Roads in Romania
Transport in Romania Companies
Public roads in Romania are ranked according to importance and traffic as follows:
- motorways (autostradă - pl. autostrăzi) - colour: green; designation: A followed by one digit
- expressways (drum rapid or drum expres) - colour: red; designation: DX followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
- national road (drum naţional - pl. drumuri naţionale) - colour: red; designation: DN followed by one or two digits and an optional letter
- county road (drum judeţean - pl. drumuri judeţene) - colour: blue; designation: DJ followed by three digits and an optional letter; unique numbers per county
- local road (drum comunal - pl. drumuri comunale) - colour: yellow; designated DC followed by a number and an optional letter; unique numbers per county
Identified by A followed by a number. Currently Romania has the least developed motorway network among all the European Union members, with only 358 km in use as of September 2011. However, in recent years, a master plan for the national motorway network has been developed, and many works have begun around the country, which will result in significant changes by 2015.
There are few tolls for using roads in Romania. There is one at the Giurgeni – Vadu Oii Bridge over the river Danube on highway DN2A at Vadu Oii and one at the Cernavodă Bridge, on the A2 motorway, a 17 km long section between Feteşti and Cernavodă which consists of two road/railway bridges. Nevertheless every car that uses a motorway(A) or a national road (DN) in Romania must pay a toll at any larger petrol stations or at any post office throughout the country.
Trunk Motorway Route Planned (km) / Built (km) Remarks A1 motorway Bucharest - Piteşti - Râmnicu Vâlcea - Sibiu - Deva - Timişoara - Arad - Nădlac> Hungary 620 / 129 estimated completion date: 2018. Bucharest - Piteşti, Piteşti bypass and Sibiu bypass are operational; Arad bypass and Arad - Timişoara to be operational by late 2011; works ongoing on Deva - Orǎştie (32 km) and Arad - Nădlac (38 km) sections. Autostrada Soarelui Bucharest - Feteşti - Cernavodă - Constanţa 204 / 166 Bucharest - Cernavodă and Murfatlar - Constanţa operational; Medgidia – Murfatlar sector to be ready by late 2011; Cernavodă – Medgidia (19 km) under construction, to be completed by late 2012. Autostrada Transilvania Bucharest - Ploieşti - Braşov - Sighişoara - Târgu Mureş - Cluj-Napoca - Zalău - Oradea - Borş > Hungary 588 / 52 estimated completion date: 2018; sections under construction: Bucharest - Ploieşti (54 km) to be operational by 2012 and Suplacu de Barcău - Borş (64 km) by 2013; Câmpia Turzii - Gilǎu sector (52 km - Cluj-Napoca bypass) operational. Gilău - Mihăileşti (24 km) and Câmpia Turzii - Târgu Mureş (36 km) to be tendered this year. A4 Ovidiu - Agigea - Mangalia > Bulgaria ~60 / 8.5 Constanţa bypass (22 km) under construction - to be entirely completed by late 2011. Autostrada Moldova splitting from A3 near Ploieşti - Buzău - Focşani - Albiţa > Moldova 288 / 0 planned until Focşani; estimated completion date: 2020. A6? East-West motorway Moldova > Iaşi - Târgu Frumos - Săbăoani - Târgu Neamţ - Poiana Largului - Ditrău - Târgu Mureş > junction with A3 307 / 0 planned; estimated completion 2020 Bypass Motorway Route Planned (km) / Built (km) Remarks Sibiu North Motorway Bypass part of A1 17.5 /17.5 operational Constanţa West Motorway Bypass part of A4, Ovidiu - Agigea 22.2 /8.5 operational between DN3 interchange and Agigea (including A2 interchange) as of 30 September 2011. Ovidiu - DN3 section to be completed December 2011 Bucharest North Motorway Bypass DN100 54 /0 construction delayed due to lack of funding Bucharest South Motorway Bypass DN100 47 /0 construction delayed due to lack of funding Piteşti Motorway Bypass part of A1 - Bascov, DN7 E81 15 /15 operational
Expressway Route Length (km) / in use (km) Remarks DX** Craiova - Piteşti 121.18 / 0 will connect to A1 DX** Petea[disambiguation needed ] - Satu Mare - Baia Mare 82.34 / 0 towards the border with Hungary DX** Brăila - Galaţi 12.28 / 0 DX** Sebeş-Turda 74.10 / 0 will connect A1 and A3 DX** Sibiu - Făgăraş 72.57 / 0 will connect A1 and A3 DX** Zalău - Northern Road 19.12 / 0 will connect Northern Road to A3
- (Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine) – Halmeu – Dej – Bistriţa – Suceava – Botoşani – Târgu Frumos – Iaşi – Sculeni – (Republica Moldova, Ukraine, Russia)
- (France, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary) – Borş – Oradea – Cluj-Napoca – Turda – Târgu-Mureş – Braşov – Ploieşti – Bucureşti – Urziceni – Slobozia – Constanţa
- (Hungary) – Nădlac – Arad – Deva – Sebeş – Miercurea Sibiului – Sibiu – Braşov
- (Spain, France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia) - Timişoara – Drobeta-Turnu Severin – Craiova – Alexandria – Bucureşti – Giurgiu – (Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia)
- (Hungary) – Borş – Oradea – Beiuş – Deva – Petroşani – Târgu Jiu – Filiaşi – Craiova – Calafat – (Bulgaria, Greece)
- (Ukraine) – Halmeu – Livada - Satu Mare – Zalău – Cluj-Napoca – Turda – Sebeş – Miercurea Sibiului – Sibiu – Piteşti – Bucureşti - Constanţa
- (Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine) – Siret – Suceava – Roman - Bacău – Buzău – Urziceni – Bucureşti – Giurgiu - (Bulgaria, Greece)
- (Ukraine) – Galaţi – Brăila – Tulcea – Constanţa – Vama Veche – (Bulgaria, Turkey)
- Bacău - Oneşti - Târgu Secuiesc – Braşov – Piteşti – Craiova
- Cluj-Napoca – Dej
- Slobozia – Brăila – Galaţi – (Republica Moldova, Ukraine)
- Sărăţel – Reghin – Topliţa – Gheorgheni – Miercurea Ciuc – Sfântu Gheorghe – Chichiş
- Mărăşeşti – Tecuci – Bârlad - Huşi – Albiţa – (Republica Moldova, Ukraine)
- Roman – Săbăoani – Iaşi – Sculeni – (Republica Moldova, Ukraine)
- (Ukraine, Republica Moldova) – Galaţi – Slobozia
- Timişoara – Arad – Oradea – Satu Mare - Livada
- Lugoj – Deva
- Constanţa – Agigea – Negru Vodă – (Bulgaria)
- Drobeta-Turnu Severin – Porţile de Fier – (Serbia)
National Road Route Length (km) European System Remarks DN1 Bucharest - Ploieşti - Braşov - Făgăraş - Sibiu - Alba Iulia - Turda - Cluj-Napoca - Oradea - Borş -> Hungary 642 Partially four-lane road.
Probably the busiest trunkroad in Romania and one of the longest. The road serves as one of the main routes linking the capital with Transylvania and the western border and comprises numerous sections of European roads.
DN1C Cluj-Napoca - Apahida - Gherla - Dej - Baia Mare - Halmeu -> Ukraine 217 Four-lane road from Apahida to Gherla. Because of the heavy traffic from the Nokia plant in Jucu, a new bridge over the Somesul Mic river was built near Apahida. Access to and from Cluj-Napoca is granted by a northern 2 lane bypass, built in 2009 to reduce traffic congestion. The bypass is part of the future Cluj-Napoca beltway, and will link E576 straight to A3 motorway. DN1F Cluj-Napoca - Zalău - Sărmăşag - Carei -> Hungary 178 DN12 Braşov - Sfântu Gheorghe - Băile Tuşnad - Miercurea-Ciuc - Topliţa 164 DN13 Braşov - Rupea - Sighişoara - Bălăuşeri - Târgu Mureş 165 DN15 Turda - Câmpia Turzii - Luduş - Târgu Mureş - Reghin - Topliţa - Poiana Largului - Bicaz - Piatra Neamţ - Bacău 369 DN17 Dej - Beclean - Bistriţa - Vatra Dornei - Câmpulung Moldovenesc - Gura Humorului - Suceava 252 DN18 Baia Mare - Sighetu Marmaţiei - Borşa - Cârlibaba - Iacobeni[disambiguation needed ] 220 DN19 Sighetu Marmaţiei - Câmpulung la Tisa - Negreşti-Oaş - Satu Mare - Carei - Oradea 234 DN2 Bucharest - Urziceni - Buzău - Focşani - Bacău - Roman - Fălticeni - Suceava - Siret -> Ukraine 482 Partially four-lane road.
Passes by some beautiful fortified cloisters/churches and through some beautiful scenery in northern Moldavia.
DN2A Urziceni - Slobozia - Ţăndărei - Hârşova - Constanţa DN2B Buzău - Făurei - Brăila - Galaţi -> Moldova DN22 Râmnicu Sărat - Brăila - Măcin - Isaccea - Tulcea - Babadag - Constanţa DN24 Tişiţa - Tecuci - Bârlad - Vaslui - Iaşi - Sculeni -> Moldova 220 DN24B Crasna - Huşi - Albiţa -> Moldova DN28 Roman - Târgu Frumos - Iaşi - Albiţa Four-lane road. DN28A Târgu Frumos - Paşcani - Moţca DN28B Târgu Frumos - Hârlău - Botoşani DN3 Bucharest - Fundulea - Lehliu Gară - Călăraşi - Ostrov - Basarabi - Constanţa DN4 Bucharest - Olteniţa DN5 Bucharest - Giurgiu -> Bulgaria 65 Four-lane road. DN6 Bucharest - Alexandria - Caracal - Craiova - Drobeta-Turnu Severin - Caransebeş - Lugoj - Timişoara - Sânnicolau Mare - Cenad -> Hungary 639 Partially four-lane road. DN66 Simeria - Haţeg - Petroşani - Târgu Jiu - Filiaşi 211 DN69 Timişoara - Arad DN7 Bucharest - Găeşti - Piteşti - Râmnicu Vâlcea - Sibiu - Deva - Arad - Nădlac -> Hungary 597 Partially four-lane road.
Heading north from Ramnicu Valcea to Sibiu, the trunkroad passes along the beautiful Olt River Valley.
DN76 Deva - Brad - Ştei - Beiuş - Oradea 181 DN79 Arad - Chişineu Criş - Salonta - Oradea 113 DJ100/ CB _ Bucharest ring road (Centura Bucureşti) 82 To be upgraded to four-lane road.
Other national roads
County and communal roads
In 2009, a total of 35,048 km of county roads (of which 24,100 km paved and 10,948 km gravel roads) and 30,162 km of communal roads (of which 6,043 km paved and 24,119 km gravel roads) existed in Romania.
Main Roads in Romania Motorways Main national roads Other national roads Roads in Europe Sovereign
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