. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium has a capacity of 25,000 people and was opened in 1968. It seats 20,053 …   Wikipedia

  • Jeju — Original name in latin Jeju Name in other language CJU, Chedzhu, Cheju, Chu sung, Chyei Chyu, Jeju, Jeju City, Jeju si, Kota Jeju, Saishu, Saish Saisyu, Saisyu Yu, Saisy Saisy Y Tsche dschu, Tse tsiu, Tsitcheou, jejusi, ji zhou shi, Чеджу State… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.