35th Infantry Division (United States)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 35th Infantry Division
caption=35th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia
dates= 1917-1919 1935-1945 1946-1963 1984-present
country= United States of America
Army National Guard
World War I
World War II
William H. Simpson
identification_symbol_label=distinctive unit insignia
previous=34th Infantry Division
next=36th Infantry DivisionThe 35th Infantry Division has been a unit of the National Guard since
World War I.
It is currently headquartered at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
World War I
1917(National Guard with troops from Kansasand Missouri, after a few months as the 14th Division).
*Major operations: Meuse-Argonne.
*Casualties: Total - 7,296 (KIA - 1,018 ; WIA - 6,278).
*Commanders: Maj. Gen. William M. Wright (
25 August1917), Brig. Gen. L. G. Berry ( 18 September1917), Maj. Gen. William M. Wright ( 10 December1917), Brig. Gen. Nathaniel F. McClure ( 15 June1918), Maj. Gen. Peter E. Traub ( 2 November1918), Brig. Gen. T. B. Dugan ( 25 November1918), Maj. Gen. Peter E. Traub ( 7 December1918), Brig. Gen. Thomas Dugan ( 27 December1918).
*Returned to U.S. and inactivated: April
Upon arrival in France, the 35th Division was garrisoned near the front in Alsace. It received limited training from the French Army.
The Division saw combat in the Battle of Meuse-Argonne where it collapsed after five days of fighting. [Ferrel R. H., Collapse at Meuse-Argonne: The Failure of the Missouri-Kansas Division, University of Missouri Press, 2004]
During World War I, the 129th Field Artillery Regiment had, as a battery commander, Capt.
Harry S Truman, later President of the United States.
World War II
*Campaigns: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe.
*Days of combat: 264.
*Distinguished Unit Citations: 6.
*Awards: MH-1 ;
Distinguished Service Cross (United States)-44 ; Distinguished Service Medal (United States)-1 ; Silver Star-688 ; LM-10; DFC-1 ; SM-22 ; BSM-3,435 ; AM-133.
*Commanders: Maj. Gen. R. E. Truman (December 1940-October
1941), Maj. Gen. William H. Simpson(October 1941-April 1942), Maj. Gen. Maxwell Murray (May 1942-January 1943), Maj. Gen. Paul W. Baade (January 1943 to inactivation).
*Returned to U. S.:
10 September 1945.
The Division was activated on
23 December 1940, as a National Guard Division from Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska. It departed for Europe on 12 May 1944.
The 35th Infantry Division arrived in
England, 25 May1944, and received further training. It landed on Omaha Beach, Normandy, 5- 7 July1944, and entered combat 11 July, fighting in the Normandy hedgerows, north of St. Lo. The Division beat off 12 German counterattacks at Emeliebefore entering St. Lo, 18 July. After mopping up in the St. Lo area, it took part in the offensive action southwest of St. Lo, pushing the Germans across the Vire River, 2 August, and breaking out of the Cotentin Peninsula. While en route to an assembly area, the Division was "flagged off the road," to secure the Mortain-Avranches corridor and to rescue the 30th Division's "Lost Battalion," 7- 13 August1944.
Then racing across
Francethrough Orleansand Sens, the Division attacked across the Moselle, 13 September, captured Nancy, 15 September, secured Chambrey, 1 October, and drove on to the German border, taking Sarregueminesand crossing the Saar, 8 December. After crossing the BliesRiver, 12 December, the Division moved to Metzfor rest and rehabilitation, 19 December. The 35th moved to Arlon, Belgium, 25- 26 December, and took part in the fighting to relieve Bastogne, throwing off the attacks of four German divisions, taking Villers-laBonne-Eau, 10 January, after a 13-day fight and Lutrebois in a 5-day engagement. On 18 January1945, the Division returned to Metz to resume its interrupted rest. In late January, the Division was defending the Foret de Domaniale area.
Moving to the
Netherlandsto hold a defensive line along the Roer, 22 February, the Division attacked across the Roer, 23 February, pierced the Siegfried Line, reached the Rhineat Wesel, 10 March, and crossed, 25- 26 March. It smashed across the Herne Canal and reached the RuhrRiver early in April, when it was ordered to move to the Elbe, 12 April. Making the 295-mile dash in 2 days, the 35th mopped up in the vicinity of Colbitz and Angern, until 26 April1945, when it moved to Hanoverfor occupational and mopping-up duty, continuing occupation beyond VE-day. The Division left Southampton, England, 5 September, and arrived in New York City, 10 September1945.
Assignments in the
European Theater of Operations
5 May1944: XV Corps, Third Army.
8 July1944: Third Army, but attached to the XIX Corps of First Army.
27 July1944: V Corps.
1 August1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the V Corps of First Army.
5 August1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
6 August1944: XX Corps
9 August1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the VII Corps of First Army.
13 August1944: XII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
23 December1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
24 December1944: XX Corps.
26 December1944: III Corps.
18 January1945: XX Corps.
23 January1945: XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
30 January1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, attached to the British 21st Army Group, 12th Army Group.
4 April1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
13 April1945: XIX Corps, for operations, and the XIII Corps for administration.
16 April1945: XIII Corps.
During World War II, the 320th Infantry Regiment had, as an operations officer (S-3), Maj. Orval Faubus, later Governor of Arkansas.
After several activations and reactivations in the immediate postwar years, the 35th Infantry Division (Mechanized) was reactivated on August 25, 1984 from the 67th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) of Nebraska, the 69th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) of Kansas, and the 149th Armored Brigade from Kentucky. It continues in service today.
The 35th Infantry Division Headquarters Commanded Task Force Eagle of Multi-National Division North in Bosnia as part of SFOR-13 (Stabilization Force) with the NATO peacekeeping mandate under the
Dayton Peace Accords. The Headquarters were located at Eagle Base in the town of Tuzla. Brigadier GeneralJames R. Mason was the commander. He later went on to command the 35th Infantry Division. The Division received the Army Superior Unit Award for its service in Bosnia. The 35th Division was notable for its smooth coordination of Inter-Brigade Operations. Division Liaison Officers served in the towns of Mostar, Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Zenicaand Doboj.
35th Infantry Division consists of the following elements:
* Division Special Troops Battalion
* 33rd (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team, (IL NG)
** 33rd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 2nd Squadron, 106th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
** 2nd Battalion, 130th Infantry Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 178th Infantry Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 122nd Field Artillery Regiment
** 634th Brigade Support Battalion
* 45th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team (OK NG)
** 45th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 1st Squadron, 279th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
** 1st Battalion, 179th Infantry Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 180th Infantry Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 160th Field Artillery Regiment
** 700th Brigade Support Battalion
* 48th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team, (GA NG)
** 48th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
** 1st Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
** 1st Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment
** 2nd Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment
** 1st Battalion, 118th Field Artillery Regiment
** 148th Brigade Support Battalion
* Combat Aviation Brigade, 35th Infantry Division (MO NG)
** Headquarters and Headquarters Company
** 1st Battalion, 376th Aviation Regiment (S&S) (NE NG)
** 1st Battalion, 135th Aviation Regiment (Attack) (MO NG)
** 2nd Battalion, 211th Aviation Regiment (General Support), (UT NG)
** 1st Battalion, 108th Aviation Regiment (Assault) (KS NG)
** 935th Aviation Support Battalion
In Popular Culture
In the 1970 WWII-era film "
Kelly's Heroes" (starring Clint Eastwood), the American soldiers portrayed in the film are primarily from the 35th Infantry Division.
*"The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States" U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at [http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm CMH] .
*'UNIT DESIGNATIONS IN THE ARMY MODULAR FORCE' http://www.cascom.army.mil/odct/Documents/AUSA_Briefing_26_Sep_05.ppt
* [http://www.lonesentry.com/gi_stories_booklets/35thinfantry/index.html Attack! The Story of the 35th Infantry Division]
* [http://www.35thinfdivassoc.com The 35th Infantry Division In Europe During WWII]
* [http://www.137thinfantry.org/ 35th Infantry Division, 137th Infantry Regiment]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
35th Infantry Regiment (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 35th Infantry Regiment caption=35th Infantry Regiment coat of arms dates= country= United States allegiance= branch= U.S. Army type= Infantry role= size= command structure= garrison=2d Battalion, Schofield Bks,… … Wikipedia
36th Infantry Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=36th Infantry Division caption=36th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia dates= July 1917–June 1919 November 25, 1940–December 15, 1945 May 1, 2004–present country= United States allegiance= Texas Army… … Wikipedia
25th Infantry Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=25th Infantry Division caption=US 25th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia nickname= Tropic Lightning motto= colors= march= ceremonial chief= type=Light Infantry branch=Regular Army dates=October, 1941 –… … Wikipedia
4th Infantry Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=U.S. 4th Infantry Division caption=4th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia country=United States of America allegiance=United States Army type= branch=Regular Army dates=December 10, 1917 – September 21,… … Wikipedia
24th Infantry Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=24th Infantry Division caption=24th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia dates=25 February 1921 1970 1975 1996 1999 2006 country=USA allegiance= branch=United States Army type=Division role= size= command… … Wikipedia
34th Infantry Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=34th Red Bull Infantry Division caption=34th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia (SSI) country= United States of America type=Division branch=National Guard dates= August 1917 Present specialization=… … Wikipedia
35th Engineer Brigade (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 35th Engineer Brigade caption=35th Engineer Brigade shoulder sleeve insignia dates= country= United States allegiance= United States Army branch= Missouri Army National Guard type= Combat Engineer role= size=… … Wikipedia
5th Infantry Regiment (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 5th Infantry Regiment caption=5th Infantry Regiment coat of arms dates= 1808 country= United States allegiance= branch= U.S. Army type= role= size= command structure= garrison= garrison label= equipment= equipment … Wikipedia
14th Infantry Regiment (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=14th Infantry Regiment caption=14th Infantry Regiment coat of arms nickname= Golden Dragons motto= Right of the Line Refers to place of Honor in Pass in Review type= Infantry branch= United States Army dates=Formed … Wikipedia
8th Armored Division (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=8th Armored Division caption=US 8th Armored Division Patch dates=1942 1945 country=USA branch=Army type=Armored Division command structure=* US Fifteenth Army November 1944 * US Third Army January 1945 * US Ninth… … Wikipedia