Wold Cottage (meteorite)


Wold Cottage (meteorite)

Meteorite
Name= Wold Cottage


Image_caption=
Image_width=
Type= Chondrite
Class= Ordinary chondrite
Group= L6
Structural_classification=
Composition=
Shock=
Weathering=
Country= United Kingdom
Region= Yorkshire, England
Lat_Long= coord|54|8|12|N|0|24|48|E|display=inline,title [http://tin.er.usgs.gov/meteor/metbull.php?code=24325 Meteoritical Bulletin Database: Wold Cottage] ]
Observed_fall= Yes
Fall_date= December 13 1795, 3 pm
Found_date=
TKW= 25 kg


Image2_caption= The Wold Newton meteorite monument
The Wold Cottage meteorite (also called the Wold Newton meteorite) fell at 3 p.m. on December 13 1795 a few miles away from the hamlet of Wold Newton in Yorkshire, England. The meteorite fell two fields distance of a large house, the Wold Cottage, owned by one Edward Topham - a poet, playright, landowner and well respected local.

The meteorite

It's a L6 ordinary chondrite weighing around 25kg.

The monument

Here
On this spot, December 13, 1795
Fell from the atmosphere
An extraordinary stone.
In breadth twenty-eight inches
In length thirty-six inches,
And
Whose weight was fifty-six pounds.
This column
In memory of it
Was erected by
Edward Topham
1799
There is a brick monument in the field where the meteorite fell, commemorating the event.It was bulit by Edward Topham, the owner of the land, in 1799 to mark the exact spot where the meteorite fell.

The inscription on the landmark reads:

Importance

Wold Cottage is a important meteorite because is the second largest fall ever recorded in the United Kingdom and, most of all, it was the first observed meteorite fall in Britain. It was used by scientists as proof that matter existed, and was made of the same materials as terrestrial matter.

preading

The naturalist James Sowerby acquired it, and gave fragments to interested people [http://www.vauxhallsociety.org.uk/Sowerby.html] [http://www.hmag.gla.ac.uk/john/huntmin/hposs.htm] . Sowerby's fragments are now held by the Natural History Museum in London.

In fiction

The event was used by the science fiction writer Philip José Farmer in his "biographies" of fictional characters ("Tarzan Alive" and "") as the basis of a literary premise commonly referred to as the Wold Newton family.

Other

In 2003, the meteor inspired the founding of local brewery "Wold Top", which produces a real ale called "Falling Stone" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/3013192.stm] .

Notes

External links

* [http://fernlea.tripod.com/woldcottage.html The Wold Cottage meteorite]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070809201913/http://www.meteoritearticles.com/historyarticle.html A history of meteorites, including the Wold Cottage chrondite]
* [http://helmyorkshire.com/woldfolder/meteorite.html A page about the stone on a local tourism site]

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