Roads in Romania

Romania's Road Network
Transport in Romania

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Automobiles
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Companies

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Poşta Română

Public roads in Romania are ranked according to importance and traffic as follows:

  • motorways (autostradă - pl. autostrăzi) - colour: green; designation: A followed by one digit
  • expressways (drum rapid or drum expres) - colour: red; designation: DX followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
  • national road (drum naţional - pl. drumuri naţionale) - colour: red; designation: DN followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
  • county road (drum judeţean - pl. drumuri judeţene) - colour: blue; designation: DJ followed by three digits and an optional letter; unique numbers per county
  • local road (drum comunal - pl. drumuri comunale) - colour: yellow; designated DC followed by a number and an optional letter; unique numbers per county

Some of the national roads are part of the European route scheme. European routes passing through Romania: E58; E60; E70; E85; E79; E81; E68; E87 (Class A); E574; E576; E581; E583; E671; E77.

In 2009, a total of 81,713 km of roads existed in Romania, of which 46,362 km were paved and 35,351 km were gravel roads.[1]

Proposed motorways in Romania

Contents

Motorways

Identified by A followed by a number. Currently Romania has the least developed motorway network among all the European Union members, with only 358 km in use as of September 2011.[2] However, in recent years, a master plan for the national motorway network has been developed, and many works have begun around the country, which will result in significant changes by 2015.

There are few tolls for using roads in Romania. There is one at the Giurgeni – Vadu Oii Bridge over the river Danube on highway DN2A at Vadu Oii and one at the Cernavodă Bridge, on the A2 motorway, a 17 km long section between Feteşti and Cernavodă which consists of two road/railway bridges. Nevertheless every car that uses a motorway(A) or a national road (DN) in Romania must pay a toll at any larger petrol stations or at any post office throughout the country.

Trunk Motorway Route Planned (km) / Built (km) Remarks
A1 motorway
A1 (Romania)
Bucharest - Piteşti - Râmnicu Vâlcea - Sibiu - Deva - Timişoara - Arad - Nădlac> Hungary 620 / 129 estimated completion date: 2018. Bucharest - Piteşti, Piteşti bypass and Sibiu bypass are operational; Arad bypass and Arad - Timişoara to be operational by late 2011; works ongoing on Deva - Orǎştie (32 km) and Arad - Nădlac (38 km) sections.
Autostrada Soarelui
A2 (Romania)
Bucharest - Feteşti - Cernavodă - Constanţa 204 / 166 Bucharest - Cernavodă and Murfatlar - Constanţa operational; Medgidia – Murfatlar sector to be ready by late 2011; Cernavodă – Medgidia (19 km) under construction, to be completed by late 2012.
Autostrada Transilvania
A3 (Romania)
Bucharest - Ploieşti - Braşov - Sighişoara - Târgu Mureş - Cluj-Napoca - Zalău - Oradea - Borş > Hungary 588 / 52 estimated completion date: 2018; sections under construction: Bucharest - Ploieşti (54 km) to be operational by 2012 and Suplacu de Barcău - Borş (64 km) by 2013; Câmpia Turzii - Gilǎu sector (52 km - Cluj-Napoca bypass) operational. Gilău - Mihăileşti (24 km) and Câmpia Turzii - Târgu Mureş (36 km) to be tendered this year.
A4
A4 (Romania)
Ovidiu - Agigea - Mangalia > Bulgaria ~60 / 8.5 Constanţa bypass (22 km) under construction - to be entirely completed by late 2011.
Autostrada Moldova
A5 (Romania)
splitting from A3 near Ploieşti - Buzău - Focşani - Albiţa > Moldova 288 / 0 planned until Focşani; estimated completion date: 2020.
A6? East-West motorway Moldova > Iaşi - Târgu Frumos - Săbăoani - Târgu Neamţ - Poiana Largului - Ditrău - Târgu Mureş > junction with A3 307 / 0 planned; estimated completion 2020


Bypass Motorway Route Planned (km) / Built (km) Remarks
Sibiu North Motorway Bypass part of A1 17.5 /17.5 operational
Constanţa West Motorway Bypass part of A4, Ovidiu - Agigea 22.2 /8.5 operational between DN3 interchange and Agigea (including A2 interchange) as of 30 September 2011. Ovidiu - DN3 section to be completed December 2011
Bucharest North Motorway Bypass DN100 54 /0 construction delayed due to lack of funding
Bucharest South Motorway Bypass DN100 47 /0 construction delayed due to lack of funding
Piteşti Motorway Bypass part of A1 - Bascov, DN7 E81 15 /15 operational

Expressways

Planned expressways according to CNADNR (Romanian Motorway Company):[3]

Expressway Route Length (km) / in use (km) Remarks
DX** Craiova - Piteşti 121.18 / 0 will connect to A1
DX** Petea[disambiguation needed ] - Satu Mare - Baia Mare 82.34 / 0 towards the border with Hungary
DX** Brăila - Galaţi 12.28 / 0
DX** Sebeş-Turda 74.10 / 0 will connect A1 and A3
DX** Sibiu - Făgăraş 72.57 / 0 will connect A1 and A3
DX** Zalău - Northern Road 19.12 / 0 will connect Northern Road to A3

European routes

ClassA

Map or European routes through Romania

Class B

National roads

There is a total of 16,503 km of National Roads (DN).[1] Seven one-digit national roads start off in Bucharest in a radial pattern.[4]

Trunk roads

National Road Route Length (km) European System Remarks
DN1 RO Roadsign 1.svg Bucharest - Ploieşti - Braşov - Făgăraş - Sibiu - Alba Iulia - Turda - Cluj-Napoca - Oradea - Borş -> Hungary 642
E60
(Bucharest - Braşov);
E68
(Braşov - Tălmaciu); E68/E81 (Tălmaciu - Sebeş);
E81
(Sebeş - Turda); E60/E81 (Turda - Cluj-Napoca);
E60
(Cluj-Napoca - Oradea)
Partially four-lane road.
Probably the busiest trunkroad in Romania and one of the longest. The road serves as one of the main routes linking the capital with Transylvania and the western border and comprises numerous sections of European roads.
DN1C RO Roadsign 1C.svg Cluj-Napoca - Apahida - Gherla - Dej - Baia Mare - Halmeu -> Ukraine 217
E576
(Cluj-Napoca - Dej);
E58
(Dej - Baia Mare - Halmeu);
E81
(Livada - Halmeu)
Four-lane road from Apahida to Gherla. Because of the heavy traffic from the Nokia plant in Jucu, a new bridge over the Somesul Mic river was built near Apahida. Access to and from Cluj-Napoca is granted by a northern 2 lane bypass, built in 2009 to reduce traffic congestion. The bypass is part of the future Cluj-Napoca beltway, and will link E576 straight to A3 motorway.
DN1F RO Roadsign 1F.svg Cluj-Napoca - Zalău - Sărmăşag - Carei -> Hungary 178
E81
(Cluj-Napoca - Zalău - Supuru de Sus)
DN12 RO Roadsign 12.svg Braşov - Sfântu Gheorghe - Băile Tuşnad - Miercurea-Ciuc - Topliţa 164
E578
DN13 RO Roadsign 13.svg Braşov - Rupea - Sighişoara - Bălăuşeri - Târgu Mureş 165
E60
DN15 RO Roadsign 15.svg Turda - Câmpia Turzii - Luduş - Târgu Mureş - Reghin - Topliţa - Poiana Largului - Bicaz - Piatra Neamţ - Bacău 369
E60
(Turda - Targu Mures);
E578
(Reghin - Toplita)
DN17 RO Roadsign 17.svg Dej - Beclean - Bistriţa - Vatra Dornei - Câmpulung Moldovenesc - Gura Humorului - Suceava 252
E58
DN18 RO Roadsign 18.svg Baia Mare - Sighetu Marmaţiei - Borşa - Cârlibaba - Iacobeni[disambiguation needed ] 220
DN19 RO Roadsign 19.svg Sighetu Marmaţiei - Câmpulung la Tisa - Negreşti-Oaş - Satu Mare - Carei - Oradea 234
E81
(Livada - Satu Mare);
E671
(Satu Mare - Oradea)
DN2 RO Roadsign 2.svg Bucharest - Urziceni - Buzău - Focşani - Bacău - Roman - Fălticeni - Suceava - Siret -> Ukraine 482
E85
Partially four-lane road.
Passes by some beautiful fortified cloisters/churches and through some beautiful scenery in northern Moldavia.
DN2A RO Roadsign 2A.svg Urziceni - Slobozia - Ţăndărei - Hârşova - Constanţa
E60
DN2B RO Roadsign 2B.svg Buzău - Făurei - Brăila - Galaţi -> Moldova
E87
(Brăila - Giurgiuleşti)
DN22 RO Roadsign 22.svg Râmnicu Sărat - Brăila - Măcin - Isaccea - Tulcea - Babadag - Constanţa
E87
(Brăila - Constanţa)
DN24 RO Roadsign 24.svg Tişiţa - Tecuci - Bârlad - Vaslui - Iaşi - Sculeni -> Moldova 220
E58
(Iaşi - Sculeni);
E581
(Tişiţa - Crasna);
E583
(Iaşi - Sculeni)
DN24B RO Roadsign 24B.svg Crasna - Huşi - Albiţa -> Moldova
E581
DN28 RO Roadsign 28.svg Roman - Târgu Frumos - Iaşi - Albiţa
E58
(Târgu Frumos - Iaşi);
E85
(Roman - Săbăoani);
E583
(Săbăoani - Iaşi)
Four-lane road.
DN28A RO Roadsign 28A.svg Târgu Frumos - Paşcani - Moţca
DN28B RO Roadsign 28B.svg Târgu Frumos - Hârlău - Botoşani
E58
DN3 RO Roadsign 3.svg Bucharest - Fundulea - Lehliu Gară - Călăraşi - Ostrov - Basarabi - Constanţa
DN4 RO Roadsign 4.svg Bucharest - Olteniţa
DN5 RO Roadsign 5.svg Bucharest - Giurgiu -> Bulgaria 65
E70
E85
Four-lane road.
DN6 RO Roadsign 6.svg Bucharest - Alexandria - Caracal - Craiova - Drobeta-Turnu Severin - Caransebeş - Lugoj - Timişoara - Sânnicolau Mare - Cenad -> Hungary 639
E70
(Bucharest - Timisoara)
Partially four-lane road.
DN66 RO Roadsign 66.svg Simeria - Haţeg - Petroşani - Târgu Jiu - Filiaşi 211
E79
DN69 RO Roadsign 69.svg Timişoara - Arad
E671
DN7 RO Roadsign 7.svg Bucharest - Găeşti - Piteşti - Râmnicu Vâlcea - Sibiu - Deva - Arad - Nădlac -> Hungary 597
E81
(Bucharest - Talmaciu); E58/E81/overlap with DN1 (Talmaciu - Sebes);
E68
(Sebes - Nadlac)
Partially four-lane road.
Heading north from Ramnicu Valcea to Sibiu, the trunkroad passes along the beautiful Olt River Valley.
DN76 RO Roadsign 76.svg Deva - Brad - Ştei - Beiuş - Oradea 181
E79
DN79 RO Roadsign 79.svg Arad - Chişineu Criş - Salonta - Oradea 113
E671
DJ100/ CB _RO Roadsign 100.png RO Roadsign CB.svg Bucharest ring road (Centura Bucureşti) 82 To be upgraded to four-lane road.

Other national roads

National Road Route Length (km) European road Remarks
DN1A Bucharest - Buftea - Ploieşti - Vălenii de Munte - Săcele
DN1B Ploieşti - Mizil - Buzău upgrading to four-lane road.
DN1D Mizil - Urziceni
DN1E Braşov - Poiana Braşov - Râşnov
DN1G Huedin - Jibou
DN1H Negreni - Jibou - Şimleu Silvaniei - Aleşd
DN10 Braşov - Întorsura Buzăului - Nehoiu - Buzău
DN11 Braşov - Târgu Secuiesc - Oneşti - Bacău
DN11A Oneşti - Adjud - Podu Turcului
DN11B Târgu Secuiesc - Cozmeni
DN12A Miercurea-Ciuc - Târgu Ocna - Comăneşti - Oneşti
DN12B Târgu Ocna - Slănic Moldova
DN12C Gheorgheni - Lacu Roşu - Bicaz
DN13A Târgu Mureş - Praid - Sovata - Miercurea-Ciuc
DN13B Gheorgheni - Praid
DN14 Sighişoara - Dumbrăveni - Mediaş - Copşa Mică - Sibiu
DN14A Târgu Mureş - Iernut - Târnăveni - Mediaş
DN14B Alba Iulia - Blaj - Copşa Mică
DN15 Bacău - Piatra Neamţ - Bicaz - Poiana Teiului - Borsec - Topliţa - Reghin - Târgu Mureş - Luduş - Câmpia Turzii - Turda
DN15A Târgu Mureş - Reghin - Bistriţa-Năsăud
DN15B Poiana Largului - Târgu Neamţ - Cristeşti[disambiguation needed ]
DN15C Piatra Neamţ - Bălţăteşti - Târgu Neamţ - Fălticeni
DN15D Piatra Neamţ - Girov - Roman - Vaslui
DN15E Târgu Mureş - Satu Nou[disambiguation needed ]
DN16 Cluj-Napoca - Apahida - Reghin
DN17A Câmpulung Moldovenesc - Moldoviţa - Rădăuţi - Siret
DN17B Vatra Dornei - Poiana Largului
DN17C Bistriţa - Năsăud - Moisei
DN17D Beclean - Năsăud - Sângeorz Băi - Cârlibaba
DN19A Satu Mare - Supuru de Jos
DN19B Nuşfalău - Marghita - Săcueni
DN2C Buzău - Pogoanele - Slobozia
DN2D Focşani - Tulnici - Târgu Secuiesc
DN2E Fălticeni - Gura Humorului
DN2F Bacău - Vaslui
DN2G Bacău - Moineşti - Comăneşti
DN21 Brăila - Însurăţei - Slobozia - Călăraşi
DN21A Bărăganul - Ţăndărei
DN22A Hârşova - Nalbant - Tulcea
DN22B Constanţa - Năvodari
DN22C Basarabi - Medgidia - Cernavodă
DN22D Măcin - Horia - Baia
DN22E Galați - Garvăn
DN23 Focşani - Brăila
DN24A Bârlad - Murgeni - Berezeni - Huşi
DN24C Vânători[disambiguation needed ] - Ştefăneşti - Rădăuţi Prut
DN25 Tecuci - Lieşti
DN26 Murgeni - Măstăcani - Galaţi
DN29 Suceava - Botoşani - Săveni - Manoleasa
DN29A Suceava - Vârfu Câmpului - Dorohoi - Darabani - Rădăuţi Prut
DN29B Botoşani - Dorohoi
DN29C Cucorăni - Vârfu Câmpului - Siret
DN29D Botoşani - Truşeşti - Stânca -> Moldova
DN3A Lehliu Gară - Feteşti
DN3B Călăraşi - Feteşti - Hârşova
DN31 Călăraşi - Olteniţa
DN38 Constanţa - Negru Vodă -> Bulgaria
DN39 Constanţa - Mangalia - Vama Veche -> Bulgaria Four-lane road.
DN41 Olteniţa - Giurgiu
DN5B Giurgiu - Ghimpaţi
DN5C Giurgiu - Zimnicea
DN51 Alexandria - Zimnicea
DN51A Zimnicea - Turnu Măgurele
DN52 Alexandria - Turnu Măgurele
DN54 Caracal - Corabia - Turnu Măgurele
DN54A Corabia - Bechet
DN55 Craiova - Bechet
DN55A Bechet - Calafat
DN56 Craiova - Calafat -> Bulgaria
DN56A Maglavit - Vânju Mare - Drobeta-Turnu Severin
DN57 Orşova - Moldova Nouă - Oraviţa - Moraviţa
DN57A Moldova Veche - Baziaş -> Serbia
DN57B Bozovici - Anina - Oraviţa
DN58 Caransebeş - Reşiţa - Anina
DN58A Soceni[disambiguation needed ] - Lugoj
DN58B Voiteg - Bocşa - Reşiţa
DN59 Timişoara - Voiteg - Moraviţa -> Serbia
DN59A Timişoara - Jimbolia
DN59B Cărpiniş - Cruceni[disambiguation needed ] - Deta
DN59C Jimbolia - Sânnicolau Mare
DN61 Ghimpaţi - Crevedia Mare - Găeşti
DN64 Caracal - Drăgăşani - Râmnicu Vâlcea Partially four-lane road.
DN64A Râmnicu Vâlcea - Băile Olăneşti
DN65 Piteşti - Slatina - Craiova
DN65A Piteşti - Costeşti - Roşiorii de Vede - Turnu Măgurele
DN65C Craiova - Rusăneşti
DN66A Petroşani - Lupeni - Câmpu lui Neag
DN67 Drobeta-Turnu Severin - Motru - Târgu Jiu - Horezu - Râmnicu Vâlcea
DN67A Strehaia - Motru
DN67B Scoarţa - Târgu Cărbuneşti - Rusăneşti - Drăgăşani - Piteşti
DN67C RO Roadsign 67C.svg Sebeş - Obârşia Lotrului - Novaci[disambiguation needed ] - Ciocadia Also known as the Transalpina.
DN67D Băile Herculane - Baia de Aramă - Târgu Jiu
DN68 Caransebeş - Oţelu Roşu - Subcetate
DN68A Lugoj - Făget - Săcămaş
DN68B Deva - Hunedoara
DN7A Brezoi - Voineasa[disambiguation needed ] - Petroşani
DN7C
RO Roadsign 7C.svg
Arpaşu de Jos - Bâlea Lake - Curtea de Argeş - Piteşti Also known as the Transfăgărăşan.
DN71 Tărtăşeşti - Târgovişte - Pucioasa - Sinaia
DN72 Găeşti - Târgovişte - Ploieşti
DN72A Târgovişte - Câmpulung
DN73 Braşov - Râşnov - Rucăr - Câmpulung - Piteşti
DN73A Predeal - Râşnov - Zărneşti - Şercaia
DN73C Câmpulung - Curtea de Argeş - Râmnicu Vâlcea
DN74 Brad - Abrud - Zlatna - Alba Iulia
DN74A Câmpeni - Abrud
DN75 Turda - Baia de Arieş - Câmpeni - Ştei
DN79A Vârfurile - Ineu - Chişineu Criş - Vărşand -> Hungary

County and communal roads

In 2009, a total of 35,048 km of county roads (of which 24,100 km paved and 10,948 km gravel roads) and 30,162 km of communal roads (of which 6,043 km paved and 24,119 km gravel roads) existed in Romania.[1]

See also


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