Workforce Investment Act of 1998
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (or WIA, USPL|105|220, USStat|112|936, usc|29|2801, et seq.) is a
United States federal lawpassed August 7, 1998.
The law was enacted to replace the
Job Training Partnership Actand certain other Federal job training law with new workforce investment systems. Enacted during Bill Clinton's second term by a Republican Congress, it represented an attempt to induce business to participate in the local delivery of Workforce Development Services. The principal vehicle for this was Workforce Investment Boards (WIBs) which were to be chaired by private sector members of the local community. A majority of Board members were also required to represent business interests.
The provisions of the Act were delineated into five subchapters:
Workforce Investment Definitions
Sets forth definitions for workforce investment programs as cited by the chapter and for future
legislationusing this Act as basis for funding.
tatewide and Local Workforce Investment Systems
governorsto establish and appoint the members of a statewide partnership to assist in the development of the state plan.:*Directs state governors to designate local workforce investment areas in accordance with specified requirements.:*Requires that local workforce investment boards, and youth councils within such boards, be established in each local area of a state.
:*Revises provisions for the
Job Corps(formerly under the Job Training Partnership Act(JTPA), which this title repeals and replaces.):*Provides for Job Corps recruitment standards, graduate readjustment allowances through local one-stop customer service centers, industry councils and management information.:*Revises Job Corps requirements for::**Individual eligibility:**Screening, selection, assignment, and enrollment:**Job Corps Centers:**Program activities and continued services:**Counseling and job placement:**Support:**Operating plan:**Standards of conduct:**Community participation:**Advisory committees:**Experimental, research, and demonstration projects.
:*Provides for workforce investment activities and supplemental services under programs for American Indians,
Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians, migrant and seasonal farmworkers and veterans (replacing similar programs formerly under JTPA.):*Directs the Secretary of Labor to make youth opportunity grants to eligible local partnerships to provide specified activities to increase the long-term employment of eligible youth who live in empowerment zones, enterprise communities, and high povertyareas.:*Directs the Secretary to provide assistance to an entity to establish a role model academy for out-of-school youth in a residential center located on the site of a closed or realigned military installation.:*Directs the Secretary of Labor to provide technical assistance to states to help with transitions, general performance improvement, and dislocated worker training improvement.:*Directs the Secretary to publish a biennial plan for demonstration, pilot, multiservice, research, and multistate projects. Sets forth requirements for such projects under such plan, including competitive award procedures and peer review.:*Directs the Secretary to provide for continuing evaluation of programs and activities under this title. Authorizes the Secretary to conduct evaluations of other federally funded employment-related programs and activities.:*Authorizes the Secretary to make national emergency grants for::**Employment and training assistance to workers affected by major economic dislocations:**Disaster relief employment:**Additional assistance for dislocated workers
:*Sets forth requirements for: :**Labor standards, prohibitions on worker displacement, and other requirements relating to use of funds:**Prompt allocation of funds:**Monitoring:**Fiscal controls and sanctions:**Reports, recordkeeping, and investigations:**Administrative adjudication:**Judicial review:**Nondiscrimination:**State legislative authority:**Workforce flexibility partnership plans:**Use of certain real property:**Continuation of State activities and policies.:*Declares that a state shall not be prohibited by the federal government from drug use testing of participants in certain workforce investment programs and sanctioning those who test positive.
The law was slightly amended by the
Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Amendments of 1998and the Higher Education Amendments of 1998.
Workforce Investment Board
* Harris, Linda [http://www.clasp.org/publications/recs_wia_youth_2007.pdf Recommendations for WIA Reauthorization Legislation: Title I Youth Provisions] Center for Law and Social Policy, July 19, 2007
* Ganzglass, Evelyn [http://www.clasp.org/publications/wia_testimony_062807.pdf Workforce Investment Act: Recommendations to Improve The Effectiveness of Job Training] Center for Law and Social Policy, June 28, 2007
* Duke, Amy-Ellen and Strawn, Julie [http://www.clasp.org/publications/wia_titleii_2pgr.pdf Update WIA Title II to Help More Adult Education Students Gain Postsecondary Credentials and Move up to Better Jobs] Center For Law and Social Policy, May 18, 2007
* [http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=105_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ220.105 Text of the Act, from gpo.gov]
* Workforce Investment Act Laws and Regulations. [http://www.doleta.gov/usworkForce/WIA/act.cfm] U.S. Department of Labor Employment & Training Administration.
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